13 Works

Mammals adjust diel activity across gradients of urbanization

Travis Gallo, Mason Fidino, Brian Gerber, Adam Ahlers, Julia Angstmann, Max Amaya, Amy Concilio, David Drake, Danielle Gray, Elizabeth Lehrer, Maureen Murray, Travis Ryan, Colleen St. Clair, Carmen Salsbury, Heather Sander, Theodore Stankowich, Jaque Williamson, Amy Belaire, Kelly Simone & Seth Magle
Time is a fundamental component of ecological processes. How animal behavior changes over time has been explored through well-known ecological theories like niche partitioning and predator-prey dynamics. Yet, changes in animal behavior within the shorter 24-hour light-dark cycle have largely gone unstudied. Understanding if an animal can adjust their temporal activity to mitigate or adapt to environmental change has become a recent topic of discussion and is important for effective wildlife management and conservation. While...

Data from: Maintenance of local adaptation despite gene flow in a coastal songbird

Jonathan D. Clark, David A. Luther, Phred M. Benham, Jesus E. Maldonado & Haw Chuan Lim
Adaptation to local environments is common in widespread species and the basis of ecological speciation. The song sparrow (Melospiza melodia) is a widespread, polytypic passerine that occurs in shrubland habitats throughout North America. We examined the population structure of two parapatric subspecies that inhabit different environments: the Atlantic song sparrow (M. m. atlantica), a coastal specialist; and the eastern song sparrow (M. m. melodia), a shrubland generalist. These populations lacked clear mitochondrial population structure, yet...

Does colour impact responses to images in geckos?

Ylenia Chiari, Nathan Katlein, Miranda Ray, Anna Wilkinson, Julien Claude, Maria Kiskowski, Bin Wang & Scott Glaberman
Animals are exposed to different visual stimuli that influence how they perceive and interact with their environment. Visual information such as shape and colour can help the animal detect, discriminate and make appropriate behavioural decisions for mate selection, communication, camouflage, and foraging. In all major vertebrate groups, it has been shown that certain species can discriminate and prefer certain colours and that colours may increase the response to a stimulus. However, since colour is often...

Hybridization and low genetic diversity in the endangered Alabama Red-Bellied Turtle (Pseudemys alabamensis)

Ylenia Chiari, Nickolas Moreno, Andrew Heaton, Kaylin Bruening, Emma Milligan, David Nelson & Scott Glaberman
Pseudemys alabamensis is one of the most endangered freshwater turtle species in the United States due to its restricted geographic distribution in coastal Alabama and Mississippi. Populations of P. alabamensis are geographically isolated from one another by land and salt water, which could act as barriers to gene flow. It is currently unknown how differentiated these isolated populations are from one another and whether they have experienced reductions in population size. Previous work found morphological...

A Turning Points analysis of Cross-Border Merger and Acquisition Negotiations

Yadvinder S. Rana, Daniel Druckman & Jesus Canduela
Despite the recent increase in Cross-Border Merger and Acquisition (CBMA) activity, research has repeatedly determined that over 70 percent of CBMAs fail to deliver the promised results, with evidence pointing to ineffective negotiation process management as one of the crucial factors explaining CBMA failure. We perform a turning points analysis of nine negotiations between automobile manufacturers. The findings indicate that negotiation outcomes are significantly influenced by substantive and strategic elements internal to the negotiation process....

Example Project

Eric Olson

COS Training 2.0 Presentation

Eric Olson, April Clyburne-Sherin & Nicole Pfeiffer
COS training resources are getting an update

Data from: A new lineage of Galapagos giant tortoises identified from museum samples

Evelyn L. Jensen, Maud C. Quinzin, Joshua M. Miller, Michael A. Russello, Ryan Garrick, Danielle L. Edwards, Scott Glaberman, Ylenia Chiari, Nikos Poulakakis, Washington Tapia, James P. Gibbs & Adalgisa Caccone
The Galapagos Archipelago is recognized as a natural laboratory for studying evolutionary processes. San Cristóbal was one of the first islands colonized by tortoises, which radiated from there across the archipelago to inhabit 10 islands. Here, we sequenced the mitochondrial control region from six historical giant tortoises from San Cristóbal (five long deceased individuals found in a cave and one found alive during an expedition in 1906) and discovered that the five from the cave...

Communication and Trust

Qian Zhang, Yulei Rao, Jianxin Wang & Daniel Houser
In a hidden action trust game, Charness & Dufwenberg (2006) find that trustee's promise increases trustor's belief that the trustee is more trustworthy due to guilt aversion, and hence increases trustor's expected payoff. They argue that promise and guilt aversion is the mechanism of why communication promotes trust and cooperation. This study aims to investigate whether there are other mechanisms to explain the effect of communication on trust. We infer communication remains to promote trust...

Tracing CO2 Emissions in Global Value Chains: Multinationals vs. Domestically-owned Firms

Meng Li, Bo Meng, Yuning Gao, Zhi Wang, Yaxiong Zhang & Yongping Sun

New Member Resources

Eric Olson
Resources to enable adoption of open scholarship behaviors and infrastructure.

Working Together: Bridging the Researcher-Practitioner Gap

William A Donohue & Daniel Druckman
In this article we share our professional experiences in bridging the gap between research and practice. These experiences are discussed from the standpoint of the roles of analyst-consultant and mediator-conciliator. Five research-practice areas are viewed through the lens of the former role: alliance dynamics, issue re-framing, sources of conflict, procedural justice, and turning points. Three areas are discussed from the latter perspective: goals and motivations, cognitive and motivational biases, and relationship development.Each theme is organized...

Managing, Collecting, and Sharing Data with OSF - VU Amsterdam

Tycho Hofstra, S. Sandt, Meron Vermaas, B.J.J. Hattink, Lena Karvovskaya, T.J.A.G. Münker, Brett Olivier, C Dijk, Jessica Hrudey, APC Van der Jagt, Lannie Ligthart, W Hugens, A Taimounti, Sam Heijnen, Koen Leuveld, Kacana Khadjavi, Mark Bruyneel, Elisa Rodenburg, H.J. Jorritsma, Haiyan Wang, Petra van Aken, Jolien Scholten, DA Unger, N.A. Dieleman, R.A. Onyango … & M. Hashemi Shabestari
Test Description

Registration Year

  • 2022
    13

Resource Types

  • Text
    6
  • Dataset
    5
  • Journal Article
    2

Affiliations

  • George Mason University
    13
  • Center For Open Science
    4
  • University of South Alabama
    2
  • Macquarie University
    2
  • MacEwan University
    1
  • California State University, Long Beach
    1
  • Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
    1
  • University of California, Merced
    1
  • University of Crete
    1
  • The Nature Conservancy
    1