72 Works

Data from: Running in circles in phylomorphospace: host environment constrains morphological diversification in parasitic wasps

Bernardo F. Santos, Adrien Perrard & Seán G. Brady
Understanding phenotypic diversification and the conditions that spur morphological novelty or constraint is a major theme in evolutionary biology. Unequal morphological diversity between sister clades can result from either differences in the rate of morphological change or in the ability of clades to explore novel phenotype ranges. We combine an existing phylogenetic framework with new phylogenomic data and geometric morphometrics to explore the relative roles of rate versus mode of morphological evolution for a hyperdiverse...

Data from: Functional integration for enrolment constrains evolutionary variation of phacopid trilobites despite developmental modularity

Morgane Oudot, Pascal Neige, Rémi Laffont, Nicolas Navarro, Ahmed Yacine Khaldi & Catherine Crônier
Modularity and integration are variational properties expressed at various levels of the biological hierarchy. Mismatches among these levels, for example developmental modules that are integrated in a functional unit, could be informative of how evolutionary processes and trade‐offs have shaped organismal morphologies as well as clade diversification. In the present study, we explored the full, integrated and modular spaces of two developmental modules in phacopid trilobites, the cephalon and the pygidium, and highlight some differences...

Data from: Population closure and the bias-precision trade-off in Spatial Capture-Recapture

Pierre Dupont, Cyril Milleret, Olivier Gimenez & Richard Bischof
1. Spatial capture-recapture (SCR) is an increasingly popular method for estimating ecological parameters. This method often relies on data collected over relatively long sampling periods. While longer sampling periods can yield larger sample sizes and thus increase precision of estimates, they also increase the risk of violating the closure assumption, thereby potentially introducing bias. The sampling period characteristics are therefore likely to play an important role in this bias-precision tradeoff. Yet few studies have studied...

Data from: Hormonal pleiotropy and the evolution of allocation trade-offs

Salomé Bourg, Laurent Jacob, Frédéric Menu & Etienne Rajon
Recent empirical evidence suggest that trade-off relationships can evolve, challenging the classical image of their high entrenchment. For energy reliant traits, this relationship should depend on the endocrine system that regulates resource allocation. Here we model changes in this system by mutating the expression and conformation of its constitutive hormones and receptors. We show that the shape of trade-offs can indeed evolve in this model through the combined action of genetic drift and selection, such...

3D models of planetary bodies

Frederic Schmidt, Gaspard Salomon & Laurent Daumas
Current technology allows us to print various object in 3D for teaching and education purposes, including for the visually disabled [1]. The use of 3D printer for planetary science has been perceived since the premises of this industrial revolution [2]. In parallel several services and web-services have been developed to help the users to create their own model [3]. We propose here a database of ready-to-use 3D model of planetary bodies at full scale.

Phase-Based Antarctica Ice Velocity Map

Jeremie Mouginot, Eric Rignot & Bernd Scheuchl
Complete map of ice motion in Antarctica combining phase data in the interior and speckle tracking in the fast-moving sectors. We present a new map of Antarctic ice velocity that is ten times more precise than prior maps and reveals ice motion at a high precision over 80% of the continent versus 20% in the past. The ice motion vector map provides novel constrains on interior ice motion and its connection with the glaciers and...

Data from: Male vocalizations convey information on kinship and inbreeding in a Lekking bird

Clément Cornec, Alexandre Robert, Fanny Rybak & Yves Hingrat
Kinship and inbreeding are two major components involved in sexual selection and mating system evolution. However, the mechanisms underlying recognition and discrimination of genetically related or inbred individuals remain unclear. We investigated whether kinship and inbreeding information is related to low frequency vocalizations, “booms”, produced by males during their courtship in the lekking houbara bustard (Chlamydotis undulata undulata). Based on a captive breeding programme where the pedigree of all males is known, we investigated the...

Data from: How neighbourhood interactions control the temporal stability and resilience to drought of trees in mountain forests

Marion Jourdan, Georges Kunstler & Xavier Morin
1. Over the coming decades, the predicted increase in frequency and intensity of extreme events such as droughts is likely to have a strong effect on forest functioning. Recent studies have shown that species mixing may buffer the temporal variability of productivity. However, most studies have focused on temporal stability of productivity, while species mixing may also affect forest resilience to extreme events. Our understanding of mechanisms underlying species mixing effects on forest stability and...

The two oxpecker species reveal the role of movement rates and foraging intensity in species coexistence

Guillaume PERON, Christophe Bonenfant, Roxanne Gagnon & Cheryl Mabika
The two Buphagus oxpecker species are specialized passerines that forage for ticks and other food particles on the body of ungulates in the African savannas. One of their intriguing features is their ability to coexist despite sharing the same, specialized diet. Using co-occurrence data (photographs of giraffes with oxpeckers on them) and Approximate Bayesian Computing, we demonstrate that yellow-billed oxpeckers changed host faster than red-billed oxpeckers and appeared to displace red-billed oxpeckers from preferred giraffe...

