318 Works

Silk fibroin hydrogel as mucosal vaccine carrier: induction of gastric CD4+TRM cells mediated by inflammatory response induces optimal immune protection against Helicobacter felis

Chupeng Hu, Wei Liu, Ningyin Xu, An Huang, Zhenxing Zhang, Menghui Fan, Guojing Ruan, Yue Wang, Tao Xi & Yingying Xing
Tissue-resident memory T (TRM) cells, located in the epithelium of most peripheral tissues, constitute the first-line defense against pathogen infections. Our previous study reported that gastric subserous layer (GSL) vaccination induced a “pool” of protective tissue-resident memory CD4+T (CD4+TRM) cells in the gastric epithelium. However, the mechanistic details how CD4+TRM cells form in the gastric epithelium are unknown. Here, our results suggested that the vaccine containing CCF in combination with Silk fibroin hydrogel (SF) broadened...

The potassium transporter KdpA affects persister formation by regulating ATP levels in Mycobacterium marinum

Xiaofan Liu, Chuan Wang, Bo Yan, Liangdong Lyu, Howard E. Takiff & Qian Gao
Mycobacterial persistence mechanisms remain to be fully characterized. Screening a transposon insertion library of Mycobacterium marinum identified kdpA, whose inactivation reduced the fraction of persisters after exposure to rifampicin. kdpA encodes a transmembrane protein that is part of the Kdp-ATPase, an ATP-dependent high-affinity potassium (K+) transport system. We found that kdpA is induced under low K+ conditions and is required for pH homeostasis and growth in media with low concentrations of K+. The inactivation of...

Presence and persistence of hepatitis E virus RNA and proteins in human bone marrow

Lin Wang, Li Yan, Jieling Jiang, Yuyi Zhang, Qiyu He, Hui Zhuang & Ling Wang
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is primarily manifesting as acute hepatitis, but extra-hepatic replication and injury are frequently reported. During the study period, we discovered two acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) patients infected with HEV genotype 3 and 4, respectively, and HEV RNA and/or viral proteins were persistently detected in the bone marrow of both patients. The finding suggests that HEV can replicate in human bone marrow as it may serve as a new target site...

Acylation of the antimicrobial peptide CAMEL for cancer gene therapy

Jingjing Song, Panpan Ma, Sujie Huang, Juanli Wang, Huan Xie, Bo Jia & Wei Zhang
Obtaining ideal gene delivery vectors is still a major goal in cancer gene therapy. CAMEL, a short hybrid antimicrobial peptide, can kill cancer cells by membrane lysis. In this study, we constructed a series of non-viral vectors by attaching fatty acids with different chain lengths to the N-terminus of CAMEL. Our results showed that the cellular uptake and transfection efficiency of acyl-CAMEL started to significantly increase from a chain length of 12 carbons. C18-CAMEL was...

Hsa_circ_0009910: oncogenic circular RNA targets microRNA-145 in ovarian cancer cells

Ying Li, Shuang Lin & Na An
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) correlate with cancer cell phenotypes. Particularly, circRNAs mediate the cancer process as microRNAs (miRNAs) sponges. This study was to ascertain the roles of hsa_circ_0009910 in phenotypic aspects of ovarian cancer cells. Mantel-Cox test was performed to analyze the correlation between hsa_circ_0009910 and survival outcomes of ovarian cancer. Minigene reporter was constructed and small interfering-RNA was designed for constructing hsa_circ_0009910-dysregulated and miR-145-upregulated cells identified by qRT-PCR. Proliferative and motile activities were monitored by...

Mice deficient in UXT exhibit retinitis pigmentosa-like features via aberrant autophagy activation

Mingyu Pan, Yue Yin, Xinxia Wang, Quanyi Wang, Lele Zhang, Haiyang Hu & Chen Wang
UXT (ubiquitously expressed prefoldin like chaperone), a small chaperone-like protein, is widely expressed in diverse human and mouse tissues and is more abundant in retina and kidney. However, the functional characterization of UXT at tissue level was largely unknown. Here, we reported that mice deficient in UXT exhibited salient features of retinal degenerative disease, similar to retinitis pigmentosa. Conditional knockout (CKO) of Uxt led to retinal degeneration and pigmentation in mice retina along with significant...

