51 Works

Global impacts of climate change on avian functional diversity

Peter Stewart, Alke Voskamp, Luca Santini, Matthias Biber, Adam Devenish, Christian Hof, Stephen Willis & Joseph Tobias
Climate change is predicted to drive geographical range shifts, leading to fluctuations in species richness worldwide. However, the effect of these changes on functional diversity remains unclear, in part because comprehensive species-level trait data are generally lacking at global scales. Here we use morphometric and ecological traits for 8268 bird species to estimate the impact of climate change on avian functional diversity (FD). We show that future bird assemblages are likely to undergo substantial shifts...

Methodological Framework for Modelling and Empirical Approaches (Deliverable D1.1 in the EC ITN project SHAPE-IT)

Nikol Figalova, Naomi Mbelekani, Chi Zhang, Yue Kang, Chen Peng, Mohamed Nasser, Liu Yuan-Cheng, Amna Pir Muhammad, Wilbert Tabone, Siri Hegna Berge, Sarang Jokhio, Xiaolin He, Amir Hossein Kalantari, Ali Mohammadi & Xiaomi Yang

Kazak faecal microbiota transplantation induces short-chain fatty acids that promote glucagon-like peptide-1 secretion by regulating gut microbiota in db/db mice

Xue Han, Ye Wang, Peipei Zhang, Manli Zhu, Ling Li, Xinmin Mao, Xiaoting Sha & Linlin Li
Faecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) from Kazak individuals with normal glucose tolerance (KNGT) significantly reduces plasma glycolipid levels in type 2 diabetes mellitus db/db mice. However, the mechanism behind this effect has not been reported. To study the mechanism of improved glycolipid disorders in db/db mice by FMT from a KNGT donor. The normal diet group consisted of db/m mice orally administered 0.2 mL phosphate buffer saline (PBS) (db/m + PBS). For the db/db + PBS...

Persistence of plant-mediated microbial soil legacy effects in soil and inside roots

Emilia Hannula, Robin Heinen, Martine Huberty, Katja Steinauer, Jonathan De Long, Renske Jongen & Martijn Bezemer
Plant-soil feedbacks are shaped by microbial legacies that plants leave in the soil. We tested the persistence of these legacies after subsequent colonization by the same or other plant species. Soil fungal legacies were detectable for months, but the current plant effect on fungi amplified in time. Contrary, in bacterial communities, legacies faded away rapidly and bacteria communities were influenced strongly by the current plant. However, both fungal and bacterial legacies were conserved inside the...

Data for: Growing faster, longer or both? Modelling plastic response of Juniperus communis growth phenology to climate change

Jan Tumajer, Allan Buras, Jesús Julio Camarero, Marco Carrer, Rohan Shetti, Martin Wilmking, Jan Altman, Gabriel Sangüesa-Barreda & Jiří Lehejček
Aim: Plant growth and phenology plastically respond to changing climatic conditions both in space and time. Species-specific levels of growth plasticity determine biogeographical patterns and the adaptive capacity of species to climate change. However, a direct assessment of spatial and temporal variability in radial-growth dynamics is complicated, as long records of cambial phenology do not exist. Location: 16 sites across European distribution margins of Juniperus communis L. (the Mediterranean, the Arctic, the Alps and the...

Data from: Loss of fungal symbionts at the arid limit of the distribution range in a native Patagonian grass – resource ecophysiological relations

Cecilia Casas, Pedro E. Gundel, Eluney Deliens, Leopoldo J. Iannone, Guillermo García Martinez, María V. Vignale & Hans Schnyder
1. Crucial to our understanding of plant ecology is the consideration of the eco-physiological responses and constraints of plant-fungal symbioses throughout the native distribution range of their host. 2. We examined key eco-physiological roles of two co-occurring fungal symbionts [Epichloë endophytes and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF)] in the endemic grass Hordeum comosum across a wide bioclimatic gradient and contrasting grazing severity. We sampled H. comosum plants along four humid-to-arid transects in Patagonia, Argentina, covering its...

Data from: Traits mediate niches and co-occurrences of forest beetles in ways that differ among bioclimatic regions

Ryan C. Burner, Jörg G. Stephan, Lukas Drag, Tone Birkemoe, Jörg Muller, Tord Snäll, Otso Ovaskainen, Mária Potterf, Juha Siitonen, Olav Skarpaas, Inken Doerfler, Martin M. Gossner, Peter Schall, Wolfgang W. Weisser & Anne Sverdrup-Thygeson
Aim To investigate the role of traits in beetle community assembly and test for consistency in these effects among several bioclimatic regions. We asked (1) whether traits predicted species’ responses to environmental gradients (i.e., their niches), (2) whether these same traits could predict co-occurrence patterns, and (3) how consistent were niches and the role of traits among study regions. Location Boreal forests in Norway and Finland, temperate forests in Germany. Methods We complied capture records...

