14 Works

Adaptive shifts underlie the divergence in wing morphology in bombycoid moths

Brett Aiello, Milton Tan, Usama Bin Sikandar, Alexis Alvey, Burhanuddin Bhinderwala, Katalina Kimball, Jesse Barber, Chris Hamilton, Akito Kawahara & Simon Sponberg
The evolution of flapping flight is linked to the prolific success of insects. Across Insecta, wing morphology diversified, strongly impacting aerodynamic performance. In the presence of ecological opportunity, discrete adaptive shifts and early bursts are two processes hypothesized to give rise to exceptional morphological diversification. Here, we use the diverse sister-families Sphingidae and Saturniidae to answer how the evolution of aerodynamically important traits is linked to clade divergence and through what process(es) these traits evolve....

Natural and anthropogenic noise increase vigilance and decrease foraging behaviors in song sparrows

Kate Sweet, Benjamin Sweet, Dylan Gomes, Clinton Francis & Jesse Barber
Animals glean information about risk from their habitat. The acoustic environment is one such source of information, and is an important, yet understudied ecological axis. Although anthropogenic noise has become recently ubiquitous, risk mitigation behaviors have likely been shaped by natural noise over millennia. Listening animals have been shown to increase vigilance and decrease foraging in both natural and anthropogenic noise. However, direct comparisons could be informative to conservation and understanding evolutionary drivers of behavior...

Data From: Using an Ultraviolet Light Test to Improve Sagebrush Identification and Predict Forage Quality for Wildlife

Roger Rosentreter, Brecken Robb & Jennifer Sorensen Forbey
Sagebrush identification can be improved by using a relatively easy ultraviolet (UV) light test on specimens. Sagebrush produces a variety of water-soluble polyphenols called coumarins, which fluoresce a blue color under UV light and can help differentiate species, subspecies, and hybrids. We tested 16 different sagebrush taxa (including species and subspecies) from herbarium specimens and found 3 taxa (low sagebrush, Artemisia arbuscula; Wyoming sagebrush, A. tridentata wyomingensis; and basin sagebrush, A. t. tridentata) that were...

Unifying community detection across scales from genomes to landscapes

Andrii Zaiats, Stephanie F. Hudon, Anna Roser, Anand Roopsind, Cristina Barber, Brecken C. Robb, Britt A. Pendleton, Meghan J. Camp, Patrick E. Clark, Merry M. Davidson, Jonas Frankel-Bricker, Marcella Fremgen-Tarantino, Jennifer Sorensen Forbey, Eric J. Hayden, Lora A. Richards, Olivia K. Rodrigues & T. Trevor Caughlin
Biodiversity science encompasses multiple disciplines and biological scales from molecules to landscapes. Nevertheless, biodiversity data are often analyzed separately with discipline-specific methodologies, constraining resulting inferences to a single scale. To overcome this, we present a topic modeling framework to analyze community composition in cross-disciplinary datasets, including those generated from metagenomics, metabolomics, field ecology, and remote sensing. Using topic models, we demonstrate how community detection in different datasets can inform the conservation of interacting plants and...

Heating Arrays Aboveground Biomass Data

Louis Jochems, Jennifer Lau, Lars Brudvig & Emily Grman
Restoration in this era of climate change comes with a new challenge: anticipating how best to restore populations to persist under future climate conditions. Specifically, it remains unknown whether locally-adapted or warm-adapted seeds best promote native plant community restoration in the warmer conditions predicted in the future and whether local or warm-adapted soil microbial communities could mitigate plant responses to warming. This may be especially relevant for biomes spanning large climatic gradients, such as the...

Data from: A phantom ultrasonic insect chorus repels low-flying bats, but most are undeterred

Jodi Sedlock, Dylan Gomes, Sarah Woody, Buyung Hadi & Jesse Barber
Abstract 1. The acoustic environment can serve as a niche axis, structuring animal behaviour by providing or obscuring salient information. Meadow katydid choruses occupy the ultrasonic, less studied, realm of this acoustic milieu, form dense populations in some habitats, and present a potential sensory challenge to co-occurring ultrasonic-hearing animals. Aerial-hawking insectivorous bats foraging immediately over vegetation must listen for echoes of their prey and other cues amidst the chorus din. 2. We experimentally created the...

Data from: Development of an in vitro method of propagation for basin big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata subsp. tridentata)

Rachael Barron, Peggy Martinez, Marcelo Serpe & Sven Buerki
Data and code files included within release v1.0 from the Sagebrush_in_vitro_prop GitRepo. Please visit the associated project website for specific details about project protocols and workflow. Basin big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata subsp. tridentata) is a keystone species of the sagebrush steppe, a widespread ecosystem of western North America threatened by climate change. The study’s goal was to develop an in vitro method of propagation for this taxon to support genome sequencing and genotype-by-environment research on...


