27 Works

Attention control: The missing link between sensory discrimination and intelligence

Jason Tsukahara, Tyler Harrison, Christopher Draheim, Jessie Martin & Randall Engle
Intelligence is correlated with the ability to make fine sensory discriminations. Although this relationship has been known since the beginning of intelligence testing, the mechanisms underlying this relationship are still unknown. In two large-scale structural equation modelling studies, we investigated whether individual differences in attention control abilities can explain the relationship between sensory discrimination and intelligence. Across the two studies, we replicated the finding that attention control fully mediated the relationships of intelligence/working memory capacity...

Alpha-Band Activity in Parietofrontal Cortex Predicts Future Availability of Vibrotactile Feedback in Prosthesis Use

John Johnson, Daniele Gavetti De Mari, Harper Doherty, Frank L. Hammond III & Lewis Wheaton

People combine multisensory cues based on subjective confidence rather than objective signal reliability

Yi Gao, Brian Odegaard & Dobromir Rahnev
Summary Previous studies found that in a multisensory scenario, people make decisions by weighing the objective reliability of signals from each modality. However, an alternative possibility is that people don't actually have direct access to the reliability of the signals of each modality but only to a subjective estimate of their confidence. An unexamined alternative is that we may base our perceptual judgments on the subjective confidence of each modality. Here we will address this...

Data from: Nitrogen enrichment alters multiple dimensions of grassland functional stability via changing compositional stability

Qianna Xu, Xian Yang, Jian Song, Jingyi Ru, Jianyang Xia, Shaopeng Wang, Shiqiang Wan & Lin Jiang
Anthropogenic nutrient enrichment is known to alter the composition and functioning of plant communities. However, how nutrient enrichment influences multiple dimensions of community- and ecosystem-level stability remains poorly understood. Using data from a nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) addition experiment in a temperate semi-arid grassland that experienced a natural drought, we show that N enrichment, not P enrichment, decreased grassland functional and compositional temporal stability, resistance, and recovery, but increased functional and compositional resilience. Compositional...

A Transfer Learning-Based Framework for Enriching National Household Travel Survey Data with Attitudinal Variables

Aliaksandr Malokin, Patricia Mokhtarian & Giovanni Circella

Covid-19-related stress predicts worse sleep quality, particularly with increasing age

Kyoungeun Lee

Girasoles 2.0: Mechanisms Relating the Gut Microbiome to Heat-Related Illness

Vicki Hertzberg
With climate models projecting increasing frequency and severity of heat waves, heat-related illness (HRI) due to environmental exposure is of increasing public health concern. Agricultural workers are particularly vulnerable to HRI. HRI covers a spectrum of symptoms, ranging in severity from sweating to heat stroke or, perhaps, death. Despite recent scientific advances, the processes underlying HRI are not well understood, and health inequities persist among agricultural workers. Heat is the initiating factor in HRI, but...

Additional file 1 of Therapeutic non-invasive brain treatments in Alzheimer’s disease: recent advances and challenges

Chongyun Wu, Luoman Yang, Shu Feng, Ling Zhu, Luodan Yang, Timon Cheng-Yi Liu & Rui Duan
Additional file 1: Supplementary Table 1. Non-invasive Therapies in Clinical Trials.

Genotypes at 10 microsatellite loci for 8 perennial, polygyne colonies of Vespula squamosa

Carl Dyson
Many highly social species show plasticity in their social structure in response to different environmental conditions. For example, typical colonies of the yellowjacket wasp Vespula squamosa are headed by a single reproductive queen and survive for only a single season. However, in warmer climates, V. squamosa colonies sometimes persist for multiple years and can grow to extremely large size. We used genetic markers to understand patterns of reproduction and recruitment within these perennial colonies. We...

