300 Works

Kazak faecal microbiota transplantation induces short-chain fatty acids that promote glucagon-like peptide-1 secretion by regulating gut microbiota in db/db mice

Xue Han, Ye Wang, Peipei Zhang, Manli Zhu, Ling Li, Xinmin Mao, Xiaoting Sha & Linlin Li
Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) from Kazak individuals with normal glucose tolerance (KNGT) significantly reduces plasma glycolipid levels in type 2 diabetes mellitus db/db mice. However, the mechanism behind this effect has not been reported. To study the mechanism of improved glycolipid disorders in db/db mice by FMT from a KNGT donor. The normal diet group consisted of db/m mice orally administered 0.2 mL phosphate buffer saline (PBS) (db/m + PBS). For the db/db + PBS...

Additional file 1 of Association of sex steroid hormones and new bone formation rate after iliac onlay grafting: a prospective clinical pilot study

Victoria Constanze Landwehr, Tobias Fretwurst, Julia Heinen, Kirstin Vach, Katja Nelson, Susanne Nahles & Gerhard Iglhaut
Additional file 1. Supplement 1. Body mass index (BMI), 17β-estradiol, testosterone, sex hormone binding globulin and meannew bone formation (NBF) in female and male patients. Supplement 2. Reference ranges (a) of the body mass index (BMI), according to the World HealthOrganization (WHO, 2000), regardless of gender and (b) of the sex steroid hormone serumconcentrations according to the criteria of the Labor Berlin - Charité Vivantes GmbH.

Additional file 1 of Prognostic value of tumor-infiltrating immune cells and immune checkpoints in elderly head-and-neck squamous cell carcinoma patients undergoing definitive (chemo)radiotherapy

Alexander Rühle, Jovan Todorovic, Simon S. K. Spohn, Eleni Gkika, Christoph Becker, Andreas Knopf, Constantinos Zamboglou, Tanja Sprave, Martin Werner, Anca-Ligia Grosu, Gian Kayser & Nils H. Nicolay
Additional file 1: Table S1: Details about the antibodies used in the study.

Data From: Fit and fatty freshwater fish: Contrasting polyunsaturated fatty acid phenotypes between hybridizing stickleback lineages

Cameron Hudson, Nemiah Ladd, Miguel Leal, Carsten Schubert, Ole Seehausen & Blake Matthews
Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids are biologically important lipids that are unevenly distributed between and throughout environments. This heterogeneity can affect the evolution of metabolic processes, as populations adapt to the resource landscape that they encounter. Here, we compare fatty acid phenotypes of stickleback over two time scales of evolutionary divergence: between two lineages with different metabolic capacities for fatty acid synthesis (i.e. different copy number of the fatty acid desaturase gene; FADS2) that independently colonized...

CuZr biaxial compression 20% engineering strain

Wolfram G. Nöhring, Adam R. Hinkle & Lars Pastewka
This surface is the result of a Molecular Dynamics simulation of bi-axial compression of a CuZr (50% Cu, 50% Zr) metallic glass. The initial configuration was a CuZr cube with side length 100 nm. The glass had been produced by quenching from the melt at a rate of 1e11 K/s under fully periodic boundary conditions. In the compression simulation, the x- and y-directions were periodic, but the z-direction was free, hence the glass had free...

Polished Ultrananocrystalline Diamond

Abhijeet Gujrati, Subarna R. Khanal, Lars Pastewka & Tevis D. B. Jacobs
Polished UNCD surface topography measured using TEM, AFM, and Stylus Profilometry

The emergence of ecotypes in a parasitoid wasp: a case of incipient sympatric speciation in Hymenoptera?

Pawel Malec, Justus Weber, Marc Fiebig, Denise Meinert, Carolin Rein, Ronja Reinisch, Maik Henrich, Viktoria Polyvas, Marie Pollmann, Lea Von Berg, Christian König, Johannes L.M. Steidle & Robin Böhmer
Background To understand which reproductive barriers initiate speciation is a major question in evolutionary research. Despite their high species numbers and specific biology, there are only few studies on speciation in Hymenoptera. This study aims to identify very early reproductive barriers in a local, sympatric population of Nasonia vitripennis (Walker 1836), a hymenopterous parasitoid of fly pupae. We studied ecological barriers, sexual barriers, and the reduction in F1-female offspring as a postmating barrier, as well...

