38 Works

Finding my voice through the arts: Becoming wide-awake to the rhythms of my own drum

Nuri Yang
My thesis is an arts-based inquiry into discovering my voice through poetry, narrative, and Korean drum. My fundamental purpose is to examine what it means to reflect on my lived experiences and to bring my poetic voice onto the page, and into the world. I employ multiple methodologies, including poetic inquiry and embodied ways of inquiry in my exploration of identity. My thesis integrates theoretical and artistic elements which include poems, personal narratives, and a...

Glacial History and Landform Genesis in the Lac de Gras Area, Northwest Territories

Anna Haiblen
The Quaternary geology of the Lac de Gras area was studied by 1:20 000 surficial geology mapping of 770 km2 and investigating the genesis of enigmatic landforms. Three distinct flow directions of the Laurentide Ice Sheet are recorded: flow to the southwest, then west, and finally to the west northwest. Digital mapping with high-resolution orthoimagery and a 30 cm lidar DEM provides insight into the deglacial history. ‘Subglacial meltwater corridors’ are prominent in the area....

Performing identity at the arts edge: Developing radio memoir through the excavation of living inquiry

Elaine Harder
In this thesis, I explore how community radio is a pedagogical and artistic platform that fosters personal agency, memoir, transformation and the unfolding of identity. Within the forum of an arts-based radio program, I witness how music, lyrics, broadcasting and personal reflections merge to inspire the surfacing of life’s lost moments, a collection of personal memories. This discovery evolves into a narrative loop between broadcaster and self, which leads to the excavation and interweaving of...

Data from: The role of behavioural flexibility in primate diversification

Maria Creighton, Dan Greenberg, Simon Reader & Arne Mooers
Identifying the factors that influence species diversification is fundamental to our understanding of the evolutionary processes underlying extant biodiversity. Behavioural innovation, coupled with the social transmission of new behaviours, has been proposed to increase rates of evolutionary diversification, as novel behaviours expose populations to new selective regimes. Thus, it is believed that behavioural flexibility may be important in driving evolutionary diversification across animals. We test this hypothesis within the primates, a taxonomic group with considerable...

Data from: Does parasitoid pressure elicit defensive polyphenism in the green peach aphid?

Yonathan Uriel
Aphids are capable of adapting to parasitoid pressure in the absence of sexual reproduction using epigenetically controlled polyphenism. Asexual lineages of aphids could thus become resistant to parasitoids over time and with repeated exposure, hampering biocontrol efforts that rely on parasitoid wasps. Prior to this study, wing polyphenism and reproductive polyphenism had been reported as parasitoid-adaptive responses in asexual lineages of at least two species of aphids, but it remained unclear whether parasitoid exposure could...

Data for Nicola Chinook Ricker stock-recruit model with environmental covariates

Luke Warkentin, Richard Bailey, Charles Parken & Jonathan Moore
Climate change and human activities are transforming river flows globally, with potentially large consequences for freshwater life. To help inform watershed and flow management, there is a need for empirical studies linking flows and fish productivity. We tested the effects of river conditions and other factors on 22 years of Chinook salmon productivity in a watershed in British Columbia, Canada. Freshwater conditions during adult salmon migration and spawning, as well as during juvenile rearing, explained...

Parental population range expansion before secondary contact promotes heterosis

Ailene MacPherson, Silu Wang, Ryo Yamaguchi, Loren Rieseberg & Sarah Otto
Population genomic analysis of hybrid zones is instrumental to our understanding of the evolution of reproductive isolation. Many temperate hybrid zones are formed by the secondary contact between two parental populations that have undergone post-glacial range expansion. Here we show that explicitly accounting for historical parental isolation followed by range expansion prior to secondary contact is fundamental for explaining genetic and fitness patterns in these hybrid zones. Specifically, ancestral population expansion can result in allele...

The role of adaptive behaviour in migratory counts of shorebirds

David Hope
Shorebird population status and trends are commonly generated from counts made at migratory stopovers, where large numbers are concentrated at few locations. Shorebirds migrate long distances, encountering changing and unpredictable conditions. The ability to respond with adjustments in behaviours such as site selection, timing and routing, is likely essential. In this thesis I examine how the adaptive behaviour of migrants affects the use of stopover sites, and hence how many shorebirds are counted. I develop...

