303 Works

In the shadows of snow leopards and the Himalayas: density and habitat selection of blue sheep in Manang, Nepal

Marc Filla, Rinzin Phunjok Lama, Tashi Rapte Ghale, Johannes Signer, Tim Filla, Raja Ram Aryal, Marco Heurich, Matthias Waltert, Niko Balkenhol & Igor Khorozyan
There is a growing agreement that conservation needs to be proactive and pay increased attention to common species and to the threats they face. The blue sheep (Pseudois nayaur) plays a key ecological role in sensitive high-altitude ecosystems of Central Asia and is among the main prey species for the globally vulnerable snow leopard (Panthera uncia). As the blue sheep has been increasingly exposed to human pressures, it is vital to estimate its population dynamics,...

Multiscale drivers of carabid beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) assemblages in small European woodlands

Ronan Marrec, Vincent Le Roux, Ludmilla Martin, Jonathan Lenoir, Jörg Brunet, Sara Cousins, Pallieter De Smedt, Marc Deconchat, Martin Diekmann, Steffen Ehrmann, Emilie Gallet-Moron, Brice Giffard, Jaan Liira, Jessica Lindgren, Alicia Valdés, Kris Verheyen, Monika Wulf & Guillaume Decocq
Aim The spatiotemporal connectivity of forest patches in lowland agricultural landscapes and their age matter to explain current biodiversity patterns across regional as well as biogeographical extents, to the point that it exceeds the contribution of macroclimate for plant diversity in the understory of temperate forests. Whether this holds true for other taxonomic groups remains largely unknown. Yet, it has important consequences for ecosystem functioning and the delivery of ecosystem services. Focusing on carabid beetle...

Fragen treffen Inhalte. Ergebnisse eines Unterrichtsdesigns zum Thema „Was meine ich, wenn ich von Auferstehung spreche?“

Eva-Maria Spiegelhalter
Das COACTIV-Modell konzeptualisiert das fachdidaktische Wissen mit drei Facetten: 1. dem Erklärungswissen, 2. dem Wissen über fachbezogene Schülerkognitionen und 3. dem Wissen über fachbezogene Aufgabenstellungen. Anhand eines Unterrichtsdesigns zum Thema „Was meine ich, wenn ich von Auferstehung spreche?“ wurde untersucht, wie das Erklärungswissen im Bereich des Religionsunterrichtes im Kontext der Korrelationsdidaktik zu verstehen ist. Es werden Möglichkeiten entwickelt, Fragen und Vorkonzepte der SchülerInnen als Anknüpfungspunkte für das Erklärungswissen zu nutzen. Durchgeführt wurde das Unterrichtsdesign in...

Additional file 1 of Krüppel-like factor 7 influences translation and pathways involved in ribosomal biogenesis in breast cancer

Anne-Marie Lüchtenborg, Patrick Metzger, Miguel Cosenza Contreras, Victor Oria, Martin L. Biniossek, Franziska Lindner, Klemens Fröhlich, Ambrus Malyi, Thalia Erbes, Nicole Gensch, Jochen Maurer, Andreas Thomsen, Melanie Boerries, Oliver Schilling, Martin Werner & Peter Bronsert
Additional file 1: Figure S1. Expression of mRNA of ribosomal proteins in MDA-MB-231 cells. qPCR of the depicted genes in KLF7 transfected MDA-MB-231 cells reveal downregulation of RPL34 and RPL27 mRNA.

Additional file 1 of Krüppel-like factor 7 influences translation and pathways involved in ribosomal biogenesis in breast cancer

Anne-Marie Lüchtenborg, Patrick Metzger, Miguel Cosenza Contreras, Victor Oria, Martin L. Biniossek, Franziska Lindner, Klemens Fröhlich, Ambrus Malyi, Thalia Erbes, Nicole Gensch, Jochen Maurer, Andreas Thomsen, Melanie Boerries, Oliver Schilling, Martin Werner & Peter Bronsert
Additional file 1: Figure S1. Expression of mRNA of ribosomal proteins in MDA-MB-231 cells. qPCR of the depicted genes in KLF7 transfected MDA-MB-231 cells reveal downregulation of RPL34 and RPL27 mRNA.

