8 Works

Opportunities and challenges in achieving co-management in marine protected areas in East Africa: a comparative case study

Jennifer K. O’Leary, Maurice Goodman, Arthur Tuda, Milali Machumu & Lindsey West
As marine ecosystems decline globally, scientists recommend increasing the coverage of marine protected areas (MPAs), but many are not effectively managed to deliver benefits. Community integration into MPA decision-making can increase management effectiveness by supporting behaviour change, but this poses implementation challenges. We examine differences in adaptive capacity, community engagement, and perceived MPA benefits using interviews and focal group meetings with two fishing communities from MPAs with different management strategies and geographic settings: a centrally...

Elevation and landscape change drive the distribution of a montane, endemic grassland bird

Abhimanyu Lele, V. V. Robin, M. Arasumani, C. K. Vishnudas, Devcharan Jathanna & Viral Joshi
This dataset documents the presence and abundance of the Nilgiri pipit (Anthus nilghiriensis) in 170 survey sites across most of its global range. Between one and four surveys were carried out at each site between November 2017 and May 2018 by experienced observers. Survey duration was proportional to site area. A wide range of habitat characteristics were also surveyed, and additional habitat characteristics for each site were gathered from remotely sensed data.

Habitat heterogeneity captured by 30-m resolution satellite image texture predicts bird richness across the U.S.

Laura Farwell, Paul Elsen, Elena Razenkova, Anna Pidgeon & Volker Radeloff
Species loss is occurring globally at unprecedented rates, and effective conservation planning requires an understanding of landscape characteristics that determine biodiversity patterns. Habitat heterogeneity is an important determinant of species diversity, but is difficult to measure across large areas using field-based methods that are costly and logistically challenging. Satellite image texture analysis offers a cost-effective alternative for quantifying habitat heterogeneity across broad spatial scales. We tested the ability of texture measures derived from 30-m resolution...

Artificial nightlight alters the predator-prey dynamics of an apex carnivore

Mark Ditmer, David Stoner, Clinton D. Francis, Jesse Barber, James Forester, David Choate, Kirsten Ironside, Kathleen Longshore, Kent Hersey, Randy Larsen, Brock McMillan, Daniel Olson, Alyson Andreasen, Jon Beckmann, Brandon Holton, Terry Messmer & Neil Carter
Artificial nightlight is increasingly recognized as an important environmental disturbance that influences the habitats and fitness of numerous species. However, its effects on wide-ranging vertebrates and their interactions remain unclear. Light pollution has the potential to amplify land-use change, and as such, answering the question of how this sensory stimulant affects behavior and habitat use of species valued for their ecological roles and economic impacts is critical for conservation and land-use planning. Here, we combined...

Dunlin subspecies exhibit regional segregation and high site fidelity along the East Asian−Australasian Flyway

Benjamin Lagassé, Richard Lanctot, Mark Barter, Stephen Brown, Chung-Yu Chiang, Chi-Yeung Choi, Yuri Gerasimov, Steve Kendall, Joseph Liebezeit, Konstantin Maslovsky, Alexander Matsyna, Ekaterina Matsyna, David Payer, Sarah Saalfeld, Yoshimitsu Shigeta, Ivan Tiunov, Pavel Tomkovich, Olga Valchuk & Michael Wunder
The degree that individuals migrate among particular breeding, migration, and wintering sites can have important implications for prioritizing conservation efforts. Four subspecies of Dunlin (Calidris alpina) migrate along the East Asian−Australasian Flyway (EAAF). Each subspecies has a distinct and well-defined breeding range, but their migration and winter ranges are poorly defined or unknown. We assessed the migratory connectivity of 3 of these subspecies by evaluating a dataset that encompasses 57 years (1960–2017), and comprises more...

Coronavirus testing indicates transmission risk increases along wildlife supply chains for human consumption in Viet Nam, 2013-2014

Sarah H. Olson, Nguyen Quynh Huong, Nguyen Thi Thanh Nga, Nguyen Van Long, Bach Duc Luu, Alice Latinne, Mathieu Pruvot, Nguyen Thanh Phuong, Le Tin Vinh Quang, Vo Van Hung, Nguyen Thi Lan, Nguyen Thi Hoa, Phan Quang Minh, Nguyen Thi Diep, Nguyen Tung, Van Dang Ky, Scott I. Roberton, Hoang Bich Thuy, Martin Gilbert, Leanne Wicker, Jonna A. K. Mazet, Christine Kreuder Johnson, Tracey Goldstein, Alex Tremeau-Bravard, Victoria Ontiveros … & Nguyen Van Long
Outbreaks of emerging coronaviruses in the past two decades and the current pandemic of a novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) that emerged in China highlight the importance of this viral family as a zoonotic public health threat. To gain a better understanding of coronavirus presence and diversity in wildlife at wildlife-human interfaces in three southern provinces in Viet Nam 2013-2014, we used consensus Polymerase Chain Reactions to detect coronavirus sequences. In comparison to previous studies, we observed...

Best-practice forestry management delivers diminishing returns for coral reefs with increased land-clearing

Amelia Wenger, Daniel Harris, Samuel Weber, Ferguson Vaghi, Yashika Nand, Waisea Naisilisili, Alec Hughes, Jade Delevaux, Carissa Klein, James Watson, Peter Mumby & Stacy Jupiter
Protection of coastal ecosystems from deforestation may be the best way to protect coral reefs from sediment runoff. However, given the importance of generating economic activities for coastal livelihoods, the prohibition of development is often not feasible. In light of this, logging codes-of-practice have been developed to mitigate the impacts of logging on downstream ecosystems. However, no studies have assessed whether managed land-clearing can occur in tandem with coral reef conservation goals. This study quantifies...

Body mass and hibernation microclimate may predict bat susceptibility to white-nose syndrome

Catherine Haase, Nathan Fuller, Yvonne Dzal, C. Reed Hranac, David Hayman, Cori Lausen, Kirk Silas, Sarah Olson & Raina Plowright
In multi-host disease systems, differences in mortality between species may reflect variation in host physiology, morphology, and behavior. In systems where the pathogen can persist in the environment, microclimate conditions, and the adaptation of the host to these conditions, may also impact mortality. White-nose syndrome is an emerging disease of hibernating bats caused by an environmentally persistent fungus, Pseudogymnoascus destructans. We assessed the effects of body mass, torpid metabolic rate, evaporative water loss, and hibernaculum...

Registration Year

  • 2020
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Resource Types

  • Dataset
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Affiliations

  • Wildlife Conservation Society
    8
  • Wildlife Conservation Society
    2
  • California Polytechnic State University
    1
  • Utah State University
    1
  • University of Michigan-Ann Arbor
    1
  • University of Michigan–Ann Arbor
    1
  • University of Queensland
    1
  • Tunghai University
    1
  • Moscow State University
    1
  • University of Minnesota
    1