87 Works

Energy Modelling in the UK: The construction, maintenance and transparency of models

Pei-Hao Li & Neil Strachan
This paper is the third of four to explore results from UKERC’s Modelling Hub survey. It considers how models are constructed in terms of costs, funding sources, and resulting impacts. It looks at how models are maintained in terms of costs, users and model updates. It also explores model accessibility and transparency levels.

Data from: Vertebrate responses to human land use are influenced by their proximity to climatic tolerance limits

Jessica Williams & Tim Newbold
Aim: Land-use change leads to local climatic changes, which can induce shifts in community composition. Indeed, human-altered land uses favour species able to tolerate greater temperature and precipitation extremes. However, environmental changes do not impact species uniformly across their distributions, and most research exploring the impacts of climatic changes driven by land use has not considered potential within-range variation. We explored whether a population’s climatic position (the difference between species’ thermal and precipitation tolerance limits...

UK Theses Online?

Frederick J. Friend
Librarians from a number of UK universities, together with representation from the British Library, have formed the University Theses Online Group to explore the feasibility of an online service for the location and delivery of theses in electronic format. A survey of authors and supervisors of theses has been conducted in order to understand better the way in which theses are used and attitudes towards electronic submission. The Group is encouraged by the support it...

Transposable element landscape in Drosophila populations selected for longevity

Daniel Fabian, Handan Melike Dönertas, Matías Fuentealba, Linda Partridge & Janet Thornton
Transposable elements (TEs) inflict numerous negative effects on health and fitness as they replicate by integrating into new regions of the host genome. Even though organisms employ powerful mechanisms to demobilize TEs, transposons gradually lose repression during aging. The rising TE activity causes genomic instability and was implicated in age-dependent neurodegenerative diseases, inflammation and the determination of lifespan. It is therefore conceivable that long-lived individuals have improved TE silencing mechanisms resulting in reduced TE expression...

The influence of instrumental parameters on the particle-surface interaction measurements using colloidal probe AFM in viscous liquids

Yao Lu, Jurriaan Gillissen, Anastasia Papadopoulou, Guanjie He & Manish Tiwari
Understanding surface adhesion in liquids is of great significance for both fundamental study of suspension rheology and industry such as suspension mixing. However, the key factors that influence adhesion between non-deformable particles and surfaces in highly viscous fluids have not been well understood. Here we used colloidal probe atomic force microscope (AFM) techniques to study the adhesion forces △F in viscous liquids by tuning the instrumental parameters such as contact force, contact time, approach and...

Diversity, equity, and inclusion in engineering education: an exploration of European higher education institutions’ strategic frameworks, resources, and initiatives

I. Direito, Shannon Chance, L. Clemmensen, S. Craps, S.B. Economides, S.R. Isaac, A.M. Jolly, F.R. Truscott & N. Wint

HDBR Atlas: Gene Expression in Early Human Development

Janet Kerwin, YuZhu Cheng, Steven Lisgo, Andrew Copp & Deborah Henderson
Gene expression studies in early human development from 3 to 19 post conceptional weeks (PCW).

Data from: European common frog (Rana temporaria) recolonised Switzerland from multiple glacial refugia in northern Italy via trans- and circum-Alpine routes

Alexandra Jansen Van Rensburg, Mathieu Robin, Barret Phillips & Josh Van Buskirk
The high mountain ranges of western Europe had a profound effect on the biotic recolonisation of Europe from glacial refugia. The Alps present a particularly interesting case because they form an absolute barrier to dispersal for most taxa, obstructing recolonisation from multiple refugia in northern Italy. Here we investigate the effect of the European Alps on the phylogeographic history of the European common frog Rana temporaria. Based on partial cytochrome b and COXI sequences from...

Productivity, niche availability, species richness and extinction risk: Untangling relationships using individual-based simulations

Euan Furness, Russell Garwood, Philip Mannion & Mark Sutton
It has been widely hypothesised that the productivity of an ecosystem affects the number of species that it can support. Despite decades of study, the nature, extent, and underlying mechanisms of this relationship are unclear. One suggested mechanism is the “more individuals” hypothesis (MIH). This proposes that productivity controls the number of individuals in the ecosystem, and that more individuals can be divided into a greater number of species before their population size is sufficiently...

Tension at intercellular junctions is necessary for accurate orientation of cell division in the epithelium plane

Guillaume Charras, Ana Lisica, Jonathan Fouchard, Julia Duque Lloredo, Manasi Kelkar & Buzz Baum
In growing epithelia, divisions are typically oriented in the epithelial plane to drive tissue expansion. In some organs, divisions are then re-oriented so that they occur perpendicular to the epithelium plane to drive tissue stratification and cell differentiation. When uncontrolled, this switch in orientation can lead to defects in tissue organisation and, in the context of cancer, has been suggested to contribute to metastasis. While much is known about the molecular machinery guiding mitotic spindle...

