296 Works

Adorno’s Critique of the New Right-Wing Extremism

Harry F. Dahms
This paper serves three purposes relating to a lecture Adorno gave in 1967 on “the new right-wing extremism” that was on the rise then in West Germany; in 2019, the lecture was published in print for the first time in German, to wide acclaim, followed by an English translation that appeared in 2020. First, it is important to situate the lecture in its historical and political context, and to relate it to Adorno’s status as...

A new species of bridled darter endemic to the Etowah River system in Georgia (Percidae: Etheostomatinae: Percina)

Thomas Near, Daniel MacGuigan, Emily Boring, Jeffrey Simmons, Brett Albanese, Benjamin Keck, Richard Harrington & Gerald Dinkins
Percina freemanorum, the Etowah Bridled Darter, is described as a new species endemic to the Etowah River system in Georgia, specifically in Long Swamp Creek, Amicalola Creek, and the upper portion of the Etowah River. The earliest collection records for Percina freemanorum date to 1948 and in 2007 the species was delimited as populations of Percina kusha. Our investigation into the systematics of Percina kusha is motivated by the uncertain status of populations in the...

Global mycorrhizal fungal range sizes vary within and among mycorrhizal guilds but are not correlated with dispersal traits

Stephanie Kivlin
Aim: Mycorrhizal fungi associate with the majority of plant species with large consequences on ecosystem nutrient, carbon, and water cycling. Two main types of mycorrhizal fungi, arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi and ectomycorrhizal (EM) fungi, dominate terrestrial ecosystems. Most global distribution modeling of AM and EM mycorrhizal associations describe the distribution of AM and EM plants, and not fungi directly. However, significant functional trait variation occurs within AM and EM fungal guilds. Therefore, modeling range sizes...

Data from: Invasion-induced root-fungal disruptions alter plant water and nitrogen economies

Lalasia Bialic-Murphy, Nick Smith, Priya Voothuluru, Robert McElderry, Morgan Roche, Steven Cassidy, Stephanie Kivlin & Susan Kaliz
Despite widespread evidence that biological invasion influences both the biotic and abiotic soil environments, the extent to which these two pathways underpin the effects of invasion on plant traits and performance is unknown. Leveraging a long-term (14-yr) field experiment, we show that an allelochemical-producing invader affects plants through biotic mechanisms, altering the soil fungal community composition, with no apparent shifts in soil nutrient availability. Changes in belowground fungal communities resulted in high costs of nutrient...

Supplement to: Global impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on stroke care and intravenous thrombolysis

Raul Nogueira, Muhammed Qureshi, Mohamad Abdalkader, Sheila Martins, Hiroshi Yamagami, Zhongming Qiu, Ossama Mansour, Anvitha Sathya, Anna Czlonkowska, Georgios Tsivgoulis, Diana Aguiar De Sousa, Jelle Demeestere, Robert Mikulik, Peter Vanacker, James Siegler, Janika Korv, Jose Biller, Conrad Liang, Navdeep Sangha, Alicia Zha, Alexandra Czap, Christine Holmstedt, Tanya Turan, George Ntaios, Konark Malhotra … & Thanh Nguyen
Objective: The objectives of this study were to measure the global impact of the pandemic on the volumes for intravenous thrombolysis (IVT), IVT transfers, and stroke hospitalizations over 4 months at the height of the pandemic (March 1 to June 30, 2020) compared with two control 4-month periods. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional, observational, retrospective study across 6 continents, 70 countries, and 457 stroke centers. Diagnoses were identified by their ICD-10 codes and/or classifications in...

Data from: Predicting southern zigzag salamander (Plethodon ventralis) occupancy in a fragmented landscape

Todd Pierson, Bryce Wade & Benjamin Fitzpatrick
We used repeated sampling of random quadrats and occupancy models to evaluate how the local distribution of the Southern Zigzag Salamander (Plethodon ventralis) in an urban and suburban landscape is influenced by: 1) forest patch size; 2) dominant lithology; and 3) invasive groundcover.