Evolution of body size and wing shape trade-offs in arsenurine silkmoths

Chris Hamilton, Nathalie Winiger, Juliette Rubin, Jesse Breinholt, Rodolphe Rougerie, Ian Kitching, Jesse Barber & Akito Kawahara
One of the key objectives in biological research is understanding how evolutionary processes have produced Earth's diversity. A critical step towards revealing these processes is an investigation of evolutionary tradeoffs – that is, the opposing pressures of multiple selective forces. For millennia, nocturnal moths have had to balance successful flight, as they search for mates or host plants, with evading bat predators. However, the potential for evolutionary trade-offs between wing shape and body size are...

Additional file 1 of Required displacement factors for evaluating and comparing climate impacts of intensive and extensive forestry in Germany

Buschbeck Christian & Pauliuk Stefan
Additional file 1: Table S1. Wood and carbon stocks in living trees in BL.Table S2. Wood and carbon stocks in living trees in WPS. Table S3. Wood and carbon stocks in living trees in NPS. Table S4. Deadwood stocks with the corresponding carbon masses for WPS and NPS. Table S5. Total carbon stocks in the forest. Table S6. Conversion factors for carbon in different tree species groups. Table S7. Wood and carbon volumes extracted in...

sj-docx-1-cpa-10.1177_07067437221128477 - Supplemental material for Trends in Involuntary Psychiatric Hospitalization in British Columbia: Descriptive Analysis of Population-Based Linked Administrative Data from 2008 to 2018

Jackson P. Loyal, M. Ruth Lavergne, Mehdi Shirmaleki, Benedikt Fischer, Ridhwana Kaoser, Jack Makolewksi & Will Small
Supplemental material, sj-docx-1-cpa-10.1177_07067437221128477 for Trends in Involuntary Psychiatric Hospitalization in British Columbia: Descriptive Analysis of Population-Based Linked Administrative Data from 2008 to 2018 by Jackson P. Loyal, M. Ruth Lavergne, Mehdi Shirmaleki, Benedikt Fischer, Ridhwana Kaoser, Jack Makolewksi and Will Small in The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry

An empirical evaluation of the impact scenario of pooling bodies of evidence from randomized controlled trials and cohort studies in medical research

Nils Bröckelmann, Julia Stadelmaier, Louisa Harms, Charlotte Kubiak, Jessica Beyerbach, Martin Wolkewitz, Jörg J. Meerpohl & Lukas Schwingshackl
Abstract Background Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and cohort studies are the most common study design types used to assess treatment effects of medical interventions. We aimed to hypothetically pool bodies of evidence (BoE) from RCTs with matched BoE from cohort studies included in the same systematic review. Methods BoE derived from systematic reviews of RCTs and cohort studies published in the 13 medical journals with the highest impact factor were considered. We re-analyzed effect estimates...

sj-docx-1-tag-10.1177_17562848221100106 – Supplemental material for Impact of NAFLD on clinical outcomes in hepatocellular carcinoma treated with sorafenib: an international cohort study

Jessica Howell, Amit Samani, Binish Mannan, Saur Hajiev, Leila Motedayen Aval, Rebecca Abdelmalak, Vincent C. Tam, Dominik Bettinger, Robert Thimme, Tamar H. Taddei, David E. Kaplan, Max Seidensticker & Rohini Sharma
Supplemental material, sj-docx-1-tag-10.1177_17562848221100106 for Impact of NAFLD on clinical outcomes in hepatocellular carcinoma treated with sorafenib: an international cohort study by Jessica Howell, Amit Samani, Binish Mannan, Saur Hajiev, Leila Motedayen Aval, Rebecca Abdelmalak, Vincent C. Tam, Dominik Bettinger, Robert Thimme, Tamar H. Taddei, David E. Kaplan, Max Seidensticker and Rohini Sharma in Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology

Additional file 3 of Krüppel-like factor 7 influences translation and pathways involved in ribosomal biogenesis in breast cancer

Anne-Marie Lüchtenborg, Patrick Metzger, Miguel Cosenza Contreras, Victor Oria, Martin L. Biniossek, Franziska Lindner, Klemens Fröhlich, Ambrus Malyi, Thalia Erbes, Nicole Gensch, Jochen Maurer, Andreas Thomsen, Melanie Boerries, Oliver Schilling, Martin Werner & Peter Bronsert
Additional file 3: Figure S3. Analysis of processes involved in ribosomal biogenesis in MCF7 cells. A) KLF7OE does not lead to significant changes in mRNA expression of the indicated genes in export, pseudouridylation, rRNA cleavage. B) No changes in POP1 and RMRP mRNA level by KLF7OE in MCF7 cells.

