236 Works

Data from: Population genomics of the introduced and cultivated Pacific kelp Undaria pinnatifida: marinas — not farms — drive regional connectivity and establishment in natural rocky reefs

Jaromir Guzinski, Marion Ballenghien, Claire Daguin-Thiébaut, Laurent Lévêque & Frédérique Viard
Ports and farms are well-known primary introduction hotspots for marine non-indigenous species (NIS). The extent to which these anthropogenic habitats are sustainable sources of propagules and influence the evolution of NIS in natural habitats was examined in the edible seaweed Undaria pinnatifida, native to Asia and introduced to Europe in the 1970s. Following its deliberate introduction 40 years ago along the French coast of the English Channel, this kelp is found in three contrasting habitat...

Data from: The function(s) of the bone ornamentation in the crocodylomorph osteoderms: a biomechanical model based on a finite element analysis

François Clarac, Florent Goussard, Vivian De Buffrénil & Vittorio Sansalone
This paper aims at assessing the influence of the bone ornamentation and, specifically, of the associated loss of bone mass on the mechanical response of the crocodylomorph osteoderms. To this aim, we have performed three dimensional modeling and finite element analyses on a sample which includes both extant dry bones and well-preserved fossils tracing back to the Late Triassic. We simulated an external attack under variable angles on the apical surface of each osteoderm and...

Data from: Characterizing and comparing the seasonality of influenza-like illnesses and invasive pneumococcal diseases using seasonal waveforms

Matthieu Domenech De Cellès, Helene Arduin, Emmanuelle Varon, Cécile Souty, Pierre-Yves Boëlle, Daniel Lévy-Bruhl, Sylvie Van Der Werf, Jean-Claude Soulary, Didier Guillemot, Laurence Watier & Lulla Opatowski
The seasonalities of influenza-like illnesses (ILIs) and invasive pneumococcal diseases (IPDs) remain incompletely understood. Experimental evidence indicates that influenza-virus infection predisposes to pneumococcal disease, so that a correspondence in the seasonal patterns of ILIs and IPDs might exist at the population level. We developed a method to characterize seasonality by means of easily interpretable summary statistics of seasonal shape—or seasonal waveforms. Non-linear mixed-effects models were used to estimate those waveforms based on weekly case reports...

Data from: Immune checkpoint inhibitor–related myositis and myocarditis in patients with cancer

Mehdi Touat, Thierry Maisonobe, Samuel Knauss, Omar Ben Hadj Salem, Baptiste Hervier, Karine Auré, Tali-Anne Szwebel, Nora Kramkimel, Claire Lethrosne, Jean-Frédéric Bruch, Pauline Laly, Jacques Cadranel, Nicolas Weiss, Anthony Béhin, Yves Allenbach, Olivier Benveniste, Timothée Lenglet, Dimitri Psimaras, Werner Stenzel & Sarah Léonard-Louis
Objective: To report the clinicopathological features and outcome of myositis in patients treated with immune checkpoint inhibitors (irMyositis). Methods: We retrospectively analyzed patients diagnosed with irMyositis in tertiary centers in Paris, France, and Berlin, Germany, from January 2015, to July 2017. Main outcomes were clinical manifestations and muscle histology, which included MHC-I, C5b-9, CD3, CD4, CD8, CD20, CD68, PD-1, PD-L1 and PD-L2 immunohistochemical stains. Results: Ten patients with metastatic cancer were included; median age was...

Data from: Pooled analysis suggests benefit of catheter-based hematoma removal for intracerebral hemorrhage

Pitchaiah Mandava, Santosh B. Murthy, Neel Shah, Yves Samson, Marek Kimmel & Thomas A. Kent
Objective: To develop models of outcome for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) to identify promising and futile interventions based on their early phase results without need for correction for baseline imbalances. Methods: We developed a pooled outcome model from the control arms of randomized control trials and tested different interventions against the model at comparable baseline conditions. Eligible clinical trials and large case series were identified from multiple library databases. Models based on baseline factors reported in...

Proceedings of the EAA Spatial Audio Signal Processing Symposium

Proceedings of the EAA Spatial Audio Signal Processing Symposium (SASP), Paris, 2019

Data from: A strong east–west Mediterranean divergence supports a new phylogeographic history of the carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua, Leguminosae) and multiple domestications from native populations

Juan Viruel, Nicolas Le Galliot, Samuel Pironon, Jean Pierre Suc, Gonzalo Nieto Feliner, Fatma Lakhal-Mirleau, Marianick Juin, Marjorie Selva, Magda Bou Dagher-Kharrat, Lahcen Ouahmane, Stefano La Malfa, Katia Diadema, Hervé Sanguin, Frédéric Médail & Alex Baumel
Aim: Phylogeography of fruit trees is challenging due to the recurrent exchanges between domesticated and wild populations. Here we tested the eastern refugium hypothesis (ERH) for the carob tree, Ceratonia siliqua, which supports its natural and domestication origins in the Eastern Mediterranean and a feral origin in the West. Location: Mediterranean basin Taxon: Ceratonia siliqua L., Leguminosae Methods: Divergence time of the divergence between the carob tree and its sister species (C. oreothauma) was estimated...

