Data from: Fire evolution in the radioactive forests of Ukraine and Belarus: future risks for the population and the environmentNikolaos Evangeliou, Yves Balkanski, Anne Cozic, Wei Min Hao, Florent Mouillot, Kirsten Thonicke, Ronan Paugam, Sergey Zibtsev, Timothy A. Mousseau, Rong Wang, Benjamin Poulter, Alex Petkov, Chao Yue, Patricia Cadule, Brigitte Koffi, Johannes W. Kaiser & Anders Pape Møller
This paper analyzes the current and future status of forests in Ukraine and Belarus that were contaminated after the nuclear disaster in 1986. Using several models, together with remote sensing data and observations, we studied how climate change in these forests may affect fire regimes. We investigated the possibility of 137Cs displacement over Europe by studying previous fire events, and examined three fire scenarios that depended on different emission altitudes of 137Cs, assuming that 10%...
Data from: Phylogeography in continuous space: coupling species distribution models and circuit theory to assess the effect of contiguous migration at different climatic periods on genetic differentiation in Busseola fusca (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)Stéphane Dupas, Bruno Le Rü, Antoine Branca, Nathalie Faure, Guillaume Gigot, Pascal Campagne, Michel Sezonlin, Rose Ndemah, Paul-André Calatayud, Jean-François Silvain, G. Ong'amo, B. Le Ru, P.-A. Calatayud & J.-F. Silvain
Current population genetic models fail to cope with genetic differentiation for species with large, contiguous and heterogeneous distribution. We show that in such a case, genetic differentiation can be predicted at equilibrium by circuit theory, where conductance corresponds to abundance in species distribution models (SDM). Circuit-SDM approach was used for the phylogeographic study of the lepidopteran cereal stemborer Busseola fusca Füller (Noctuidae) across sub-Saharan Africa. Species abundance was surveyed across its distribution range. SDM models...
Data from: Chronic exposure to low-dose radiation at Chernobyl favours adaptation to oxidative stress in birdsIsmael Galván, Andrea Bonisoli-Alquati, Shanna Jenkinson, Ghanem Ghanem, Kazumasa Wakamatsu, Timothy A. Mousseau & Anders P. Møller
1. Ionizing radiation produces oxidative stress, but organisms can adapt to their exposure with physiological adaptive responses. However, the role of radioadaptive responses in wild populations remains poorly known. 2. At Chernobyl, studies of birds and other taxa including humans show that chronic exposure to radiation depletes antioxidants and increases oxidative damage. Here we present analyses of levels of the most important intracellular antioxidant (i.e., glutathione, GSH), its redox status, DNA damage and body condition...
Data from: Molecular evolution accompanying functional divergence of duplicated genes along the plant starch biosynthesis pathwayOdrade Nougué, Jonathan Corbi, Steven G. Ball, Domenica Manicacci & Maud I. Tenaillon
Background: Starch is the main source of carbon storage in the Archaeplastida. The Starch Biosynthesis Pathway (SBP) emerged from cytosolic glycogen metabolism shortly after plastid endosymbiosis and was redirected to the plastid stroma during the green lineage divergence. The SBP is a complex network of genes, most of which are members of large multigene families. While some gene duplications occurred in the Archaeplastida ancestor, most were generated during the SBP redirection process, and the remaining...
Data from: Postglacial climate changes and rise of three ecotypes of harbor porpoises, Phocoena phocoena, in western Palearctic watersMichaël C. Fontaine, Kathleen Roland, Isabelle Calves, Frederic Austerlitz, Friso P. Palstra, Krystal A. Tolley, Sean Ryan, Marisa Ferreira, Thierry Jauniaux, Angela Llavona, Bayram Öztürk, Ayaka A. Öztürk, Vincent Ridoux, Emer Rogan, Ursula Siebert, Marina Sequeira, Gísli A. Vikingsson, Asunción Borrell, Johan R. Michaux & Alex Aguilar
Despite no obvious barriers to gene flow in the marine realm, environmental variation and ecological specializations can lead to genetic differentiation in highly mobile predators. Here, we investigated the genetic structure of the harbor porpoise over the entire species distribution range in western Palearctic waters. Combined analyses of ten microsatellite loci and a 5,085 bases-pairs portion of the mitochondrial genome revealed the existence of three ecotypes, equally divergent at the mitochondrial genome, distributed in the...
Data from: Genetic diversity and population structure of wild/weedy eggplant (Solanum insanum L., Solanaceae) in southern India: implications for conservationEvans Mutegi, Allison A. Snow, Rajkumar Mathu, Remy Pasquest, Hopeland Ponniah, Marie-Christine Daunay, Priya Davidar & Muthu Rajkumar
Mutegi et al eggplant SSR dataAn excel file with microsatellite data for the 10 natural populations of wild/weedy eggplant (S. insanum) and the 3 cultivar populations studied. A sheet with metadata to describe the fields is included.Mutegi et al Eggplant data1.xlsx
Data from: High-throughput sequencing of Bacillus anthracis in France: investigating genome diversity and population structure using whole-genome SNP discoveryGuillaume Girault, Yann Blouin, Gilles Vergnaud & Sylviane Derzelle
Background: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are ideal signatures for subtyping monomorphic pathogens such as Bacillus anthracis. Here we report the use of next-generation sequencing technology to investigate the historical, geographic and genetic diversity of Bacillus anthracis in France. 122 strains isolated over a 50-years period throughout the country were whole-genome sequenced and comparative analyses were carried out with a focus on SNPs discovery to discriminate regional sub-groups of strains.Results: A total of 1581 chromosomal SNPs...
University of Paris-Sud7
French National Institute for Agricultural Research2
University of South Carolina2
French National Centre for Scientific Research2
South African National Biodiversity Institute1
Centre d'Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive1
University of Liège1
University of Notre Dame1
Université Paul-Valéry Montpellier1
The Ohio State University1