3 Works

Data from: Two-thirds of global cropland area impacted by climate oscillations

Matias Heino, Michael J. Puma, Philip J. Ward, Dieter Gerten, Vera Heck, Stefan Siebert & Matti Kummu
The El NiƱo Southern Oscillation (ENSO) peaked strongly during the boreal winter 2015-2016, leading to food insecurity in many parts of Africa, Asia and Latin America. Besides ENSO, the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) and the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) are known to impact crop yields worldwide. Here, we assess for the first time in a unified framework the relationship between ENSO, IOD and NAO and simulated crop productivity at the sub-country scale. Our findings reveal...

Data from: How close do we live to water? a global analysis of population distance to freshwater bodies

Matti Kummu, Hans De Moel, Philip J. Ward & Olli Varis
Traditionally, people have inhabited places with ready access to fresh water. Today, over 50% of the global population lives in urban areas, and water can be directed via tens of kilometres of pipelines. Still, however, a large part of the world's population is directly dependent on access to natural freshwater sources. So how are inhabited places related to the location of freshwater bodies today? We present a high-resolution global analysis of how close present-day populations...

Data from: Inferring dispersal across a fragmented landscape using reconstructed families in the Glanville fritillary butterfly

Toby Fountain, Arild Husby, Etsuko Nonaka, Michelle F. DiLeo, Janne H. Korhonen, Pasi Rastas, Torsti Schulz, Marjo Saastamoinen & Ilkka Hanski
Dispersal is important for determining both a species ecological processes, such as population viability, and its evolutionary processes, like gene flow and local adaptation. Yet obtaining accurate estimates in the wild through direct observation can be challenging or even impossible, particularly over large spatial and temporal scales. Genotyping many individuals from wild populations can provide detailed inferences about dispersal. We therefore utilized genomewide marker data to estimate dispersal in the classic metapopulation of the Glanville...

Registration Year

  • 2017
    3

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    3

Affiliations

  • Aalto University
    3
  • VU University Amsterdam
    2
  • Lund University
    1
  • University of Cambridge
    1
  • Goddard Institute for Space Studies
    1
  • Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research
    1
  • University of Helsinki
    1
  • University of Bonn
    1
  • Uppsala University
    1