84 Works

Data from: Cladistic analysis of Caseidae (Caseasauria, Synapsida): using the gap-weighting method to include taxa based on incomplete specimens

Marco Romano & Umberto Nicosia
Occupying the role of primary consumer and having an early–middle Permian age range, caseids (Caseasauria, Synapsida) are fundamental to the interpretation of the early history of terrestrial vertebrate ecosystems. Despite this importance, no comprehensive, species-level phylogenetic study of Caseidae has yet been performed. Herein, we present a phylogenetic analysis of the group, using gap weighting to include poorly known taxa. Besides the description and comments on the resultant topologies, some more general issues concerning cladistic...

Materials of Erasmus+ TrainRDM Open Science training week

Dana Gheorghe, Catalin Negru, Radu Ciobanu, Ciprian Dobre, John Bohan, Vanessa Ayala-Rivera, Michael Bradford, Andrea Riccio, Paola Ciaccia, Cristina Di Giovancarlo, Samah Jaber, Barbara Sanchez Solis, Christiane Stork & Elise Harder
Presentations, video recordings and exercises of the TrainRDM Open Science train-the-trainer week. The event was held at TU Wien, Vienna, from 30 May to 3 June 2022.  Acknowledgement TrainRDM – Open Science and Research Data Management Innovative and Distributed Training Programme has been funded with support from the European Commission.  Project website: https://rdmtraininghub.eu/; Project ID: 2020-1-RO01-KA203-080170

Proceedings of the 5th International Young Earth Scientists (YES) Congress “Rocking Earth’s Future”

Thomas Rose, Gino de Gelder, David Fernández-Blanco & Melanie Jutta Sieber

The professionalisation of journalism: Global trends and the challenges of training and job insecurity

Christian Ruggiero, Achilleas Karadimitriou, Wai Han Lo, Enrique Núñez-Mussa, Mauro Bomba & Simone Sallusti

Data from: Generation length for mammals

Michela Pacifici, Luca Santini, Moreno Di Marco, Daniele Baisero, Lucilla Francucci, Gabriele Grottolo Marasini, Piero Visconti & Carlo Rondinini
Generation length (GL) is defined as the average age of parents of the current cohort, reflecting the turnover rate of breeding individuals in a population. GL is a fundamental piece of information for population ecologist as well as for measuring species threat status (e.g. in the IUCN Red List). Here we present a dataset including GL records for all extant mammal species (n=5426). We first reviewed all data on GL published in the IUCN Red...

Research data supporting the publication \"Facile self-assembly of colloidal diamond from tetrahedral patchy particles via ring selection\"

Andreas Neofytou, Dwaipayan Chakrabarti & Francesco Sciortino

The origins of the neural basis of peripersonal space in human infancy - Datasets

Giulia Orioli, Irene Parisi, José van Velzen & Andrew Bremner
This Dataset contains the pre-processed EEG recordings gathered from 20 4-month-old and 20 8-month-old participants who took part in a research study aimed at investigating the origins of the neural basis of peripersonal space in human infancy. The Dataset includes only the recordings of the participants included in the final sample and each file contains only the good, artefact-free trials completed by each participant. For each participant, 2 files are available. The first one (in...

L’effet multiplicateur du plurilinguisme sur la diversité des façons de dire

Akissi Béatrice BOUTIN
Dans les aires communicatives plurilingues, la variation inhérente aux langues s’enrichit et se multiplie. Nous observerons ce qui se passe au niveau des locuteurs d’Abidjan qui communiquent avec un répertoire plurilingue, afin d’appréhender la diversité des formulations et des fonctionnements cognitifs dans les langues en contact. Après une réflexion sur la variation linguistique comme hétérogénéité et multiplicité des façons de dire, nous étudierons les procédés linguistiques à l’œuvre dans le discours pour l’identification d’un référent,...

Ethical codes of conduct in journalism: Demands for a digitalising mediascape

Joaquim Fidalgo, Barbara Thomass, Christian Ruggiero, Mauro Bomba, Simone Sallusti & Torbjörn von Krogh

RETRACE-3D Central Italy Geological Model

Mauro Buttinelli, Francesco Emanuele Maesano, Lorenzo Petracchini, Chiara D'Ambrogi, Davide Scrocca, Daniela Di Bucci, Roberto Basili, Pierluigi Cara, Sergio Castenetto, Roberta Giuliani, Ilaria Salvi, Sabina Bigi, Gian Paolo Cavinato, Michele Di Filippo, Paolo Messina, Raffaele Castaldo, Vincenzo De Novellis, Susi Pepe, Giuseppe Solaro, Pietro Tizzani, Marco Anzidei, Christian Bignami, Lorenzo Bonini, Pierfrancesco Burrato, Daniele Cheloni … & Renato Ventura
Three-dimensional geological model of the area of the central Apennines affected by the 2016-2018 seismic sequence. The model consists of stratigraphic surfaces (top or basal unconformity of units, or sequences of units, with homogeneous behavior) and main faults of the area. The stratigraphic surfaces are, from the oldest to the most recent: the top of pre-Upper Triassic units, the top of the intra-Triassic units, the top of Calcare Massiccio, the top of the Marne a...