Schoenoplectus salinity tolerance and regional environmental records

Michael Blum
Evidence is mounting that climate-driven shifts in environmental conditions can elicit organismal evolution, yet there are sparingly few long-term records that document the tempo and progression of responses, particularly for plants capable of transforming ecosystems. In this study, we ‘resurrected’ cohorts of a foundational coastal marsh sedge (Schoenoplectus americanus) from a time-stratified seed bank to reconstruct a century-long record of heritable variation in response to salinity exposure. Common-garden experiments revealed that S. americanus exhibits heritable...

Measures of end-user use of and level of involvement with the Southeast climate adaptation science center Phase 1 projects based on 2020-2021 web-based surveys

Amanda Hyman
This dataset consists of responses to a standardized, web-based survey of project principle investigators, end-users, and SE CASC leadership. 31 project PIs responded (97% response rate). We then surveyed potential users of the 28 remaining projects using Qualtrics and SE CASC leadership to garner information about project use. Potential users included employees from federal agencies, state agencies, universities, and nongovernmental organizations. From the 28 projects, we sent surveys to 208 users, of which, 81 responded...

Twitter data reveal six distinct environmental personas

Charlotte Chang, Paul Armsworth & Yuta Masuda
Effective digital environmental communication is integral to galvanizing public support for conservation in the age of social media. Environmental advocates require messaging strategies suited to social media platforms, including ways to identify, target, and mobilize distinct audiences. Here, we provide – to the best of our knowledge – the first systematic characterization of environmental personas on social media. Beginning with 1 million environmental nongovernmental organization (NGO) followers on Twitter, of which 500,000 users met data...

How early does the selfing syndrome arise? Associations between selfing ability and flower size within populations of the mixed mater Collinsia verna

Robert M McElderry, Rachel B Spigler, Donna W Vogler & Susan Kalisz
Widespread associations between selfing rate and floral size within and among taxa suggest that these traits may evolve in concert. Does this association develop immediately, because of shared genetic/developmental control, or stepwise with selection shaping the evolution of one trait following the other? If the former, then association ought to appear within and across populations. We explore this fundamental question in three populations of the mixed-mater Collinsia verna where autonomous selfing (AS) ability has been...

DNA sequence data use in phylogenetic analysis of eastern North American stitchworts

Edward Schilling
Generic delimitation in Caryophyllaceae has been a challenge, and has been informed most recently by use of molecular phylogenetic data. In this study, analysis of 29 samples from the small segregate Mononeuria using nuclear ITS and plastid rps16 data revealed it to be polyphyletic. The type species Mononeuria patula as well as two others (M. muscorum and M. paludicola) were shown to belong to the Sabulina clade. The remaining species formed a clade that also...

Data from: Amphibious mudskipper populations are genetically connected along coastlines, but differentiated across water

Joel Corush, Benjamin Fitzpatrick, Todd Pierson, Jen-Chieh Shiao, Yukitoshi Katayama & Jie Zhang
Aim: Many mudskippers in the family Gobiidae are obligately amphibious, requiring both aquatic and terrestrial portions of their life cycle. The terrestrial phase involves restrictions to mudflat habitats during breeding, when adults build burrows in the mud to lay eggs. The effects of this restricted out-of-water phase might be reflected in the population structure of the species. However, dispersal during the aquatic larval phase could connect distant populations. We examine one such mudskipper, Periophthalmus modestus,...

Additional file 1 of A general modeling framework for exploring the impact of individual concern and personal protection on vector-borne disease dynamics

Kimberlyn Roosa & Nina H. Fefferman
Additional file 1. Supplementary file containing an expanded description of the sensitivity analyses (with figures) and additional figures with vector population dynamics.

