327 Works

Altering the conductivity of CuO through the formation of intrinsic defects - data

Aleksandar Živković & Nora H De Leeuw
To explore the possibility of improving the photovoltaic properties of CuO, its intrinsic defect properties need to be studied. Datasets arising from density functional theory based calculations are provided in the .xlsx format (can be viewed either by MS Office or Libre Office) comprising 3 data sheets which correspond to the structural, defect formation energies, and electronic properties of CuO with native impurities introduced within. Each sheet has a text header with descriptive data and...

Interaction of SO2 with the Platinum (001), (011) and (111) Surfaces: A DFT Study - data

Marietjie J Ungerer, David Santos-Carballal, Abdelaziz Cadi-Essadek, Cornelia G C E Van Sittert & Nora H De Leeuw
>Density functional theory (DFT) calculations were uasd with long-range dispersion corrections to study the interaction of SO2 with Pt (001), (011), and (111) surfaces. Platinum is a noble metal that is widely used for the electro-catalytic production of H2, which surface reactivity towards SO2 is not yet fully understood. The work involved studying the surface energies of the mayor Pt surfaces with 4 layers, adsorption energy for SO2 on these surfaces, the thermodynamic effect of...

Nanostructured zeolite with brain-coral morphology and tailored acidity: A self-organized hierarchical porous material with MFI topology - data

Esun Selvam, Rajesh K Parsapur, Carlos E Hernandez-Tamargo, Nora H De Leeuw & Parasuraman Selvam
The dataset has been produced from a collaboration between Prof Nora de Leeuw's computational chemistry group at Cardiff University and Prof P. Selvam’s experimental group at the National Centre for Catalysis Research, IIT-Madras. The work is related to the development of nano-structured zeolite ZSM-5 with applications in catalysis. The dataset consists in text and excel files containing the data from XRD, adsorption-desorption isotherms, DLS, NMR, TPD, IR and kinetic experiments produced during the characterization of...

CHILD-SAN Guidance Note

Claire Rosato-Scott
This note is based on research detailed in Rosato-Scott, C., Evans, B.E., House, S., Ferron, S., Barrington, D.J. CHILD-SAN: a new disability-inclusive framework for emergency sanitation for children aged five to 11, based on a systematic review of existing guidance

Veterans and the Media: A pilot survey report on how UK veterans perceive media representations about military and post-military experiences

Jenna Pitchford-Hyde & Katy Parry
This report introduces the findings of our pilot survey on veterans’ perceptions on media representations of military and post-military experiences. The mainstream media is thought to play a key role in shaping public attitudes, which in turn affects how policy makers, charities and military advocacy groups work with the media. Our objective is to work with veterans to find out what they think the main issues are in contemporary media representations. The findings of the...

Aflatoxins and the First 1000 Days of Life

Yun Yun Gong
Aflatoxins are harmful substances produced by certain types of fungi that exist naturally in the environment. The fungi grow and produce aflatoxins on staple foods such as maize and peanuts, particularly in hot and humid conditions. Children are the most vulnerable group of the population when exposed to aflatoxins within 1000 days of life because they have not developed systems for efficient detoxification. Children can be exposed to aflatoxins through breast feeding, and the introduction...

The fishPy tool: An individual-based model to predict upstream movements of brown trout (Salmo trutta)

Thomas Padgett
The fishPy tool is a three-dimensional, spatially-continuous, individual-based model of fish responses to hydraulic stimuli during upstream migration through ecohydraulic environments.

Restricting Retail Food Promotions: implementation challenges could limit policy success

Victoria Jenneson, Darren Greenwood, Graham Clarke, Neil Hancock, Janet Cade & Michelle Morris
New plans to restrict point-of-sale promotions of less healthy foods and drinks in England, aim to encourage healthier choices. With responsibility for implementation likely falling to food retailers, it is important to understand feasibility challenges, to ensure policy success. Researchers found the data available to retailers to be insufficient to apply the rules set out by the policy proposal. This would see some products incorrectly promoted, and vice versa. We recommend a review of the...

