84 Works

Data from: Electromyography data for non-invasive naturally controlled robotic hand prostheses

Manfredo Atzori, Arjan Gijsberts, Claudio Castellini, Barbara Caputo, Anne-Gabrielle Mittaz Hager, Simone Elsig, Giorgio Giatsidis, Franco Bassetto & Henning Müller
Recent advances in rehabilitation robotics suggest that it may be possible for hand-amputated subjects to recover at least a significant part of the lost hand functionality. The control of robotic prosthetic hands using non-invasive techniques is still a challenge in real life: myoelectric prostheses give limited control capabilities, the control is often unnatural and must be learned through long training times. Meanwhile, scientific literature results are promising but they are still far from fulfilling real-life...

Data from: Global mammal betadiversity show parallel assemblage structure in similar but isolated environments

Caterina Penone, Ben G. Weinstein, Catherine H. Graham, Thomas M. Brooks, Carlo Rondinini, S. Blair Hedges, Ana D. Davidson & Gabriel C. Costa
The taxonomic, phylogenetic and trait dimensions of betadiversity each provide unique insight into the importance of historical isolation and environmental conditions in shaping global diversity. These three dimensions should, in general, be positively correlated. However, if similar environmental conditions filter species with similar trait values, then assemblages located in similar environmental conditions, but separated by large dispersal barriers, may show high taxonomic, high phylogenetic, but low trait betadiversity. Conversely, we expect lower phylogenetic diversity but...

Data from: Recovery of large carnivores in Europe’s modern human-dominated landscapes

Guillaume Chapron, Petra Kaczensky, John D. C. Linnell, Manuela Von Arx, Djuro Huber, Henrik Andrén, José Vicente López-Bao, Michal Adamec, Francisco Álvares, Ole Anders, Linas Balčiauskas, Vaidas Balys, Péter Bedő, Ferdinand Bego, Juan Carlos Blanco, Urs Breitenmoser, Henrik Brøseth, Luděk Bufka, Raimonda Bunikyte, Paolo Ciucci, Alexander Dutsov, Thomas Engleder, Christian Fuxjäger, Claudio Groff, Katja Holmala … & Luigi Boitani
The conservation of large carnivores is a formidable challenge for biodiversity conservation. Using a data set on the past and current status of brown bears (Ursus arctos), Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx), gray wolves (Canis lupus), and wolverines (Gulo gulo) in European countries, we show that roughly one-third of mainland Europe hosts at least one large carnivore species, with stable or increasing abundance in most cases in 21st-century records. The reasons for this overall conservation success...

Data from: Evolution of pre-mating reproductive isolation among conspecific populations of the sea rock-pool beetle Ochthebius urbanelliae driven by reinforcing natural selection

Daniele Porretta & Sandra Urbanelli
How natural selection might be involved in speciation remains a fundamental question in evolutionary biology. When two or more species co-occur in the same areas, natural selection may favour divergence in mating traits. By acting in sympatric but not allopatric populations, natural selection can also affect mate choice within species and ultimately initiate speciation among conspecific populations. Here we address this potential effect in the sea rock-pool beetles Ochthebius quadricollis and O.urbanelliae. The two species,...

Data from: Organic farming enhances parasitoid diversity at the local and landscape scale

Diego J. Inclán, Pierfilippo Cerretti, Doreen Gabriel, Tim G. Benton, Steven M. Sait, William E. Kunin, Mark A. K. Gillespie & Lorenzo Marini
1. The magnitude of the benefits derived from organic farming within contrasting managed landscapes remains unclear and, in particular, the potential scale-dependent response of insect parasitoids is relatively unexplored. Identifying the scale at which parasitoids are affected by organic farming will be an important step to enhance their conservation. 2. We sampled tachinid parasitoids at the centre and margin of arable and grassland fields on paired organic and conventional farms located in landscapes with different...

Data from: A new fossil marine lizard with soft tissues from the Late Cretaceous of Southern Italy

Ilaria Paparella, Alessandro Palci, Umberto Nicosia & Michael W. Caldwell
A new marine lizard showing exceptional soft tissue preservation was found in Late Cretaceous deposits of the Apulian Platform (Puglia, Italy). Primitivus manduriensis gen. et sp. nov. is not only the first evidence of the presence of dolichosaurs in a Southern Italian Carbonate Platform, filling a paleogeographic gap in the Mediterranean Tethys, but also extends the range of this group to the upper Campanian – lower Maastrichtian. Our parsimony analysis recover a monophyletic non-ophidian pythonomorph...

