24 Works

Data from: Germination niche breadth of invasive Iris pseudacorus (L.) suggests continued recruitment from seeds with climate warming

Brenda J. Grewell, Morgane B. Gillard, Jesús M. Castillo, Mohsen B. Mesgaran & Caryn J. Futrell
Understanding recruitment processes of invasive species is central to conservation and management strategies. Iris pseudacorus,an emergent macrophyte, has established invasive populations across a broad global range where it reduces biodiversity in wetland ecosystems. Climate warming is altering cues that drive germination, yet studies on the invasion of wetland macrophytes often ignore germination ecology despite its importance to their establishment and spread. The dataset includes data generated from a series of experiments conducted to improve understanding...

Assessing population structure and genetic diversity in U.S. Suffolk sheep to define a framework for genomic selection

Carrie Wilson, Jessica Petersen, Harvey Blackburn & Ronald Lewis
Long-term sustainability of breeds depends on having sufficient genetic diversity for adaptability to change, whether driven by climatic conditions or by priorities in breeding programs. Genetic diversity in Suffolk sheep in the U.S. was evaluated in four ways: 1) using genetic relationships from pedigree data [(n=64,310 animals recorded in the U.S. National Sheep Improvement Program (NSIP)]; 2) using molecular data (n=304 Suffolk genotyped with the OvineHD BeadChip); 3) comparing Australian (n=109) and Irish (n=55) Suffolk...

Earthworms increase the potential for enzymatic bio-activation of biochars made from co-pyrolyzing animal manures and plastic wastes

Kyoung S. Ro
We assessed the enzymatic activation of four different biochars produced from pyrolyzing swine manure and poultry litter, and by co-pyrolyzing these livestock residues with agricultural spent mulch plastic film wastes (plastichars). Enzymatic activation consisted of incubating biochars in soil inoculated with earthworms (Lumbricus terrestris), which acted as biological vectors to facilitate retention of extracellular enzymes onto biochar surface. The activity of carboxylesterase ‒a pesticide-detoxifying enzyme‒ was measured in non-bioturbed soils (reference), linings of the burrows...

Data from: Coyote diet in North America: geographic and ecological patterns during range expansion

Alex Jensen, Courtney Marneweck, John Kilgo & David Jachowski
This dataset was used to review and analyze coyote diets across North America in "Coyote diets in North America: geographic and ecological patterns during range expansion" by Jensen et al. in Mammal Review. We only include data from studies that reported data as percent frequency of occurrence and from multiple seasons. We ultimately used 93 of the included studies (294 seasonal records) in our analyses.

Food webs for three burn severities after wildfire in the Eldorado National Forest, California

John McLaughlin, John Schroeder, Angela White, Kate Culhane, Haley Mirts, Gina Tarbill, Laura Sire, Matt Page, Elijah Baker, Max Moritz, Justin Brasheres, Hillary Young & Rahel Sollmann
We provide data on ecological community responses to wildfire, collected three years post-fire, across three burn conditions (unburned, moderate severity and high severity) in the Eldorado National Forest, California. The data were collected with 19 sampling methods deployed across 27 sites (nine in each burn condition) used to estimate richness, body size, abundance and biomass density for 849 species (including 107 primary producers, 634 invertebrates, 94 vertebrates). The sampling methods are detailed in a companion...

GLOWCAD: A global database of woody tissue carbon concentrations/fractions

Mahendra Doraisami, Rosalyn Kish, Nicholas Paroshy, Grant Domke, Sean Thomas & Adam Martin
Woody tissue carbon (C) concentration is a key wood trait necessary for accurately estimating forest C stocks and fluxes, which also varies widely across species and biomes. However, coarse approximations of woody tissue C (e.g., 50%) remain commonplace in forest C estimation and reporting protocols, despite leading to substantial errors in forest C estimates. Here, we describe the Global Woody Tissue Carbon Concentration Database (GLOWCAD): a database containing 3,676 individual records of woody tissue C...

