337 Works

Loss of an apex predator in the wild induces physiological changes in prey

Neil Hammerschlag, Chris Fallows, Michael Meyer, Simon Seakamela, Samantha Orndorff, Stephen Kirkman, Deon Kotze & Scott Creel
Predators can impact prey via predation or risk effects, which can initiate trophic cascades. Given widespread population declines of apex predators, understanding and predicting the associated ecological consequences is a priority. When predation risk is relatively unpredictable or uncontrollable by prey, the loss of predators is hypothesized to release prey from stress; however, there are few tests of this hypothesis in the wild. A well-studied predator-prey system between white sharks (Carcharodon carcharias) and Cape fur...

Daily and yearly average nitrate and sulfate aerosol mass concentrations measured at Ragged Point, Barbados from 1989-2011

Cassandra Gaston, Joseph Prospero, L Custals, E Blades, P Sealy & J.A. Christie
Here we present the nitrate and sulfate particle data that corresponds to the manuscript “Twenty Years of Measurements at Barbados Reveal Different Trends in Trade Wind Aerosol Nitrate and Sulfate: Why has Sulfate Increased While Nitrate Remains Constant?” Sulfate and nitrate aerosols degrade air quality and modulate radiative forcing and the hydrological cycle. Emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxide (NOx) and meteorological factors determine how widespread these impacts are. To determine these impacts...

Anolis carolinensis character displacement SNP

Douglas Crawford
Here is the VCF and a Excel sheet with FST, p-values and outlier status for all 44,120 identified single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated with the evolution of rapid character displacement among replicate islands with (2Spp) and without competition (1Spp) between two Anolis species. On 2Spp islands, A. carolinensis occurs higher in trees and have evolved larger toe pads. Among 1Spp and 2Spp island populations, we identify 44,120 SNPs, with 215-outlier SNPs with improbably large FST...

Organotin(IV) complexes derived from hydrazone ligands: Synthesis, spectral analysis, antimicrobial and molecular docking studies

Naresh Kumar, Sonika Asija, Yogesh Deswal, Sonia Saroya, Ashwani Kumar & Jai Devi
The goal of this research work is to create a new class of diorganotin(IV) complexes with general formula R2SnL1-4, where R = CH3, C2H5, C4H9 & C6H5, and L1-4 are the Schiff base ligands derived from the condensation of indole-3-acetic acid hydrazide with salicylaldehyde derivatives in 1:1 molar ratio. Various spectral (FTIR, NMR and mass spectrometry) and physico-chemical (XRD, TGA) techniques were utilized to identify the structure of the prepared compounds. Spectroscopic evidence suggests that...

Organotin(IV) complexes derived from hydrazone ligands: Synthesis, spectral analysis, antimicrobial and molecular docking studies

Naresh Kumar, Sonika Asija, Yogesh Deswal, Sonia Saroya, Ashwani Kumar & Jai Devi
The goal of this research work is to create a new class of diorganotin(IV) complexes with general formula R2SnL1-4, where R = CH3, C2H5, C4H9 & C6H5, and L1-4 are the Schiff base ligands derived from the condensation of indole-3-acetic acid hydrazide with salicylaldehyde derivatives in 1:1 molar ratio. Various spectral (FTIR, NMR and mass spectrometry) and physico-chemical (XRD, TGA) techniques were utilized to identify the structure of the prepared compounds. Spectroscopic evidence suggests that...

Data for: Representation in sea turtle science: slow progress towards gender equity and globalization revealed from thirty years of symposium abstracts

Nathan Robinson, Sophie Mills, Laura St.Andrews, Allegra Sundstrom, Jadyn Thibodeau, Adam Yaney-Keller & Christopher Gatto
Sea turtles are a circumglobal taxon that receive considerable research attention, yet there is little information about the demographics of sea turtle researchers. To assess long-term trends in demographic, geographic, and institutional representation within the sea turtle community, we quantified information from 7041 abstracts presented at the International Sea Turtle Symposium (ISTS) between 1988–2018. The dataset from this study is presented here.

Comparison of different concentrations of a povidone iodine-diluted sitz bath in the prevention of perianal infection in patients undergoing chemotherapy for hematological malignancy: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Yuqin Luo, Yingli Wang, Mei Yang, Ting Luo, Fengjiao Chen, Yamei Leng, Li Zhou, Jinbo Fang, Yuan Li & Chen Chen
Abstract Background Infection is one of the most common causes of death in patients with hematological malignancies during chemotherapy. Due to its special location, local warmth and humidity, repeated pollution with stool and urine, and characteristically wrinkled anatomical structure within which bacteria can hide, the perianal becomes a site with a high incidence of infection. Such infection also has a high recurrence rate and high mortality, increasing the economic burden of patients, delaying the time...

