665 Works

Individualized prognostic signature for pancreatic carcinoma validated by integrating immune-related gene pairs (IRGPs)

Yecheng Li, Pingan Yao, Kui Zhao, Zhenyu Ye, Haobo Zhang, Jianping Cao, Shuyu Zhang & Chungen Xing
Increasingly attention is being given to immune molecules in pancreatic cancer. The purpose of this study was to understand the potential clinical application of immune-regulated genes (IRGs) in the stratification of prognosis and to facilitate the development of personalized prognostic information for pancreatic cancer patients. We systematically used public data to comprehensively analyze immune-regulated gene pair (IRGP) expression profiles and clinical data. In our study, IRGP signature was identified to predict the overall survival (OS)...

Inhaled nitric oxide and acute kidney injury risk: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Junqiu Wang, Xuhui Cong, Mengrong Miao, Yitian Yang & Jiaqiang Zhang
There are conflicting results as to the effect of inhaled nitric oxide (iNO) therapy on the risk of acute kidney injury (AKI). The aim of this study was to perform a meta-analysis to assess the updated data. We systematically searched Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, Wanfang, and PubMed for relevant randomized control trials between database inception and 9/07/2020. Relative risks (RRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) predicting the risk of AKI were extracted to...

Genome-wide identification and functional prediction of circular RNAs in response to heat stress in Chinese Holstein cows

Ying Qi, Lin Zhang, Yuemei Guo, Jing Wang, Mingxing Chu, Yiming Zhang, Junfei Guo & Qiuling Li
Heat stress (HS) leads to substantial economic loss of dairy industry each year. The negative effect of HS in dairy cows is becoming one of the more urgent issue due to accelerating side-effects of global warming. Various genes are involved in HS response but the information about the role of noncoding RNAs, especially circular RNAs (circRNAs) is largely unknown. In our study, we aimed to investigate the different expression profile of circRNAs between HS and...

Bioinformatics analysis reveals the competing endogenous RNA (ceRNA) coexpression network in the tumor microenvironment and prognostic biomarkers in soft tissue sarcomas

Dandan Zou, Yang Wang, Meng Wang, Bo Zhao, Fei Hu, Yanguo Li & Bingming Zhang
Soft tissue sarcomas (STSs) are rare, heterogeneous mesenchymal neoplasias. Understanding the tumor microenvironment (TME) and identifying potential biomarkers for prognosis associated with the TME of STS might provide effective clues for immune therapy. We evaluated the immune scores and stromal scores of STS patients by using the RNA sequencing dataset from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and the ESTIMATE algorithm. Then, the differentially expressed mRNAs (DEGs), miRNAs (DEMs) and lncRNAs (DELs) were identified after...

Transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation for high-normal blood pressure: study protocol for a randomized controlled pilot trial

Yu Wang, Guang-Xia Shi, Zhong-Xue Tian, Jun-Hong Liu, You-Sheng Qi, Jian-Feng Tu, Jing-Wen Yang, Li-Qiong Wang & Cun-Zhi Liu
Abstract Background High-normal blood pressure (BP) is associated with increased all-cause, cardiovascular mortality and frequently progresses to hypertension. Transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) might be a non-pharmaceutical therapy option to control BP. This trial aims to determine the effectiveness and safety of TEAS combined with lifestyle modification for high-normal BP. Methods/design This prospective, randomized, and parallel clinical trial will be conducted in a community service center in China. Sixty participants with high-normal BP will be...

Genetic polymorphisms of 44 Y chromosomal genetic markers in the Inner Mongolia Han population and its genetic relationship analysis with other reference populations

Xiaoye Jin, Guohui Xing, Chunhua Yang, Xingru Zhang, Wei Cui, Chong Chen & Bofeng Zhu
Y chromosomal genetic markers in the non-recombining region are commonly used for human evolution research, familial searching, and forensic male differentiation since they strictly follow paternal inheritance. Y chromosomal short tandem repeats (Y-STRs) possess extraordinarily advantages in forensic applications because of their high polymorphisms and special genetic pattern. Here, we assessed the genetic diversities of 41 Y-STRs and three Y chromosomal insertion/deletion (Y-InDels) loci in the Chinese Inner Mongolia Han population; besides, genetic differentiation analyses...