Data from: Environment and evolutionary history shape phylogenetic turnover in European tetrapods

Bianca Saladin, Wilfried Thuiller, Catherine H. Graham, Sébastien Lavergne, Luigi Maiorano, Nicolas Salamin & Niklaus E. Zimmermann
Phylogenetic turnover quantifies the evolutionary distance among species assemblages and is central to understanding the main drivers shaping biodiversity. It is affected both by geographic and environmental distance between sites. Therefore, analyzing phylogenetic turnover in environmental space requires removing the effect of geographic distance. Here, we apply a novel approach by deciphering phylogenetic turnover of European tetrapods in environmental space after removing geographic land distance effects. We demonstrate that phylogenetic turnover is strongly structured in...

Data from: Global patterns of functional trait variation along aridity gradients in bats

Irene Conenna, Luca Santini, Ricardo Rocha, Ara Monadjem, Mar Cabeza & Danilo Russo
Aim: Our understanding of the biological strategies employed by species to cope with challenges posed by aridity is still limited. Despite being sensitive to water loss, bats successfully inhabit a wide range of arid lands. We here investigated how functional traits of bat assemblages vary along the global aridity gradient to identify traits that favour their persistence in arid environments. Methods: We mapped the assemblage-level averages of four key bat traits describing wing morphology, echolocation...

Data and analysis code for: Global protected areas seem insufficient to safeguard half of the world's mammals from human-induced extinction

David Williams, Carlo Rondinini & David Tilman
Protected areas (PAs) are a cornerstone of global conservation and central to international plans to minimize global extinctions. During the coming century, global ecosystem destruction and fragmentation associated with increased human population and economic activity could make the long-term survival of most terrestrial vertebrates even more dependent on PAs. However, the capacity of the current global PA network to sustain species for the long term is unknown. Here, we explore this question for all nonvolant...

Materials of Erasmus+ TrainRDM Open Science training week

Dana Gheorghe, Catalin Negru, Radu Ciobanu, Ciprian Dobre, John Bohan, Vanessa Ayala-Rivera, Michael Bradford, Andrea Riccio, Paola Ciaccia, Cristina Di Giovancarlo, Samah Jaber, Barbara Sanchez Solis, Christiane Stork & Elise Harder
Presentations, video recordings and exercises of the TrainRDM Open Science train-the-trainer week. The event was held at TU Wien, Vienna, from 30 May to 3 June 2022.  Acknowledgement TrainRDM – Open Science and Research Data Management Innovative and Distributed Training Programme has been funded with support from the European Commission.  Project website: https://rdmtraininghub.eu/; Project ID: 2020-1-RO01-KA203-080170

L’INGV a “L’Isola di Einstein” (Lago Trasimeno): giocando con la scienza

Valeria Misiti, Nunzia Voltattorni, Carlo Alberto Brunori, Aladino Govoni, Luca Pizzimenti, Federica Murgia, Donatella Pietrangeli & Stefania Pinzi
The “L’Isola di Einstein” is a unique festival in Europe, of scientific games and shows. The protagonists are experiments, natural phenomena and scientific histories enjoying, intriguing and thrilling a wide range of people. International artists, disseminators, scientists and storytellers are able to fascinate the audience sharing the passion of the discovery. The INGV contributes to this Event presenting volcanological and seismological laboratories and games for all aged people.

Un mercato coperto per Roma: Laboratorio di Sintesi finale in Composizione Architettonica e Urbana Autori

Nunzia Coppola , Mario Criscitiello, Gennaro Di Costanzo & Oreste Lubrano
[Italiano]: Il volume raccoglie gli esiti del Laboratorio di Sintesi Finale del corso di Laurea Magistrale in Progettazione Architettonica MAPA presso il DiARC Dipartimento di Architettura, strutturato attorno alla compartecipazione di due discipline, la composizione architettonica e urbana, affrontata nel corso tenuto dal professore Renato Capozzi, e la progettazione esecutiva, affidata alla professoressa Erminia Attaianese. Il Laboratorio ha assunto un bando di concorso articolato in due fasi con oggetto la progettazione di un edificio a...