Data from: Breeding heat tolerant orchardgrass germplasm for summer persistence in high temperature stress environments of the southeastern United States

Eric Billman, Jesse Morrison & Brian Baldwin
This is digital research data corresponding to a published manuscript, Breeding heat tolerant orchardgrass germplasm for summer persistence in high temperature stress environments of the southeastern United States, in Crop Science, Volume 61, p. 1915 - 1925. Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.) could serve as a cool-season perennial in southeastern production systems, but often does not behave as a true perennial under high temperature stress conditions of the region. This work sought to develop heat-tolerant orchardgrass...

Database of non-target invertebrates recorded in field experiments of genetically engineered Bt maize and corresponding non-Bt maize: data files

Michael Meissle, Steven Naranjo & Jörg Romeis
This database represents a comprehensive collection of experimental field data from all over the world on non-target invertebrates recorded in genetically engineered/modified Bt and non-Bt maize. The three data files deposited here are described by Meissle et al. (2022), BMC Research Notes, https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-022-06021-3 . The database was created for a systematic review with the question if growing Bt maize changes abundance or ecological function of non-target animals compared to growing of non-GM maize, published by...

Variation in behavior drives multiscale responses to habitat conditions in timber rattlesnakes (Crotalus horridus)

Andrew Hoffman, Annalee Tutterow, Meaghan Gade, Bryce Adams & William Peterman
Variations in both the behavior of wildlife and the scale at which the environment most influences the space use of wild animals (i.e., scale of effect) are critical, but often overlooked in habitat selection modeling. Ecologists have proposed that biological responses happening over longer time frames are influenced by environmental variables at larger spatial scales, but this has rarely been empirically tested. Here, we hypothesized that long-term patterns of behavior (i.e., lasting multiple weeks to...

Data from: Whole genome sequencing and phylogenomic analysis show support for the splitting of genus Pythium

Hai D. T. Nguyen, Annette Dodge, Kasia Dadej, Tara L. Rintoul, Ekaterina Ponomareva, Frank N. Martin, Arthur W. A. M. De Cock, C. Andre Levesque, Scott A. Redhead & Christoffel F. J. Spies
The genus Pythium (nom. cons.) sensu lato (s.l.) is composed of many important species of plant pathogens. Early molecular phylogenetic studies suggested paraphyly of Pythium, which led to a formal proposal by Uzuhashi and colleagues in 2010 to split the genus into Pythium sensu stricto (s.s.), Elongisporangium, Globisporangium, Ovatisporangium (= Phytopythium), and Pilasporangium using morphological characters and phylogenies of the mt cytochrome c oxidase subunit 2 (cox2) and D1–D2 domains of nuc 28S rDNA. Although...

Coffee Leaf Rust monitoring data on Hawaii Island

Melissa Johnson
CLR was detected in Hawaii for the first time in 2020 and quickly spread across the state. We initiated a CLR monitoring program in Kona, West Hawaii Island to track the spread of this new invasive disease across a broad elevational gradient. The goals of the program were to assist growers in the early detection of CLR, to characterize patterns of disease incidence across the region, and to collect information on farm agronomics, management practices,...

Data from: Corn stover removal responses on soil test P and K levels in Coastal Plain Ultisols

Jeffrey Novak, James Frederick, Donald Watts, Thomas Ducey & Douglas Karlen
This is digital research data corresponding to a published manuscript, Corn stover removal responses on soil test P and K levels in Coastal Plain Ultisols, in Sustainability. 2021. 13:4401. Corn (Zea mays L.) stover is used as a biofuel feedstock in the U.S. Selection of stover harvest rates for soils is problematic, however, because excessive stover removal may have consequences on plant available phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) concentrations. Our objective was to quantify stover...

Community leaf dry matter content predicts grassland production

Herbert Polley, Harold Collins & Philip Fay
Plant growth correlates with values of collinear (covarying) traits from the leaf economics spectrum. Environmental variation and differences in community composition may alter contributions of these traits to plant production and thereby limit the consistency of trait-based growth predictions among years and plant communities. We tested effects of interannual variation in precipitation and differences in grassland community composition (planted monoculture of switchgrass, Panicum virgatum, and mixture of perennial herbaceous species) on the utility of two...

