961 Works

EXPOSING CORRUPTION IN PROGRESSIVE ROCK

Robert Jacob Sivy
English progressive rock band Gentle Giant is catalogued under the progressive (or “prog”) rock genre for a variety reasons, including unique instrumentation, virtuosity, and interesting/unconventional musical attributes. The complexity of their music is often warranted by the sophisticated concepts behind their albums and the deep messages of their songs. The Power and the Glory (TPatG), Gentle Giant’s sixth studio album, is a concept album that emphasizes the rise and corruption of power. What makes their...

VITAL RATES AND HABITAT SELECTION OF BULL ELK (CERVUS CANADENSIS NELSONI) IN SOUTHEAST KENTUCKY

John Hast
Globally, male ungulate species are heavily managed for their sporting and trophy qualities. North American elk (Cervus canadensis) are typically managed using a male-biased harvest regime, placing increased chances of mortality on males in these hunted populations. To manage for trophy quality animals that typically represent older age classes, wildlife managers have implemented many age-biased harvest regulations, including spike-only tags and antler point restrictions. Many of these age-biased harvest regulations have fallen short of their...

John Mackey's Wine-Dark Sea

Jonathan C. Sweet
John Mackey’s Wine-Dark Sea: Symphony for Band(2014) is a work of epic proportions and was the winner of the William D. Revelli Composition Contest of the National Band Association in 2015. Wine-Dark Sea: Symphony for Bandhas received much acclaim and many performances including a recording by the University of Texas Wind Ensemble in 2016. The purposes of this dissertation are 1) to provide historical information on the genesis of the work through interviews with its...

Is Seeing Believing?

Xiao-Yin Chen
Students who feel a greater sense of belonging in college often experience more positive academic outcomes. Social-psychological interventions have been shown to improve students’ sense of belonging. However, few studies have examined the social cognitive mechanisms through which interventions work. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of two such mechanisms—delivery modality and students’ perceived similarity to peer models—on the efficacy of a narrative-based, social belonging intervention. First-year students (N = 1,329)...

Alternative Thesis Project for Spring 2020 Semester

Elaine Murner
During the Spring 2020 semester, students within the special education program were conducting applied thesis projects within typical contexts as part of their fulfillment of the requirements of a master’s degree program. Due to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), public schools and related facilities closed with no plans to reopen within the time frame to allow for graduation for students in the last semester of their graduate program. Students were allowed to complete an alternative...

Energy Compensation with Exercise is not Dependent on Dose

Background: Exercise induced weight loss is often less than expected due to a coordinated set of compensatory mechanisms that serve to maintain energy homeostasis. The extent to which exercise frequency, duration, intensity and exercise energy expenditure (ExEE) influences the compensatory response to an exercise-induced energy deficit (energy compensation) is controversial. Determining how these variables impact energy compensation would help health care providers prescribe exercise with greater probability of creating a sustained negative energy balance and...

Fiscal Year 2013 FHWA-536 Report for the Kentucky Transportation Cabinet

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The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) requires state transportation agencies to submit a biennial report on local highway finances. The purpose of these reports is to provide FHWA with the data it needs to capture the financing of highway activities at the local level. Based on this information, it can identify trends in revenue, expenditures, investments, and program development, and in turn make decisions about future investments. The report, FHWA-536, asks agencies to report on four...

Comparative Studies of Reproductive Diapause in North American Populations of Three Hippodamia Species (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)

John Obrycki
Adult Hippodamia parenthesis were collected from McLean County, Illinois (40.34°N, 88.77°W), Johnson County, Iowa (41.67°N, 91.52°N), Onondaga County, New York (43.03°N, 76.00°W) and Jefferson County, New York (43.98°N, 75.91°W) (Supplemental Figure 1). Eggs were collected daily from 4 to 6 females in each population and placed in L:D 16:8, 14:10, 12:12,10:14, at 22°C ± 1.0°C. F1 offspring were individually reared in glass vials at each photoperiod on pea aphids and Ephestia kuehniella eggs to examine...

A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW OF PEER-MEDIATED INTERVENTIONS AND TOPIC MAINTENANCE FOR INDIVIDUALS WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER

Alyssa Colston
The purpose of the study was to evaluate the current literature on the use of peer mediated instruction to address topic maintenance for indiviuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A literature review using the standards recommended by the What Works Clearinghouse was conducted. The studies included in the review met the following criteria: (a) use of SCRD; (b) inclusion of at least one participant with ASD as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Mental Disorders,...