Comparative clinical outcome following individualized follitropin delta dosing in Chinese women undergoing ovarian stimulation for in vitro fertilization /intracytoplasmic sperm injection

Rui Yang, Yunshan Zhang, Xiaoyan Liang, Xueru Song, Zhaolian Wei, Jianqiao Liu, Yezhou Yang, Jichun Tan, Qingxue Zhang, Yingpu Sun, Wei Wang, Weiping Qian, Lei Jin, Shuyu Wang, Yang Xu, Jing Yang, Marie Goethberg, Bernadette Mannaerts, Wen Wu, Zugeng Zheng & Jie Qiao
Abstract Background To compare the efficacy and safety of follitropin delta in its individualized fixed-dose regimen with follitropin alfa in a conventional adjustable dosing regimen in Chinese women. Methods This was a subgroup analysis of the randomized, multi-center, assessor-blind, non-inferiority trial (GRAPE) including 759 Chinese women (aged 20–40 years) recruited in 16 reproductive medicine clinics in China. Women were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to be treated with either follitropin delta dose based on anti-Müllerian...

Additional file 1 of Comparative clinical outcome following individualized follitropin delta dosing in Chinese women undergoing ovarian stimulation for in vitro fertilization /intracytoplasmic sperm injection

Rui Yang, Yunshan Zhang, Xiaoyan Liang, Xueru Song, Zhaolian Wei, Jianqiao Liu, Yezhou Yang, Jichun Tan, Qingxue Zhang, Yingpu Sun, Wei Wang, Weiping Qian, Lei Jin, Shuyu Wang, Yang Xu, Jing Yang, Marie Goethberg, Bernadette Mannaerts, Wen Wu, Zugeng Zheng & Jie Qiao
Additional file 1: Additional Figure 1. Study design and study timeline. AE, adverse event; OHSS, ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome; GnRH, gonadotropin-releasing hormone

The relative influence of history, climate, topography and vegetation structure on local animal richness varies among taxa and spatial grains

Luis Carrasco, Xingli Giam, Kimberly S. Sheldon & Mona Papes
Understanding the spatial scales at which environmental factors drive species richness patterns is a major challenge in ecology. Due to the trade-off between spatial grain and extent, studies tend to focus on a single spatial scale, and the effects of multiple environmental variables operating across spatial scales on the pattern of local species richness have rarely been investigated. Here, we related variation in local species richness of ground beetles, landbirds, and small mammals to variation...

Rotation of Triticale and Sweet Sorghum Improves Saline-Alkali Soil and Increases Productivity in a Saline Soil

Mingjing Zhang, Yun Liu, Yanlu Liu, Yang Zhao, Fang Yuan & Min Chen
Soil salinization significantly restricts crop yield, animal foraging, and biomass production for biofuels. Identifying an efficient farming system to mitigate these concerns has become a major research focus. The present study addresses the potential of rotating triticale and sweet sorghum at various planting densities to alleviate soil salt stress, enhance production, improve agronomic characteristics, and boost soil microbial communities in a saline agricultural environment in East China. Several indicators in 2017 and 2018. Results show...

Additional file 2 of Understanding of bacterial lignin extracellular degradation mechanisms by Pseudomonas putida KT2440 via secretomic analysis

Zhangyang Xu, Bo Peng, Reta Birhanu Kitata, Carrie D. Nicora, Karl K. Weitz, Yunqiao Pu, Tujin Shi, John R. Cort, Arthur J. Ragauskas & Bin Yang
Additional file 2: Table S4. Proteomic analysis of the intracellular and secretome in P. putida KT2440.

Additional file 3 of Understanding of bacterial lignin extracellular degradation mechanisms by Pseudomonas putida KT2440 via secretomic analysis

Zhangyang Xu, Bo Peng, Reta Birhanu Kitata, Carrie D. Nicora, Karl K. Weitz, Yunqiao Pu, Tujin Shi, John R. Cort, Arthur J. Ragauskas & Bin Yang
Additional file 3. A list of abbreviations is included.

Frequency of occurrence and habitat selection shape the spatial variation in the antibiotic resistome in riverine ecosystems in eastern China

Chunxia Jiang, Haiyang Chen, Hans-Peter Grossart, Quanfa Zhang, Robby Stoks, Yi Zhao, Feng Ju, Wenzhi Liu & Yuyi Yang
Abstract Background Riverine ecosystems are one of the most important reservoirs of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in the environment, but the occurrence and controlling factors of ARG distribution in different habitats of riverine ecosystems remain poorly understood. In this study, a metagenomic approach was used to characterize ARG types and their abundance in different habitats (rhizosphere soil, surface bulk soil, bottom bulk soil, and sediment) of riverine ecosystems in eastern China. Sampling sites were located...