Dataset to accompany 'Striations, integrals, hourglasses and collapse - thermal instability driven magnetic simulations of molecular clouds'

Christopher Wareing, Julian Pittard & Samuel Falle
This is the dataset to accompany the publication "Striations, integrals, hourglasses and collapse - thermal instability driven magnetic simulations of molecular clouds"

Urban Anchal household survey

Helen Elsey & Joseph Hicks
Urban Anchal study baseline and six-month follow-up household surveys. Baseline household survey conducted between July and August 2017 in a ward within south Dhaka, Bangladesh, and aimed to assess the demand for centre-based child-care and current child-care practices. Six-month follow-up survey of the same households conducted between January and February 2018, and aimed to identify the proportion of baseline survey respondents who were traceable six-months after the baseline survey (to inform the design of a...

Sphingomyelinase Disables Inactivation in Endogenous PIEZO1 Channels

Jian Shi, Adam Hyman, Dario De Vecchis, Jiehan Chong, Laeticia Lichtenstein, Simon Futers, Myriam Rouahi, Anne Negre-Salvayre, Nathalie Augé, Antreas Kalli & David Beech
Endogenous PIEZO1 channels of native endothelium lack the hallmark inactivation often seen when these channels are overexpressed in cell lines. Because prior work showed that the force of shear stress activates sphingomyelinase in endothelium, we considered if sphingomyelinase is relevant to endogenous PIEZO1. Patch clamping was used to quantify PIEZO1-mediated signals in freshly isolated murine endothelium exposed to the mechanical forces caused by shear stress and membrane stretch. Neutral sphingomyelinase inhibitors and genetic disruption of...

FailSpace project

Leila Jancovich, David Stevenson & Lucy Wright
This research explores how cultural policy can better recognise, acknowledge and learn from failure. It posits that failures are largely overlooked in the dominant narratives about cultural participation policies and projects and argues that this absence reduces the capacity for learning and change. By moving beyond the tendency to make the ‘case for culture’ which is prevalent both in academic and policy documents, this research provides space for alternative voices to be heard. In doing...

Developing a Raman spectroscopy-based tool to stratify patient response to pre-operative radiotherapy in rectal cancer - dataset

Chloe Kirkby, Julia Gala de Pablo, Emma Tinkler-Hundal, Henry Wood, Stephen Evans & Nicholas West
Rectal cancer patients frequently receive pre-operative radiotherapy (RT), prior to surgical resection. However, colorectal cancer is heterogeneous and the degree of tumour response to pre operative RT is highly variable. There are currently no clinically approved methods of predicting response to RT, and a significant proportion of patients will show no clinical benefit, despite enduring the side-effects. This dataset contains the raw and pre-processed Raman spectra taken from the biopsy specimens of 20 rectal cancer...

The Effect of Alignment on People’s Ability to Judge Event Sequence Similarity

Roy Ruddle, Jürgen Bernard, Hendrik Lücke-Tieke, Thorsten May & Jörn Kohlhammer

The path to a doughnut shaped recovery

Daniel O'Neill & Beth Stratford
The “Doughnut” of social and planetary boundaries is a framework for guiding and evaluating policy, where the goal is to meet the needs of all within the means of the planet. This policy brief considers what it would take to use the “Doughnut” instead of GDP growth to guide our Covid-19 recovery.

Dataset associated with \"Friction between soft contacts at nanoscale on uncoated and protein-coated surfaces\"

Evangelos Liamas, Simon Connell, Morfo Zembyla, Rammile Ettelaie & Anwesha Sarkar
The understanding of friction on soft sliding biological surfaces at the nanoscale is poorly understood as hard interfaces are frequently used as model systems. Herein, we studied the influence of elastic modulus on the frictional properties of model surfaces at the nanoscale for the first time. We prepared model silicone-based elastomer surfaces with tuneable modulus ranging from hundreds of kPa to a few MPa, similar to those found in real biological surfaces, and employed atomic...

Controls on the spatial distribution of natural pipe outlets in heavily degraded blanket peat – dataset

Taco Regensburg
This dataset contains data collected during a field survey of pipe outlets in a heavily degraded blanket peatland in the southern Pennines of England. The dataset holds information about pipe location, pipe characteristics and parameters associated with their topographical setting. It was used to inform the paper with the same title published in the journal of Geomorphology.

Pt/CoB/Pt Josephson π-junctions with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy

Nathan Satchell, Thomas Mitchell, Philippa Shepley, Emily Darwin, B J Hickey & Gavin Burnell
This is the dataset for "Pt/CoB/Pt Josephson π-junctions with perpendicular magnetic anisotropy" containing raw electrical transport and magnetization data appearing in the main text

Dimension-reduction of dynamics on real-world networks with symmetry - network data

Jonathan Ward
Network data for the paper "Dimension-reduction of dynamics on real-world networks with symmetry". This includes, for each network: (i) network data in a format readable by the sparse graph automorphism generator code saucy (http://vlsicad.eecs.umich.edu/BK/SAUCY/) (ii) output from the sparse graph automorphism generator code (iii) GAP (https://www.gap-system.org) readable information derived from the saucy output (iv) csv file containing number of orbits representatives (i.e. |S/G| for binary state-space S and automorphism group G) This data can be...