Evaluation of cesarean delivery rates in different levels of hospitals in Jiangsu Province, China, using the 10-Group classification system

Ning Gu, Yimin Dai, Dan Lu, Tingmei Chen, Muling Zhang, Tao Huang, Yalan Qi, Xinning Han, Lihua Xie, Jishi Yang, Chengling Fan, Yunhua Yan, Anhong Zhang, Xiaoping Weng, Huiling Zhang, Li Su, Yingyan Li & Yali Hu
To compare cesarean delivery (CD) rates in referral and non-referral hospitals in Maternal Safety Collaboration in Jiangsu province, China. Sixteen participants (4 referral hospitals, 12 non-referral hospitals) from Drum Tower Hospital Collaboration for Maternal Safety reported CD rates in 2019 using ten-group classification system and maternal/neonatal morbidity and mortality. A total of 22,676 CDs were performed among 52,499 deliveries and the average CD rate was 43.2% (range 34.8–69.6%). CD rate in non-referral hospitals (44.7%) was...

Identification and validation of potential mRNA- microRNA- long-noncoding RNA (mRNA-miRNA-lncRNA) prognostic signature for cervical cancer

Jie Wang & Chen Zhang
Cervical cancer is one of the most common causes of cancer deaths in women due to poor prognosis and high mortality rates. A novel mRNA-miRNA-lncRNA signature linked to prognosis of cervical cancer is needed to help clinicians judge the prognosis of individual patients more accurately. On the basis of GEO datasets, a total of 161 upregulated and 242 downregulated DE-mRNAs were identified firstly. Among them, eight potential biomarkers were found to have prognostic values with...

Self-assembled polymeric nanocarrier-mediated co-delivery of metformin and doxorubicin for melanoma therapy

Mingming Song, Wentao Xia, Zixuan Tao, Bin Zhu, Wenxiang Zhang, Chang Liu & Siyu Chen
Malignant melanoma is a life-threatening form of skin cancer with a low response rate to single-agent chemotherapy. Although combined therapies of metformin (MET) and doxorubicin (DOX) are effective in treating a variety of cancers, including breast cancer, their different physicochemical properties and administration routines reduce the effective co-accumulation of both drugs in tumors. Nanoparticles (NPs) have been demonstrated to potentially improve drug delivery efficiency in cancer therapy of, for example, liver and lung cancers. Hence,...

Post-translational knockdown and post-secretional modification of EsxA determine contribution of EsxA membrane permeabilizing activity for mycobacterial intracellular survival

Yanqing Bao, Lin Wang & Jianjun Sun
Current genetic studies (e.g. gene knockout) have suggested that EsxA and EsxB function as secreted virulence factors that are essential for Mycobaterium tuberculosis (Mtb) intracellular survival, specifically in mediating phagosome rupture and translocation of Mtb to the cytosol of host cells, which further facilitates Mtb intracellular replicating and cell-to-cell spreading. The EsxA-mediated intracellular survival is presumably achieved by its pH-dependent membrane-permeabilizing activity (MPA). However, the data from other studies have generated a discrepancy regarding the...

Down-regulation of miR-340-5p promoted osteogenic differentiation through regulation of runt-related transcription factor-2 (RUNX2) in MC3T3-E1 cells

Xiaochen Wang, Yaochuan Mi, Wei He, Xiaona Hu, Shuo Yang, Lu Zhao, Yanyang Zhang & Binhong Wen
Diabetic osteoporosis (DOP) is a chronic complication of diabetes in the skeletal system. High level of miR-340-5p may be harmful to the bone formation. In this study, the DOP model of rats was successfully established via streptozotocin (STZ) and ovariectomy (OVX) treatment. It was manifested by reduced body weight, insulin level, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, and osteocalcin (OCN) and collagen-I expressions, as well as increased concentration of fasting blood glucose. Moreover, we found that miR-340-5p...