Is Donald Trump a trendsetter for Canadians? The effect of Trump and national identity on support for immigration

Steven Nuss
Recent Canadian research highlights a tension. President Trump may be responsible for a potential weakening of the social norms surrounding Canadian identity. Trump’s effect, however, is mitigated when Canadian identity is salient. Given that research shows that Canadians have routinely defined themselves as welcoming of immigrants and multicultural, why Trump has this influence, and the further impact of either Trump himself or Canadian identity on reported support for immigration during the Trump presidency are both...

Predicting the effects of reservoir water level management on the reproductive output of a riparian songbird

David Green
Yellow warblers were monitored in Revelstoke, British Columbia, Canada for 12 breeding seasons spanning 2005 to 2017. Data on the breeding biology of individually marked warblers was used to construct an individual-based model describing the effects of reservoir operations on the reproductive output of yellow warblers. This model was parameterised using data on the breeding biology of approximately 30 breeding pairs per year that a provided data on nest sites (ground elevation and nest height),...

Life history and environment predict variation in testosterone across vertebrates

Jerry Husak, Matthew Fuxjager, Michele A. Johnson, Maren Vitousek, Jeremy Donald, Clinton David Francis, Wolfgang Goymann, Michaela Hau, Bonnie Kircher, Rosemary Knapp, Lynn B. Martin, Eliot Miller, Laura Schoenle & Tony Williams
Endocrine systems act as key intermediaries between organisms and their environments. This interaction leads to high variability in hormone levels, but we know little about the ecological factors that influence this variation within and across major vertebrate groups. We study this topic by assessing how various social and environmental dynamics influence testosterone levels across the entire vertebrate tree of life. Our analyses show that breeding season length and mating system are the strongest predictors of...

Data from: Indigenous knowledge of key ecological processes confers resilience to a small-scale kelp fishery

Hannah Kobluk, Keith Gladstone, Mike Reid, Kelly Brown, Kira Krumhansl & Anne Salomon
1. Feedbacks between social and ecological processes can lead to sustainable stewardship practices that support ecological resilience among harvested populations. This is evident along the world’s coast lines, where Indigenous knowledge systems have facilitated millennia of human nature coexistence. However, social-ecological conditions globally are quickly shifting, posing challenges for coastal Indigenous communities where customary harvest of ocean resources, such as kelps, need to adapt to growing markets, novel climates and changing governance regimes. Consequently, a...

Zostera marina microsatellite and environmental data

Erin Foster, Jane Watson, Matthew Lemay, Tim Tinker, James Estes, Rebecca Piercey, Lauren Henson, Carol Ritland, Allyson Miscampbell, Linda Nichol, Margot Hessing-Lewis, Anne Salomon & Chris Darimont
Microsatellite data for Zostera marina, sea otter occupancy information, and environmental data from the west coast of British Columbia, Canada.

Vascular plant community surveys across different reindeer grazing regimes in the Fennoscandian tundra

Kate Gibson, Johan Oloffson, Arne Mooers & Melanie Monroe
This dataset contains data from the experiment described in "Gibson K., Olofsson, J. Mooers, A. Ø., & Monroe, M. J. (2021) Pulse grazing by reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) can increase the phylogenetic diversity of vascular plant communities in the Fennoscandian tundra. Ecology and Evolution. In press." The data is from a multi-year (2004-2007) quasi-experimental study in Northern Fennoscandia, which was designed to analyze the effect of reindeer grazing on vascular plant community diversity. Our study design...

Inflation Expectations and Learning about Monetary Policy

David Andolfatto, Scott Hendry & Kevin Moran
Various measures indicate that inflation expectations evolve sluggishly relative to actual inflation. In addition, they often fail conventional tests of unbiasedness. These observations are sometimes interpreted as evidence against rational expectations. The authors embed, within a standard monetary dynamic stochastic general-equilibrium model, an information friction and a learning mechanism regarding the interest-rate-targeting rule that monetary policy authorities follow. The learning mechanism enables optimizing economic agents to distinguish between transitory shocks to the policy rule and...

The role of adaptive behaviour in migratory counts of shorebirds

David Hope
Supplementary Data for Chapter 6 of thesis.

Adoption of a New Payment Method: Theory and Experimental Evidence

Jasmina Arifovic, John Duffy & Janet Hua Jiang
We model the introduction of a new payment method, e.g., e-money, that competes with an existing payment method, e.g., cash. The new payment method involves relatively lower per-transaction costs for both buyers and sellers, but sellers must pay a fixed fee to accept the new payment method. As a result of the network effects, our model admits two symmetric pure strategy Nash equilibria. In one equilibrium, the new payment method is not adopted and all...