HFE inhibits type I IFNs signaling by targeting the SQSTM1-mediated MAVS autophagic degradation

Juan Liu, Xiaopeng Wu, Hailong Wang, Jiayu Wei, Qian Wu, Xingbo Wang, Yan Yan, Jun Cui, Junxia Min, Fudi Wang & Jiyong Zhou
Iron metabolism is involved in numerous physiological processes such as erythropoiesis, oxidative metabolism. However, the in vivo physiological functions of the iron metabolism-related gene Hfe in immune response during viral infection remain poorly understood. Here, we identified 5 iron metabolism-associated genes specifically affected during RNA virus infection by a high-throughput assay and further found that HFE was a key negative regulator of RIG-I-like receptors (RLR)-mediated type I interferons (IFNs) signaling. RNA virus infection inhibited the...

Potent binding of 2019 novel coronavirus spike protein by a SARS coronavirus-specific human monoclonal antibody

Xiaolong Tian, Cheng Li, Ailing Huang, Shuai Xia, Sicong Lu, Zhengli Shi, Lu Lu, Shibo Jiang, Zhenlin Yang, Yanling Wu & Tianlei Ying
The newly identified 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) has caused more than 11,900 laboratory-confirmed human infections, including 259 deaths, posing a serious threat to human health. Currently, however, there is no specific antiviral treatment or vaccine. Considering the relatively high identity of receptor-binding domain (RBD) in 2019-nCoV and SARS-CoV, it is urgent to assess the cross-reactivity of anti-SARS CoV antibodies with 2019-nCoV spike protein, which could have important implications for rapid development of vaccines and therapeutic...

Incorporation of liquid fillers into silicone foams to enhance the electro-mechanical properties

Min Liu, Liyun Yu, Sindhu Vudayagiri & Anne Ladegaard Skov
Silicone foams with and without liquid fillers (silicone oils of various types and glycerol, respectively) are synthesized and analyzed to be used as dielectric layers in capacitive sensors. A simple fabrication technique involving only four components i.e. Sylgard 184, glycerol, sodium hydroxide and ethanol is used to make these silicone foams after which they are filled with silicone oil or glycerol by soaking the foam in respective liquid. Mechanical and dielectric properties of the foams...

Neuronal mitochondria-targeted therapy for Alzheimer’s disease by systemic delivery of resveratrol using dual-modified novel biomimetic nanosystems

Yang Han, Xiaoyang Chu, Lin Cui, Shiyao Fu, Chunsheng Gao, Yi Li & Baoshan Sun
Reactive oxygen species (ROS)-induced neuronal mitochondrial dysfunction is a key pathologic factor in sporadic Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Neuronal mitochondria have been proposed to be a promising therapeutic target for AD, especially for the failures of phase III clinical trials on conventional amyloid-β (Aβ) targeted therapy. However, the efficient intravenous delivery of therapeutic agents to neuronal mitochondria in the brain remains a major challenge due to the complicated physiological environment. Recently, biomaterials-based nanomedicine has been widely...

Super-dominant pathobiontic bacteria in the nasopharyngeal microbiota as causative agents of secondary bacterial infection in influenza patients

Tian Qin, Taoran Geng, Haijian Zhou, Yang Han, Hongyu Ren, Zhifeng Qiu, Xudong Nie, Tiekuan Du, Junrong Liang, Pengcheng Du, Wei Jiang, Taisheng Li & Jianguo Xu
The source of secondary lower respiratory tract bacterial infections in influenza patients is not fully understood. A case–control study was conducted during the 2017–2018 influenza epidemic period in Beijing, China. Nasopharyngeal swabs were collected from 52 virologically confirmed influenza patients and 24 healthy medical staff. The nasopharyngeal microbiota taxonomic composition was analysed using high-throughput sequencing of the 16S rRNA gene V3–V4 regions. The super-dominant pathobiontic bacterial genus (SDPG) was defined as that accounting for >50%...