Usefulness of candidate mRNAs and miRNAs as biomarkers for mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s disease

Hongyun Qin, Chengping Hu, Xudong Zhao, Ming Tian & Binggen Zhu
To explore potential molecular mechanisms and novel biomarkers of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The mRNA expression datasets GSE63060 and GSE63061 and the miRNA expression dataset GSE120584 were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and miRNA (DEmiRs) were identified in the normal, MCI, and AD groups. Mfuzz clustering and weighted correlation network analyses (WGCNA) were conducted, followed by pathway and functional enrichment analyses and miRNA-mRNA network...

Tumor-derived exosomal miRNA-141 promote angiogenesis and malignant progression of lung cancer by targeting growth arrest-specific homeobox gene (GAX)

Wulong Wang, Guodai Hong, Siyuan Wang, Wenbin Gao & Ping Wang
Previous researches have suggested that exosomal miRNA-141 has association with metastatic lung cancer, however, its role and regulatory mechanism require further study. In this study, exosomes were isolated from lung cancer patients and normal human serum and identified. We found that the expression of miRNA-141 was up-regulated in the lung cancer serum exosomes compared with the normal serum exosomes. When the exosomes were extracted for co-culture with HUVECs, they were absorbed and distributed around the...

Sjogren’s syndrome in clinical trials of traditional Chinese medicine: protocol for the development of a core outcome set

Ming Liu, Ya Gao, Yuan Yuan, Shuzhen Shi, Kelu Yang, Jiyuan Shi, Jiarui Wu, Junhua Zhang & Jinhui Tian
Abstract Background Sjogren’s syndrome (SS) is a chronic autoimmune rheumatic disease with an incidence of 0.03 to 0.3%. In recent years, there are an increasing number of randomized controlled trials of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for SS. However, there are generally some problems in these published clinical trials: lack of reporting primary or long-term outcomes and the heterogeneous in different clinical trials’ outcome. Our study aims to determine the priority outcomes and standard TCM syndromes...

Upregulated HMGB1 levels in maternal–fetal interface of patients with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion from different sources

Jing Wang, Damin Zhu, Jiaqian Yin, Cong Ma, Xiaoqing Peng, Huijuan Zou, Yunxia Cao & Xiaofeng Xu
To investigate the expression and sources of high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) protein in the maternal–fetal interface of patients with unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion (URSA), and further to verify the role of HMGB1 in the etiology of URSA. 55 women at early pregnancy with URSA and 55 women undergoing selective termination of normal early pregnancy as control were included. The abortion tissues including villi and decidua were collected. The expression of HMGB1, CD45, CK7,...

Phytic acid modified N1923 solvent impregnated resins for adsorption of in(III)

Xuezhen Gao, Yuanyuan Wan, Junshen Liu, Xunyong Liu, Lei Guo & Shengxiao Zhang
In this paper, the primary amine extractant (N1923) was modified by phytic acid (PA), and then a novel solvent impregnated resins (SIRs) were prepared using PA modified N1923 as the extractant and styrene-divinylbenzene type macroreticular resin (HZ–803) as the support. Adsorption performance and adsorption mechanism of SIRs for In (III) was studied from hydrochloric acid medium. The SIRs were characterized by FTIR, SEM, BET, TGA and XPS. The effect of mass fraction of PA, solution...

Quasispecies of SARS-CoV-2 revealed by single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) analysis

Rongsui Gao, Wenhong Zu, Yang Liu, Junhua Li, Zeyao Li, Yanling Wen, Haiyan Wang, Jing Yuan, Lin Cheng, Shengyuan Zhang, Yu Zhang, Shuye Zhang, Weilong Liu, Xun Lan, Lei Liu, Feng Li & Zheng Zhang
New SARS-CoV-2 mutants have been continuously indentified with enhanced transmission ever since its outbreak in early 2020. As an RNA virus, SARS-CoV-2 has a high mutation rate due to the low fidelity of RNA polymerase. To study the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) dynamics of SARS-CoV-2, 158 SNPs with high confidence were identified by deep meta-transcriptomic sequencing, and the most common SNP type was C > T. Analyses of intra-host population diversity revealed that intra-host quasispecies’...

