2,429 Works

Proscillaridin A slows the prostate cancer progression through triggering the activation of endoplasmic reticulum stress

Fan Wang, Lin Liu, Yu Tong, Linfeng Li, Yanfeng Liu & Wei-Qiang Gao
Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second commonly diagnosed malignancy in men over the world. Although androgen deprivation therapy for advanced PCa patients has significantly improved their survival, the majority of these patients eventually develop castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Proscillaridin A (Pro A), a cardiac glycoside that is clinically used to treat various heart failure diseases, has been reported to have anticancer activity in several cancers. However, whether Pro A exerts an inhibitory effect on PCa...

Bicomponent polymeric micelles for pH-controlled delivery of doxorubicin

Chunyun Wang, Peilan Qi, Yan Lu, Lei Liu, Yanan Zhang, Qianli Sheng, Tianshun Wang, Mengying Zhang, Rui Wang & Shiyong Song
Stimuli-responsive drug delivery systems (DDSs) are expected to realize site-specific drug release and kill cancer cells selectively. In this study, a pH-responsive micelle was designed utilizing the pH-sensitivity of borate bonds formed between dopamine and boronic acid. First, methyl (polyethylene glycol)-block-polycaprolactone (mPEG-PCL) was conjugated with 4-cyano-4-(thiobenzoylthio)pentanoic acid (CTP) to obtain a macroinitiator. Two different segments poly(dopamine methacrylamide) (PDMA) and poly(vinylphenylboronic acid) (PVBA) were then grafted to the end of mPEG-PCL. Two triblock copolymers, mPEG-PCL-PDMA and...

ddPCR: a more accurate tool for SARS-CoV-2 detection in low viral load specimens

Tao Suo, Xinjin Liu, Jiangpeng Feng, Ming Guo, Wenjia Hu, Dong Guo, Hafiz Ullah, Yang Yang, Qiuhan Zhang, Xin Wang, Muhanmmad Sajid, Zhixiang Huang, Liping Deng, Tielong Chen, Fang Liu, Ke Xu, Yuan Liu, Qi Zhang, Yingle Liu, Yong Xiong, Guozhong Chen, Ke Lan & Yu Chen
Quantitative real time PCR (RT-PCR) is widely used as the gold standard for clinical detection of SARS-CoV-2. However, due to the low viral load specimens and the limitations of RT-PCR, significant numbers of false negative reports are inevitable, which results in failure to timely diagnose, cut off transmission, and assess discharge criteria. To improve this situation, an optimized droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) was used for detection of SARS-CoV-2, which showed that the limit of detection...

Viral RNA level, serum antibody responses, and transmission risk in recovered COVID-19 patients with recurrent positive SARS-CoV-2 RNA test results: a population-based observational cohort study

Chao Yang, Min Jiang, Xiaohui Wang, Xiujuan Tang, Shisong Fang, Hao Li, Le Zuo, Yixiang Jiang, Yifan Zhong, Qiongcheng Chen, Chenli Zheng, Lei Wang, Shuang Wu, Weihua Wu, Hui Liu, Jing Yuan, Xuejiao Liao, Zhen Zhang, Xiaolu Shi, Yijie Geng, Huan Zhang, Huanying Zheng, Min Wan, Linying Lu, Xiaohu Ren … & Qinghua Hu
Managing recovered COVID-19 patients with recurrent-positive SARS-CoV-2 RNA test results is challenging. We performed a population-based observational study to characterize the viral RNA level and serum antibody responses in recurrent-positive patients and evaluate their viral transmission risk. Of 479 recovered COVID-19 patients, 93 (19%) recurrent-positive patients were identified, characterized by younger age, with a median discharge-to-recurrent-positive length of 8 days. After readmission, recurrent-positive patients exhibited mild (28%) or absent (72%) symptoms, with no disease progression....