Data from: Global mammal betadiversity show parallel assemblage structure in similar but isolated environments

Caterina Penone, Ben G. Weinstein, Catherine H. Graham, Thomas M. Brooks, Carlo Rondinini, S. Blair Hedges, Ana D. Davidson & Gabriel C. Costa
The taxonomic, phylogenetic and trait dimensions of betadiversity each provide unique insight into the importance of historical isolation and environmental conditions in shaping global diversity. These three dimensions should, in general, be positively correlated. However, if similar environmental conditions filter species with similar trait values, then assemblages located in similar environmental conditions, but separated by large dispersal barriers, may show high taxonomic, high phylogenetic, but low trait betadiversity. Conversely, we expect lower phylogenetic diversity but...

Data from: Organic farming enhances parasitoid diversity at the local and landscape scale

Diego J. Inclán, Pierfilippo Cerretti, Doreen Gabriel, Tim G. Benton, Steven M. Sait, William E. Kunin, Mark A. K. Gillespie & Lorenzo Marini
1. The magnitude of the benefits derived from organic farming within contrasting managed landscapes remains unclear and, in particular, the potential scale-dependent response of insect parasitoids is relatively unexplored. Identifying the scale at which parasitoids are affected by organic farming will be an important step to enhance their conservation. 2. We sampled tachinid parasitoids at the centre and margin of arable and grassland fields on paired organic and conventional farms located in landscapes with different...

Data from: A new fossil marine lizard with soft tissues from the Late Cretaceous of Southern Italy

Ilaria Paparella, Alessandro Palci, Umberto Nicosia & Michael W. Caldwell
A new marine lizard showing exceptional soft tissue preservation was found in Late Cretaceous deposits of the Apulian Platform (Puglia, Italy). Primitivus manduriensis gen. et sp. nov. is not only the first evidence of the presence of dolichosaurs in a Southern Italian Carbonate Platform, filling a paleogeographic gap in the Mediterranean Tethys, but also extends the range of this group to the upper Campanian – lower Maastrichtian. Our parsimony analysis recover a monophyletic non-ophidian pythonomorph...

Data from: Evolution of pre-mating reproductive isolation among conspecific populations of the sea rock-pool beetle Ochthebius urbanelliae driven by reinforcing natural selection

Daniele Porretta & Sandra Urbanelli
How natural selection might be involved in speciation remains a fundamental question in evolutionary biology. When two or more species co-occur in the same areas, natural selection may favour divergence in mating traits. By acting in sympatric but not allopatric populations, natural selection can also affect mate choice within species and ultimately initiate speciation among conspecific populations. Here we address this potential effect in the sea rock-pool beetles Ochthebius quadricollis and O.urbanelliae. The two species,...

Data from: Recovery of large carnivores in Europe’s modern human-dominated landscapes

Guillaume Chapron, Petra Kaczensky, John D. C. Linnell, Manuela Von Arx, Djuro Huber, Henrik Andrén, José Vicente López-Bao, Michal Adamec, Francisco Álvares, Ole Anders, Linas Balčiauskas, Vaidas Balys, Péter Bedő, Ferdinand Bego, Juan Carlos Blanco, Urs Breitenmoser, Henrik Brøseth, Luděk Bufka, Raimonda Bunikyte, Paolo Ciucci, Alexander Dutsov, Thomas Engleder, Christian Fuxjäger, Claudio Groff, Katja Holmala … & Luigi Boitani
The conservation of large carnivores is a formidable challenge for biodiversity conservation. Using a data set on the past and current status of brown bears (Ursus arctos), Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx), gray wolves (Canis lupus), and wolverines (Gulo gulo) in European countries, we show that roughly one-third of mainland Europe hosts at least one large carnivore species, with stable or increasing abundance in most cases in 21st-century records. The reasons for this overall conservation success...

Data from: Electromyography data for non-invasive naturally controlled robotic hand prostheses

Manfredo Atzori, Arjan Gijsberts, Claudio Castellini, Barbara Caputo, Anne-Gabrielle Mittaz Hager, Simone Elsig, Giorgio Giatsidis, Franco Bassetto & Henning Müller
Recent advances in rehabilitation robotics suggest that it may be possible for hand-amputated subjects to recover at least a significant part of the lost hand functionality. The control of robotic prosthetic hands using non-invasive techniques is still a challenge in real life: myoelectric prostheses give limited control capabilities, the control is often unnatural and must be learned through long training times. Meanwhile, scientific literature results are promising but they are still far from fulfilling real-life...