Megachile rotundata overwintering nCounter gene expression

Lizzette Cambron, George Yocum, Kathleen Yeater & Kendra Greenlee
Within the United States and Canada, the primary pollinator of alfalfa is the alfalfa leafcutting bee (ALCB), Megachile rotundata. Our previous findings showed that overwintering conditions impacted gene expression profile in ALCB prepupae that entered diapause early in the season. However, ALCB are a bivoltine species, which begs the question of whether bees entering diapause later in the season also show this trend. To better understand the effects of the timing of diapause initiation, we...

UCE Phylogenomics resolves major relationships among Ectaheteromorph ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ectatomminae, Heteroponerinae): A new classification for the subfamilies and the description of a new genus

G P Camacho, W Franco, M G Branstetter, M R Pie, J T Longino, T R Schultz & R M Feitosa
Uncovering the evolutionary history of the subfamilies Ectatomminae and Heteroponerinae, or ectaheteromorphs, is key to understanding a major branch of the ant tree of life. Despite their diversity and ecological importance, phylogenetic relationships in the group have not been well explored. One particularly suitable tool for resolving phylogeny is the use of ultraconserved elements (UCEs), which have been shown to be ideal markers at a variety of evolutionary time scales. In the present study, we...

Exploratory surveys in Taiwan of the roseau cane scale Nipponaclerda biwakoensis Kuwana and its associated parasitoids

, Cheng-Lung Chu, Hannah Broadley, Michael Gates, Yong-Sin Lo, Yu-Chun Chen, Kim Hoelmer, Juli Gould & Shaw-Yhi Hwang
Roseau cane (Phragmites australis (Cav). Trin. ex Steud.) is the dominant plant species of the Mississippi River Delta in Louisiana, USA, and protects marsh communities from erosion and storm-related impacts, maintaining shipping channels and oil infrastructure. Widespread dieback and thinning of P. australis were noted in the Mississippi River Delta in the fall of 2016. Invasive populations of the roseau cane scale (Nipponaclerda biwakoensis Kuwana), which is native to Asia, were found at outbreak levels...

Data from: Chemical extraction of phosphorus from dairy manure and utilization of recovered manure solids

Ariel A. Szogi, Virginia H. Takata & Paul D. Shumaker
This is digital research data corresponding to a published manuscript, Chemical extraction of phosphorus from dairy manure and utilization of recovered manure solids. Agronomy 2020, 10, 1725; doi:10.3390/agronomy10111725 Repeated land application of dairy manure can increase soil phosphorus above crop requirements because of manure’s low nitrogen (N) to phosphorus (P) ratio (N:P < 4:1). This soil P build-up can lead to off-site P transport and impairment of surface water quality. We evaluated a treatment process...

Data from: Leaching potential of phosphite fertilizer in sandy soils of the Southern Coastal Plain, USA

Ariel A. Szogi, Paul D. Shumaker, Eric D. Billman & Philip J. Bauer
This is digital research data corresponding to a published manuscript, Leaching potential of phosphite fertilizer in sandy soils of the southern coastal plain, USA. Environments 2021, 8, 126, https://doi.org/10.3390/environments8110126 Novel biotechnology on transgenic plants capable of metabolizing phosphite (Phi), a reduced form of P, could improve the effectiveness of P fertilizers and reduce the P footprint in agriculture with the benefit of suppressing weed growth. However, potassium Phi (K-Phi) salts used as fertilizer are highly...

Data from: Positron-emitting radiotracers spatially resolve unexpected biogeochemical relationships linked with methane oxidation in Arctic soils

Michael Schmidt, Steven Mamet, Curtis Senger, Alixandra Schebel, Mitsuaki Ota, Tony Tian, Umair Aziz, Lisa Stein, Tom Regier, Kevin Stanley, Derek Peak & Steven Siciliano
Arctic soils are marked by cryoturbic features, which impact soil-atmosphere methane (CH4) dynamics vital to global climate regulation. Cryoturbic diapirism alters C/N chemistry within frost boils by introducing soluble organic carbon and nutrients, potentially influencing microbial CH4 oxidation. CH4 oxidation in soils, however, requires a spatio-temporal convergence of ecological factors to occur. Spatial delineation of microbial activity with respect to these key microbial and biogeochemical factors at relevant scales is experimentally challenging in inherently complex...