Data from: Water availability and temperature induce changes in oxidative status during pregnancy in a viviparous lizard

Andréaz Dupoué, Pauline Blaimont, David Rozen-Rechels, Murielle Richard, Sandrine Meylan, Jean Clobert, Donald Miles, Rémi Martin, Beatriz Decencière, Simon Agostini & Jean-François Le Galliard
Reproduction involves considerable reorganization in an organism’s physiology that incurs potential toxicity for cells (e.g., oxidative stress) and decrease in fitness. This framework has been the cornerstone of the so-called ‘oxidative cost of reproduction’, a theory that remains controversial and relatively overlooked in non-model ectotherms. Here, we used two complementary approaches in natural and controlled conditions to test whether altered access to climate conditions (water and temperature resources) alters oxidative status and mediates reproductive trade-offs...

Cocoa agroforest multifunctionality and soil fertility explained by shade tree litter traits

Marie Sauvadet, Stéphane Saj, Grégoire Freschet, Jean-Daniel Essobo, Séguy Enock, Thierry Becquer, Philippe Tixier & Jean-Michel Harmand
Manipulating plant functional diversity to improve agroecosystem multifunctionality is a central challenge of agricultural systems worldwide. In cocoa agroforestry systems (cAFS), shade trees are used to supply many services to farmers, yet their impact on soil functioning and cocoa yields is likely to vary substantially among tree species. Here, we compared the impact of five shade tree species (Canarium schweinfurthii (Canarium), Dacryoides edulis (Safou), Milicia excelsa (Iroko), Ceiba pentandra (Kapok tree), Albizia adianthifolia (Albizia)) and...

Data from: Female reproduction bears no survival cost in captivity for grey mouse lemurs

Julie Landes, Pierre-Yves Henry, Isablle Hardy, Martine Perret & Samuel Pavard
The survival cost of reproduction has been revealed in many free-ranging vertebrates. However, recent studies on captive populations failed to detect this cost. Theoretically, this lack of survival/reproduction trade-off is expected when resources are not limiting, but these studies may have failed to detect the cost, as they may not have fully accounted for potential confounding effects, in particular inter-individual heterogeneity. Here we investigated the effects of current and past reproductive effort on later survival...

Data from: Gene copy number variations as signatures of adaptive evolution in the parthenogenetic, plant-parasitic nematode Meloidogyne incognita

Philippe Castagnone-Sereno, Karine Mulet, Etienne G. J. Danchin, Georgios D. Koutsovoulos, Mégane Karaulic, Martine Da Rocha, Marc Bailly-Bechet, Loris Pratx, Laetitia Perfus-Barbeoch & Pierre Abad
Adaptation to changing environmental conditions represents a challenge to parthenogenetic organisms and until now, how phenotypic variants are generated in clones in response to the selection pressure of their environment remains poorly known. The obligatory parthenogenetic root-knot nematode species Meloidogyne incognita has a worldwide distribution and is the most devastating plant-parasitic nematode. Despite its asexual reproduction, this species exhibits an unexpected capacity of adaptation to environmental constraints, e.g., resistant hosts. Here we used a genome-wide...

Data from: Postglacial colonization routes coincide with a life history breakpoint along a latitudinal gradient

Emilien Luquet, Patrik Rödin-Mörch, Maria Cortazar-Chinarro, Yvonne Meyer-Lucht, Jacob Höglund & Anssi Laurila
While adaptive divergence along environmental gradients has repeatedly been demonstrated, the role of postglacial colonization routes in determining phenotypic variation along gradients has received little attention. Here we used a hierarchical QST-FST approach to separate the roles of adaptive and neutral processes in shaping phenotypic variation in moor frog (Rana arvalis) larval life-histories along a 1700 km latitudinal gradient across northern Europe. This species has colonized Scandinavia via two routes with a contact zone in...

Data from: Redescription of Arganasaurus (Metoposaurus) azerouali (Dutuit) comb. nov. from the Late Triassic of the Argana Basin (Morocco), and the first phylogenetic analysis of the Metoposauridae (Amphibia, Temnospondyli)

Valentin Buffa, Nour-Eddine Jalil & J. Sébastien Steyer
A systematic revision of the temnospondyl ‘Metoposaurus’ azerouali Dutuit from the Late Triassic of the Argana Basin (Western High Atlas, Morocco) is presented. The type material is redescribed in detail, and a preliminary phylogenetic analysis – the first one dealing with all metoposaurid species – is also conducted in order to test its position within the Metoposauridae. Our analysis places ‘Metoposaurus’ azerouali as sister‐taxon to Arganasaurus lyazidi in a robust clade supported by two unambiguous...