Additional file 2 of Krüppel-like factor 7 influences translation and pathways involved in ribosomal biogenesis in breast cancer

Anne-Marie Lüchtenborg, Patrick Metzger, Miguel Cosenza Contreras, Victor Oria, Martin L. Biniossek, Franziska Lindner, Klemens Fröhlich, Ambrus Malyi, Thalia Erbes, Nicole Gensch, Jochen Maurer, Andreas Thomsen, Melanie Boerries, Oliver Schilling, Martin Werner & Peter Bronsert
Additional file 2: Figure S2. KLF7 expression in MCF7 cells. A. mRNA in KLF7 transfected MCF7 cells was strongly enhanced compared to control cells B. western blot of MCF7 protein lysate demonstrated increased protein level in KLF7OE cells. C. Densitometric quantification of western blots showed significantly higher KLF7 levels (n = 4). D. Nuclear localization of KLF7 in MCF7 cell spheres.

Additional file 2 of Krüppel-like factor 7 influences translation and pathways involved in ribosomal biogenesis in breast cancer

Anne-Marie Lüchtenborg, Patrick Metzger, Miguel Cosenza Contreras, Victor Oria, Martin L. Biniossek, Franziska Lindner, Klemens Fröhlich, Ambrus Malyi, Thalia Erbes, Nicole Gensch, Jochen Maurer, Andreas Thomsen, Melanie Boerries, Oliver Schilling, Martin Werner & Peter Bronsert
Additional file 2: Figure S2. KLF7 expression in MCF7 cells. A. mRNA in KLF7 transfected MCF7 cells was strongly enhanced compared to control cells B. western blot of MCF7 protein lysate demonstrated increased protein level in KLF7OE cells. C. Densitometric quantification of western blots showed significantly higher KLF7 levels (n = 4). D. Nuclear localization of KLF7 in MCF7 cell spheres.

Additional file 1 of An empirical evaluation of the impact scenario of pooling bodies of evidence from randomized controlled trials and cohort studies in medical research

Nils Bröckelmann, Julia Stadelmaier, Louisa Harms, Charlotte Kubiak, Jessica Beyerbach, Martin Wolkewitz, Jörg J. Meerpohl & Lukas Schwingshackl
Additional file 1: Appendix S1. Search strategy. Tables S1-S5. Table S1. Explanation and definition for PI/ECO similarity degree. Table S2. PI/ECO similarity degree. Table S3. Differences between published (reported) effect estimates and re-calculated effect estimates. Table S4. Reason for exclusion from the pooling scenario. Table S5. Pooling results. Figures S1-S118. Fig S1. Forest plot: Low sodium (Intervention/Exposure); All-cause mortality (Outcome). Fig. S2. Forest plot: Low sodium; Cardiovascular disease. Fig. S3. Forest plot: Intra-aortic balloon pump;...

Data from: Comparative transcriptomic analysis of the mechanisms underpinning ageing and fecundity in social insects

Judith Korb, Karen Meusemann, Denise Aumer, Abel Bernadou, Daniel Elsner, Barbara Feldmeyer, Susanne Foitzik, Jürgen Heinze, Romain Libbrecht, Silu Lin, Megha Majoe, José Manuel Monroy Kuhn, Volker Nehring, Matteo A. Negroni, Robert J. Paxton, Alice C. Séguret, Marah Stoldt & Thomas Flatt
Exceptional longevity of social insect queens despite their lifelong high fecundity remains poorly understood in ageing biology. To gain insights into the mechanisms that might underlie ageing in social insects, we compared gene expression patterns between young and old castes (both queens and workers) across different lineages of social insects (two termite, two bee and two ant species). After global analyses, we paid particular attention to genes of the insulin/insulin-like growth factor 1 signalling (IIS)/target...

All-trans retinoic acid induces synaptopodin-dependent metaplasticity in mouse dentate granule cells

Maximilian Lenz, Amelie Eichler, Pia Kruse, Julia Muellerleile, Thomas Deller, Peter Jedlicka & Andreas Vlachos
Previously we showed that the vitamin A metabolite all-trans retinoic acid (atRA) induces synaptic plasticity in acute brain slices prepared from the mouse and human neocortex (Lenz et al., 2021). Depending on the brain region studied, distinct effects of atRA on excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmission have been reported. Here, we used intraperitoneal injections of atRA (10 mg/kg) in adult C57BL/6J mice to study the effects of atRA on excitatory and inhibitory neurotransmission in the mouse...