CAO. Corpus dell’antico occitano

Maria Careri, Stefano Asperti, Francesco Carapezza, Costanzo Di Girolamo, Paolo Di Luca, Giosuè Lachin, Walter Meliga, Francesca Sanguineti, Oriana Scarpati & Paolo Squillacioti
[Italiano]: Il Corpus dell’antico occitano è un corpus testuale interrogabile sul software Gatto, sviluppato dall’OVI (Opera del Vocabolario Italiano), e leggibile sul Rialto (Repertorio informatizzato dell’antica letteratura trobadorica e occitana). Il corpus include edizioni integrali di canzonieri, di testi lirici a tradizione dispersa e di testi in prosa, tutti in trascrizione sia diplomatica che interpretativa. Relativamente ai canzonieri, che rappresentano la parte più consistente del corpus, si contano 2500 componimenti lirici conservati da una trentina...

Voyager dans les États autoritaires et totalitaires de l'Europe de l'entre-deux-guerres

Olivier Dard, Emmanuel Mattiato, Christophe Poupault & Frédéric Sallée

Unemployment and inflation in the European Monetary Union: A new approach?

Nicola Acocella
The paper deals first with the characters of unemployment and inflation and their trend in the EMU. Then it underlines that EMU’s institutions tend to reduce inflation to a minimum, while limiting fiscal interventions at the national and the European level. The policies implemented recently represent some kind of a novel line of conduct of the EU, as they introduce a rise in the EU budget, release some constraints to national fiscal policies and foresee...

Data from: Unveiling the food webs of tetrapods across Europe through the prism of the Eltonian niche

Louise O'Connor, Laura J. Pollock, João Braga, Gentile Francesco Ficetola, Alessandro Montemaggiori, Luigi Maiorano, Wilfried Thuiller, Marc Ohlmann & Camille Martinez-Almoyna
Aim Despite the recent calls on integrating the interaction networks into the study of large‐scale biodiversity patterns, we still lack a basic understanding of the functional characteristics of large interaction networks and how they are structured across environments. Here, building on recent advances in network science around the Eltonian niche concept, we aim to characterize the trophic groups in a large food web, and understand how these trophic groups vary across space. Location Europe and...

Data from: Methane emission offsets carbon dioxide uptake in a small productive lake

Dominic Vachon, Timon Langenegger, Daphne Donis, Stan E. Beaubien & Daniel McGinnis
Here we investigate the importance of net CH4 production and emissions in the carbon (C) budget of a small eutrophic lake by monitoring CH4, CO2 and O2 during two consecutive years. During the study period, the lake was mostly a net emitter of both CH4 and CO2, while having a net autotrophic metabolism. The analyses suggest that during the whole study period 29 ± 23 % of C produced by net ecosystem production was ultimately...

Data from: The Bantu expansion revisited: a new analysis of Y chromosome variation in Central Western Africa

Valeria Montano, Gianmarco Ferri, Veronica Marcari, Chiara Batini, Okorie Anyaele, Giovanni Destro-Bisol & David Comas
The current distribution of Bantu languages is commonly considered to be a consequence of a relatively recent population expansion (3-5 kya) in Central Western Africa. While there is a substantial consensus regarding the centre of origin of Bantu languages (the Benue River Valley, between South East Nigeria and Western Cameroon), the identification of the area from where the population expansion actually started, the relation between the processes leading to the spread of languages and peoples...

Data from: Dissecting functional components of reproductive isolation among closely related sympatric species of the Anopheles gambiae complex

Marco Pombi, Pierre Kengne, Geoffrey Gimonneau, Billy Tene-Fossog, Diego Ayala, Colince Kamdem, Federica Santalomazza, Wamdaogo Moussa Guelbeogo, N'Falé Sagnon, Vincenzo Petrarca, Didier Fontenille, Nora J. Besansky, Christophe Antonio-Nkondjio, Roch K. Dabire, Alessandra Della Torre, Frederic Simard & Carlo Costantini
Explaining how and why reproductive isolation evolves and determining which forms of reproductive isolation have the largest impact on the process of population divergence are major goals in the study of speciation. By studying recent adaptive radiations in incompletely isolated taxa, it is possible to identify barriers involved at early divergence before other confounding barriers emerge after speciation is complete. Sibling species of the Anopheles gambiae complex offer opportunities to provide insights into speciation mechanisms....