Data from: The geographical variation of network structure is scale dependent: understanding the biotic specialization of host-parasitoid networks

Nuria Galiana, Bradford A. Hawkins & Jose M. Montoya
Research on the structure of ecological networks suggests that a number of universal patterns exist. Historically, biotic specialization has been thought to increase towards the Equator. Yet, recent studies have challenged this view showing non-conclusive results. Most studies analysing the geographical variation in biotic specialization focus, however, only on the local scale. Little is known about how the geographical variation of network structure depends on the spatial scale of observation (i.e., from local to regional...

Data from: One-locus-several-primers: a strategy to improve the taxonomic and haplotypic coverage in diet metabarcoding studies

Emmanuel Corse, Christelle Tougard, Gaït Archambaud-Suard, Jean-François Agnèse, Françoise D. Messu Mandeng, Charles F. Bilong Bilong, David Duneau, Lucie Zinger, Rémi Chappaz, Charles C. Y. Xu, Emese Meglécz & Vincent Dubut
In diet metabarcoding analyses, insufficient taxonomic coverage of PCR primer sets generates false negatives that may dramatically distort biodiversity estimates. In this paper, we investigated the taxonomic coverage and complementarity of three cytochrome c oxidase subunit I gene (COI) primer sets based on in silico analyses and we conducted an in vivo evaluation using fecal and spider web samples from different invertivores, environments, and geographic locations. Our results underline the lack of predictability of both...

Data from: Biotic and abiotic drivers of species loss rate in isolated lakes

Céline Bellard, Göran Englund & Bernard Hugueny
1. Today, anthropogenic impacts are causing a serious crisis for global biodiversity, with rates of extinction increasing at an unprecedented rate. Extinctions typically occur after a certain delay and understanding the mechanisms causing delays is a key challenge for both fundamental and applied perspectives. 2. Here, we make use of natural experiments, the isolation of lakes by land up-lift in Northern Scandinavia, to examine how yearly extinction rates are affected by time since isolation and...

Data from: Resting metabolic rate in migratory and non-migratory geese following range expansion; go south, go low

Götz Eichhorn, Manfred R. Enstipp, Jean-Yves Georges, Dennis Hasselquist & Bart A. Nolet
While many species suffer from human activities, some like geese benefit and may show range expansions. In some cases geese (partially) gave up migration and started breeding at wintering and stopover grounds. Range expansion may be facilitated and accompanied by physiological changes, especially when associated with changes in migratory behaviour. Interspecific comparisons found that migratory tendency is associated with a higher basal or resting metabolic rate (RMR). We compared RMR of individuals belonging to a...

Data from: A functional diversity approach of crop sequences reveals that weed diversity and abundance show different responses to environmental variability

Lucie Mahaut, Sabrina Gaba & Guillaume Fried
1. Combining several crop species and associated agricultural practices in a crop sequence has the potential to control weed abundance while promoting weed diversity in arable fields. However, how the variability of environmental conditions that arise from crop sequences affects weed diversity and abundance remains poorly understood, with most studies to-date simply opposing weed communities in monoculture and in crop rotation. Here, we describe crop sequences along gradients of disturbance and resource variability using a...

Data from: Na+/K+‐ATPase gene duplications in clitellate annelids are associated with freshwater colonization

Kevin M. Horn, Bronwyn W. Williams, Christer Erséus, Kenneth M. Halanych, Scott R. Santos, Michel Des Châtelliers Creuzé & Frank E. Anderson
Major habitat transitions, such as those from marine to freshwater habitats or from aquatic to terrestrial habitats, have occurred infrequently in animal evolution and may represent a barrier to diversification. Identifying genomic events associated with these transitions can help us better understand mechanisms that allow animals to cross these barriers and diversify in new habitats. Study of the Capitella telata and Helobdella robusta genomes allows examination of one such habitat transition (marine to freshwater) in...

Data from: Some like it dry: water restriction overrides heterogametic sex determination in two reptiles

Andréaz Dupoué, Olivier Lourdais, Sandrine Meylan, François Brischoux, Frédéric Angelier, David Rozen-Rechels, Yoan Marcangeli, Beatriz Decencière, Simon Agostini & Jean-Francois Le Galliard
The evolution of sex determination is complex and yet crucial in our understanding of population stability. In ectotherms, sex determination involves a variety of mechanisms including genetic determination (GSD), environment determination (ESD), but also interactions between the two via sex reversal. In this study, we investigated whether water deprivation during pregnancy could override GSD in two heterogametic squamate reptiles. We demonstrated that water restriction in early gestation induced a male-biased secondary sex ratio in both...

Registration Year

  • 2019

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • French National Centre for Scientific Research
  • PSL Research University
  • Laboratory Evolution and Biological Diversity
  • University of Montpellier
  • Estación Biológica de Doñana
  • Centre d'Etudes Biologiques de Chizé
  • Lund University
  • Institut de Systématique, Évolution, Biodiversité
  • Institut de Recherche pour le Développement
  • University of Gothenburg