OSNAP Model Truth Code

Anne-Sophie Fortin, Sudip Majumder, Feili Li & Yao Fu

High Performance (Sub)urbanism

Ellen Dunham-Jones, Tarek Rakha, Joel Jassu, Priyanka Adhikari, Tariq Alshahrani, Karina Vigario Coelho, Sahithi Datla, Olivia Harrell, Jain Pulkit, Ranjitha Jayasimharao, Devaki Kesh, Shima Khodagholi, Athulya Usha Menon, Aayushi Mody, Aishwarya Mohgaonkar, Tanmay Naik, Harshini Ongole, Dishaddra Poddar, Ajay Manjunath Ravindran, Hyowon Son, Karunya Subramanian & Aishwarya Vanmali

Effect of wheels, casters and forks on vibration attenuation and propulsion cost of manual wheelchairs - dataset

Jacob Misch, Yuanning Liu & Stephen Sprigle

Therapeutic non-invasive brain treatments in Alzheimer’s disease: recent advances and challenges

Chongyun Wu, Luoman Yang, Shu Feng, Ling Zhu, Luodan Yang, Timon Cheng-Yi Liu & Rui Duan
Abstract Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is one of the major neurodegenerative diseases and the most common form of dementia. Characterized by the loss of learning, memory, problem-solving, language, and other thinking abilities, AD exerts a detrimental effect on both patients’ and families’ quality of life. Although there have been significant advances in understanding the mechanism underlying the pathogenesis and progression of AD, there is no cure for AD. The failure of numerous molecular targeted pharmacologic clinical...

Therapeutic non-invasive brain treatments in Alzheimer’s disease: recent advances and challenges

Chongyun Wu, Luoman Yang, Shu Feng, Ling Zhu, Luodan Yang, Timon Cheng-Yi Liu & Rui Duan
Abstract Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is one of the major neurodegenerative diseases and the most common form of dementia. Characterized by the loss of learning, memory, problem-solving, language, and other thinking abilities, AD exerts a detrimental effect on both patients’ and families’ quality of life. Although there have been significant advances in understanding the mechanism underlying the pathogenesis and progression of AD, there is no cure for AD. The failure of numerous molecular targeted pharmacologic clinical...

Additional file 1 of Therapeutic non-invasive brain treatments in Alzheimer’s disease: recent advances and challenges

Chongyun Wu, Luoman Yang, Shu Feng, Ling Zhu, Luodan Yang, Timon Cheng-Yi Liu & Rui Duan
Additional file 1: Supplementary Table 1. Non-invasive Therapies in Clinical Trials.

Dispersal increases spatial synchrony of populations but has weak effects on population variability: a meta-analysis

Qi Yang, Pubin Hong, Mingyu Luo, Lin Jiang & Shaopeng Wang
The effects of dispersal on spatial synchrony and population variability have been well documented in theoretical research, and a growing number of empirical tests have been performed. Yet a synthesis is still lacking. Here, we conducted a meta-analysis of relevant experiments and examined how dispersal affected spatial synchrony and temporal population variability across scales. Our analyses showed that dispersal generally promoted spatial synchrony, and such effects increased with dispersal rate and decreased with environmental correlation...

Intra-annual species gain overrides species loss in determining species richness in a typical steppe ecosystem after a decade of nitrogen enrichment

Ming Zhao, Hongxiang Zhang, Baskin Carol, Cunzheng Wei, Junjie Yang, Yunhai Zhang, Yong Jiang, Lin Jiang & Xingguo Han
Increasing deposition of atmospheric nitrogen (N) due to accelerated human activities is a threat to various ecosystems. However, there is a lack of long-term experimental evidence demonstrating the seasonal dynamics of plant species turnover that ultimately determine species richness in natural ecosystems under N enrichment. Moreover, the frequency of N addition also may affect species turnover in a community, but it is rarely studied. To assess the responses of a plant community to N addition,...

Knifefish turning performance during forward swimming

Olivia Hawkins, Victor Ortega-Jimenez & Christopher Sanford
Rapid turning and swimming contribute to ecologically important behaviors in fishes such as predator avoidance, prey capture, mating, and the navigation of complex environments. For riverine species, such as knifefishes, that are commonly challenged by turbulent flows, turning control may be effective for counteracting adverse locomotive perturbations. Most research on fish maneuvering focuses on fish with traditional fin and body morphologies, which primarily use body bending and the pectoral fins during turning. However, it is...

