54 Works

Third Lockdown Crime Effects in England and Wales

Anthony Dixon, Graham Farrell & Shane Johnson
The third national lockdown began early January 2021 and started to ease on 8th March when schools and limited outdoor social contact resumed. Police-recorded crime rates per 10,000 population (in orange) are here compared to expected rates (black lines, with confidence intervals in grey). Crime effects in January and February 2021 were similar to first lockdown (Apr-Jun 2020) but with notable differences. Acquisitive crime except bike theft fell sharply but began to increase in March....

Data from: Palaeontology meets metacommunity ecology: The Maastricthian dinosaur fossil record of North America as a case study

Jorge García-Girón, Jani Heino, Janne Alahuhta, Alfio Alessandro Chiarenza & Steve Brusatte
Documenting the patterns and potential associated processes of ancient biotas has always been a central challenge in palaeontology. Over the last decades, intense debate has focused on the organisation of dinosaur–dominated communities, yet no general consensus has been reached on how these communities were organised in a spatial context and if primarily affected by abiotic or biotic agents. Here, we used analytical routines typically applied in metacommunity ecology to provide novel insights into dinosaurian distributions...

Mg/Ca ratios from multiple species of planktonic foraminifera from the Middle Miocene to modern from multiple sites in the global ocean

E.M. Mawbey, F. Boscolo-Galazzo, B.S. Wade & P.N. Pearson
Mg/Ca in multiple species of planktonic foraminifera from five time slices since the Middle Miocene to present (target ages 15, 12.5, 10, 7.5, 4.5, 2.5 and 0 Ma). These samples are from a range of globally and latitudinally distributed DSDP (Deep Sea Drilling Program), ODP (Ocean Drilling Program), IODP (International Ocean Discovery Program) open ocean sites. From low to high latitudes these are: Site U1338, U1489 (Eastern and Western Equatorial Pacific), Sites 871, 872, and...

The Unfamiliar Grey Matter(s): Talking Brains

Andy Ash

Full-likelihood analysis of genomic data clarifies a complex history of species divergence and introgression in the erato-sara group of Heliconius butterflies

Yuttapong Thawornwattana, Fernando Seixas, Ziheng Yang & James Mallet
Introgression plays a key role in adaptive evolution and species diversification in many groups of species including Heliconius butterflies. However, frequent hybridization and gene flow between species makes estimation of the species phylogeny challenging, especially for rapidly speciating species within adaptive radiations. Here, we analyze the genomic sequences from six members of the erato-sara clade of Heliconius butterflies to infer the species phylogeny and cross-species introgression events. To avoid heterozygote phasing errors in haploid sequences...

Image-based deep learning reveals the responses of human motor neurons to stress and VCP-related ALS

Rickie Patani & Raphaelle Luisier
The aim of the study was to investigate relationships between ALS-related RNA-binding proteins and ALS, under different stress conditions.

Black Lives, British Justice: Black People in London Criminal Justice Records, 1720-1841

Adam Crymble & Emma Azid

Data from: What factors increase the vulnerability of native birds to the impacts of alien birds?

Thomas Evans, Jonathan Jeschke, Liu Chunlong, David Redding, Çağan Şekercioğlu & Tim Blackburn
This dataset accompanies a published paper (Evans et al. 2021) which aims to identify the factors that influence the vulnerability of native bird species to the impacts of alien bird species. In this paper we used mixed-effects models to test 14 variables that we hypothesised to influence vulnerability: this is a dataset of the 14 varaibles. We carried out our analyses using ten sets of these 14 variables: we provide all ten sets of these...

Proteomics and Transcriptomics of the Hippocampus and Cortex in SUDEP and High-Risk SUDEP Patients

Dominique Leitner, James D. Mills, Geoffrey Pires, Arline Faustin, Eleanor Drummond, Evgeny Kanshin, Shruti Nayak, Manor Askenazi, Chloe Verducci, Bei Jun Chen, Michael Janitz, Jasper J. Anink, Johannes C. Baayen, Sander Idema, Erwin A. Van Vliet, Sasha Devore, Daniel Friedman, Beate Diehl, Catherine Scott, Roland Thijs, Thomas Wisniewski, Beatrix Ueberheide, Maria Thom, Eleonora Aronica & Orrin Devinsky
To identify the molecular signaling pathways underlying sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) and high-risk SUDEP compared to control patients with epilepsy. For proteomics analyses, we evaluated the hippocampus and frontal cortex from microdissected postmortem brain tissue of 12 patients with SUDEP and 14 with non-SUDEP epilepsy. For transcriptomics analyses, we evaluated hippocampus and temporal cortex surgical brain tissue from patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy: 6 low-risk and 8 high-risk SUDEP as determined by...