Additional file 1 of Simplified regimen of combined low-dose rituximab for autoimmune encephalitis with neuronal surface antibodies

Ying Du, Chao Zhao, Juntong Liu, Chuan Li, Qi Yan, Lin Li, Yunfeng Hao, Dan Yao, Huaxing Si, Yingjun Zhao & Wei Zhang
Additional file 1: Table S1. Clinical improvements in rituximab cohort and control cohort

TNFα and IFNγ rapidly activate PI3K-AKT signaling to drive glycolysis that confers mesenchymal stem cells enhanced anti-inflammatory property

Chenchang Xu, Chao Feng, Peiqing Huang, Yinghong Li, Rui Liu, Chunxiao Liu, Yuyi Han, Lei Chen, Yayun Ding, Changshun Shao & Yufang Shi
Abstract Background Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) acquire immunosuppressive capacity only in an inflammatory microenvironment. This can be recapitulated in vitro by treating MSCs with inflammatory cytokines TNFα and IFNγ, which induce indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) and TNF-stimulated gene-6 (TSG-6). However, the signaling pathways downstream of the cytokines remain to be elucidated. Methods Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) mouse model was established by subjecting mice to dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) in drinking water for 7 days. Human UC-MSCs...

DFT study on Fe and N decorated graphene as the drug delivery system for β-lapachone anticancer drug

Wei Zhang
The β-lapachone anticancer drug performs efficiently in preventing the growth of cancer cells. Transporting the pharmaceutical compound to its target cell is a hot topic in target-direct treatment. Here, we propose a new kind of drug delivery, Fe and N decorated graphene (Fe-N-Graphene), based on density functional theory, showing high performance in the transportation of β-lapachone anticancer drugs. Results indicate Fe-N-Graphene exhibits high adsorption energies of 1.67–1.73 eV for β-lapachone molecules, which guarantees stability during...

A. caviae infection triggers IL-1β secretion through activating NLRP3 inflammasome mediated by NF-κB signaling pathway partly in a TLR2 dependent manner

Qiankun Yang, Jianguo Zhang, Feixue Liu, Huizhen Chen, Wei Zhang, Haitao Yang, Nana He, Jingquan Dong & Panpan Zhao
Aeromonas caviae, an important food-borne pathogen, induces serious invasive infections and inflammation. The pro-inflammatory IL-1β functions against pathogenic infections and is elevated in various Aeromonas infection cases. However, the molecular mechanism of A. caviae-mediated IL-1β secretion remains unknown. In this study, mouse macrophages (PMs) were used to establish A. caviae infection model and multiple strategies were utilized to explore the mechanism of IL-1β secretion. IL-1β was elevated in A. caviae infected murine serum, PMs lysates...

Additional file 1 of Diversification of phenolic glucosides by two UDP-glucosyltransferases featuring complementary regioselectivity

Fei Guo, Xingwang Zhang, Cai You, Chengjie Zhang, Fengwei Li, Nan Li, Yuwei Xia, Mingyu Liu, Zetian Qiu, Xianliang Zheng, Li Ma, Gang Zhang, Lianzhong Luo, Fei Cao, Yingang Feng, Guang-Rong Zhao, Wei Zhang, Shengying Li & Lei Du
Additional file 1. Supplementary tables and figures

Additional file 1 of Diversification of phenolic glucosides by two UDP-glucosyltransferases featuring complementary regioselectivity

Fei Guo, Xingwang Zhang, Cai You, Chengjie Zhang, Fengwei Li, Nan Li, Yuwei Xia, Mingyu Liu, Zetian Qiu, Xianliang Zheng, Li Ma, Gang Zhang, Lianzhong Luo, Fei Cao, Yingang Feng, Guang-Rong Zhao, Wei Zhang, Shengying Li & Lei Du
Additional file 1. Supplementary tables and figures

The Cauchy Combination Test under Arbitrary Dependence Structures

Mingya Long, Zhengbang Li, Wei Zhang & Qizhai Li
Combining individual p-values to perform an overall test is often encountered in statistical applications. The Cauchy combination test (CCT) (Journal of the American Statistical Association, 2020, 115, 393–402) is a powerful and computationally efficient approach to integrate individual p-values under arbitrary dependence structures for sparse signals. We revisit this test to additionally show that (i) the tail probability of the CCT can be approximated just as well when more relaxed assumptions are imposed on individual...

Supplementary document for Activity Enhancement of Photo-generated Carrier in CsPbBr3 Nanocrystals Improved by Cd Element - 6060264.pdf

Lianfei Yao, Xue Lou, Ning Sui, Wei Zhang, Hongwei Xiao, Xiaochun Chi, Hanzhuang Zhang & Yinghui Wang
Fitting methods and supplementary data

Turning up the heat on non-immunoreactive tumors: autophagy influences the immune microenvironment in pancreatic cancer

Si-Yuan Lu, Jie Hua, Jiang Liu, Miao-Yan Wei, Chen Liang, Qing-Cai Meng, Bo Zhang, Xian Jun Yu, Wei Wang & Jin Xu
Abstract Background Autophagy regulators play important roles in the occurrence and development of a variety of tumors and are involved in immune regulation and drug resistance. However, the modulatory roles and prognostic value of autophagy regulators in pancreatic cancer have not been identified. Methods Transcriptomic data and survival information from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) databases were used to construct a risk score model. Important clinical features were analyzed to...