Étude des contours prosodiques des listes ouvertes dans le corpus OFROM

Laure Anne Johnsen & Mathieu Avanzi

Unidirectional response to bidirectional selection on body size. I. Phenotypic, life history and endocrine response

Clémentine Renneville, Alexis Millot, Simon Agostini, David Carmignac, Gersende Maugars, Sylvie Dufour, Arnaud Le Rouzic & Eric Edeline
Anthropogenic perturbations such as harvesting often select against a large body size and are predicted to induce rapid evolution towards smaller body sizes and earlier maturation. However, body-size evolvability and, hence, adaptability to anthropogenic perturbations remain seldom evaluated in wild populations. Here, we use a laboratory experiment over 6 generations to measure the ability of wild-caught medaka fish (Oryzias latipes) to evolve in response to bidirectional size-dependent selection mimicking opposite harvest regimes. Specifically, we imposed...

Supplementary material to: Segmental series and size: clade-wide investigation of molar proportions reveals a major evolutionary allometry in the dentition of placental mammals

Guillaume Billet & Jérémie Bardin
Iterative segments such as teeth or limbs are a widespread characteristic of living organisms. While their proportions may be governed by similar developmental rules in vertebrates, there is no emerging pattern as regards their relation to size. Placental mammals span eight orders of magnitude in body size and show a wide spectrum of dietary habits associated with size and reflected in their dentitions, especially molars. Although variation in size constitutes an important determinant for variation...

Lee and Daunizeau choice data from: Trading mental effort for confidence in the metacognitive control of value-based decision-making

Douglas Lee & Jean Daunizeau
Why do we carefully ponder some decisions, but not others? In this work, we derive a computational model of the metacognitive control of decisions or MCD. In brief, we assume that fast and automatic processes first provide an initial (and largely uncertain) representation of options' values, yielding prior estimates of decision difficulty. This uncertain value representation is then refined by deploying cognitive (e.g., attentional, mnesic) resources, the allocation of which is controlled by an effort-confidence...

IASI-FT Sea Surface Temperature (from IASI/Metop-B)

Ana Claudia Parracho & Sarah Safieddine
The IASI Sea Surface Temperature (SST) product is a monthly (level L3), 1×1 degree global dataset of skin temperatures over the sea derived from the IASI satellite radiances data. The dataset consists of monthly mean TXT files. Each file is a grid organized by latitude (-90 to 89 °N) and longitude (-180 to 180 °E). The land and sea ice grid points are filled using NaN. Size of the grid: 180 lines and 361 columns....

Bud traits and post-fire responses of Cerrado woody species, Southeastern Brazil

Marco Antonio Chiminazzo, Aline Bertolosi Bombo, Tristan Charles-Dominique & Alessandra Fidelis
1) Species growing in fire-prone savannas usually persist by resprouting from their buds. In this study, we evaluated how various persistence traits allow bud protection for improved survival in fire-prone ecosystems. 2) Using an integrative morphological and macroanatomical approach, we analyzed how woody plants protect their buds. We tested bud protection at the community level and evaluated: a) how bud protection changes along a fire frequency gradient, b) if it differs between shrubs and trees...

LAM output for: The excitation of the Madden-Julian Oscillation as part of atmospheric adjustment to equatorial heating

Yu Liang, Alexey Fedorov, Patrick Haertel & Vladimir Zeitlin
We study the adjustment of the tropical atmosphere to localized surface heating using a Lagrangian atmospheric model(LAM) that simulates a realistic Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) – the dominant, eastward-propagating mode of tropical intraseasonal variability modulating atmospheric convection. Idealized warm sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies of different aspect ratios and magnitudes are imposed in the equatorial Indian Ocean during MJO-neutral conditions and then maintained for 15 days. Throughout these experiments, we observe a robust generation of an...

Kentukis de Samanta Schweblin. Connexions intimes

Pénélope Laurent
This article offers a study of the issue of intimacy in the science fiction novel Kentukis by Samanta Schweblin (2018) based on both textual analysis and the theory of fiction and relying on philosophy and psychoanalysis. The question will be to understand the phenomenon of the over exposure of intimacy in the societies of transparency, through the « kentuki » device. The owner of this connected object agrees to be spied on by a voyeur...