Frequency of occurrence and habitat selection shape the spatial variation in the antibiotic resistome in riverine ecosystems in eastern China

Chunxia Jiang, Haiyang Chen, Hans-Peter Grossart, Quanfa Zhang, Robby Stoks, Yi Zhao, Feng Ju, Wenzhi Liu & Yuyi Yang
Abstract Background Riverine ecosystems are one of the most important reservoirs of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in the environment, but the occurrence and controlling factors of ARG distribution in different habitats of riverine ecosystems remain poorly understood. In this study, a metagenomic approach was used to characterize ARG types and their abundance in different habitats (rhizosphere soil, surface bulk soil, bottom bulk soil, and sediment) of riverine ecosystems in eastern China. Sampling sites were located...

Additional file 1 of Frequency of occurrence and habitat selection shape the spatial variation in the antibiotic resistome in riverine ecosystems in eastern China

Chunxia Jiang, Haiyang Chen, Hans-Peter Grossart, Quanfa Zhang, Robby Stoks, Yi Zhao, Feng Ju, Wenzhi Liu & Yuyi Yang
Additional file 1: TableS1. The detailed information ofsampling sites. Table S2. The alpha diversity of ARGs in this study. TableS3. The Mantel test between ARGs and bacteria (species) in each habitats. TableS4. The feactures of the network diagram of ARGs and bacterial communitiesin different habitats. Table S5. The Mantel test between ARGs and MGEsin each habitats. Table S5. The Mantel test between ARGs and MGEs in eachhabitats. Table S6. Co-occurrence of ARGs and MGEs on...

Novel, Selective Calix[6]Arene - Polyethylene Glycol (C6A-PEG) Stationary Phase for Capillary Gas Chromatography (GC)

Qiuchen Huang, Zhiqiang Cai, Wei Li, Ruonan Chen, Wei Zhang, Keyun Jin, Yi Zhao, Yiwen Li & Tao Sun
A novel calix[6] arene polymer stationary phase (C6A-PEG) is reported that combines the π-electron-rich cavity of calix[6] arene (C6A) with polyethylene glycol (PEG) units for gas chromatography (GC). Thermogravimetric analysis revealed a 5% weight loss of C6A-PEG at 318 °C, and its static-coated capillary column showed high efficiency of 2924 plates/m (k = 3.48) determined by 1-octanol at 120 °C. As a result, the moderate polar C6A-PEG column showed clearly advantageous performance for the Grob...

Additional file 1 of Fecal microbiota transplantation combined with ruxolitinib as a salvage treatment for intestinal steroid-refractory acute GVHD

Yin Liu, Ye Zhao, Jiaqian Qi, Xiao Ma, Xiaofei Qi, Depei Wu & Yang Xu
Additional file 1: Figure S1. Comparison of inflammatory cytokines and T cell subsets in the four selected patients. A Comparison of IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, IFN-γ, and IL-17A levels detected in peripheral blood between baseline and the following 4 weeks after the initiation of combined treatment in Patient 1 with no response. The level of cytokines showed no significant change at 3 weeks and extraordinarily increased at the last follow-up, ending with death. B...

Additional file 1 of Fecal microbiota transplantation combined with ruxolitinib as a salvage treatment for intestinal steroid-refractory acute GVHD

Yin Liu, Ye Zhao, Jiaqian Qi, Xiao Ma, Xiaofei Qi, Depei Wu & Yang Xu
Additional file 1: Figure S1. Comparison of inflammatory cytokines and T cell subsets in the four selected patients. A Comparison of IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, IFN-γ, and IL-17A levels detected in peripheral blood between baseline and the following 4 weeks after the initiation of combined treatment in Patient 1 with no response. The level of cytokines showed no significant change at 3 weeks and extraordinarily increased at the last follow-up, ending with death. B...

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