Linking alternative reproductive tactics and habitat selection in Northern chamois

Luca Corlatti, Antonella Cotza & Luca Nelli
In polygynous ungulates, males may achieve fertilization through the use of alternative reproductive tactics (ARTs), discrete phenotypic variations evolved to maximize fitness. ARTs are often associated with different male spatial strategies during the rut, from territoriality to female-following. Although variation in space use patterns of rutting male ungulates is known to be largely affected by the spatial distribution of females, information on the year-round habitat selection of alternative reproductive types is scant. Here, we investigate...

Mediating between qualitative and quantitative representations for task-orientated human-robot interaction.

Michael Brenner, John Kelleher, Nick Hawes & Jeremy Wyatt

Tree movements, wind loading, and wind speeds

Kana Kamimura, Kazuki Nanko, Asako Matsumoto, Saneyoshi Ueno, James Gardiner & Barry Gardiner
In the future with climate change, we expect more forest and tree damage due to the increasing strength and changing trajectories of tropical cyclones (TCs). However, to date, we have limited information to estimate likely damage levels and, importantly, nobody has ever measured exactly how forest trees behave mechanically during a TC. In 2018, a category-5 TC destroyed trees in our on-going research plots, in which we were measuring tree movement and wind speed in...

Hot-headed peckers: thermographic changes during aggression among juvenile pheasants (Phasianus colchicus)

Sophia Knoch, Mark Whiteside, Joah Madden, Paul Rose & Tim Fawcett
In group-living vertebrates, dominance status often covaries with physiological measurements (e.g. glucocorticoid levels), but it is unclear how dominance is linked to dynamic changes in physiological state over a shorter, behavioural timescale. In this observational study, we recorded spontaneous aggression among captive juvenile pheasants (Phasianus colchicus) alongside infrared thermographic measurements of their external temperature, a non-invasive technique previously used to examine stress responses in non-social contexts, where peripheral blood is redirected towards the body core....

Spatio-temporal dynamics of abiotic and biotic properties explain biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships

Felix Gottschall, Simone Cesarz, Harald Auge, Kyle Kovach, Akira Mori, Charles Nock & Nico Eisenhauer
There is increasing evidence that spatial and temporal dynamics of biodiversity and ecosystem functions play an essential role in biodiversity-ecosystem functioning (BEF) relationships. Despite the known importance of soil processes for forest ecosystems, belowground functions in response to tree diversity and spatio-temporal dynamics of ecological processes and conditions remain poorly described. We propose a novel conceptual framework integrating spatio-temporal dynamics in BEF relationships and hypothesized a positive tree species richness effect on soil ecosystem functions...

Management alters drought-induced mortality patterns in European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) forests

Peter Meyer, Andreea Petronela Spînu, Andreas Mölder & Jürgen Bauhus
The high tree mortality during the dry and hot years 2018-2019 in Europe affected not only even-aged and monospecific conifer stands but also semi-natural Fagus sylvatica L. (European beech) forests. This has triggered concerns on the future of European beech forests under climate change and raised questions as to whether forest management may increase tree mortality rates through creating more open canopies. We compared long-term mortality rates of beech between strict forest reserves and adjacent...

The Zagros Mountain Front Flexure in Kurdistan Region of Iraq: Structural style and Late Pleistocene-Holocene Fault Slip Rates Derived from Structural Modeling and Luminescence Dating of River Terraces

Mjahid Zebari , Frank Preusser , Christoph Grützner , Payman Navabpour & Kamil Ustaszewski
The Zagros Mountain Front Flexure (MFF) makes a prominent topographic and structural step along the Zagros Fold-Thrust Belt that accommodates a significant amount of shortening between the Eurasian and Arabian plates. Here, the structural style below the MFF in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq was reconstructed using balanced cross-sections and forward modeling, and Late Pleistocene-Holocene fault-slip rates were calculated across several structures using luminescence dating of river terraces along the Greater Zab River. A balanced...