Colistin-resistance gene mcr in clinical carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae strains in China, 2014–2019

Hong Huang, Ning Dong, Lingbin Shu, Jiayue Lu, Qiaoling Sun, Edward Wai-Chi Chan, Sheng Chen & Rong Zhang
To investigate whether introduction of colistin into the clinical settings selected colistin-resistant CRE, we performed molecular epidemiological study of 1868 CRE strains collected from different geographical locales in China during the period 2014–2019. 1755 (96.18%) isolates carried the carbapenemase genes blaKPC and blaNDM; 14 Escherichia coli isolates (0.75%) carrying mcr-1 and blaNDM (MCR-CREC) were also identified. Importantly, the number and relative prevalence of MCR-CREC isolates increased from 5 (0.41%) to 9 (1.38%) after introduction of...

Modeling and Regionalization of China’s PM2.5 Using Spatial-Functional Mixture Models

Decai Liang, Haozhe Zhang, Xiaohui Chang & Hui Huang
Abstract–Severe air pollution affects billions of people around the world, particularly in developing countries such as China. Effective emission control policies rely primarily on a proper assessment of air pollutants and accurate spatial clustering outcomes. Unfortunately, emission patterns are difficult to observe as they are highly confounded by many meteorological and geographical factors. In this study, we propose a novel approach for modeling and clustering PM2.5concentrations across China. We model observed concentrations from monitoring stations...

Tick-borne encephalitis virus NS4A ubiquitination antagonizes type I interferon-stimulated STAT1/2 signalling pathway

Qi Yang, Jia You, Yuan Zhou, Yun Wang, Rongjuan Pei, Xinwen Chen, Min Yang & Jizheng Chen
Tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) accounts for approximately 10,000 annual cases of severe encephalitis in Europe and Asia and causes encephalitis in humans. In this study, we demonstrate TBEV appears to activate the interferon (IFN)-β dependent on RIG-I/MDA5. Both the IFN-β accumulation and the IFN stimulated genes (ISGs) transcription greatly delay. Further studies reveal that TBEV NS4A could block the phosphorylation and dimerization of STAT1/STAT2 to affect type I and II IFN-mediated STAT signalling. Additional data...

Rapid humoral immune responses are required for recovery from haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome patients

Yaoni Li, Chuansong Quan, Weijia Xing, Peihan Wang, Jiming Gao, Zhenjie Zhang, Xiaolin Jiang, Chuanmin Ma, Michael J. Carr, Qian He, Lei Gao, Yuhai Bi, Hua Tang & Weifeng Shi
Haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) following Hantaan virus (HTNV) infection displays variable clinical signs. Humoral responses elicited during HTNV infections are considered important, however, this process remains poorly understood. Herein, we have investigated the phenotype, temporal dynamics, and characteristics of B-cell receptor (BCR) repertoire in an HFRS cohort. The serological profiles were characterized by a lowered expression level of nucleoprotein (NP)-specific antibody in severe cases. Importantly, B-cell subsets were activated and proliferated within the...