Vinegar-processed Curcuma phaeocaulis promotes anti-angiogenic activity and reduces toxicity in zebrafish and rat models

Wan Liao, Yi Chen, Zongping Zhu, Jiao Chen, Tianhui Gao, Boonjai Limsila, Yenchit Techadamrongsin, Lei Wang, Jiali Yu, Chaomei Fu & Rui Li
Processing with vinegar could enhance the efficacy and reduce the toxicity of Curcuma phaeocaulis Valeton. (Zingiberaceae), a Chinese herbal medicine with anti-inflammatory and antitumor activities. This study investigated the vinegar processing effects by evaluating anti-angiogenic effect and toxicity of C. phaeocaulis through zebrafish and rat models. Zebrafish embryos (AB and FLk-GFP strain) were applied to evaluate toxicity, cardiotoxicity and anti-angiogenic activity of volatile oil, and water decoction of the raw and vinegar-processed C. phaeocaulis. Meanwhile,...

Vinegar-processed Curcuma phaeocaulis promotes anti-angiogenic activity and reduces toxicity in zebrafish and rat models

Wan Liao, Yi Chen, Zongping Zhu, Jiao Chen, Tianhui Gao, Boonjai Limsila, Yenchit Techadamrongsin, Lei Wang, Jiali Yu, Chaomei Fu & Rui Li
Processing with vinegar could enhance the efficacy and reduce the toxicity of Curcuma phaeocaulis Valeton. (Zingiberaceae), a Chinese herbal medicine with anti-inflammatory and antitumor activities. This study investigated the vinegar processing effects by evaluating anti-angiogenic effect and toxicity of C. phaeocaulis through zebrafish and rat models. Zebrafish embryos (AB and FLk-GFP strain) were applied to evaluate toxicity, cardiotoxicity and anti-angiogenic activity of volatile oil, and water decoction of the raw and vinegar-processed C. phaeocaulis. Meanwhile,...

A virulent Bacillus cereus strain from deep-sea cold seep induces pyroptosis in a manner that involves NLRP3 inflammasome, JNK pathway, and lysosomal rupture

Yan Zhao, Shuai Jiang, Jian Zhang, Xiao-Lu Guan, Bo-Guang Sun & Li Sun
Recent studies indicate that the Bacillus species is distributed in deep-sea environments. However, no specific studies on deep-sea Bacillus cereus have been documented. In the present work, we isolated a B. cereus strain, H2, from the deep-sea cold seep in South China Sea. We characterized the pathogenic potential of H2 and investigated H2-induced death of different types of cells. We found that H2 was capable of tissue dissemination and causing acute mortality in mice and...

Establishing functional lentiviral vector production in a stirred bioreactor for CAR-T cell therapy

Qu-Lai Tang, Li-Xing Gu, Yao Xu, Xing-Hua Liao, Yong Zhou & Tong-Cun Zhang
As gene delivery tools, lentiviral vectors (LV) have broad applications in chimeric antigen receptor therapy (CAR-T). Large-scale production of functional LV is limited by the adherent, serum-dependent nature of HEK293T cells used in the manufacturing. HEK293T adherent cells were adapted to suspension cells in a serum-free medium to establish large-scale processes for functional LV production in a stirred bioreactor without micro-carriers. The results showed that 293 T suspension was successfully cultivated in F media (293...