Scour pool incision in bedrock canyons

ZhiHao Cao
A flume experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of lateral constrictions on the initiation and evolution of scour pools in bedrock canyons. Results show that lateral constriction can initiate the formation of a scour pool. Deceleration of the flow upstream of the constricted canyon promotes alluviation, while flow acceleration through the canyon prevents a permanent sediment cover from developing. The elevation difference upstream and through the canyon causes flow and sediment to plunge towards...

in several times

Linnea Gwiazda
in several times is a choreography of space, memory and the body. Developed from personal stories, family history and nostalgic association, the work aims to create a place in which several times and environments can be remembered and acknowledged simultaneously. The process of creating this work began with a trip to spaces that held significance to my family, searching for traces of the past in the present, and the recollection of senses that connect my...

\"in several times\"

Linnea Gwiazda
in several times is a choreography of space, memory and the body. Developed from personal stories, family history and nostalgic association, the work aims to create a place in which several times and environments can be remembered and acknowledged simultaneously. The process of creating this work began with a trip to spaces that held significance to my family, searching for traces of the past in the present, and the recollection of senses that connect my...

M-PATH Project Dataset

Özge Nilay Yalçın
This collection includes the data used for the gesture rating experiments as a part of the M-Path project. For the MTurk experiment code, see: https://github.com/onyalcin/M-PATH/tree/master/MTurk_Experiments/Gesture%20Rating. Includes the trained models that are used in https://github.com/onyalcin/M-PATH.

Plant and pollinator interactions from British Columbia from Oak Savannah, Shrub-Steppe, and restored hedgerows

Laura Melissa Guzman, Scott Chamberlain & Elizabeth Elle
This dataset contains the data analyzed in "Guzman, L.M., Chamberlain, S. and Elle, E. (2021) Network robustness and structure depends on the phenological characteristics of plants and pollinators. Ecology and Evolution" The data comprises plant-pollinator interactions collected in three ecosystems (Oak Savannah, Shrub-Steppe and restored hedgerows) from British Columbia. These three vegetation types comprised three different studies. The average distance between sites within studies was 19km, 18km and 29km for the oak savannah, shrub-steppe and...

Managing Adverse Dependence for Portfolios of Collateral in Financial Infrastructures

Alejandro Garcia & Ramazan Gençay
We propose a framework that allows a portfolio manager to quantify the probability of simultaneous losses in multiple assets of a collateral portfolio. Using this framework, we propose a methodology to conduct stress tests on the market value of the portfolio of collateral when undesirable extreme dependence occurs. This framework permits us to quantify the potential impact on the portfolio returns of systemic events that change, or 'break down', the historical comovement structure, imposing an...

Labour Markets, Liquidity, and Monetary Policy Regimes

David Andolfatto, Scott Hendry & Kevin Moran
We develop an equilibrium model of the monetary policy transmission mechanism that highlights information frictions in the market for money and search frictions in the market for labour. A change in monetary policy regime, modelled here as an exogenous reduction in the long-run target for the money-growth rate, results in a large and persistent increase in the interest rate owing to a persistent shortfall in liquidity. This persistent liquidity effect occurs because of the limited...

Disease-driven mass mortality event leads to widespread extirpation and variable recovery potential of a marine predator across the eastern Pacific

Sara Hamilton, Vienna Saccomanno, Walter Heady, Alyssa-Lois Gehman, Steve Lonhart, Rodrigo Beas-Luna, Fiona Francis, Lynn Lee, Laura Rogers-Bennett, Anne Salomon & Sarah Gravem
The prevalence of disease-driven mass mortality events is increasing, but our understanding of spatial variation in their magnitude, timing, and triggers are often poorly resolved. Here, we use a novel range-wide dataset comprised of 48,810 surveys to quantify how Sea Star Wasting Disease affected Pycnopodia helianthoides, the sunflower sea star, across its range from Baja California, Mexico to the Aleutian Islands, USA. We found that the outbreak occurred more rapidly, killed a greater percentage of...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    38

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    21
  • Dissertation
    10
  • Text
    5
  • Audiovisual
    2

Affiliations

  • Simon Fraser University
    38
  • Fisheries and Oceans Canada
    5
  • University of British Columbia
    5
  • Bank of Canada
    5
  • University of California, Santa Cruz
    2
  • Max Planck Institute for Ornithology
    1
  • California Polytechnic State University
    1
  • University of Greenwich
    1
  • The Nature Conservancy
    1
  • Trinity University
    1