Risk factors associated with COVID-19 infection: a retrospective cohort study based on contacts tracing

Tao Liu, Wenjia Liang, Haojie Zhong, Jianfeng He, Zihui Chen, Guanhao He, Tie Song, Shaowei Chen, Ping Wang, Jialing Li, Yunhua Lan, Mingji Cheng, Jinxu Huang, Jiwei Niu, Liang Xia, Jianpeng Xiao, Jianxiong Hu, Lifeng Lin, Qiong Huang, Zuhua Rong, Aiping Deng, Weilin Zeng, Jiansen Li, Xing Li, Xiaohua Tan … & Wenjun Ma
This study aimed to estimate the attack rates, and identify the risk factors of COVID-19 infection. Based on a retrospective cohort study, we investigated 11,580 contacts of COVID-19 cases in Guangdong Province from 10 January to 15 March 2020. All contacts were tested by RT-PCR to detect their infection of SARS-COV-2. Attack rates by characteristics were calculated. Logistic regression was used to estimate the risk factors of infection for COVID-19. A total of 515 of...

Corticosteroid prevents COVID-19 progression within its therapeutic window: a multicentre, proof-of-concept, observational study

Yang Li, Xian Zhou, Tao Li, Shiji Chan, Yiqi Yu, Jing-Wen Ai, Haocheng Zhang, Feng Sun, Qiran Zhang, Lei Zhu, Lingyun Shao, Bin Xu & Wenhong Zhang
Critically ill patients with coronavirus diseases 2019 (COVID-19) are of grave concern. Those patients usually underwent a stage of excessive inflammation before developing acute respiratory distress syndrome. In this study, we test the hypothesis that short-term, low-to-moderate-dose corticosteroids would benefit patients when used in the early phase of excessive inflammation, namely, the therapeutic window. Among a Shanghai cohort and a validation cohort, we enrolled COVID-19 patients showing marked radiographic progression. Short-term, low-to-moderate-dose corticosteroids were considered...

Structural basis of HCoV-19 fusion core and an effective inhibition peptide against virus entry

Huan Sun, Yan Li, Peipei Liu, Chengpeng Qiao, Xiaomin Wang, Lianao Wu, Kefang Liu, Yu Hu, Chao Su, Shuguang Tan, Shumei Zou, Guizhen Wu, Jinghua Yan, George Fu Gao, Jianxun Qi & Qihui Wang
Structural basis of HCoV-19 fusion core and an effective inhibition peptide against virus entry

Late Cambrian tonalite-trondhjemite association in the eastern segment of North Qilian suture zone: petrogenesis and geodynamic implications

Yuxiao Chen, Ying Cui, Shuguang Song, Shanming Fu, Lipeng Zhang, Weidong Sun & Tangfu Xiao
The late Cambrian tonalite-trondhjemite association in the eastern segment of North Qilian suture zone (E. NQSZ) is important for understanding of the sub-arc magmatic process and tectonic evolution. Here we report data for feldspar-quartz porphyry and fine-grained trondhjemite with abundant tonalite enclave/interlayer from the Leigongshan (LGS) pluton, and medium-grained tonalite from the Beilinggou (BLG) pluton. Zircon U‒Pb ages suggest emplacement of the plutons at ca. 506‒481 Ma, associated with early subduction of the North Qilian...

β-Sitosterol-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles ameliorate complete Freund’s adjuvant-induced arthritis in rats: involvement of NF-кB and HO-1/Nrf-2 pathway

Feng Zhang, Zhiyu Liu, Xijing He, Zhanqi Li, Bin Shi & Fengmei Cai
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), autoimmune disease that is categorized via chronic inflammation manifestation, obesity, cardiovascular risk and even enhanced the mortality and affect the 0.3 and 1% of population worldwide. The current experimental study was scrutinize the anti-arthritic effect of β-sitosterol loaded solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) against complete Fruend adjuvant (CFA)-induced arthritis via dual pathway. Double emulsion solvent displacement method was used for the preparation of β-sitosterol solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN). CFA was used to induce...

