11 Works

Faults of the Bohemian Massif – Source of Analytical Data on Main Faults and Faulted Areas with Seismogenic Potential

Petr Špaček, Petra Štěpančíková & Ivan Prachař
A web interface linking GIS databases, an interactive map and an encyclopedic overview of information on the most important faults with young activity in the Bohemian Massif.

Gravity maps of the contact region of the Bohemian Massif, Eastern Alps, Vienna Basin and Western Carpathians

Jan Švancara, Bruno Meurers, Miroslav Bielik & Petr Špaček
A collection of gravity maps of the broader contact region of the Bohemian Massif, the Eastern Alps, the Vienna Basin and the Western Carpathians. Includes maps with basic topography and georeferenced raster images without topography, from which layers can be created in GIS. It includes a map of complete Bouguer anomalies, a map of horizontal gravity gradients and 3 types of maps of residual gravity anomalies.

The evolutionary history of Cardamine bulbifera shows a successful rapid postglacial Eurasian range expansion in the absence of sexual reproduction

Marcus A. Koch, Yalu Ru, Terezie M. Mandáková & Martin A. Lysak
Background and Aims Sexual reproduction is known to drive plant diversification and adaptation. Here we investigate the evolutionary history and spatiotemporal origin of a dodecaploid (2n = 12x = 96) Eurasian deciduous woodland species, Cardamine bulbifera, which reproduces and spreads via vegetative bulb-like structures only. The species has been among the most successful range-expanding understorey woodland plants in Europe, which raises the question of the genetic architecture of its gene pool, since its hexaploid (2n...

Seismic bulletins of IPEC

Jana Pazdírková, Josef Havíř, Romana Hanžlová, Hana Krumlová, Irena Mattušová, Radka Tilšarová, Zdeňka Sýkorová, Radim Vlach, Petr Vysloužil, Pavel Zacherle, Libor Vlach & Petr Špaček
Bulletins of seismic events (gse format) and phases ("seismo" format) produced by the seismological service of the Institute of Physics of the Earth MUNI Brno.

Calcicolous rock-outcrop lime forests in the Cantabrian Mountains and the Western Pyrenees

Dominik Zukal & Idoia Biurrun
We present the first study of the forest vegetation dominated by Tilia platyphyllos growing on cal- careous rock outcrops in the northern part of the Iberian Peninsula. This vegetation is confined to steep rocky slopes of mainly northern aspect in limestone areas. Based on a dataset of 53 relevés recorded during the summer of 2019 and compared with so far described associations of the order Aceretalia pseudoplatani (118 relevés), we describe the new association Helictotricho...

Data set from: Phylogenetic structure of alien plant species pools from European donor habitats

Veronika Kalusová
Aim. Many plant species native to Europe have naturalized worldwide. We tested whether the phylogenetic structure of the species pools of European habitats is related to the proportion of species from each habitat that have naturalized outside Europe (habitat’s donor role) and whether the donated species are more phylogenetically related to each other than expected by chance. Location. Europe (native range), the rest of the World (invaded range). Time period. Last c. 100 years. Major...

Autocorrelation Screening: A Potentially Efficient Method for Detecting Repetitive Response Patterns in Questionnaire Data

Jaroslav Gottfried, Stanislav Ježek, Maria Králová & Tomáš Řiháček
Valid data are essential for making correct theoretical and practical implications. Hence, efficient methods for detecting and excluding data with dubious validity are highly valuable in any field of science. This paper introduces the idea of applying autocorrelation analysis on self-report questionnaires with single-choice numbered, preferably Likert-type, scales in order to screen out potentially invalid data, specifically repetitive response patterns. We explain mathematical principles of autocorrelation in a simple manner and illustrate how to efficiently...

Catalogue of natural earthquakes in the NE Czech Republic, IPE-MONET

Zdeňka Sýkorová, Jana Pazdírková, Pavel Zacherle, Radim Vlach & Petr Špaček
Catalogue of natural (micro)earthquakes located using MONET+ seismic network in the NE part of the Czech Republic and adjacent parts of Poland. Includes all located earthquakes since 1996 (currently about 3000 events) and updated yearly. Complete down to ML≈0.1.

Data from: Ruderals naturalize, competitors invade: varying roles of plant adaptive strategies along the invasion continuum

Kun Guo, Petr Pyšek, Milan Chytrý, Jan Divíšek, Zdeňka Lososová, Mark Van Kleunen, Simon Pierce & Wen-Yong Guo
1. It is increasingly recognized that the factors facilitating plant invasions depend on the stage along the introduction-naturalization-invasion continuum. Adaptative strategies, i.e., combinations of functional traits that represent overall fitness in the face of one or more selection pressures, have shown promise in explaining plant invasions. However, whether adaptive strategy patterns change with the stages of plant invasion is not yet known. 2. Using the Pladias Database of the Czech Flora and Vegetation, we explored...

Data from: An integrative skeletal and paleogenomic analysis of stature variation suggests relatively reduced health for early European farmers

Stephanie Marciniak, Christina Bergey, Ana Maria Silva, Agata Hałuszko, Mirosław Furmanek, Barbara Veselka, Petr Velemínský, Giuseppe Vercellotti, Joachim Wahl, Gunita Zarina, Cristina Longhi, Jan Kolář, Rafael Garrido-Pena, Raúl Flores-Fernández, Ana M. Herrero-Corral, Angela Simalcsik, Werner Müller, Alison Sheridan, Žydrūnė Miliauskienė, Rimantas Jankauskas, Vyacheslav Moiseyev, Kitti Köhler, Ágnes Király, Beatriz Gamarra, Olivia Cheronet … & George H. Perry
Human culture, biology, and health were shaped dramatically by the onset of agriculture ~12,000 years before present (BP). This shift is hypothesized to have resulted in increased individual fitness and population growth as evidenced by archaeological and population genomic data alongside a decline in physiological health as inferred from skeletal remains. Here, we consider osteological and ancient DNA data from the same prehistoric individuals to study human stature variation as a proxy for health across...

Genetic structure and evolution of diploid Cochlearia in Iceland

Anne Krag Brysting, Luka Natassja Olsen, Marie Kristine Brandrud, Terezie Mandakova, Martin Lysak, Charlotte Sletten Bjorå, Eduardo Cires & Inger Nordal
Within the northern European Cochlearia (Brassicaceae), considerable chromosome variation has taken place without corresponding morphological differentiation, which has resulted in an intricate species complex including two base chromosome numbers and several ploidy levels. Here, we dig into the situation in Iceland. The distribution, genetic structure, taxonomy and origin of the two Cochlearia cytotypes (2n = 12 and 2n = 14) present in Iceland are discussed. Chromosome counts indicate that the 2n = 12 populations are...

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Affiliations

  • Masaryk University
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  • University of Vienna
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  • Institute for Anthropological Research
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  • Vrije Universiteit Brussel
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  • University of Oviedo
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  • Rovira i Virgili University
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  • Institute of Rock Structure and Mechanics
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