Additional file 2 of Turning up the heat on non-immunoreactive tumors: autophagy influences the immune microenvironment in pancreatic cancer

Si-Yuan Lu, Jie Hua, Jiang Liu, Miao-Yan Wei, Chen Liang, Qing-Cai Meng, Bo Zhang, Xian Jun Yu, Wei Wang & Jin Xu
Supplementary Material 2

A CT-based nomogram for predicting the risk of adenocarcinomas in patients with subsolid nodule according to the 2021 WHO classification

Qilong Song, Biao Song, Xiaohu Li, Bin Wang, Yuan Li, Wu Chen, Zhaohua Wang, Xu Wang, Yongqiang Yu, Xuhong Min & Dongchun Ma
Abstract Purpose To establish a nomogram for predicting the risk of adenocarcinomas in patients with subsolid nodules (SSNs) according to the 2021 WHO classification. Methods A total of 656 patients who underwent SSNs resection were retrospectively enrolled. Among them, 407 patients were assigned to the derivation cohort and 249 patients were assigned to the validation cohort. Univariate and multi-variate logistic regression algorithms were utilized to identity independent risk factors of adenocarcinomas. A nomogram based on...

sj-pdf-1-sri-10.1177_15533506211047011 – Supplemental Material for Comparison of the Postoperative Complications Between Robotic Total and Distal Gastrectomies for Gastric Cancer Using Clavien–Dindo Classification: A Propensity Score-matched Retrospective Cohort Study of 726 Patients

Zheng-yan Li, Yong-liang Zhao, Feng Qian, Bo Tang, Zi-yan Luo, Yan Wen, Yan Shi & Pei-wu Yu
Supplemental Material, sj-pdf-1-sri-10.1177_15533506211047011 for Comparison of the Postoperative Complications Between Robotic Total and Distal Gastrectomies for Gastric Cancer Using Clavien–Dindo Classification: A Propensity Score-matched Retrospective Cohort Study of 726 Patients by Zheng-yan Li, Yong-liang Zhao, Feng Qian, Bo Tang, Zi-yan Luo, Yan Wen, Yan Shi and Pei-wu Yu in Surgical Innovation

Additional file 2 of Role of bilirubin in the prognosis of coronary artery disease and its relationship with cardiovascular risk factors: a meta-analysis

Xiao-ling Li, Cun-rui Zhao, Chen-liang Pan, Gaxue Jiang & Bo Zhang
Additional file 2: Table S1. Quality assessment of the included study with Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale. Figure S1. A funnel plot showing the outcomes of Begg’s test. Appendix S1. Literature search strategy.

Additional file 5 of Candidate genes screening based on phenotypic observation and transcriptome analysis for double flower of Prunus mume

Huanhuan Zhu, Yan Shi, Junwei Zhang, Manzhu Bao & Jie Zhang
Additional file 5.

Candidate genes screening based on phenotypic observation and transcriptome analysis for double flower of Prunus mume

Huanhuan Zhu, Yan Shi, Junwei Zhang, Manzhu Bao & Jie Zhang
Abstract Background Prunus mume is an early spring flower of Rosaceae, which owns high application value in gardens. Being an excellent ornamental trait, the double flower trait has always been one of the important breeding goals of plant breeders. However, the key regulatory genes of double flower traits of P. mume are still unclear at present. Results The floral organs’ morphological differences of 20 single and 20 double flower cultivars of P. mume were compared...

Additional file 3 of Identification of tumor-associated antigens and immune subtypes of lower-grade glioma and glioblastoma for mRNA vaccine development

Zhi-liang Wang, Ruo-yu Huang, Bo Han, Fan Wu, Zhi-yan Sun, Guan-zhang Li, Wei Zhang, Zheng Zhao & Xing Liu
Additional file 3: Supplementary Figure 3.

Additional file 1 of Identification of tumor-associated antigens and immune subtypes of lower-grade glioma and glioblastoma for mRNA vaccine development

Zhi-liang Wang, Ruo-yu Huang, Bo Han, Fan Wu, Zhi-yan Sun, Guan-zhang Li, Wei Zhang, Zheng Zhao & Xing Liu
Additional file 1: Supplementary Figure 1.

Additional file 2 of Identification of tumor-associated antigens and immune subtypes of lower-grade glioma and glioblastoma for mRNA vaccine development

Zhi-liang Wang, Ruo-yu Huang, Bo Han, Fan Wu, Zhi-yan Sun, Guan-zhang Li, Wei Zhang, Zheng Zhao & Xing Liu
Additional file 2: Supplementary Figure 2.

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  • University of Miami
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  • Zhejiang University
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