The Development of a New Instrument Comparing Teacher and Principal Perceptions of School Technology Leadership

Garrick Grace
Use of technology in education is rapidly growing in terms of dollars spent annually. With such enormous expenditures for schools, stewardship of human and capital resources via leadership feels vital. School technology leadership is a specialty area of educational leadership with a focus on how leaders address technology issues within their schools and guide others through successful implementation. As the body of research continues to grow, measurement instruments can assist researchers and practitioners in understanding...

Differential Effects of Criteria for Increasing Delay Intervals in Progressive Time Delay

Kaitlin O'Neill
The purpose of the study was to compare the differential effects of response-independent and response-dependent criteria used to determine when to increase to the next delay interval in the progressive time delay (PTD) procedure. An adapted alternating treatments design was used to evaluate the relative efficiency of two variations of the PTD procedure when teaching expressive word identification to elementary-aged boys with moderate to severe disabilities, language impairments, and reading deficits. The participants’ school was...

May Ayim's Blue Notes in Blues in Schwarz Weiss

Gabrielle Taylor
May Ayim has become a staple when it comes to Black German poetry within German Studies and continues to influence and challenge ideas of what it means to be black in Germany at the end of the 20th century. What is perhaps not challenged enough is the ways in which we, the readers and students of German literature and poetry, approach and study Ayim’s poetry as we move deeper into the 21st century. Her collection...

ENGAGING THE ECLECTIC BULGARIAN SOUL IN VIOLA CONCERTO NO. 1 BY MARIN GOLEMINOV (1908-2000)

Lubitza Braikova
The main purpose of this monograph is to provide a faceted study of Marin Goleminov’s Concerto for Viola No.1, a work of art complexly revealing its creator’s constructive study of style – including national style. It is hoped that this will, among other things, assist in deepening relevant performances and researches. This document examines the M. Goleminov Concerto for Viola and Orchestra no.1, 1950 (Концерт за Bиола и Oркестър Hомер 1 Марин Големинов, р.1908–п.2000). It...

Deep Neural Architectures for End-to-End Relation Extraction

Tung Tran
The rapid pace of scientific and technological advancements has led to a meteoric growth in knowledge, as evidenced by a sharp increase in the number of scholarly publications in recent years. PubMed, for example, archives more than 30 million biomedical articles across various domains and covers a wide range of topics including medicine, pharmacy, biology, and healthcare. Social media and digital journalism have similarly experienced their own accelerated growth in the age of big data....

EFFECTS OF A HIP ORTHOSIS ON LUMBOPELVIC COORDINATION IN INDIVIDUALS WITH AND WITHOUT LOW BACK PAIN

Colin Drury
Individuals with low back pain (LBP) demonstrate an abnormal lumbopelvic coordination compared to back-healthy individuals. This abnormal coordination presents itself as a reduction in lumbar contribution and an increase in pelvic contribution to trunk motion. This study investigated the ability of a hip orthosis to correct such an abnormal lumbo-pelvic coordination by restricting pelvic rotation and, as a result, increasing lumbar contributions. The effects of the hip orthosis on the magnitude and timing characteristics of...

SILICA NANOPOROUS CONFINEMENT EFFECTS ON IONIC LIQUID PROPERTIES FOR BETTER DESIGN OF SMALL MOLECULE SEPARATION, ELECTROCHEMICAL DEVICES AND DRUG DELIVERY

Yuxin He
Silica nanoconfinement provides a high level of control of ionic liquids (ILs) in localizing catalysts, creating distinct environment for tuning reactivity and controlling the partition of solvents, reactants and products. Silica thin films with two different pore sizes (2.5 nm and 8 nm) were synthesized to study the effect of nanopore confinement on ionic liquids 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate ([BMIM][PF6]), and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride ([BMIM][Cl]). Silica thin films with accessible 8 nm pore diameters were synthesized using evaporation-induced...

EPIGENETIC REGULATION OF HORMONE ACTION IN THE RED FLOUR BEETLE, TRIBOLIUM CASTANEUM (HERBST)

Smitha George
Hormones are the chemical communication signaling molecules released into the body fluid to stimulate target cells of multicellular organisms. Two major hormones, ecdysteroids (20-hydroxyecdysone, 20E) and juvenile hormones (JH), regulate a wide variety of physiological and developmental processes in insects. Therefore, hormones have been extensively studied and are attractive targets for the development of target-specific insect control methods. Recent studies suggest that epigenetics adds another layer of regulation to explain multiple functions of the same...

