Visions for Radiation Dosimetry over the Next Two Decades – Strategic Research Agenda of the European Radiation Dosimetry GroupWerner Rühm, Elena Fantuzzi, Roger Harrison, Helmut Schuhmacher, Filip Vanhavere, Joao Alves, Jean-Francois Bottolier-Depois, Paola Fattibene, Željka Knežević, María Antonia Lopez, Sabine Mayer, Saveta Miljanić, Stefan Neumaier, Pawel Olko, Hannes Stadtmann, Rick Tanner & Clemens Woda
Abstract: The European Radiation Dosimetry Group (EURADOS) comprises a self-sustainable network of more than 60 European institutions such as reference and research laboratories, dosimetry services and companies, as well as more than 300 scientists active in the field of radiation dosimetry. The aim of the network is to promote research and development and European cooperation in the field of dosimetry of ionizing radiation and its implementation in routine practice, in order to contribute to compatibility...
Data comprise biological and ecological half-life values for marine, freshwater, terrestrial and riparian organisms. The database includes 1908 biological half-life values for 52 elements across a range of wildlife groups (marine, freshwater, terrestrial and riparian). The compilation of values from a range of sources was conducted by an international working group under the auspices of an International Atomic Energy Agency programme.
Abstract: EURADOS has carried out a number of different intercomparison exercises for personal dosemeters in the past that qualify as proficiency tests for different dosimetry systems and radiation types including one previous neutron personal dosemeter intercomparison (IC2012n). Neutron intercomparisons are especially complicated to design because of the limited availability of reference fields and the costs associated with the exposures. IC2017n was the second EURADOS organized intercomparison exercise for neutron personal dosemeters. It was an important...
Uncertainties in internal dose assessment: Lifetime dose assessment for three example workers occupationally exposed to uranium - Analysing the intercomparison resultsEstelle Davesne, Richard Bull, Jeri Anderson, Derek Bingham, Alan Birchall, Carlo Maria Castellani, Cécile Challeton-de Vathaire, M. L. Fernandez, Martina Froning, A. Giomi, Anne Laure Lebacq, Jakub Ośko, Inés Gomez Parada, Anna Pántya, A. G. Rojas, Ana Rojo, Masa Takahashi, Kotaro Tani & Eric Blanchardon
Abstract: Recently, several epidemiological studies were interested in identifying potential health effects of incorporated radionuclides. To achieve this work, exposure of individuals was quantified in order to be compared with health status. In order to quantify the exposure of workers, the measurement of retained or excreted activity also called bioassay, must be interpreted in terms of dose. The data available for dose reconstruction are mostly bioassay analyses (mostly urine) carried out to verify the absence...
IDEAS Guidelines (Version 2) for the Estimation of Committed Doses from Incorporation Monitoring DataC.M. Castellani, J.W. Marsh, C. Hurtgen, E. Blanchardon, P. Berard, A. Giussani & M.A. Lopez
ABstract: Doses from intakes of radionuclides cannot be measured but must be assessed from monitoringdata, such as whole body, urine or faecaldata. Such assessments require applicationofbiokinetic and dosimetric models, and the assessor may well have to make assumptions about factors such as the pattern of intake and properties of the material. Intercomparison exercises (Doerfel 2000) have shown a wide range in doses that can be obtained from the same data set as a result of...
Abstract: EURADOS, within the work performed by Working Group 2 -Harmonization of Individual Monitoring in Europe, has started a self-sustained programme of regular intercomparisons and has successfully executed three intercomparisons for whole body photon dosemeters (IC2008, IC2010, IC2012) and one intercomparison for extremity dosemeters for photon and beta fields (IC2009). In 2012, the EURADOS intercomparison IC2012n was launched for personal neutron dosemeters routinely used to measure personal dose equivalent, Hp(10), in individual monitoring. No systems...
Abstract: The medical staff performing interventional cardiology and radiology (IC/IR) procedures stand close to the patient and thus close to the primary radiation beam. Although they wear a lead apron and thyroid collar, their hands, legs and eyes are not protected. Therefore, these parts could receive significantly high doses. Moreover, thedose ranges for the same kind of procedures vary a lot, as many factors affect extremity and eye lens doses. Additionally, there is evidence that...
Abstract: This report was originated from the analysis of the results of a joint EURADOS-EANM project about the assessment of the external radiation dose rate to comforters and caregivers exposed to patients undergoing nuclear medical diagnostics and therapy. The compartmental model for 18F-FDG developed by Hays and Segall in 1999 was applied by EURADOS members for predicting the time activity curves (TAC) in the source organs and tissues, and the urinary excretion. Inconsistencies have been...
Introduction: On June 30th, 2016, the “First EURADOS Stakeholder Workshop” was held at the Helmholtz Center Munich (HMGU) in Neuherberg, Germany. The workshop was jointly organized by the HMGU and the EURADOS Office in conjunction with the 57thEURADOS Council meeting, which took place on June 29thand July 1st, also at the HMGU. In the frame of the “European Joint Programme for the Integration of Radiation Protection Research”, the CONCERT project funded by the European Commission...
Patient maximum skin dose in interventional procedures in radiology and cardiology: summary of WG 12 activitiesOlivera Ciraj Bjelac, Jérémie Dabin, Jad Farah, Hannu Järvinen, Francoise Malchair, Teemu Siiskonen & Željka Knežević
Abstract: Fluoroscopically guided interventional procedures in radiology (IR) and cardiology (IC) are techniques that have had wide diffusion in the last decades. Scarcely invasive, they reduce most of the risks to patients and the expenses of operating theatres. Nevertheless, prolonged exposures due, for instance, to complicated interventional procedures or inappropriate equipment may result in high doses to both patients and staff members, in particular, with potentially high radiation doses to the skinof a patient. Working...
Visions for Radiation Dosimetry over the Next Two Decades -Strategic Research Agenda of the European Radiation Dosimetry Group: Version 2020Jean-François Bottolier-Depois, Isabelle Clairand, Elena Fantuzzi, Paola Fattibene, Roger Harrison, Oliver Hupe, Pawel Olko, Veronika Olšovcová, Werner Rühm, Marco Silari, Rick Tanner & Filip Vanhavere
Introduction: The European Radiation Dosimetry Group (EURADOS) comprises a self-sustainable network of more than 70 European institutions and about 600 scientists active in the field of radiation dosimetry. It was founded in 1981, and was registered in Germany as an “e.V.” (registered society) in 2008. The aim of the network is to promote research and development and European cooperation in the field of dosimetry of ionising radiation. For this, EURADOS has established Working Groups (WGs)...
1. Measuring the microbial diversity in natural and engineered environments is important for ecosystem characterization, ecosystem monitoring and hypothesis testing. Although the conventional assessment through single marker gene surveys has resulted in major advances, the complete procedure remains slow (i.e., weeks to months), labour-intensive and susceptible to multiple sources of laboratory and data processing bias. Growing interest, in highly resolved, temporal surveys of microbial diversity, necessitates rapid, inexpensive and robust analytical platforms that require limited...
Belgian Nuclear Research Centre12
Institut de Radioprotection et de Sûreté Nucléaire10
Helmholtz Zentrum München9
National Agency for New Technologies Energy and Sustainable Economic Development6
Public Health England5
Paul Scherrer Institute4
Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas4
Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences3