20 Works

Pourquoi les femmes occupent-elles moins de postes à responsabilité ? Une analyse des promotions universitaires en économie (Policy Brief, n°14)

Clément Bosquet, Pierre-Philippe Combes & Cecilia Garcia-Penalosa
Si les écarts entre les hommes et les femmes de taux d'emploi global et de salaires, à caractéristiques observables données, dont le type d'emploi, sont devenus très faibles, il n'en reste pas moins que les femmes occupent moins fréquemment des postes à haute responsabilité, mieux rémunérés. Notre étude sur le monde académique français en sciences économiques montre que les femmes ne sont pas discriminées lors des concours de promotion mais qu'elles postulent de 30 à...

Le nouveau rideau de fer

Nicolas Lambert
Cette fiche suit plusieurs objectifs. Tout d’abord, elle montre qu’il est possible de réaliser une belle carte d’édition joliment mise en page entièrement avec R, sans passer par un logiciel de DAO. Elle vise aussi à montrer comment, avec une projection cartographique adéquate, faire varier la hauteur des frontières pour exprimer les valeurs de discontinuités.

Data from: Looking for compensation at multiple scales in a wetland bird community

Frédéric Barraquand, Coralie Picoche, Christelle Aluome, Laure Carassou & Claude Feigné
Compensatory dynamics, during which community composition shifts despite a near-constant total community size, are usually rare: synchronous dynamics prevail in natural communities. This is a puzzle for ecologists, because of the key role of compensation in explaining the relation between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. However, most studies so far have considered compensation in either plants or planktonic organisms, so that evidence for the generality of such synchrony is limited. Here, we extend analyses of community-level...

Multi-resistant Enterobacteriaceae in yellow-legged gull chicks in their first weeks of life

Patrick Durand
Wild animal species living in anthropogenic areas are commonly carriers of antimicrobial resistant bacteria (AMRB), but their role in the epidemiology of these bacteria is unclear. Several studies on AMRB in wildlife have been cross-sectional in design and sampled individual animals at only one point in time. To further understand the role of wildlife in maintaining and potentially transmitting these bacteria to humans and livestock, longitudinal studies are needed in which samples are collected from...

The origins of asexual brine shrimps

Nicolas O. Rode, Loreleï Boyer, Élodie Flaven, Francisco Hontoria, Gilbert Van Stappen, France Dufresne, Christoph Haag, Thomas Lenormand & Roula Jabbour-Zahab
Determining how and how often asexual lineages emerge within sexual species is central to our understanding of sex-asex transitions and the long-term maintenance of sex. Asexuality can arise “by transmission” from an existing asexual lineage to a new one, through different types of crosses. The occurrence of these crosses, cryptic sex, variation in ploidy and recombination within asexuals greatly complicates the study of sex-asex transitions, as they preclude the use of standard phylogenetic methods and...

Searching for genetic evidence of demographic decline in an arctic seabird: beware of overlapping generations

Emeline Charbonnel, Claire Daguin, Lucille Caradec, Eléonore Moittié, Olivier Gilg, Maria Gavrilo, Hallvard Strom, Mark L Mallory, Grant Gilchrist, R. I. Guy Morrisson, Raphael Leblois, Camille Roux, Jonathan M Yearsley, Glenn Yannic & Thomas Broquet
Genetic data are useful for detecting sudden population declines in species that are difficult to study in the field. Yet this indirect approach has its own drawbacks, including population structure, mutation patterns, and generation overlap. The ivory gull (Pagophila eburnea), a long-lived Arctic seabird, is currently suffering from rapid alteration of its primary habitat (i.e., sea ice), and dramatic climatic events affecting reproduction and recruitment. However, ivory gulls live in remote areas, and it is...

Le futur dans l’action: anticipation savante dans les projets d’alimentation en eau

Frédéric Graber
Ce texte est la version française de l’article suivant : Frédéric GRABER, « Forecasting and Organising the Future. Anticipatory Knowledge in Parisian Water-supply Projects of the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries », Quaderni Storici, n°3, 2017, pp. 751-776

Combining climatic and genomic data improves range-wide tree height growth prediction in a forest tree

Juliette Archambeau, Marta Benito Garzón, Frédéric Barraquand, Marina De Miguel, Christophe Plomion & Santiago C. González-Martínez
Population response functions based on climatic and phenotypic data from common gardens have long been the gold standard for predicting quantitative trait variation in new environments. However, prediction accuracy might be enhanced by incorporating genomic information that captures the neutral and adaptive processes behind intra-population genetic variation. We used five clonal common gardens containing 34 provenances (523 genotypes) of maritime pine (Pinus pinaster Aiton) to determine whether models combining climatic and genomic data capture the...