Additional file 3 of Krüppel-like factor 7 influences translation and pathways involved in ribosomal biogenesis in breast cancer

Anne-Marie Lüchtenborg, Patrick Metzger, Miguel Cosenza Contreras, Victor Oria, Martin L. Biniossek, Franziska Lindner, Klemens Fröhlich, Ambrus Malyi, Thalia Erbes, Nicole Gensch, Jochen Maurer, Andreas Thomsen, Melanie Boerries, Oliver Schilling, Martin Werner & Peter Bronsert
Additional file 3: Figure S3. Analysis of processes involved in ribosomal biogenesis in MCF7 cells. A) KLF7OE does not lead to significant changes in mRNA expression of the indicated genes in export, pseudouridylation, rRNA cleavage. B) No changes in POP1 and RMRP mRNA level by KLF7OE in MCF7 cells.

Krüppel-like factor 7 influences translation and pathways involved in ribosomal biogenesis in breast cancer

Anne-Marie Lüchtenborg, Patrick Metzger, Miguel Cosenza Contreras, Victor Oria, Martin L. Biniossek, Franziska Lindner, Klemens Fröhlich, Ambrus Malyi, Thalia Erbes, Nicole Gensch, Jochen Maurer, Andreas Thomsen, Melanie Boerries, Oliver Schilling, Martin Werner & Peter Bronsert
Abstract Background Ribosomal biogenesis and ribosomal proteins have attracted attention in the context of tumor biology in recent years. Instead of being mere translational machineries, ribosomes might play an active role in tumor initiation and progression. Despite its importance, regulation of ribosomal biogenesis is still not completely understood. Methods Using Gene Set Enrichment Analysis of RNA sequencing and proteomical mass spectrometry data in breast cancer cells expressing Krüppel-like factor 7 (KLF7), we identified processes altered...

Early clinical course of biopsy-proven IgA vasculitis nephritis

Sarina Butzer, Imke Hennies, Charlotte Gimpel, Jutta Gellermann, Gesa Schalk, Sabine König, Anja K. Büscher, Anja Lemke & Martin Pohl
Abstract Background IgA vasculitis (IgAV) is the most common form of systemic vasculitis in childhood and frequently involves the kidney. A minority of patients with IgA vasculitis nephritis (IgAVN), especially those presenting with heavy proteinuria and/or kidney failure at onset, are at risk of chronic end-stage kidney disease. For deciding upon treatment intensity, knowledge of the short-term clinical course of IgAVN is needed to improve treatment algorithms. Methods For this retrospective multicenter study, the medical...

Additional file 2 of Empirical evidence of study design biases in nutrition randomised controlled trials: a meta-epidemiological study

Julia Stadelmaier, Isabelle Roux, Maria Petropoulou & Lukas Schwingshackl
Additional file 2: Fig. S1. Example of calculating effect estimates. Fig. S2. Forest plot, random sequence (binary outcomes), main analysis. Fig. S3. Forest plot, random sequence (binary outcomes), sensitivity analysis: excluding highly correlated outcomes. Fig. S4. Forest plot, random sequence (binary outcomes), sensitivity analysis: including only one outcome per comparison. Fig. S5. Forest plot, random sequence (binary outcomes), subgroup analysis: clusters of interventions. Fig. S6. Forest plot, random sequence (binary outcomes), subgroup analysis: clusters of...

Sequential learning of regression models by penalized estimation

Wessel N. van Wieringen & Harald Binder
When data arrive in a sequence of two or more data sets, modeling on the most recent data set should take previous data sets into account. We specifically investigate a strategy for regression modeling when parameter estimates from previous data can be used as anchoring points, yet may not be available for all parameters, thus covariance information cannot be reused. A procedure that updates through targeted penalized estimation, which shrinks the estimator towards a nonzero...

‘We just did it as a team’: Learning and working on a paediatric interprofessional training ward improves interprofessional competencies in the short- and in the long-term

Sebastian F. N. Bode, Sebastian Friedrich & Christine Straub
Interprofessional (IP) education is essential for healthcare professionals to prepare them for future IP collaboration. IP training wards (ITWs) have been established for work-based IP education. Short-term effects of ITW placements have been published but long-term results are scarce. There are no reports on ITWs in paediatrics. We established the Interprofessional Training Ward in Paediatrics (IPAPAED) for paediatric nursing trainees and medical students. The aim of the study is to evaluate both short- and long-term...

