25 Works

Data from: Evolutionary diversity in tropical tree communities peaks at intermediate precipitation

Danilo M. Neves, Kyle G. Dexter, Timothy R. Baker, Fernanda Coelho De Souza, Ary T. Oliveira-Filho, Luciano P. Queiroz, Haroldo C. Lima, Marcelo F. Simon, Gwilym P. Lewis, Ricardo A. Segovia, Luzmila Arroyo, Carlos Reynel, José L. Marcelo-Peña, Isau Huamantupa-Chuquimaco, Daniel Villarroel, G. Alexander Parada, Aniceto Daza, Reynaldo Linares-Palomino, Leandro V. Ferreira, Rafael P. Salomão, Geovane S. Siqueira, Marcelo T. Nascimento, Claudio N. Fraga & R. Toby Pennington
Global patterns of species and evolutionary diversity in plants are primarily determined by a temperature gradient, but precipitation gradients may be more important within the tropics, where plant species richness is positively associated with the amount of rainfall. The impact of precipitation on the distribution of evolutionary diversity, however, is largely unexplored. Here we detail how evolutionary diversity varies along precipitation gradients by bringing together a comprehensive database on the composition of angiosperm tree communities...

Data from: Variable preservation potential and richness in the fossil record of vertebrates

Fiona Walker, Alexander M. Dunhill & Michael Benton
Variation in preservation and sampling probability clouds our estimates of past biodiversity. The most extreme examples are Lagerstätten faunas and floras, or Biotas as they are referred to in China. Although such deposits provide a wealth of information for palaeontologists and are closer to representing true richness than other deposits of a similar scale, they add a disproportionate number of taxa to wider richness counts because of their exceptional preservation, creating diversity peaks that might...

Data from: Modelling durophagous predation and mortality rates from the fossil record of gastropods

Graham E. Budd & Richard P. Mann
Gastropods often show signs of unsuccessful attacks by durophagous predators in the form of healed scars in their shells. As such, fossil gastropods can be taken as providing a record of predation through geological time. However, interpreting the number of such scars has proved to be problematic - would a low number of scars mean a low rate of attack, or a high rate of success, for example? Here we develop a model of population...

FragSAD: A database of diversity and species abundance distributions from habitat fragments

Jonathan M. Chase, Mario Liebergesell, Alban Sagouis, Felix May, Shane A. Blowes, Åke Berg, Enrico Bernard, Berry J. Brosi, Marc W. Cadotte, Luis Cayuela, Adriano G. Chiarello, Jean-François Cosson, Will Cresswell, Filibus Danjuma Dami, Jens Dauber, Christopher R. Dickman, Raphael K. Didham, David P. Edwards, Fabio Z. Farneda, Yoni Gavish, Thiago Gonçalves-Souza, Demetrio Luis Guadagnin, Mickaël Henry, Adrià López-Baucells, Heike Kappes … & Yaron Ziv
Habitat destruction is the single greatest anthropogenic threat to biodiversity. Decades of research on this issue have led to the accumulation of hundreds of data sets comparing species assemblages in larger, intact, habitats to smaller, more fragmented, habitats. Despite this, little synthesis or consensus has been achieved, primarily because of non‐standardized sampling methodology and analyses of notoriously scale‐dependent response variables (i.e., species richness). To be able to compare and contrast the results of habitat fragmentation...

Data from: Exposure to males, but not receipt of sex peptide, accelerates functional aging in female fruit flies

Amanda Bretman & Claudia Fricke
Increased exposure to males can affect females negatively, reducing female lifespan and fitness. These costs could derive from increased mating rate and also harassment by males. Additionally, early investment in reproduction can increase the onset or rate of senescence in reproductive traits. Hence, there is a tight link between reproduction and aging. Here, we assess how mating and encounter rate with males impacts declines in female functional traits that are not directly involved in reproduction....

Q sort response data on stakeholder discourse and opinion towards a non-native lizard species (Podarcis muralis)

R. Williams, A. Dunn, C. Quinn & C. Hassall
This dataset contains response data from Q sort exercises investigating attitudes towards non-native lizards in the UK conducted in 2017-18. Data have been collected using standard Q method techniques for combined qualitative and quantitative investigation into subjective viewpoints surrounding a research topic. The data provided are the final Q sort arrangements obtained from participants and provide the basis for further factor analysis.