Data from: Loamy sand soil approaches organic carbon saturation after 37 years of conservation tillage

Jeffrey Novak, Donald Watts, Phillip Bauer, Douglas Karlen, Patrick Hunt & Umakant Mishra
This is digital research data corresponding to a published manuscript, Loamy sand soil approaches organic carbon saturation after 37 years of conservation tillage. Conservation tillage is reported to increase soil organic carbon (SOC) and total nitrogen (TN) contents, but long-term (>30 yr) field results quantifying the responses in Coastal Plain Ultisols are sparse. The distribution, accumulation, and topsoil storage of SOC and TN after 37 yr of crop production using conventional (CvT) or conservation tillage...

Phased, chromosome-scale genome assemblies of tetraploid potato reveals a complex genome, transcriptome, and predicted proteome landscape underpinning genetic diversity

Genevieve Hoopes, Xiaoxi Meng, John P. Hamilton, Sai Reddy Achakkagari, Fernanda De Alves Freitas Guesdes, Marie E. Bolger, Joseph J. Coombs, Danny Esselink, Natalie R. Kaiser, Linda Kodde, Maria Kyriakidou, Brian Lavrijssen, Natascha Van Lieshout, Rachel Shereda, Heather K. Tuttle, Brieanne Vaillancourt, Joshua C. Wood, Jan M. De Boer, Nolan Bornowski, Peter Bourke, David Douches, Herman J. Van Eck, Dave Ellis, Max J. Feldman, Kyle M. Gardner … & Richard Finkers
Hoopes G., Meng X., Hamilton J.P., Achakkagari S.R., de Alves Freitas Guesdes F., Bolger M.E., Coombs J.J., Esselink D., Kaiser N.R., Kodde L., Kyriakidou M., Lavrijssen B., van Lieshout N., Shereda R., Tuttle H.K., Vaillancourt B., Wood J.C., de Boer J.M., Bornowski N., Bourke P., Douches D., van Eck H.J., Ellis D., Feldman M.J., Gardner K.M., Hopman J.C.P., Jiang J., De Jong W.S., Kuhl J.C., Novy R.G., Oome S., Sathuvalli V., Tan E.H., Ursum R.A.,...

Data from: Watershed classification predicts streamflow regime and organic carbon dynamics in the Northeast Pacific Coastal Temperate Rainforest

Ian Giesbrecht, Suzanne Tank, Gordon Frazer, Eran Hood, Santiago Gonzalez Arriola, David Butman, Dave D'Amore, David Hutchinson, Allison Bidlack & Ken Lertzman
Watershed classification has long been a key tool in the hydrological sciences, but few studies have been extended to biogeochemistry. We developed a combined hydro-biogeochemical classification for watersheds draining to the coastal margin of the Northeast Pacific coastal temperate rainforest (1,443,062 km2), including 2,695 small coastal rivers (SCR) and 10 large continental watersheds. We used cluster analysis to group SCR watersheds into 12 types, based on watershed properties. The most important variables for distinguishing SCR...

Honey bee hive weight and temperature Southern Arizona 2019-2020

William Meikle
In an effort to determine the effects of the orientation of hive entrance on honey bee colony activity and temperature, hives were placed facing different cardinal directions (3-5 hives per direction). Hive weight was recorded every 5 minutes and temperature every 30 minutes from April 2019 to June 2020. Daily weight data were analyzed using piecewise regression. In southern Arizona from December to March, hives facing east started daily flight activity 50 minutes earlier than...

Data from: Cereal rye mulch biomass and crop density affect weed suppression and community assembly in no-till planted soybean

Uriel Menalled, Guillaume ADEUX, Stéphane CORDEAU, Richard G. Smith, Steven B. Mirsky & Matthew Ryan

Registration Year

  • 2022

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • Agricultural Research Service
  • University of Alberta
  • Clemson University
  • Agriculture and Agriculture-Food Canada
  • Cornell University
  • University of California, Davis
  • Canadian Light Source (Canada)
  • University of Washington
  • The Ohio State University
  • Oregon State University