Research data supporting \"The Missing N1 or Jittered P2: Electrophysiological Correlates of Pattern-Glare in the Time and Frequency Domai\"n

Austyn Tempesta, Claire E. Miller, Vladimir Litvak, Howard Bowman & Andrew Schofield

Fast Urbanism: Between Speed, Time and Urban Futures

Ayona Datta
Blog posting on urban development and speed.

Differential perception of work in a technology company workplace

Kerstin Sailer, Petros Koutsolampros & Rosica Pachilova
The impact of the physical workplace on behaviors and attitudes at work is a much-studied topic. Major research streams over the last decades investigated either satisfaction with offices in relation to physical comfort, or how layout decisions influenced interaction and collaboration in the workplace with a focus on open-plan offices. Rather little is known on the effect a workplace layout (for example its openness) has on perceptions of staff regarding teamwork, focused work and perceived...

RepeatModeler and RepeatMasker output files

Reuben Nowell, Christopher Wilson, Pedro Almeida, Philipp Schiffer, Diego Fontaneto, Lutz Becks, Fernando Rodriguez, Irina Arkhipova & Timothy Barraclough
Transposable elements (TEs) are selfish genomic parasites whose ability to spread autonomously is facilitated by sexual reproduction in their hosts. If hosts become obligately asexual, TE frequencies and dynamics are predicted to change dramatically, but the long-term outcome is unclear. Here, we test current theory using whole-genome sequence data from eight species of bdelloid rotifers, a class of invertebrates in which males are thus far unknown. Contrary to expectations, we find a variety of active...

Multi-level social organisation and nest-drifting behaviour in a eusocial insect

Seirian Sumner
Stable social groups usually consist of families. However, recent studies have revealed higher-level social structure, with interactions between family groups across different levels of social organisation in multiple species. The explanations for why this apparently paradoxical behaviour arises appear to be varied but remain unclear. Here we use automated radio-tagging data from over 1000 wasps from 91 nests and social network analyses of over 30,000 nest-visitation records to describe and explain interactions across levels of...

Data from: Social and physical environment independently affect oviposition decisions in Drosophila

Emily Churchill, Calvin Dytham, Jon Bridle & Michael Thom
In response to environmental stimuli, including variation in the presence of conspecifics, genotypes show highly plastic responses in behavioral and physiological traits influencing reproduction. Although extensively documented in males, such female responses are rather less studied. We expect females to be highly responsive to environmental variation and to differentially allocate resources to increase offspring fitness, given the major contribution of mothers to offspring number, size, and developmental conditions. Using Drosophila melanogaster, we (a) manipulate exposure...

Data from: Niche shifts after island colonization spurred adaptive diversification and speciation in a cosmopolitan bird clade

Oriol Lapiedra, Ferran Sayol, Joan Garcia-Porta & Daniel Sol
Islands have long been recognized as key contributors to biodiversity because islands facilitate geographic isolation and ecological divergence from mainland ancestors. However, island colonization has traditionally been considered an evolutionary dead-end process, and its consequences for continental biodiversity remain understudied. Here, we studied the evolutionary radiation of Columbiformes (i.e. pigeons and doves) to examine if ecological niche shifts on islands shaped biological diversification and community composition on continents. We show that the colonization of islands...

Zircon U-Pb Sediment provenance data for Miocene to recent sediments collected at Site U1521 during International Ocean Discovery Programme (IODP) Expedition 374 to the Ross Sea, Antarctica

Pieter Vermeesch, Andy Carter & James Marschalek
This dataset comprises zircon U-Pb data on 11 samples, each containing ~90-150 individual grains. This method was applied to sediment samples from IODP Expedition 374 Site U1521 to the Ross Sea, collected on the RV JOIDES Resolution. Shipboard biostratigraphy and magnetostratigraphy suggests the samples are mainly early Miocene in age (McKay et al., 2019). The uppermost samples do, however, include younger Plio-Pleistocene sediments. Samples were measured using an Agilent 7900 laser ablation inductively-coupled plasma mass...

Compiled comparative data and the R code from: \"Why do some primate mothers carry their infant's corpse? A cross-species comparative study\"

Elisa Fernández-Fueyo, Yukimaru Sugiyama, Takeshi Matsui & Alecia Carter
Non-human primates respond to the death of a conspecific in diverse ways, some of which may present phylogenetic continuity with human thanatological responses. Of these responses, infant corpse carrying by mothers (ICC) is the most frequently reported. Despite its prevalence, quantitative analyses of this behaviour are scarce and inconclusive. We compiled a database of 409 published cases across 50 different primate species of mothers’ responses to their infants’ deaths and used Bayesian phylogenetic regressions with...

UK Theses Online?

Frederick J. Friend
Librarians from a number of UK universities, together with representation from the British Library, have formed the University Theses Online Group to explore the feasibility of an online service for the location and delivery of theses in electronic format. A survey of authors and supervisors of theses has been conducted in order to understand better the way in which theses are used and attitudes towards electronic submission. The Group is encouraged by the support it...