Data from: Loss of top-down biotic interactions changes the relative benefits for obligate mutualists

Rong Wang, Xiao-Yong Chen, Yan Chen, Gang Wang, Derek Dunn, Rupert Quinnell & Steve Compton
The collapse of mutualisms due to anthropogenic changes is contributing to losses of biodiversity. Top predators can regulate biotic interactions between species at lower trophic levels and may contribute to the stability of such mutualisms, but they are particularly likely to be lost after disturbance of communities. We focused on the mutualism between the fig tree Ficus microcarpa and its host-specific pollinator fig wasp and compared the benefits accrued by the mutualists in natural and...

Data from: Biases with the Generalized Euclidean Distance in disparity analyses with high levels of missing data

Oscar E.R. Lehmann, Martin D. Ezcurra, Richard J. Butler & Graeme T. Lloyd
The Generalized Euclidean Distance (GED) has been extensively used to conduct morphological disparity analyses based on palaeontological matrices of discrete characters. This is in part because some implementations allow the use of morphological matrices with high percentages of missing data without needing to prune taxa for a subsequent ordination of the data set. Previous studies have suggested that this way of using the GED may generate a bias in the resulting morphospace, but a detailed...

Elemental analysis of soil in the Ningbo watershed, China

A. Meharg, C. Meharg, Y. Zhu & G. Li
Elemental analysis of 80 soil samples taken in the Ningbo Watershed, in the Zhangxi catchment, Eastern China. Variables measured include As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, P, Pb, and lead isotope ratios along with concentrations of Zn, Ca and K. Data was collected in March 2016 and analysed at Queens Belfast University. The data was collected and analysed as part of a NERC NSFC funded multi project research programme UK- China Critical Zone Observation Programme.

Fine-grained sediment diffuse pollution risk mapping scenarios for the Yorkshire Derwent catchment

J. Richardson
Erosion risk mapping showing river channel concentrations modelled using SCIMAP for the Yorkshire River Derwent, UK. Scenario mapping has been carried out and the dataset includes the following scenarios to assess variation in model output: 1) traditional land use map; 2) satellite derived land use maps; 3) long term rainfall averages; 4) integrating the artificial drainage network and 5) incorporating future climate change.

Asynchronous Saturation of the Carbon Sink in African and Amazonian tropical forests

Wannes Hubau, Simon Lewis, Oliver Phillips, Kofi Kofi Affum-Baffoe, Hans Hans Beeckman, Aida Cuni-Sanchez, Corneille Ewango, Sophie Fauset, Douglas Sheil, Bonaventure Sonké, Martin Sullivan, Terry Sunderland, Sean Thomas, Katharine Abernethy, Stephen Adu-Bredu, Christian Amani, Timothy Baker, Lindsay Banin, Fidèle Baya, Serge Begne, Amy Bennett, Fabrice Benedet, Robert Bitariho & Yannick Bocko
Data and R-code from Hubau W et al. 2020. 'Asynchronous Saturation of the Carbon Sink in African and Amazonian tropical forests'. Nature 579, 80-87. 2020. DOI: 10.1038/s41586-020-2035-0. ABSTRACT: Structurally intact tropical forests sequestered ~50% of global terrestrial carbon uptake over the 1990s and early 2000s, offsetting ~15% of anthropogenic CO2 emissions1-3. Climate-driven vegetation models typically predict that this tropical forest ‘carbon sink’ will continue for decades4,5. However, recent inventories of intact Amazonian forests show declining...

Data from \"Evolutionary diversity is associated with wood productivity in Amazonian forests\" Coelho de Souza et al., 2019 Nature Ecology and Evolution

Fernanda Coelho de Souza, Kyler Dexter, Oliver Phillips, Toby Pennington, Danilo Neves, Martin Sullivan, Esteban Álvarez-Dávila, Atila Alves, Ieda Amaral, Ana Andrade, Luis Aragao, Alejandro Araujo-Murakami, Eric Arets, Luzmilla Arroyo, Gerardo Aymard, Olaf Banki, Christopher Baraloto, Jorcely Barroso, Rene Boot, Roel Brienen, Foster Brown, José Luís Camargo, Wendeson Castro, Jerome Chave &

16th European Symposium on Comminution and Classification: book of extended abstracts

Mojtaba Ghadiri, Sadegh Nadimi & Mehrdad Pasha
Extended abstracts from the 16th European Symposium on Comminution and Classification, ESCC 2019 held at the University of Leeds, 2-4 September 2019. Based on the abstracts received, the symposium was structured in the following themes: fundamentals of size reduction, innovations in milling and classification, nanomilling, mechano-chemistry and solid state transformations, pharmaceuticals and foods, attrition and wear, and related modelling. The notable number of abstracts received on modelling made it possible to divide them in sub-themes:...