Simulated data for: The evolution of mating preferences for genetic attractiveness and quality in the presence of sensory bias

Jonathan Henshaw
This repository contains simulated datasets relating to the publication: Henshaw JM, Fromhage L, Jones AG (2022) The evolution of mating preferences for genetic attractiveness and quality in the presence of sensory bias. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (doi:10.1073/pnas.2206262119) In this paper, we simulate the evolution of female preferences for multiple male ornament types (e.g., ‘Fisherian’, ‘handicap’ and ‘indicator’ ornaments) that differ in their associations with genes for attractiveness and for general ‘quality’ (operationalized as the...

Additional file 1 of COVID-19 vaccine update: vaccine effectiveness, SARS-CoV-2 variants, boosters, adverse effects, and immune correlates of protection

Wei-Yu Chi, Yen-Der Li, Hsin-Che Huang, Timothy En Haw Chan, Sih-Yao Chow, Jun-Han Su, Louise Ferrall, Chien-Fu Hung & T.-C. Wu
Additional file 1: Table S1. Vaccine effectiveness against viral variants. Studies of vaccine effectiveness against viral variants. Related to Table 2.

Additional file 3 of COVID-19 vaccine update: vaccine effectiveness, SARS-CoV-2 variants, boosters, adverse effects, and immune correlates of protection

Wei-Yu Chi, Yen-Der Li, Hsin-Che Huang, Timothy En Haw Chan, Sih-Yao Chow, Jun-Han Su, Louise Ferrall, Chien-Fu Hung & T.-C. Wu
Additional file 3: Table S3. Vaccine booster effectiveness against viral variants. Studies of vaccine booster effectiveness against viral variants. Related to Table 2.

Additional file 1 of Borrelia multiplex: a bead-based multiplex assay for the simultaneous detection of Borrelia specific IgG/IgM class antibodies

Julia Häring, Max J. Hassenstein, Matthias Becker, Julia Ortmann, Daniel Junker, André Karch, Klaus Berger, Tatia Tchitchagua, Olaf Leschnik, Manuela Harries, Daniela Gornyk, Pilar Hernández, Berit Lange, Stefanie Castell, Gérard Krause, Alex Dulovic, Monika Strengert & Nicole Schneiderhan-Marra
Additional file 1: Table S1: Borrelia Antigens used in the Borrelia multiplex. Table S2: Assay precision and LOD of the Borrelia multiplex on different Luminex platforms. . Table S3: Cohen’s kappa coefficients for the comparison of the Borrelia multiplex with commercial Borrelia test. Table S4: Serostatus of 1,555 serum samples from a German serological survey (MuSPAD study). Figure S1: Dilution linearity of Borrelia multiplex on different Luminex platforms.. Figure S2: ROC analysis for Borrelia specific...

Additional file 1 of Borrelia multiplex: a bead-based multiplex assay for the simultaneous detection of Borrelia specific IgG/IgM class antibodies

Julia Häring, Max J. Hassenstein, Matthias Becker, Julia Ortmann, Daniel Junker, André Karch, Klaus Berger, Tatia Tchitchagua, Olaf Leschnik, Manuela Harries, Daniela Gornyk, Pilar Hernández, Berit Lange, Stefanie Castell, Gérard Krause, Alex Dulovic, Monika Strengert & Nicole Schneiderhan-Marra
Additional file 1: Table S1: Borrelia Antigens used in the Borrelia multiplex. Table S2: Assay precision and LOD of the Borrelia multiplex on different Luminex platforms. . Table S3: Cohen’s kappa coefficients for the comparison of the Borrelia multiplex with commercial Borrelia test. Table S4: Serostatus of 1,555 serum samples from a German serological survey (MuSPAD study). Figure S1: Dilution linearity of Borrelia multiplex on different Luminex platforms.. Figure S2: ROC analysis for Borrelia specific...

Borrelia multiplex: a bead-based multiplex assay for the simultaneous detection of Borrelia specific IgG/IgM class antibodies

Julia Häring, Max J. Hassenstein, Matthias Becker, Julia Ortmann, Daniel Junker, André Karch, Klaus Berger, Tatia Tchitchagua, Olaf Leschnik, Manuela Harries, Daniela Gornyk, Pilar Hernández, Berit Lange, Stefanie Castell, Gérard Krause, Alex Dulovic, Monika Strengert & Nicole Schneiderhan-Marra
Abstract Background Lyme borreliosis (LB) is the most common tick-borne infectious disease in the northern hemisphere. The diagnosis of LB is usually made by clinical symptoms and subsequently supported by serology. In Europe, a two-step testing consisting of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and an immunoblot is recommended. However, due to the low sensitivity of the currently available tests, antibody detection is sometimes inaccurate, especially in the early phase of infection, leading to underdiagnoses. Methods...

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