Viral RNA level, serum antibody responses, and transmission risk in recovered COVID-19 patients with recurrent positive SARS-CoV-2 RNA test results: a population-based observational cohort study

Chao Yang, Min Jiang, Xiaohui Wang, Xiujuan Tang, Shisong Fang, Hao Li, Le Zuo, Yixiang Jiang, Yifan Zhong, Qiongcheng Chen, Chenli Zheng, Lei Wang, Shuang Wu, Weihua Wu, Hui Liu, Jing Yuan, Xuejiao Liao, Zhen Zhang, Xiaolu Shi, Yijie Geng, Huan Zhang, Huanying Zheng, Min Wan, Linying Lu, Xiaohu Ren … & Qinghua Hu
Managing recovered COVID-19 patients with recurrent-positive SARS-CoV-2 RNA test results is challenging. We performed a population-based observational study to characterize the viral RNA level and serum antibody responses in recurrent-positive patients and evaluate their viral transmission risk. Of 479 recovered COVID-19 patients, 93 (19%) recurrent-positive patients were identified, characterized by younger age, with a median discharge-to-recurrent-positive length of 8 days. After readmission, recurrent-positive patients exhibited mild (28%) or absent (72%) symptoms, with no disease progression....

Prolonged shedding of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 in patients with COVID-19

Qian Li, Xiao-Shuang Zheng, Xu-Rui Shen, Hao-Rui Si, Xi Wang, Qi Wang, Bei Li, Wei Zhang, Yan Zhu, Ren-Di Jiang, Kai Zhao, Hui Wang, Zheng-Li Shi, Hui-Lan Zhang, Rong-Hui Du & Peng Zhou
Following acute infection, individuals COVID-19 may still shed SARS-CoV-2 RNA. However, limited information is available regarding the active shedding period or whether infectious virus is also shed. Here, we monitored the clinical characteristics and virological features of 38 patients with COVID-19 (long-term carriers) who recovered from the acute disease, but still shed viral RNA for over 3 months. The median carrying history of the long-term carriers was 92 days after the first admission, and the...

Prolonged shedding of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 in patients with COVID-19

Qian Li, Xiao-Shuang Zheng, Xu-Rui Shen, Hao-Rui Si, Xi Wang, Qi Wang, Bei Li, Wei Zhang, Yan Zhu, Ren-Di Jiang, Kai Zhao, Hui Wang, Zheng-Li Shi, Hui-Lan Zhang, Rong-Hui Du & Peng Zhou
Following acute infection, individuals COVID-19 may still shed SARS-CoV-2 RNA. However, limited information is available regarding the active shedding period or whether infectious virus is also shed. Here, we monitored the clinical characteristics and virological features of 38 patients with COVID-19 (long-term carriers) who recovered from the acute disease, but still shed viral RNA for over 3 months. The median carrying history of the long-term carriers was 92 days after the first admission, and the...

Immune restoration in HIV-1-infected patients after 12 years of antiretroviral therapy: a real-world observational study

Jiaye Liu, Lifeng Wang, Yuying Hou, Yan Zhao, Zhihui Dou, Ye Ma, Dawei Zhang, Yasong Wu, Decai Zhao, Zhongfu Liu, Fujie Zhang, Lei Jin, Ji-Yuan Zhang, Ruonan Xu, Ming Shi, Lei Huang, Zunyou Wu, Mengjie Han, George F. Gao & Fu-Sheng Wang
Using normalization of CD4 counts as the main evaluation parameter of complete immune restoration for HIV-1 patients under antiretroviral therapy (ART) might be not enough. A comprehensive evaluation system more accurately reflecting immune restoration are urgently needed. Totally, 91,805 HIV-1 patients from 17 tertiary hospitals in China during 2005–2018 were included in this study. Immune restoration and mortality were assessed. Patients initiated ART with baseline CD4 counts <50, 50–199, 200–349, 350–499, and ≥500 cells/μL, and...