Establishment of replication-competent vesicular stomatitis virus-based recombinant viruses suitable for SARS-CoV-2 entry and neutralization assays

Hongyue Li, Chaoyue Zhao, Yuhang Zhang, Fei Yuan, Qi Zhang, Xuanling Shi, Linqi Zhang, Chengfeng Qin & Aihua Zheng
Replication-competent vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV)-based recombinant viruses are useful tools for studying emerging and highly pathogenic enveloped viruses in level 2 biosafety facilities. Here, we used a replication-competent recombinant VSVs (rVSVs) encoding the spike (S) protein of SARS-CoV-2 in place of the original G glycoprotein (rVSV-eGFP-SARS-CoV-2) to develop a high-throughput entry assay for SARS-CoV-2. The S protein was incorporated into the recovered rVSV-eGFP-SARS-CoV-2 particles, which could be neutralized by sera from convalescent COVID-19 patients. The...

Convergence of carbapenem resistance and hypervirulence in a highly-transmissible ST11 clone of K. pneumoniae: An epidemiological, genomic and functional study

Ping Li, Qiqiang Liang, Wugao Liu, Beiwen Zheng, Lizhang Liu, Wei Wang, Zhijiang Xu, Man Huang & Youjun Feng
Co-occurrence of hypervirulence and KPC-2 carbapenem resistant phenotypes in a highly-transmissible ST11 clone ofKlebsiella pneumoniae has elicited deep concerns from public health stand point. To address this puzzle, we conducted a large-scale epidemiological, clinical and genomic study of K. pneumonia ST11 clones with both hypervirulence and carbapenem resistance in two tertiary hospitals in Zhejiang province. Most of the patients (15/23) were diagnosed with exclusively carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae (CRKP) infections. Ten death cases were reported, some...

Identification of hepatocellular carcinoma-related genes associated with macrophage differentiation based on bioinformatics analyses.

Jun Cao, Chi Zhang, Guo-Qing Jiang, Sheng-Jie Jin, Qian Wang, Ao-Qing Wang & Dou-Sheng Bai
Macrophage differentiation is associated with tumorigenesis, including the tumorigenesis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Herein, we explored the value of macrophage differentiation-associated genes (MDGs) in the prognosis of HCC using data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and the International Cancer Genome Consortium (ICGC) databases. We performed multivariate Cox regression analyses to identify the hub genes affecting HCC patient prognoses. The correlations between hub genes and macrophage differentiation and immune checkpoint inhibitors (PD-1, PD-L1, and CTLA4)...

sj-pdf-3-tam-10.1177_1758835920977117 – Supplemental material for Low intratumor heterogeneity correlates with increased response to PD-1 blockade in renal cell carcinoma

Xia Ran, Jinyuan Xiao, Yi Zhang, Huajing Teng, Fang Cheng, Huiqian Chen, Kaifan Zhang & Zhongsheng Sun
Supplemental material, sj-pdf-3-tam-10.1177_1758835920977117 for Low intratumor heterogeneity correlates with increased response to PD-1 blockade in renal cell carcinoma by Xia Ran, Jinyuan Xiao, Yi Zhang, Huajing Teng, Fang Cheng, Huiqian Chen, Kaifan Zhang and Zhongsheng Sun in Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology

sj-pdf-1-tam-10.1177_1758835920977117 – Supplemental material for Low intratumor heterogeneity correlates with increased response to PD-1 blockade in renal cell carcinoma

Xia Ran, Jinyuan Xiao, Yi Zhang, Huajing Teng, Fang Cheng, Huiqian Chen, Kaifan Zhang & Zhongsheng Sun
Supplemental material, sj-pdf-1-tam-10.1177_1758835920977117 for Low intratumor heterogeneity correlates with increased response to PD-1 blockade in renal cell carcinoma by Xia Ran, Jinyuan Xiao, Yi Zhang, Huajing Teng, Fang Cheng, Huiqian Chen, Kaifan Zhang and Zhongsheng Sun in Therapeutic Advances in Medical Oncology

Registration Year

  • 2020

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  • Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College
  • Zhejiang University
  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
  • Fudan University
  • Sichuan University
  • Huazhong University of Science and Technology
  • Capital Medical University
  • Sun Yat-sen University
  • Chinese Academy of Sciences
  • Peking University