Determining the beaming of Io decametric emissions, a remote diagnostic to probe the Io-Jupiter interaction. Supplementary material: NenuFAR Data

Laurent Lamy, Serge Yerin, Philippe Zarka, Baptiste Cecconi, Julien N. Girard & Jean-Mathias Griessmeier

COVID-19 first lockdown as a window into language acquisition: associations between caregiver-child activities and vocabulary gains

Natalia Kartushina, Nivedita Mani, Aslı Aktan-Erciyes, Khadeejah Alaslani, Naomi Aldrich, Alaa Almohammadi, Haifa Alroqi, Lucy Anderson, Elena Andonova, Suzanne Aussems, Mireille Babineau, Mihaela Barokova, Christina Bergmann, Cara Cashon, Stephanie Custode, Alex de Carvalho, Nevena Dimitrova, Agnieszka Dynak, Rola Farah, Christopher Fennell, Anne-Caroline Fiévet, Michael Frank, Margarita Gavrilova, Hila Gendler-Shalev & Shannon Gibson
The COVID-19 pandemic, and the resulting closure of daycare centers worldwide, led to unprecedented changes in children’s learning environments. This period of increased time at home with caregivers, with limited access to external sources (e.g., daycares) provides a unique opportunity to examine the associations between the caregiver-child activities and children’s language development. The vocabularies of 1742 children aged 8-36 months across 13 countries and 12 languages were evaluated at the beginning and end of the...

Poésie martiniquaise du tournant du XIXe siècle : fictions d’une identité et d’une altérité

Marie Lecrosnier-Wittkowsky

L'interdisciplinarité comme pratique disciplinaire

IASI Atmospheric Temperature Profiles (ATP) from IASI-Metop-A

Marie Bouillon
The IASI atmospheric temperature profiles product (IASI ATP) is a daily 1°x1° global dataset of atmospheric temperatures derived from all IASI radiance observations. The temperatures profiles are given on 11 static pressure levels from 750 to 2 hPa. The method used to retrieve atmospheric temperatures from IASI radiances is detailed in Bouillon et al., 2021 (to be submitted very soon). It relies on an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) trained with 450 000 observations (IASI observations...

Énonciation de la violence et violence de l’énonciation dans Dérangé que je suis d’Ali Zamir

La violence qui marque le discours contenu par le troisième roman d’Ali Zamir, aussi bien celui de Dérangé – narrateur et protagoniste – que celui des autres personnages, constitue l’objet de cet article. Il est question d’analyser le cadre énonciatif d’où émerge ce discours et les circonstances qui le précèdent afin de faire ressortir les diverses formes d’injustices subies par le narrateur et la multitude des procédés mis en œuvre par ce dernier pour décrire...

Union européenne - Russie

Éric Brunat, Georges-Henri Soutou & Frédéric Turpin

Urbanization shapes the relation between density and melanin-based colouration in bird communities

Neyla Turak, Alice Monnier-Corbel, Mélanie Gouret & Adrien Frantz
Growing urbanization increasingly influences ecosystems worldwide. While the effects of urban conditions within species (through either plastic or evolutionary responses) have been widely studied, their potential influences among species (through environmental filter), especially concerning their colouration, remain poorly known. Here, we investigated whether avian communities breeding inside and outside a major European city (Paris) differ with regards to melanin-based plumage colouration. Melanins are heritable pigments present in many taxa and have a series of unique...

Additional file 1 of Accuracy of clinicians’ ability to predict the need for renal replacement therapy: a prospective multicenter study

Alexandre Sitbon, Michael Darmon, Guillaume Geri, Paul Jaubert, Pauline Lamouche-Wilquin, Clément Monet, Lucie Le Fèvre, Marie Baron, Marie-Line Harlay, Côme Bureau, Olivier Joannes-Boyau, Claire Dupuis, Damien Contou, Virginie Lemiale, Marie Simon, Christophe Vinsonneau, Clarisse Blayau, Frederic Jacobs & Lara Zafrani
Additional file 1: Figure S1. Physician prediction: Visual Likert Scale. Figure S2. PresagEER study timeline. Table S1. Delays between ICU admission, AKI diagnosis and RRT initiation. Table S2. RRT characteristics. Table S3. Characteristics and outcomes of AKI patients (n (%) or median (IQR)). Table S4. Multivariate analysis including variables associated with the risk of requiring RRT (without physician prediction).

Additional file 1 of Delivery decision in pregnant women rescued by ECMO for severe ARDS: a retrospective multicenter cohort study

Sarah Aissi James, Christophe Guervilly, Mathieu Lesouhaitier, Alexandre Coppens, Clément Haddadi, Guillaume Lebreton, Jacky Nizard, Nicolas Brechot, Benjamin Assouline, Ouriel Saura, David Levy, Lucie Lefèvre, Pétra Barhoum, Juliette Chommeloux, Guillaume Hékimian, Charles-Edouard Luyt, Antoine Kimmoun, Alain Combes & Matthieu Schmidt
Additional file 1 Study flowchart. ECMO, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation; VV, veno venous; ARDS, acute respiratory distress syndrome.

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  • Sorbonne University
  • French National Centre for Scientific Research
  • Pitié-Salpêtrière Hospital
  • Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
  • Versailles Saint-Quentin-en-Yvelines University
  • University of Barcelona
  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
  • Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avançats
  • Inserm
  • Nanchang University