John Michael Adrian Wojahn & Sven Buerki
v0.1.0 release of the G2PMineR Package as described in Genes manuscript "G2PMineR: A Genome to Phenome Literature Review Approach" (Wojahn et al., 2021). For further information and details about the package release visit the G2PMineR Project Webpage. There is a gap in the conceptual framework linking genes to phenotypes (G2P) for non-model organisms, as most non-model organisms do not yet have genomic resources readily available. To address this, researchers often perform literature reviews to understand...

Noise distracts foraging bats

Louise Allen, Nickolay Hristov, Juliette Rubin, Joseph Lightsey & Jesse Barber
Predators frequently must detect and localize their prey in challenging environments. Noisy environments have been prevalent across the evolutionary history of predator-prey relationships, but now with increasing anthropogenic activities noise is becoming a more prominent feature of many landscapes. Here, we use the gleaning pallid bat, Antrozous pallidus, to investigate the mechanism by which noise disrupts hunting behavior. Noise can primarily function to mask – obscure by spectrally overlapping a cue of interest, or distract...

Natural noise affects conspecific signal detection and territorial defense behaviors in songbirds

Veronica Reed, Cory Toth, Ryan Wardle, Dylan Gomes, Jesse Barber & Clinton Francis
Recent research suggests that anthropogenic noise can substantially alter animal behavior. Although there are many sources of natural background noise, the relative influence of these sounds on behavior has received much less attention. Using landscape-scale playbacks of rushing rivers and crashing ocean surf, we investigated how habitat appropriate natural noise alters territorial defense behaviors in lazuli buntings (Passerina amoena) occupying riparian areas and spotted towhees (Pipilo maculatus) in riparian and coastal areas when exposed to...

Data from: Intraspecific variation mediates density dependence in a genetically diverse plant species

Andrii Zaiats, Matthew J. Germino, Marcelo D. Serpe, Bryce A. Richardson & Trevor Caughlin
Interactions between neighboring plants are critical for biodiversity maintenance in plant populations and communities. Intraspecific trait variation and genome duplication are common in plant species and can drive eco-evolutionary dynamics through genotype-mediated plant-plant interactions. However, few studies have examined how species-wide intraspecific variation may alter interactions between neighboring plants. We investigate how subspecies and ploidy variation in a genetically diverse species, big sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata), can alter the demographic outcomes of plant interactions. Using a...

Phylogenomics and comparative genomics of two of the largest genera of angiosperms, Piper and Peperomia (Piperaceae)

Sara Simmonds, James Smith, Christopher Davidson & Sven Buerki
Biological radiations provide unique opportunities to understand the evolution of biodiversity. One such radiation is the pepper plant family Piperaceae, an early-diverging and mega-diverse lineage that could serve as a model to study the diversification of angiosperms. However, traditional genetic markers lack sufficient variation for such studies, and testing hypotheses on poorly resolved phylogenetic frameworks becomes challenging. Limited genomic data is available for Piperaceae, which contains two of the largest genera of angiosperms, Piper (2,172...

Data from: Assessing accuracy of GAP and LANDFIRE land cover datasets in winter habitats used by greater sage-grouse in Idaho and Wyoming, USA

Marcella R. Fremgen-Tarantino, Peter Olsoy, Graham G. Frye, John W. Connelly, Alan H. Krakauer, Gail L. Patricelli, Andrew Wright Child & Jennifer Sorensen Forbey
Remotely sensed land cover datasets have been increasingly employed in studies of wildlife habitat use. However, meaningful interpretation of these datasets is dependent on how accurately they estimate habitat features that are important to wildlife. We evaluated the accuracy of the GAP dataset, which is commonly used to classify broad cover categories (e.g., vegetation communities) and LANDFIRE datasets, which are classify narrower cover categories (e.g., plant species) and structural features of vegetation. To evaluate accuracy,...

Evolution of body size and wing shape trade-offs in arsenurine silkmoths

Chris Hamilton, Nathalie Winiger, Juliette Rubin, Jesse Breinholt, Rodolphe Rougerie, Ian Kitching, Jesse Barber & Akito Kawahara
One of the key objectives in biological research is understanding how evolutionary processes have produced Earth's diversity. A critical step towards revealing these processes is an investigation of evolutionary tradeoffs – that is, the opposing pressures of multiple selective forces. For millennia, nocturnal moths have had to balance successful flight, as they search for mates or host plants, with evading bat predators. However, the potential for evolutionary trade-offs between wing shape and body size are...

Registration Year

  • 2021

Resource Types

  • Dataset
  • Other


  • Boise State University
  • University of Idaho
  • California Polytechnic State University
  • Lawrence University
  • University of Alaska Fairbanks
  • University of Nevada Reno
  • Indiana University
  • Simplot (United States)
  • Georgia Institute of Technology
  • University of Freiburg