Immune restoration in HIV-1-infected patients after 12 years of antiretroviral therapy: a real-world observational study

Jiaye Liu, Lifeng Wang, Yuying Hou, Yan Zhao, Zhihui Dou, Ye Ma, Dawei Zhang, Yasong Wu, Decai Zhao, Zhongfu Liu, Fujie Zhang, Lei Jin, Ji-Yuan Zhang, Ruonan Xu, Ming Shi, Lei Huang, Zunyou Wu, Mengjie Han, George F. Gao & Fu-Sheng Wang
Using normalization of CD4 counts as the main evaluation parameter of complete immune restoration for HIV-1 patients under antiretroviral therapy (ART) might be not enough. A comprehensive evaluation system more accurately reflecting immune restoration are urgently needed. Totally, 91,805 HIV-1 patients from 17 tertiary hospitals in China during 2005–2018 were included in this study. Immune restoration and mortality were assessed. Patients initiated ART with baseline CD4 counts <50, 50–199, 200–349, 350–499, and ≥500 cells/μL, and...

Risks and features of secondary infections in severe and critical ill COVID-19 patients

Haocheng Zhang, Yi Zhang, Jing Wu, Yang Li, Xian Zhou, Xin Li, Haili Chen, Mingquan Guo, Shu Chen, Feng Sun, Richeng Mao, Chao Qiu, Zhaoqin Zhu, Jingwen Ai & Wenhong Zhang
Objectives Severe or critical COVID-19 is associated with intensive care unit admission, increased secondary infection rate, and would lead to significant worsened prognosis. Risks and characteristics relating to secondary infections in severe COVID-19 have not been described. Methods Severe and critical COVID-19 patients from Shanghai were included. We collected lower respiratory, urine, catheters, and blood samples according to clinical necessity and culture and mNGS were performed. Clinical and laboratory data were archived. Results We found...

The activation of antiviral RNA interference not only exists in neural progenitor cells but also in somatic cells in mammals

Yuqiang Zhang, Zhe Li, Zhi Ye, Yan Xu, Binbin Wang, Congcong Wang, Yunpeng Dai, Jinfeng Lu, Boxun Lu, Wanju Zhang & Yang Li
The RNA interference (RNAi) pathway directs an important antiviral immunity mechanism in plants and invertebrates. Recently, we and others have demonstrated that the antiviral RNAi response is also conserved in mammals, at least to five distinct RNA viruses, including Zika virus (ZIKV). ZIKV may preferentially infect neuronal progenitor cells (NPCs) in the developing foetal brain. Ex vivo ZIKV infection induces RNAi-mediated antiviral response in human NPCs, but not in the more differentiated NPCs or somatic...

The activation of antiviral RNA interference not only exists in neural progenitor cells but also in somatic cells in mammals

Yuqiang Zhang, Zhe Li, Zhi Ye, Yan Xu, Binbin Wang, Congcong Wang, Yunpeng Dai, Jinfeng Lu, Boxun Lu, Wanju Zhang & Yang Li
The RNA interference (RNAi) pathway directs an important antiviral immunity mechanism in plants and invertebrates. Recently, we and others have demonstrated that the antiviral RNAi response is also conserved in mammals, at least to five distinct RNA viruses, including Zika virus (ZIKV). ZIKV may preferentially infect neuronal progenitor cells (NPCs) in the developing foetal brain. Ex vivo ZIKV infection induces RNAi-mediated antiviral response in human NPCs, but not in the more differentiated NPCs or somatic...

Catalpol ameliorates psoriasis-like phenotypes via SIRT1 mediated suppression of NF-κB and MAPKs signaling pathways

Aimin Liu, Buxin Zhang, Wei Zhao, Yuanhui Tu, Qingxing Wang & Jing Li
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that affects approximately 2% of worldwide population, and causing long-term troubles to the patients. Therefore, it is urgent to develop safe and effective therapeutic drugs. Catalpol is a natural iridoid glucoside, that has several remarkable pharmacological effects, however, whether catalpol can alleviated psoriasis has not been explored. The goal of the present work is to study the role of catalpol in psoriasis in vivo and in vitro. Imiquimod-induced...