Genomic Standards Consortium (GSC) Island Sampling Day: Moorea Reef to Ridges Genomic Transect

Erin Robinson
Here we describe a project that supports the mission of the Genomic Standards Consortium (GSC) and contributes to the “Ocean Biomolecular Observations Network” (OBON) and the “Ocean Best Practice System” (OBPS - Omics Task Team), flagship programs of the UN Ocean Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Development. The project serves as a test case for two related infrastructure projects that aim to improve standards, policies, and best practices in sample collection: Sampling Nature (SN)...

Du climat à l'homme

Marc Desmet, Michel Magny & Florence Mocci

Traçage des données dans la recherche : Agrégation et utilisation ou vente des données d'usage par les éditeurs scientifiques

Is the French translation of "Data tracking in research: aggregation and use or sale of usage data by academic publishers. A briefing paper of the Committee on Scientific Library Services and Information Systems of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation)"

Solar System Low Frequency Radio Spectra

Philippe Zarka & Baptiste Cecconi
This dataset contains the natural planetary low frequency radio emission spectra for the Sun, the Earth, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune

Risques et traces industriels dans la ville

Jean-Baptiste Bahers, Christophe Batardy & Cécile Le Guern
L’incendie de l’usine SEVESO Lubrizol à Rouen en 2019 est venu rappeler qu’une catastrophe industrielle est toujours possible dans les métropoles, malgré la tertiarisation de leur économie. Celle de Nantes, où sont localisés huit sites SEVESO et 211 installations classées pour la protection de l’environnement (ICPE), n’échappe pas à ce risque. Par ailleurs, les anciens sites industriels nécessitent toujours une attention particulière, notamment à l’occasion de tout nouveau projet d’aménagement en raison des pollutions des...

Mechanisms of dietary resource partitioning in large-herbivore assemblages: a plant-trait-based approach

Arjun Potter, Matthew Hutchinson, Johan Pansu, Bart Wursten, Ryan Long, Jonathan Levine & Robert Pringle
Sympatric large mammalian herbivore species differ in diet composition, both by eating different parts of the same plant and by eating different plant species. Various theories proposed to explain these differences are not mutually exclusive, but are difficult to reconcile and confront with data. Moreover, whereas several of these ideas were originally developed with reference to within-plant partitioning (i.e., consumption of different tissues), they may analogously apply to partitioning of plant species; this possibility has...

SOLAR-v: A new solar spectral irradiance dataset based on SOLAR/SOLSPEC observations during Solar Cycle 24

Mustapha Meftah
Variations of solar spectral irradiance are the most important natural factor in the terrestrial climate and as such, the time dependent spectral solar irradiance is a crucial input to any climate modelling. A better understanding of the long-term solar variations over timescales of the 11-year solar activity cycle and longer is very important. Thus, each new solar spectral irradiance dataset based on long-term observations represents a major interest and can be used for further investigations...

Les déchets nantais : exportations et flux cachés du métabolisme urbain

Jean-Baptiste Bahers, Christophe Batardy & Frédéric Barbe
À l’heure où la production de déchets et leur recyclage deviennent une préoccupation de plus en plus importante, quel bilan faire à ce sujet à l’échelle d’un·e habitant·e de la Métropole ? Au-delà des déchets ménagers, cette planche s’intéresse à l’exportation de toutes les catégories de déchets, et à l’empreinte matérielle de la consommation de biens. Si le cas nantais ne fait pas figure d’exception en France, il est révélateur des fausses croyances concernant la...

Spitzer-IRS spectra associated with the IDEOS project

Henrik Spoon, Antonio Hernán-Caballero, David Rupke, Rens Waters, Vianney Lebouteiller, Alexander Tielens, Thomas Loredo, Yubo Su & Vince Viola

Oxygenated volatile organic compounds in the Tropical Atmosphere: Variability and Exchanges (OCTAVE). Final Report. Brussels: Belgian Science Policy Office 2022 – 81 p. (BRAIN-be - Belgian Research Action through Interdisciplinary Networks)

Trissevgeni Stavrakou, Bert Verreyken, Bruno Franco, Jean-François Müller, Corinne Vigouroux, Jerome Brioude, Crist Amelynck, Clarisse Lieven, Niels Schoon & Pierre-François Coheur

Measurement of male and female morphologies in Mercurialis annua

Jeanne Tonnabel, Patrice David & John Pannell
We provide a dataset documenting the changes in male and female morphological traits after evolution at low- and high-density during three generations in the dioecious plant species Mercurialis annua. Our dataset corresponds to results from an experimental evolution protocol in which we have measured male and female traits after the evolution of ten experimental independent populations at the two contrasting densities. Seeds were initially collected in various populations of the species range and grown for...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    20

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    10
  • Journal Article
    4
  • Other
    2
  • Book
    1
  • Computational Notebook
    1
  • Output Management Plan
    1
  • Report
    1

Affiliations

  • French National Centre for Scientific Research
    18
  • National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment
    2
  • 2
  • Université Savoie Mont Blanc
    2
  • 2
  • Ecophysiology and Grape Functional Genomics
    1
  • Acadia University
    1
  • London School of Economics and Political Science
    1
  • Ghent University
    1
  • Princeton University
    1