Data from: Environment and evolutionary history shape phylogenetic turnover in European tetrapods

Bianca Saladin, Wilfried Thuiller, Catherine H. Graham, Sébastien Lavergne, Luigi Maiorano, Nicolas Salamin & Niklaus E. Zimmermann
Phylogenetic turnover quantifies the evolutionary distance among species assemblages and is central to understanding the main drivers shaping biodiversity. It is affected both by geographic and environmental distance between sites. Therefore, analyzing phylogenetic turnover in environmental space requires removing the effect of geographic distance. Here, we apply a novel approach by deciphering phylogenetic turnover of European tetrapods in environmental space after removing geographic land distance effects. We demonstrate that phylogenetic turnover is strongly structured in...

Mathematica codes for: Cosmological singularity as an informational seed for Everything

Sergey Cherkas & Vladimir Kalashnikov
The Mathematica notebooks calculate mean values of the energy density of the quantum fields under curved background. The background of the uniform isotropic expanding universe is implied. The notebooks densitySec2.nb and densitySec3.nb are related to the methods described in the second and third sections of the paper respectively. These notebooks give the same results.

Data from: Global patterns of functional trait variation along aridity gradients in bats

Irene Conenna, Luca Santini, Ricardo Rocha, Ara Monadjem, Mar Cabeza & Danilo Russo
Aim: Our understanding of the biological strategies employed by species to cope with challenges posed by aridity is still limited. Despite being sensitive to water loss, bats successfully inhabit a wide range of arid lands. We here investigated how functional traits of bat assemblages vary along the global aridity gradient to identify traits that favour their persistence in arid environments. Methods: We mapped the assemblage-level averages of four key bat traits describing wing morphology, echolocation...

From alpha to beta functional and phylogenetic redundancy

Carlo Ricotta, Fabien Laroche, Laszlo Szeidl & Sandrine Pavoine
1. Plot-level redundancy or alpha redundancy is usually defined as the fraction of species diversity not expressed by functional or phylogenetic diversity. Redundancy is zero when all species in one plot are maximally dissimilar from each other. By contrast, redundancy tends to its maximum if the functional or phylogenetic differences between species tend to be minimal. 2. To explore the ecological drivers of community assembly, ecologists also use dissimilarity measures between pairs of plots (a...

Data from: Ecomorphological adaptation in three mudskippers (Teleostei: Gobioidei: Gobiidae) from the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman

Gianluca Polgar, Mehdi Ghanbarifardi, Salvatore Milli, Ainhoa Agorreta, Mansour Aliabadian, Hamid Reza Esmaeili & Tsung Fei Khang
We hypothesise that the body shapes of three mudskipper species (Boleophthalmus dussumieri, Periophthalmus waltoni, and Scartelaos tenuis) are ecomorphological adaptations to different epi- and infaunal habitats. We investigated: (i) the association between burrow density and selected ecological variables; (ii) the phylogenetic relationships among these species, based on two mtDNA and one nDNA markers; (iii) their geometric morphometrics and ancestral shape reconstructions, based on two-dimensional landmark configurations; and (iv) their body surface-to-volume ratios (SAV), based on...

Data and analysis code for: Global protected areas seem insufficient to safeguard half of the world's mammals from human-induced extinction

David Williams, Carlo Rondinini & David Tilman
Protected areas (PAs) are a cornerstone of global conservation and central to international plans to minimize global extinctions. During the coming century, global ecosystem destruction and fragmentation associated with increased human population and economic activity could make the long-term survival of most terrestrial vertebrates even more dependent on PAs. However, the capacity of the current global PA network to sustain species for the long term is unknown. Here, we explore this question for all nonvolant...

Materials of Erasmus+ TrainRDM Open Science training week

Dana Gheorghe, Catalin Negru, Radu Ciobanu, Ciprian Dobre, John Bohan, Vanessa Ayala-Rivera, Michael Bradford, Andrea Riccio, Paola Ciaccia, Cristina Di Giovancarlo, Samah Jaber, Barbara Sanchez Solis, Christiane Stork & Elise Harder
Presentations, video recordings and exercises of the TrainRDM Open Science train-the-trainer week. The event was held at TU Wien, Vienna, from 30 May to 3 June 2022.  Acknowledgement TrainRDM – Open Science and Research Data Management Innovative and Distributed Training Programme has been funded with support from the European Commission.  Project website: https://rdmtraininghub.eu/; Project ID: 2020-1-RO01-KA203-080170


Claudia Padovani, Giuliano Bobba, Alice Baroni, Marinella Belluati, Cecilia Biancalana, Mauro Bomba, Alice Fubini, Francesco Marrazzo, Rossella Rega, Christian Ruggiero, Simone Sallusti, Sergio Splendore & Michele  Valente

Investigative journalism and the watchdog role of news media: Between acute challenges and exceptional counterbalances

Achilleas Karadimitriou, Torbjörn von Krogh, Christian Ruggiero, Cecilia Biancalana, Mauro Bomba & Wai Han Lo

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  • Sapienza University of Rome
  • University of Bologna
  • University of Naples Federico II
  • University of Padua
  • University of Milan
  • University of Lausanne
  • Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV)
  • Tuscia University
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  • Temple University