The Impact of Ryegrass on a Fragipan Soil

Keegan Smith
Fragipans are soil horizons which negatively impact row crop yields due to their cemented nature. Annual ryegrass has been proposed as a cover crop to help remediate these dense horizons. The objectives of this study were to (1) evaluate potential ryegrass root exudates and their ability to solubilize proposed fragipan cementing agents, aluminum (Al), iron (Fe), and silica (Si) in stirred-batch reactor studies; and (2) evaluate annual ryegrass’ ability to remediate the fragipan through an...

Stress Generation in Ni50.3Ti29.7Hf20 Shape Memory Alloys

Utsav Shah
Shape memory alloys such as NiTiHf and NiTi have the ability to generate large recovery stresses when they are constrained after pre-straining and then heated above their Austenite Finish Temperature (Af). In this work Ni49.9Ti50.1 (at.%), the most well-known SMA with impressive shape memory properties but limited temperature range and Ni50.3Ti29.7Hf20, a promising high temperature shape memory alloy, were characterized to reveal their stress generation capabilities. The effects of pre-straining on stress generation were investigated...

Home Rule, Local Autonomy, And Municipal Government Behavior

Xin Chen
This dissertation focuses on relationships between state and local governments. Of particular interest in this project is how the shift of power from the state to local governments changes local governments’ performance. This dissertation is comprised of four chapters. The first chapter briefly introduces the motivation and organization of the dissertation. The second chapter reviews the three state-imposed fiscal institutions—home rule, debt limitations, and tax and expenditure limitations, across states. While previous studies have looked...

An Evaluation of Sensory Paths as an Antecedent Intervention for Decreasing Off-Task Behavior in Children with Disabilities During Small Group Instruction

Hannah Keene
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of sensory paths as an antecedent intervention to decrease off-task behavior and increase on-task behavior in three elementary-aged participants with disabilities. A withdrawal design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention. The results are corollary due to the unintentional A-B design (schools closed during this time period). There is some evidence that the sensory path intervention was no more effective in decreasing off-task...

PREDICTORS OF WORK ECONOMY IN STRUCTURAL FIREFIGHTERS

The purpose of this study was to investigate a novel work economy metric to quantify firefighter physical ability and identify physical fitness and anthropometric correlates of work economy. Physical fitness and anthropometric measurements were taken on 19 incumbent structural firefighters (Age: 35.0±7.1 yr, Body mass: 87.5±13.1 kg). Firefighters performed a timed maximal effort simulated fireground test (SFGT) in personal protective equipment. SFGT air depletion was represented by change in cylinder pressure. Work economy was quantified...

NEW TEACHER INDUCTION

Induction programs are comprehensive initiations or introductions to a position that provides beginning teachers with the necessary tools for starting their teaching careers, as well as specific guidance aimed at helping them meet performance standards. Induction programs may include mentoring, assistance in planning, professional development, and evaluation. Other terms used for induction include support, orientation, training, internship, assistance or assessment programs, retention programs, beginning teacher program, transitional program for existing teacher, cohort program, phase-in, professional...

FOOD ABUNDANCE MODULATES JUVENILE MUSSEL (UNIONIDAE) GROWTH RESPONSES TO THE ASIAN CLAM (CORBICULA FLUMINEA)

Interactions between the Asian Clam (Corbicula fluminea) and freshwater mussels (Unionidae) have been documented, but the effect of food abundance on these interactions is not well understood. I examined the role of food abundance in modulating the growth and survival responses of juvenile Cumberland Bean (Venustaconcha troostensis) to Corbicula. I ran a series of controlled experiments in which I tested the effect of Corbicula on growth and survival of juvenile freshwater mussels in multiple environmentally...

CHARACTERIZING THE ROLES OF PIPECOLIC ACID AND REACTIVE OXYGEN SPECIES METABOLIC ENZYMES IN PLANT SYSTEMIC IMMUNITY

Ruiying Liu
Systemic acquired resistance (SAR), initiated by a plant upon recognition of microbial effectors, involves the generation of mobile signals at the primary infection site, which translocate to and activate defense responses in distal tissues. Among the signals contributing to SAR include salicylic acid (SA), nitric oxide (NO), reactive oxygen species (ROS), glycerol-3-phosphate (G3P), and pipecolic acid (Pip). Our previous studies show there are two branches of SAR signaling pathways in Arabidopsis: one regulated by NO/ROS-G3P...

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