Data from: Evidence for arrested succession in a liana‐infested Amazonian forest

Blaise Tymen, Maxime Réjou-Méchain, James W. Dalling, Sophie Fauset, Ted R. Feldausch, Natalia Norden, Oliver L. Phillips, Benjamin L. Turner, Jérôme Viers & Jérôme Chave
1. Empirical evidence and modelling both suggest that global changes may lead to an increased dominance of lianas, and thus to an increased prevalence of liana-infested forest formations in tropical forests. The implications for tropical forest structure and the carbon cycle remain poorly understood. 2. We studied the ecological processes underpinning the structure and dynamics of a liana-infested forest in French Guiana, using a combination of long-term surveys (tree, liana, seedling and litterfall), soil chemical...

Ground beetle (Carabidae) associations with UK Land Cover Map habitats

J. Chetcuti, W.E. Kunin & J.M. Bullock
The data are the habitat association (phi coefficient of association) of ground beetles (Carabidae) in Great Britain. The analysis used all 100 m carabid records from the NBN Atlas website for the analysis. The habitats are those from the CEH Land Cover Map 2015 (LCM2015) and for each beetle species each habitat has a score between 1 and -1 representing association through to disassociation and a p-value giving significance of the association score. The recommended...

Effects of coloured environmental noise on life history variation and population dynamics in the Plodia-Venturia trophic interaction

M. Mugabo, D. Gilljam, L. Petteway, E. Hall, C. Yuan, M.S. Fowler & S. M. Sait
This dataset contains information on life history variation and population dynamics in response to coloured environmental variation in the laboratory model system comprised of the moth Plodia interpunctella (Pyralidae; Hübner) and the parasitoid wasp Venturia canescens (Ichneumonidae; Gravenhorst). Data were collected from two complementary experiments investigating the effects of daily coloured temperature fluctuations on individual life history variation (single-generation life history experiment) and population dynamics (multi-generation microcosm experiment) in both species. In both experiments, the...

Population count data from a resource degradation and temperature variation population dynamics experiment in the Plodia-Venturia host-parasitoid interaction

M. Mugabo, D. Gilljam, L. Petteway, C. Yuan, M. S. Fowler & S. M Sait
This dataset constains information on population counts in experimental populations of Plodia interpunctella (Pyralidae; Hübner) and the parasitoid wasp Venturia canescens (Ichneumonidae; Gravenhorst). The data was collected from a multi-generation microcosm experiment carried out to characterise the combined effects of daily stochastic temperature fluctuations and resource degradation on population responses in the Plodia-Venturia host-parasitoid trophic interaction. The population count data include the weekly total numbers of dead adult hosts and parasitoids and the numbers of...

Household composition, income and assets survey data (including environmental product collection) from Mabalane, Gurue and Marrupa districts, Mozambique in 2014 and 2015

F. Vollmer, J. Fisher, C.M. Ryan, S. Baumert, E. Woollen, A. Luz, I. Cossa, R. Stedham & H. Smith
This dataset includes data collected as part of the Abrupt Changes in Ecosystem Services (ACES) project on the composition, income (including consumption and sale of environmental resources), ownership of assets (e.g. farming equipment, household furnishings and own transport) and wellbeing of respondent households in rural Mozambique. Data are also included from a participatory wealth ranking exercise carried out in each village. Data were collected in a total of 27 villages: 7 villages in Mabalane District...

Processed SAR Data over Erta 'Ale Volcano, Afar, Ethiopia

Christopher Moore
This dataset contains 204 ascending and 300 descending Sentinel-1 geocoded unwrapped interferograms and coherence, and 70 ascending and 102 descending Re-sampled Single Look Complex (RSLC) images for each acquisition date. This data set also includes the original size Digital Elevation Model (DEM) used during InSAR processing. Data used by: Moore et al, 2019, "The 2017 Eruption of Erta 'Ale Volcano, Ethiopia: Insights into the Shallow Axial Plumbing System of an Incipient Mid-Ocean Ridge".

Individual life history data from a resource degradation and temperature variation life history experiment in the Plodia-Venturia host-parasitoid interaction

M. Mugabo, D. Gilljam, L. Petteway, C. Yuan, M. S. Fowler & S. M. Sait
This dataset contains information on life history traits of the host Plodia interpunctella (Pyralidae; Hübner) and the parasitoid wasp Venturia canescens (Ichneumonidae; Gravenhorst). The data was collected from a single generation life history experiment investigating the combined effects of daily stochastic temperature fluctuations and resource degradation on individual life history in the Plodia-Venturia host-parasitoid trophic interaction. The Plodia interpunctella data include egg viability, egg status, hatching date, adult emergence date, date of death, sex, egg...