Silenced lncRNA H19 and up-regulated microRNA-129 accelerates viability and restrains apoptosis of PC12 cells induced by Aβ25-35 in a cellular model of Alzheimer’s disease

Yan-Yun Zhang, Hai-Lan Bao, Li-Xia Dong, Yu Liu, Guo-Wei Zhang & Feng-Mao An
Accumulating data manifest that long non-coding RNA (lncRNAs) are involved in all kinds of neurodegenerative disorders, consisting of the onset and progression of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The study was for the research of the mechanism of lncRNA H19 (H19) in viability and apoptosis of PC12 cells induced by Aβ25-35 in a cellular model of AD with the regulation of microRNA (miR)-129 and high mobility group box-1 protein (HMGB1). An AD cellular model of PC12 cells...

MIR205 host gene (MIR205HG) drives osteosarcoma metastasis via regulating the microRNA 2114-3p (miR-2114-3p)/twist family bHLH transcription factor 2 (TWIST2) axis

Xin Wang, Xiaojie Yu, Xiongwu Long & Qianqian Pu
Osteosarcoma (OS) is an aggressive malignant tumor with a high rate of lung metastasis and a lack of therapeutic targets. Although the anomalous expression of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) has been extensively documented in human cancer, its contribution to OS metastasis remains poorly understood. In this study, we found that MIR205 host gene (MIR205HG) was significantly elevated in human OS tissues, especially in metastatic OS tissues. Stable knockdown of MIR205HG inhibited OS cell invasion and...

Genome-wide comparison of the GRAS protein family in eight Rosaceae species and GRAS gene expression analysis in Chinese white pear (Pyrus bretschneideri Rehder)

Wenjing Chang, Manyi Sun, Mingyue Zhang, Zikai Tang, Jiawen Sheng, Yueyuan Liu, Bobo Song, Jiaming Li, Kejiao Zhao & Jun Wu
The GRAS protein family encodes a family of plant-specific transcription factors that have diverse and significant functions in regulating plant development and anthocyanin biosynthesis. Our study represents the comprehensive identification and comparison of GRAS protein family genes in the Rosaceae. Here, 535 GRAS genes were screened from eight Rosaceae species. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that whole-genome duplication (WGD) events and dispersed duplication events were the major mechanisms promoting the expansion of the GRAS protein family in...

Self-assembled thermal gold nanorod-loaded thermosensitive liposome-encapsulated ganoderic acid for antibacterial and cancer photochemotherapy

Weiwei Zhang, Wenwen Yu, Xiaoyuan Ding, Chenyang Yin, Jing Yan, Endong Yang, Feng Guo, Dongdong Sun & Weiyun Wang
A novel nanoparticle (Au-LTSL-GA.A) uses the thermosensitive liposome (LTSL) to encapsulate ganoderic acid A (GA.A), which successfully transforms the polarity of GA.A and has excellent water solubility. The multifunctional Au-LTSL-GA.A, a self-assembled thermal nanomaterial, was used in antibacterial and anticancer applications in combination with near-infrared (NIR) irradiation. The designed Au-LTSL-GA.A nanoparticle was used as a nano-photosensitizer to achieve synergistic photochemotherapy based on the phototherapy sensitization property of Au nanorods (NRs) and antitumour activity of GA.A....

Prediction of clinical prognosis in cutaneous melanoma using an immune-related gene pair signature

Yu Yang, Xuan Long, Guiyun Li, Xiaohong Yu, Yu Liu, Kun Li & Xiaobin Tian
Cutaneous melanoma (CM) is a malignant and aggressive skin cancer that is the leading cause of skin cancer-related deaths. Increasing evidence shows that immunity plays a vital role in the prognosis of CM. In this study, we developed an immune-related gene pair (IRGP) signature to predict the clinical prognosis of patients with CM. Immune-related genes from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) databases were selected to construct the IRGPs, and...

Risk of Ophthalmic Adverse Events in Patients Treated with Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Regimens: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Yan-Li Hou, Di-Ya Wang, Jie-Xuan Hu, Ru-Yue Tian, Wei Wang, Qiang Su, Hongyang Li & Yan-Ling Wang
Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) -induced adverse events (AEs) have been reported affecting almost all human organs. However, studies about ocular AEs are few. A meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the risks of ICI-related ophthalmic AEs compare to chemotherapy. Methods: Eligible studies were selected from phase II/III randomized controlled trials investigating ICIs. The data were analyzed by R software and Stata. Odds ratio of treatment-related AE (trAEs) and nonspecific ophthalmic trAEs (NS-trAEs) were lower for PD-1/PD-L1...