Transposable element landscape in Drosophila populations selected for longevity

Daniel Fabian, Handan Melike Dönertas, Matías Fuentealba, Linda Partridge & Janet Thornton
Transposable elements (TEs) inflict numerous negative effects on health and fitness as they replicate by integrating into new regions of the host genome. Even though organisms employ powerful mechanisms to demobilize TEs, transposons gradually lose repression during aging. The rising TE activity causes genomic instability and was implicated in age-dependent neurodegenerative diseases, inflammation and the determination of lifespan. It is therefore conceivable that long-lived individuals have improved TE silencing mechanisms resulting in reduced TE expression...

The influence of instrumental parameters on the particle-surface interaction measurements using colloidal probe AFM in viscous liquids

Yao Lu, Jurriaan Gillissen, Anastasia Papadopoulou, Guanjie He & Manish Tiwari
Understanding surface adhesion in liquids is of great significance for both fundamental study of suspension rheology and industry such as suspension mixing. However, the key factors that influence adhesion between non-deformable particles and surfaces in highly viscous fluids have not been well understood. Here we used colloidal probe atomic force microscope (AFM) techniques to study the adhesion forces △F in viscous liquids by tuning the instrumental parameters such as contact force, contact time, approach and...

Data from: Vertebrate responses to human land use are influenced by their proximity to climatic tolerance limits

Jessica Williams & Tim Newbold
Aim: Land-use change leads to local climatic changes, which can induce shifts in community composition. Indeed, human-altered land uses favour species able to tolerate greater temperature and precipitation extremes. However, environmental changes do not impact species uniformly across their distributions, and most research exploring the impacts of climatic changes driven by land use has not considered potential within-range variation. We explored whether a population’s climatic position (the difference between species’ thermal and precipitation tolerance limits...

Characterizing the clinical features and atrophy patterns of MAPT-related frontotemporal dementia with disease progression modelling (Supplementary Data)

Jonathan Rohrer
Background and Objective: Mutations in the MAPT gene cause frontotemporal dementia (FTD). Most previous studies investigating the neuroanatomical signature of MAPT mutations have grouped all different mutations together and shown an association with focal atrophy of the temporal lobe. However, the variability in atrophy patterns between each particular MAPT mutation is less well characterised. We aimed to investigate whether there were distinct groups of MAPT mutation carriers based on their neuroanatomical signature. Methods: We applied...

Biometric conversion factors as a unifying platform for comparative assessment of invasive freshwater bivalves

Neil Coughlan, Eoghan Cunningham, Ross Cuthbert, Patrick Joyce, Pedro Anastacio, Filipe Banha, Nicolás Bonel, Stephanie Bradbeer, Elizabeta Briski, Vincent Butitta, Zuzana Čadková, Jaimie Dick, Karel Douda, Lawrence Eagling, Noé Ferreira-Rodríguez, Leandro Hünicken, Mattias Johansson, Louise Kregting, Anna Labecka, Deliang Li, Florencia Liquin, Jonathan Marescaux, Todd Morris, Patrycja Nowakowska, Małgorzata Ożgo … & Francisco Sylvester
1. Invasive bivalves continue to spread and negatively impact freshwater ecosystems worldwide. As different metrics for body size and biomass are frequently used within the literature to standardise bivalve related ecological impacts (e.g. respiration and filtration rates), the lack of broadly applicable conversion equations currently hinders reliable comparison across bivalve populations. To facilitate improved comparative assessment amongst studies originating from disparate geographic locations, we report body size and biomass conversion equations for six invasive freshwater...

Epidemiology of epilepsy in Nigeria: A community-based study from 3 sites

Musa Mamman Watila, Salisu A. Balarabe, Morenikeji A. Komolafe, Stanley C. Igwe, Michael B. Fawale, Willem M. Otte, Eric Van Diessen, Olaitan Okunoye, Anthony A. Mshelia, Ibrahim Abdullahi, Joseph Musa, Erick W. Hedima, Yakub W. Nyandaiti, Gagandeep Singh, Andrea S. Winkler & Josemir W. Sander
Background: We determined the prevalence, incidence, and risk factors for epilepsy in Nigeria. Methods: We conducted a door-to-door survey to identify cases of epilepsy in three regions. We estimated age-standardized prevalence adjusted for non-response and sensitivity and the one-year retrospective incidence for active epilepsy. To assess potential risk factors, we conducted a case-control study by collecting sociodemographic and risk factor data. We estimated odds ratios (ORs) using logistic regression analysis and corresponding population attributable fractions...

Registration Year

  • 2021

Resource Types

  • Dataset
  • Text
  • Conference Paper
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  • University College London
  • King's College London
  • University of Leeds
  • The Francis Crick Institute
  • Centre national de la recherche scientifique
  • University of Glasgow
  • University of Birmingham
  • Cardiff University
  • New York University Langone Medical Center
  • University of Cambridge