Genomic population structure of Helicobacter pylori Shanghai isolates and identification of genomic features uniquely linked with pathogenicity

Feng Yang, Jinghao Zhang, Su Wang, Zhaoyang Sun, Jun Zhou, Feng Li, Yue Liu, Li Ding, Yixin Liu, Wenjing Chi, Tao Liu, Yongqun He, Ping Xiang, Zhijun Bao, Michal A. Olszewski, Hu Zhao & Yanmei Zhang
Severe Helicobacter pylori-linked gastric disorders are especially prevalent in the East Asia region. The ability of H. pylori to cause different clinical outcomes is thought to be associated with unique sets of its genetic features. However, only few genetic features have been definitively linked to specific gastrointestinal pathologies. Genome heterogeneity of clinical H. pylori strains from patients with four different gastric disorders was studied to explore the population structure and molecular genomic features and their...

Tumor-targeted Gd-doped mesoporous Fe3O4 nanoparticles for T1/T2 MR imaging guided synergistic cancer therapy

Shaohui Zheng, Shang Jin, Min Jiao, Wenjun Wang, Xiaoyu Zhou, Jie Xu, Yong Wang, Peipei Dou, Zhen Jin, Changyu Wu, Jingjing Li, Xinting Ge & Kai Xu
In this study, a novel intelligent nanoplatform to integrate multiple imaging and therapeutic functions for targeted cancer theranostics. The nanoplatform, DOX@Gd-MFe3O4 NPs, was constructed Gd-doped mesoporous Fe3O4 nanoparticles following with the doxorubicin (DOX) loading in the mesopores of the NPs. The DOX@Gd-MFe3O4 NPs exhibited good properties in colloidal dispersity, photothermal conversion, NIR triggered drug release, and high T1/T2 relaxicity rate (r1=9.64 mM−1s−1, r2= 177.71 mM−1s−1). Benefiting from the high MR contrast, DOX@Gd-MFe3O4 NPs enabled simultaneous...

The synergistic antitumor activity of 3-(2-nitrophenyl) propionic acid-paclitaxel nanoparticles (NPPA-PTX NPs) and anti-PD-L1 antibody inducing immunogenic cell death

Xiao-Chuan Duan, Li-Yuan Peng, Xin Yao, Mei-Qi Xu, Hui Li, Shuai-Qiang Zhang, Zhuo-Yue Li, Jing-Ru Wang, Zhen-Han Feng, Guang-Xue Wang, Ai Liao, Ying Chen & Xuan Zhang
Cancer immunotherapy is a strategy that is moving to the frontier of cancer treatment in the current decade. In this study, we show evidence that 3-(2-nitrophenyl) propionic acid-paclitaxel nanoparticles (NPPA-PTX NPs), act as immunogenic cell death (ICD) inducers, stimulating an antitumor response which results in synergistic antitumor activity by combining anti-PD-L1 antibody (aPD-L1) in vivo. To investigate the antitumor immunity induced by NPPA-PTX NPs, the expression of both ICD marker calreticulin (CRT) and high mobility...

The safety and tolerability of alkaloids from Alstonia scholaris leaves in healthy Chinese volunteers: a single-centre, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase I clinical trial

Zhong-Ping Gou, Yun-Li Zhao, Lin-Ling Zou, Ying Wang, Shi-Qing Shu, Xiao-Hong Zhu, Li Zheng, Qi Shen, Zhu Luo, Jia Miao, Yong-Sheng Wang, Xiao-Dong Luo & Ping Feng
Capsule of alkaloids from the leaf of Alstonia scholaris (L.) R.Br. (Apocynaceae) (CALAS) is a new investigational botanical drug (No. 2011L01436) for bronchitis, post-infectious cough and asthma. To observe the clinical safety and tolerability of CALAS. Subjects were assigned to eight cohorts, and each received randomly CALAS or placebo in one of single ascending dose (SAD) of 8, 40, 120, 240, 360, 480, or in one of multiple ascending dose (MAD) of 40 or 120...

Registration Year

  • 2021

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  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
  • Zhejiang University
  • Fudan University
  • Sun Yat-sen University
  • Huazhong University of Science and Technology
  • Capital Medical University
  • Sichuan University
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Nanjing Medical University