Au biaxial compression 10% engineering strain

Wolfram G. Nöhring, Adam R. Hinkle & Lars Pastewka
This surface is the result of a Molecular Dynamics simulation of bi-axial compression of single crystal Au. The initial configuration was an Au cube with side length 100 nm. The x- and y-directions of the simulation cell were parallel to the [-110] and [-1-12] directions of the crystal, respectively. The z-direction was parallel to the [111] crystal direction. The x- and y-directions were periodic, but the z-direction was free, hence the crystal had free surfaces...

Au biaxial compression 30% engineering strain

Wolfram G. Nöhring, Adam R. Hinkle & Lars Pastewka
This surface is the result of a Molecular Dynamics simulation of bi-axial compression of single crystal Au. The initial configuration was an Au cube with side length 100 nm. The x- and y-directions of the simulation cell were parallel to the [-110] and [-1-12] directions of the crystal, respectively. The z-direction was parallel to the [111] crystal direction. The x- and y-directions were periodic, but the z-direction was free, hence the crystal had free surfaces...

Polished ultrananocrystalline diamond

Luke A. Thimons, Abhijeet Gujrati, Antoine Sanner, Lars Pastewka & Tevis D. B. Jacobs
polished UNCD on silicon wafer Substrate Manufacturer : Advanced Diamond Technologies, Inc.

Spherical Ruby tip (500 micron)

Luke A. Thimons, Abhijeet Gujrati, Antoine Sanner, Lars Pastewka & Tevis D. B. Jacobs
polished ruby tips used in adhesion testing material: Ruby manufacturer: Swissjewel

Evisceration residues from hunted roe deer as a resource for necrophagous insect fauna in the Black Forest, Germany: a preliminary study

Sebastian Schwegmann
This dataset is used to investigate if evisceration residues of roe deer are used as a resource by necrophagous insects. Pit fall traps baited with eviceration residues, entire carcasses or unbaited were used to sample invertebrates.

Data for: Wild bee communities benefit from temporal complementarity of hedges and flower strips in apple orchards

Vivien Von Königslöw
1. Wild bees importantly pollinate both crop and wild plants. Yet, in intensive agricultural landscapes, wild bees are rare due to resource limitations of nectar and pollen. Flower strips and hedges are often used as resource enhancements for wild bees to overcome this shortage, but provide floral resources only during specific time periods. To sustain diverse and stable bee communities, bee-attractive flowers need to be available during the entire growing season. This may be achieved...

Data from: An integrative phylogenomic approach to elucidate the evolutionary history and divergence times of Neuropterida (Insecta: Holometabola)

Alexandros Vasilikopoulos, Bernhard Misof, Karen Meusemann, Doria Lieberz, Tomáš Flouri, Rolf G. Beutel, Oliver Niehuis, Torsten Wappler, Jes Rust, Ralph S. Peters, Alexander Donath, Lars Podsiadlowski, Christoph Mayer, Daniela Bartel, Alexander Böhm, Shanlin Liu, Paschalia Kapli, Carola Greve, James E. Jepson, Xingyue Liu, Xin Zhou, Horst Aspöck & Ulrike Aspöck
Background The latest advancements in DNA sequencing technologies have facilitated the resolution of the phylogeny of insects, yet parts of the tree of Holometabola remain unresolved. The phylogeny of Neuropterida has been extensively studied, but no strong consensus exists concerning the phylogenetic relationships within the order Neuroptera, and the timeline of diversification of thelineages of Neuropterida. Here, we assembled a novel transcriptomic dataset to address previously unresolved issues in the phylogeny of Neuropterida and to...

Nutritional stress exacerbates impact of a novel insecticide on solitary bees’ behaviour, reproduction and survival

Anina Knauer, Cedric Alaux, Matthew Allan, Robin Dean, Virginie Dievart, Gaétan Glauser, Tomasz Kiljanek, Denis Michez, Janine Schwarz, Giovanni Tamburini, Dimitry Wintermantel, Alexandra-Maria Klein & Matthias Albrecht
Pesticide exposure and food stress are major threats to bees, but their potential synergistic impacts under field-realistic conditions remain poorly understood and are not considered in current pesticide risk assessments. We conducted a semi-field experiment to examine the single and interactive effects of the novel insecticide flupyradifurone (FPF) and nutritional stress on fitness proxies in the solitary bee Osmia bicornis. Individually marked bees were released into flight cages with monocultures of either buckwheat, wild mustard...

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