Can You Hear My Heartbeat?: Hearing an Expressive Biosignal Elicits Empathy - Supplementary Data

R. Michael Winters, Grace Leslie & Bruce Walker

Route-Planning Game using an Artificial Intelligence Based Route Recommender System

Sweta Parmar, Rick Thomas & David Illingworth
Model-Based Decision Support Systems (MDSS) are prominent in many professional domains of high consequence, such as aeronautics, emergency management, military command and control, healthcare, nuclear accidents, intelligence analysis, and maritime operations. Given the prevalence of MDSS, it is surprising that work in model evaluation and human performance has not been leveraged more to evaluate these tools’ characteristics, efficiency, and quality. Probably, the state of research might be attributed to MDSS’s relatively recent implementations. A model-based...

Incorporating New Technologies in EEIO Models - Case Study Input Data

Cindy Azuero Pedraza, Valerie Thomas & Wesley Ingwersen

NOx Emissions from Hydrogen-Methane Fuel Blends

Christopher Douglas, Benjamin Emerson, Tim Lieuwen, Tom Martz, Robert Steele & Bobby Noble

The impact of species phylogenetic relatedness on invasion varies distinctly along resource versus nonresource environmental gradients

Guoyan Wang, Xiaojuan Zhang, Jing-Ji Li, Songlin Shi, Tingbin Zhang, Xiaojuan Bie, Xu Chen, Pei-Hao Peng & Lin Jiang
Understanding why certain plant communities are vulnerable to alien invasive species is essential to predicting and controlling invasion in a changing environment. Darwin’s naturalization hypothesis suggests that non-native species should be more successful in communities where their close relatives are absent. Empirical tests of this hypothesis, however, have produced mixed results. Using plot-level data from natural forests along elevational transects covering strong environmental gradients, we examined whether the invasion of the globally invasive species Ageratina...

Data from: Thalamic bursting and the role of timing and synchrony in thalamocortical signaling in the awake mouse

Garrett Stanley, Peter Borden, Nathaniel Wright, Arthur Morrissette, Dieter Jaeger & Bilal Haider
The thalamus controls transmission of sensory signals from periphery to cortex, ultimately shaping perception. Despite this significant role, dynamic thalamic gating and the consequences for downstream cortical sensory representations have not been well studied in the awake brain. We optogenetically modulated the ventro-posterior medial thalamus in the vibrissa pathway of the awake mouse, and measured spiking activity in the thalamus, and activity in primary somatosensory cortex (S1) using extracellular electrophysiology and genetically encoded voltage imaging....

Clinical, technical, and implementation characteristics of real-world health applications using FHIR

Ashley Griffin, Lu He, Anthony Sunjaya, Andrew King, Zubin Khan, Martin Nwadiugwu, Brian Douthit, Vignesh Subbian, Viet Nguyen, Mark Braunstein, Charles Jaffe & Titus Schleyer
Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources (FHIR) has received vast support globally, with a growing number of use cases implemented throughout various healthcare settings. To assess the use of real-world FHIR applications (apps) implemented in practice, we distributed an electronic survey to FHIR developers and implementers. The data includes characteristics of 112 FHIR apps, including health domain, target audience, terminologies, FHIR specifications, implementation details, and types of organizations developing with FHIR. This repository includes the survey dataset...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    27

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    15
  • Text
    6
  • Report
    3
  • Collection
    2
  • Output Management Plan
    1

Affiliations

  • Georgia Institute of Technology
    27
  • Zhejiang University
    4
  • Augusta University
    4
  • South China Normal University
    4
  • Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou Medical University
    4
  • Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center Shreveport
    4
  • Zhongshan Hospital
    4
  • Sichuan Agricultural University
    4
  • Harvard University
    4
  • Peking University Third Hospital
    4