Data from: Biallelic SQSTM1 mutations in early-onset, variably progressive neurodegeneration

Valentina Muto, Elisabetta Flex, Zachary Kupchinsky, Guido Primiano, Hamid Galehdari, Mohammadreza Dehghani, Serena Cecchetti, Giovanna Carpentieri, Teresa Rizza, Neda Mazaheri, Alireza Sedaghat, Mohammad Yahya Vahidi Mehrjardi, Alice Traversa, Michela Di Nottia, Maria M. Kousi, Yalda Jamshidi, Andrea Ciolfi, Viviana Caputo, Reza Azizi Malamiri, Francesca Pantaleoni, Simone Martinelli, Aaron R. Jeffries, Jawaher Zeighami, Amir Sherafat, Daniela Di Giuda … & Marco Tartaglia
Objective: To characterize clinically and molecularly an early-onset, variably progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a cerebellar syndrome with severe ataxia, gaze palsy, dyskinesia, dystonia, and cognitive decline affecting 11 individuals from 3 consanguineous families. Methods: We used whole-exome sequencing (WES) (families 1 and 2) and a combined approach based on homozygosity mapping and WES (family 3). We performed in vitro studies to explore the effect of the nontruncating SQSTM1 mutation on protein function and the...

Global impacts of climate change on avian functional diversity

Peter Stewart, Alke Voskamp, Luca Santini, Matthias Biber, Adam Devenish, Christian Hof, Stephen Willis & Joseph Tobias
Climate change is predicted to drive geographical range shifts, leading to fluctuations in species richness worldwide. However, the effect of these changes on functional diversity remains unclear, in part because comprehensive species-level trait data are generally lacking at global scales. Here we use morphometric and ecological traits for 8268 bird species to estimate the impact of climate change on avian functional diversity (FD). We show that future bird assemblages are likely to undergo substantial shifts...

Fitness and fur colouration - testing the camouflage and thermoregulation hypotheses in an Arctic mammal

Cecilia Di Bernardi, Anne-Mathilde Thierry, Nina E. Eide, Diana E. Bowler, Lars Rød-Eriksen, Stefan Blumentrath, Lukas Tietgen, Brett Sandercock, Øystein Flagstad & Arild Landa
1. Selection for crypsis has been recognised as an important ecological driver of animal coloration, whereas the relative importance of thermoregulation is more contentious with mixed empirical support. A potential thermal advantage of darker individuals has been observed in a wide range of animal species. Arctic animals that exhibit colour polymorphisms and undergo seasonal colour moults are interesting study subjects for testing the two alternative hypotheses: demographic performance of different colour morphs might be differentially...

Data from: A method for mapping morphological convergence on three-dimensional digital models: the case of the mammalian saber-tooth

Pasquale Raia, Marina Melchionna, Antonio Profico, Silvia Castiglione, Carmela Serio, Alessandro Mondanaro, Maria Modafferi, Davide Tamagnini, Luigi Maiorano, Pasquale Raia, Stephen Wroe, Lawrence Witmer & Gabriele Sansalone
Morphological convergence can be assessed through a variety of statistical methods. None of the methods proposed to date enable the visualization of convergence. All are based on the assumption that the phenotypes either converge, or do not. However, between species, morphologically similar regions of a larger structure may behave differently. Previous approaches do not identify these regions within the larger structures or quantify the degree to which they may contribute to overall convergence. Here we...

Beta redundancy for functional ecology

Carlo Ricotta, Evsey Kosman, Fabien Laroche & Sandrine Pavoine
Functional beta redundancy has been recently defined as the fraction of species dissimilarity between two plots not expressed by functional dissimilarity. As such, it summarizes to what degree the compositional differences between two plots mirror their functional differences. A fundamental condition to obtain an appropriate measure of functional beta redundancy is that the functional dissimilarity between the plots is always lower (or at least not higher) than the corresponding species dissimilarity. However, many of the...

Avaliação do comportamento de vigas de concreto armado reforçadas à flexão com CFRP quando expostas ao intemperismo de distintas regiões climáticas brasileiras e a degradação acelerada

Gláucia Dalfré
Atualmente, vários trabalhos abordam a aplicação de sistemas de reforço com o uso de FRPs (Fiber Reinforced Polymers) em elementos de concreto armado. Entretanto, a grande maioria dos trabalhos são compostos por ensaios de elementos reforçados logo após a cura do adesivo (a qual ocorre com aproximadamente 14 dias), desprezando-se ou negligenciando-se o comportamento a longo prazo desses sistemas de reforço. Além disso, a maioria dos ensaios são realizados em um único ambiente e não...

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