Comprehensive Analysis of Monocarboxylate Transporter 4 (MCT4) expression in breast cancer prognosis and immune infiltration via integrated bioinformatics analysis

Chen Yuan, Jie Zhang, Jianjuan Lou, Siqi Wang, Yanni Jiang, Feiyun Wu & Shouju Wang
Lactate blunts the anticancer immune response in breast cancer (BC). However, little is known about the exact effect of lactate transporters such as monocarboxylate transporter 4 (MCT4) on immunotherapy. In this study, we investigated the expression status and prognostic value of MCT4 in BC through large-scale transcriptome data. Our results showed that MCT4 was overexpressed in BC, particularly in the basal-like molecular subtype. Overexpression of MCT4 was significantly correlated with high BC lesion grade and...

Impact of hepatocyte-specific deletion of staphylococcal nuclease and tudor domain containing 1 (SND1) on liver insulin resistance and acute liver failure of mice

Chunyan Zhao, Xiaoteng Cui, Yan Zhao, Baoxin Qian, Nan Zhang, Lingbiao Xin, Chuanbo Ha, Jie Yang, Xinting Wang & Xingjie Gao
Although our previous research shows an ameliorated high-fat diet (HFD)-induced hepatic steatosis and insulin resistance in global SND1 transgenic mice, the involvement of SND1 loss-of-function in hepatic metabolism remains elusive. Herein, we aim to explore the potential impact of hepatocyte-specific SND1 deletion on insulin-resistant mice. As SND1 is reported to be linked to inflammatory response, the pathobiological feature of acute liver failure (ALF) is also investigated. Hence, we construct the conditional liver knockout (LKO) mice...

Impact of hepatocyte-specific deletion of staphylococcal nuclease and tudor domain containing 1 (SND1) on liver insulin resistance and acute liver failure of mice

Chunyan Zhao, Xiaoteng Cui, Yan Zhao, Baoxin Qian, Nan Zhang, Lingbiao Xin, Chuanbo Ha, Jie Yang, Xinting Wang & Xingjie Gao
Although our previous research shows an ameliorated high-fat diet (HFD)-induced hepatic steatosis and insulin resistance in global SND1 transgenic mice, the involvement of SND1 loss-of-function in hepatic metabolism remains elusive. Herein, we aim to explore the potential impact of hepatocyte-specific SND1 deletion on insulin-resistant mice. As SND1 is reported to be linked to inflammatory response, the pathobiological feature of acute liver failure (ALF) is also investigated. Hence, we construct the conditional liver knockout (LKO) mice...

Discovery of novel serum metabolic biomarkers in patients with polycystic ovarian syndrome and premature ovarian failure

Jiying Chen, Qinger Zhou, Yonggang Zhang, Wenqing Tan, Hanchao Gao, Liying Zhou, Shuixiu Xiao, Jinhua Gao, Jing Li & Zhiying Zhu
Several widely recognized metabolites play a role in regulating the pathophysiological processes of various disorders. Nonetheless, the lack of effective biomarkers for the early diagnosis of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and premature ovarian failure (POF) has led to the discovery of serum-based metabolic biomarkers for these disorders. We aimed to identify various differentially expressed metabolites (DEMs) through serum-based metabolic profiling in patients with PCOS and POF and in healthy individuals by using liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry...

Additional file 1 of Data integration and evolutionary analysis of long non-coding RNAs in 25 flowering plants

Shiye Sang, Wen Chen, Di Zhang, Xuan Zhang, Wenjing Yang & Changning Liu
Additional file 1. Genomic sequences and their corresponding annotations of 25 flowering plants.

Additional file 6 of Data integration and evolutionary analysis of long non-coding RNAs in 25 flowering plants

Shiye Sang, Wen Chen, Di Zhang, Xuan Zhang, Wenjing Yang & Changning Liu
Additional file 6. The collected transcriptome analysis data.

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