Data from: Macroevolutionary consequences of profound climate change on niche evolution in marine mollusks over the past three million years

Erin E. Saupe, Jonathan R. Hendricks, Roger W. Portell, Harry J. Dowsett, Alan Haywood, Stephen J. Hunter & Bruce S. Lieberman
In order to predict the fate of biodiversity in a rapidly changing world, we must first understand how species adapt to new environmental conditions. The long-term evolutionary dynamics of species' physiological tolerances to differing climatic regimes remain obscure. Here, we unite palaeontological and neontological data to analyse whether species' environmental tolerances remain stable across 3 Myr of profound climatic changes using 10 phylogenetically, ecologically and developmentally diverse mollusc species from the Atlantic and Gulf Coastal...

Data from: Comparative finite-element analysis: a single computational modeling method can reliably estimate the mechanical properties of porcine and human vertebrae

Kate A. Robson Brown, Sami Tarsuslugil, V. Nagitha Wijayathunga & Ruth K. Wilcox
Significant advances in the functional analysis of musculoskeletal systems require the development of modelling techniques with improved focus, accuracy and validity. This need is particularly visible in the fields, such as palaeontology, where unobservable parameters may lie at the heart of the most interesting research questions, and where models and simulations may provide some of the most innovative solutions. Here, we report on the development of a computational modelling method to generate estimates of the...

Data from: The ontogeny of visual motor memory and its importance in handwriting and reading: a developing construct

Amanda H. Waterman, Jelena Havelka, Peter R. Culmer, Liam J. B. Hill & Mark Mon-Williams
Humans have evolved a remarkable ability to remember visual shapes and use these representations to generate motor activity (from Palaeolithic cave drawings through Jiahu symbols to cursive handwriting). The term visual–motor memory (VMM) describes this psychological ability, which must have conveyed an evolutionary advantage and remains critically important to humans (e.g. when learning to write). Surprisingly, little empirical investigation of this unique human ability exists—almost certainly because of the technological difficulties involved in measuring VMM....

Data from: Predicting ground temperatures across European landscapes

Richard M. Gunton, Chiara Polce & William E. Kunin
1. Ambient temperatures in natural environments can vary widely over short distances, especially on rugged ground where exposure to solar radiation depends on slope and aspect. Temperatures can also fluctuate rapidly, reaching values not revealed by climate data. Such fine-scale variation raises challenges for modelling species distributions under changing climates. 2. To avoid misunderstanding current species distributions and future changes, temperatures must be modelled at high resolutions. Most existing methods either require extensive parameterisation or...

Data from: The heritability of mating behaviour in a fly and its plasticity in response to the threat of sperm competition

Amanda J. Bretman, Anne Lizé, Craig A. Walling, Tom A. R. Price & Amanda Bretman
Phenotypic plasticity is a key mechanism by which animals can cope with rapidly changeable environments, but the evolutionary lability of such plasticity remains unclear. The socio-sexual environment can fluctuate very rapidly, affecting both the frequency of mating opportunities and the level of competition males may face. Males of many species show plastic behavioural responses to changes in social environment, in particular the presence of rival males. For example, Drosophila pseudoobscura males respond to rivals by...

Data from: Functional C-terminally encoded peptide (CEP) plant hormone domains evolved de novo in the plant parasite Rotylenchulus reniformis

Sebastian Eves-Van Den Akker, Catherine J. Lilley, Hazijah B. Yusup, John T. Jones & Peter E. Urwin
Sedentary plant-parasitic nematodes (PPNs) induce and maintain an intimate relationship with their host, stimulating cells adjacent to root vascular tissue to re-differentiate into unique and metabolically active ‘feeding sites’. The interaction between PPNs and their host is mediated by nematode effectors. We describe the discovery of a large and diverse family of effector genes, encoding C-TERMINALLY ENCODED PEPTIDE (CEP) plant hormone mimics (RrCEPs), in the syncytia-forming plant parasite Rotylenchulus reniformis. The particular attributes of RrCEPs...

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