Data from: The genetic architecture of helminth-specific immune responses in a wild population of Soay sheep (Ovis aries)

Alexandra Sparks, Kathryn Watt, Rona Sinclair, Jill Pilkington, Josephine Pemberton, Tom McNeilly, Daniel Nussey & Susan Johnston
Much of our knowledge of the drivers of immune variation, and how these responses vary over time, comes from humans, domesticated livestock or laboratory organisms. While the genetic basis of variation in immune responses have been investigated in these systems, there is a poor understanding of how genetic variation influences immunity in natural, untreated populations living in complex environments. Here, we examine the genetic architecture of variation in immune traits in the Soay sheep of...

Integrating climate adaptation and biodiversity conservation in the global ocean

Derek Tittensor, Maria Beger, Kristina Boerder, Daniel Boyce, Rachel Cavanagh, Aurelie Cosandey-Godin, Guillermo Crespo, Daniel Dunn, Wildan Ghiffary, Susie Grant, Lee Hannah, Pat Halpin, Mike Harfoot, Susan Heaslip, Nicholas Jeffery, Naomi Kingston, Heike Lotze, Jennifer McGowan, Elizabeth McLeod, Chris McOwen, Bethan O'Leary, Laurenne Schiller, Ryan Stanley, Maxine Westhead, Kristen Wilson … & Boris Worm
The impacts of climate change and the socioecological challenges they present are ubiquitous and increasingly severe. Practical efforts to operationalize climate-responsive design and management in the global network of marine protected areas (MPAs) are required to ensure long-term effectiveness for safeguarding marine biodiversity and ecosystem services. Here, we review progress in integrating climate change adaptation into MPA design and management and provide eight recommendations to expedite this process. Climate-smart management objectives should become the default...

Data from: Conserving evolutionary history does not result in greater diversity over geological timescales

Juan Cantalapiedra, Tracy Aze, Marc Cadotte, Giulio Valentino Dalla Riva, Danwei Huang, Florent Mazel, Matthew Pennell, María Ríos & Arne Mooers
Alternative prioritization strategies have been proposed to safeguard biodiversity over macro-evolutionary timescales. The first prioritizes the most distantly related species (maximizing phylogenetic diversity) in the hopes of capturing at least some lineages that will successfully diversify into the future. The second prioritizes lineages that are currently speciating, in the hopes that successful lineages will continue to generate species into the future. These contrasting schemes also map onto contrasting predictions about the role of slow diversifiers...

Data from: The molecular biogeography of the Indo-Pacific: testing hypotheses with multispecies genetic patterns

Eric D. Crandall, Cynthia Riginos, Chris E. Bird, Libby Liggins, Eric Treml, Maria Beger, Paul H. Barber, Sean R. Connolly, Peter F. Cowman, Joseph D. Dibattista, Jeff A. Eble, Sharon F. Magnuson, John B. Horne, Marc Kochzius, Harilaos A. Lessios, Shang Yin Vanson Liu, William B. Ludt, Hawis Madduppa, John M. Pandolfi, Robert R. Toonen, Contributing Members Of Diversity Of The Indo-Pacific Network & Michelle R. Gaither
Aim: To test hypothesized biogeographic partitions of the tropical Indo-Pacific Ocean with phylogeographic data from 56 taxa, and to evaluate the strength and nature of barriers emerging from this test. Location: The Indo-Pacific Ocean. Time Period: Pliocene through the Holocene. Major Taxa Studied: 56 marine species. Methods: We tested eight biogeographic hypotheses for partitioning of the Indo-Pacific using a novel modification to analysis of molecular variance. Putative barriers to gene flow emerging from this analysis...

Data from: Multiple parapatric pollinators have radiated across a continental fig tree displaying clinal genetic variation

Hui Yu, Enwei Tian, Linna Zheng, Xiaoxia Deng, Yufen Cheng, Lianfu Chen, Wei Wu, Wattana Tanming, Dayong Zhang, Stephen G. Compton & Finn Kjellberg
The ways that plant-feeding insects have diversified is central to our understanding of terrestrial ecosystems. Obligate nursery pollination mutualisms provide highly relevant model systems of how plants and their insect associates have diversified and the over 800 species of fig trees (Ficus) allow comparative studies. Fig trees can have one or more pollinating fig wasp species (Agaonidae) that breed within their figs, but factors influencing their number remain to be established. In some widely distributed...

Registration Year

  • 2019
    25

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    24
  • Collection
    1

Affiliations

  • University of Leeds
    25
  • Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
    4
  • University of Edinburgh
    3
  • University of Queensland
    2
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences
    2
  • Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute
    2
  • University of Toronto
    2
  • University of Exeter
    2
  • Swansea University
    2
  • Royal Museum for Central Africa
    1