Data from: What factors increase the vulnerability of native birds to the impacts of alien birds?

Thomas Evans, Jonathan Jeschke, Liu Chunlong, David Redding, Çağan Şekercioğlu & Tim Blackburn
This dataset accompanies a published paper (Evans et al. 2021) which aims to identify the factors that influence the vulnerability of native bird species to the impacts of alien bird species. In this paper we used mixed-effects models to test 14 variables that we hypothesised to influence vulnerability: this is a dataset of the 14 varaibles. We carried out our analyses using ten sets of these 14 variables: we provide all ten sets of these...

RepeatModeler and RepeatMasker output files

Reuben Nowell, Christopher Wilson, Pedro Almeida, Philipp Schiffer, Diego Fontaneto, Lutz Becks, Fernando Rodriguez, Irina Arkhipova & Timothy Barraclough
Transposable elements (TEs) are selfish genomic parasites whose ability to spread autonomously is facilitated by sexual reproduction in their hosts. If hosts become obligately asexual, TE frequencies and dynamics are predicted to change dramatically, but the long-term outcome is unclear. Here, we test current theory using whole-genome sequence data from eight species of bdelloid rotifers, a class of invertebrates in which males are thus far unknown. Contrary to expectations, we find a variety of active...

Fast Urbanism: Between Speed, Time and Urban Futures

Ayona Datta
Blog posting on urban development and speed.

Multi-level social organisation and nest-drifting behaviour in a eusocial insect

Seirian Sumner
Stable social groups usually consist of families. However, recent studies have revealed higher-level social structure, with interactions between family groups across different levels of social organisation in multiple species. The explanations for why this apparently paradoxical behaviour arises appear to be varied but remain unclear. Here we use automated radio-tagging data from over 1000 wasps from 91 nests and social network analyses of over 30,000 nest-visitation records to describe and explain interactions across levels of...

Differential perception of work in a technology company workplace

Kerstin Sailer, Petros Koutsolampros & Rosica Pachilova
The impact of the physical workplace on behaviors and attitudes at work is a much-studied topic. Major research streams over the last decades investigated either satisfaction with offices in relation to physical comfort, or how layout decisions influenced interaction and collaboration in the workplace with a focus on open-plan offices. Rather little is known on the effect a workplace layout (for example its openness) has on perceptions of staff regarding teamwork, focused work and perceived...

Proteomics and Transcriptomics of the Hippocampus and Cortex in SUDEP and High-Risk SUDEP Patients

Dominique Leitner, James D. Mills, Geoffrey Pires, Arline Faustin, Eleanor Drummond, Evgeny Kanshin, Shruti Nayak, Manor Askenazi, Chloe Verducci, Bei Jun Chen, Michael Janitz, Jasper J. Anink, Johannes C. Baayen, Sander Idema, Erwin A. Van Vliet, Sasha Devore, Daniel Friedman, Beate Diehl, Catherine Scott, Roland Thijs, Thomas Wisniewski, Beatrix Ueberheide, Maria Thom, Eleonora Aronica & Orrin Devinsky
To identify the molecular signaling pathways underlying sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) and high-risk SUDEP compared to control patients with epilepsy. For proteomics analyses, we evaluated the hippocampus and frontal cortex from microdissected postmortem brain tissue of 12 patients with SUDEP and 14 with non-SUDEP epilepsy. For transcriptomics analyses, we evaluated hippocampus and temporal cortex surgical brain tissue from patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy: 6 low-risk and 8 high-risk SUDEP as determined by...

Data from: Social and physical environment independently affect oviposition decisions in Drosophila

Emily Churchill, Calvin Dytham, Jon Bridle & Michael Thom
In response to environmental stimuli, including variation in the presence of conspecifics, genotypes show highly plastic responses in behavioral and physiological traits influencing reproduction. Although extensively documented in males, such female responses are rather less studied. We expect females to be highly responsive to environmental variation and to differentially allocate resources to increase offspring fitness, given the major contribution of mothers to offspring number, size, and developmental conditions. Using Drosophila melanogaster, we (a) manipulate exposure...

Data from: Niche shifts after island colonization spurred adaptive diversification and speciation in a cosmopolitan bird clade

Oriol Lapiedra, Ferran Sayol, Joan Garcia-Porta & Daniel Sol
Islands have long been recognized as key contributors to biodiversity because islands facilitate geographic isolation and ecological divergence from mainland ancestors. However, island colonization has traditionally been considered an evolutionary dead-end process, and its consequences for continental biodiversity remain understudied. Here, we studied the evolutionary radiation of Columbiformes (i.e. pigeons and doves) to examine if ecological niche shifts on islands shaped biological diversification and community composition on continents. We show that the colonization of islands...

Compiled comparative data and the R code from: \"Why do some primate mothers carry their infant's corpse? A cross-species comparative study\"

Elisa Fernández-Fueyo, Yukimaru Sugiyama, Takeshi Matsui & Alecia Carter
Non-human primates respond to the death of a conspecific in diverse ways, some of which may present phylogenetic continuity with human thanatological responses. Of these responses, infant corpse carrying by mothers (ICC) is the most frequently reported. Despite its prevalence, quantitative analyses of this behaviour are scarce and inconclusive. We compiled a database of 409 published cases across 50 different primate species of mothers’ responses to their infants’ deaths and used Bayesian phylogenetic regressions with...

Research data supporting \"The Missing N1 or Jittered P2: Electrophysiological Correlates of Pattern-Glare in the Time and Frequency Domai\"n

Austyn Tempesta, Claire E. Miller, Vladimir Litvak, Howard Bowman & Andrew Schofield

Zircon U-Pb Sediment provenance data for Miocene to recent sediments collected at Site U1521 during International Ocean Discovery Programme (IODP) Expedition 374 to the Ross Sea, Antarctica

Pieter Vermeesch, Andy Carter & James Marschalek
This dataset comprises zircon U-Pb data on 11 samples, each containing ~90-150 individual grains. This method was applied to sediment samples from IODP Expedition 374 Site U1521 to the Ross Sea, collected on the RV JOIDES Resolution. Shipboard biostratigraphy and magnetostratigraphy suggests the samples are mainly early Miocene in age (McKay et al., 2019). The uppermost samples do, however, include younger Plio-Pleistocene sediments. Samples were measured using an Agilent 7900 laser ablation inductively-coupled plasma mass...

The Effect of Nitrate-Rich Beetroot Juice on Markers of Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Human Intervention Trials

Louise Jones, Stephen J. Bailey, Samantha N. Rowland, Nehal Alsharif, Oliver M. Shannon & Tom Clifford
This systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials examined whether dietary nitrate supplementation attenuates exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) and is reported according to the PRISMA guidelines. Medline and SPORTDiscus databases were searched from inception to June 2020. Inclusion criteria were studies in adult humans consuming inorganic nitrate before and after exercise and that measured markers implicated in the etiology of EIMD (muscle function, muscle soreness, inflammation, myocellular protein efflux, oxidative stress, range of motion)...

The Effect of Nitrate-Rich Beetroot Juice on Markers of Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Human Intervention Trials

Louise Jones, Stephen J. Bailey, Samantha N. Rowland, Nehal Alsharif, Oliver M. Shannon & Tom Clifford
This systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials examined whether dietary nitrate supplementation attenuates exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD) and is reported according to the PRISMA guidelines. Medline and SPORTDiscus databases were searched from inception to June 2020. Inclusion criteria were studies in adult humans consuming inorganic nitrate before and after exercise and that measured markers implicated in the etiology of EIMD (muscle function, muscle soreness, inflammation, myocellular protein efflux, oxidative stress, range of motion)...

A genome-wide association study of total child psychiatric problems scores: summary statistics

Alexander Neumann, Ilja M. Nolte, Irene Pappa, Tarunveer S. Ahluwalia, Erik Pettersson, Alina Rodriguez, Andrew J.O. Whitehouse, Catharina van Beijsterveldt, Beben Benyamin, Anke Hammerschlag, Quinta Helmer, Ville Karhunen, Eva Krapohl, Yi Lu, Peter van der Most, Teemu Palviainen, Beate St. Pourcain, Ilkka Seppälä, Anna Suarez, Natalia Vilor-Tejedor, Carla M. T. Tiesler, Carol Wang, Amanda Wills, Ang Zhou, Silvia Alemany … & Henning Tiemeier
Summary statistics for EAGLE GWAS on total child psychiatric problems scores.
Data is provided in R binary format and can be loaded within R with load("total_child_psychiatric_GWAS.Rdata").
snp: SNP RS ID effect_allele: Effect allele other_allele: Other allele beta: Change in total psychiatric problem score in SD per number of effect allele se: Standard Error p: p-value n: Sample Size
For more information, see PLOS ONE publication:
Neumann A, Nolte IM, [...], Hartman...

Examining the relationship between processing fluency and memory for source information

Tina Huang & David Shanks
Familiarity-based processes such as processing fluency can influence memory judgements in tests of item recognition. Many conventional accounts of source memory assume minimal influence of familiarity on source memory, but recent work has suggested that source memory judgements are affected when test stimuli are processed with greater fluency as a result of priming. The present experiments investigated the relationship between fluency and the accuracy of source memory decisions. Participants studied words presented with different source...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    87

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    67
  • Text
    14
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    2
  • Image
    2
  • Conference Paper
    1
  • Journal Article
    1

Affiliations

  • University College London
    86
  • University of Leeds
    8
  • King's College London
    6
  • Newcastle University
    4
  • The Francis Crick Institute
    4
  • Hunter Medical Research Institute
    3
  • Centre national de la recherche scientifique
    3
  • University of Newcastle Australia
    3
  • University of Glasgow
    3
  • University of Cambridge
    3