Circular Business Models: Overcoming Barriers, Unleashing Potentials

Erik. G. Hansen, Patrick Wiedemann, Klaus Fichter, Florian Lüdeke-Freund, Melanie Jaeger-Erben, Thomas Schomerus, Andres Alcayaga, Fenna Blomsma, Ursula Tischner, Ulrich Ahle, Daniel Büchle, Ann-Kathrin Denker, Karsten Fiolka, Magnus Fröhling, Alexander Häge, Volker Hoffmann, Holger Kohl, Tara Nitz, Christian Schiller, Rebecca Tauer, Dieter Vollkommer, Dieter Wilhelm, Hartmut Zefferer, Seda Akinci, Florian Hofmann … & Susanne Kadner
Most current patterns of production and consumption follow a linear “extract, produce, consume, dispose” model. According to the Circular Gap Report 2020, the global economy is just 9% circular. This economic model is contributing to a massive transgression of “planetary boundaries” and the destabilisation of ecosystems and factors essential to human life such as the climate system and biodiversity. As a result, there is currently much discussion of a paradigm shift in the industrial value...

Regionalized dynamic climate series for ecological climate impact research in modern controlled environment facilities

Bálint Jákli, Roman Meier, Margaret Bliss, Ulrike Gelhardt, Margaret Bliss, Ludger Grünhage & Manuela Baumgarten
Modern controlled environment facilities (CEFs) enable the simulation of dynamic microclimates in controlled ecological experiments through their technical ability to precisely control multiple environmental parameters. However, few CEF studies exploit the technical possibilities of their facilities, as climate change treatments are frequently applied by static manipulation of an inadequate number of climate change drivers, ignoring intra-annual variability and co-variation of multiple meteorological variables. We present so called Test Reference Years (TRY) that consist of typical...

Immuno-informatics guided designing of a multi-epitope vaccine against Dengue and Zika

Aditi Bhardwaj, Ritika Sharma & Abhinav Grover
Dengue and zika are amongst the most prevalent mosquito-borne diseases caused by closely related members Dengue virus (DENV) and Zika virus (ZIKV), respectively, of the Flaviviridae family. DENV and ZIKV have been reported to co-infect several people, resulting in fatalities across the world. A vaccine that can safeguard against both these pathogens concurrently, can offer several advantages. This study has employed immuno-informatics for devising a multi-epitope, multi-pathogenic vaccine against both these viruses. Since, the two...

Immuno-informatics guided designing of a multi-epitope vaccine against Dengue and Zika

Aditi Bhardwaj, Ritika Sharma & Abhinav Grover
Dengue and zika are amongst the most prevalent mosquito-borne diseases caused by closely related members Dengue virus (DENV) and Zika virus (ZIKV), respectively, of the Flaviviridae family. DENV and ZIKV have been reported to co-infect several people, resulting in fatalities across the world. A vaccine that can safeguard against both these pathogens concurrently, can offer several advantages. This study has employed immuno-informatics for devising a multi-epitope, multi-pathogenic vaccine against both these viruses. Since, the two...

Data from: Systematics of the giant sedges of Carex sect. Rhynchocystis (Cyperaceae) in Macaronesia with description of two new species

Monica Miguez, Pedro Jimenez-Mejias, Carmen Benitez-Benitez, Hanno Schaefer & Santiago Martín-Bravo
Populations of Carex sect. Rhynchocystis (Cyperaceae) from the Macaronesian archipelagos (Azores and Madeira) have traditionally been treated either as a variety of the widely distributed Western Palearctic C. pendula, or directly synonymized under it. However, recent phylogenetic studies have shown that Azorean populations of C. pendula display a certain degree of differentiation from mainland plants, while the phylogenetic relationships of Madeiran populations remain unclear. Here we perform an integrated systematic study focused on the Macaronesian...

Electricity Spot Market Design 2030-2050

Martin Bichler, Hans Ulrich Buhl & Lisa Hanny

Timescales of motor memory formation in dual-adaptation

Marion Forano
The timescales of adaptation to novel dynamics are well explained by a dual-rate model with slow and fast states. This model can predict interference, savings and spontaneous recovery, but cannot account for adaptation to multiple tasks, as each new task drives unlearning of the previously learned task. Nevertheless, in the presence of appropriate contextual cues, humans are able to adapt simultaneously to opposing dynamics. Consequently this model was expanded, suggesting that dual-adaptation occurs through a...

Anschauliche Wege zum Größenvergleich von Brüchen

Frank Reinhold & Kristina Reiss
Bruchrechnen stellt für Schülerinnen und Schüler eine zum Teil erhebliche Her-ausforderung beim Mathematiklernen in der Sekundarstufe dar. Gerade beim Größenvergleich herrschen häufig typische Fehler vor. Dafür gibt es unterschied-liche Erklärungsansätze, etwa den Rückgriff auf Konzepte natürlicher Zahlen – wie etwa die Existenz eines eindeutigen Nachfolgers – die im Zahlbereich der ra-tionalen Zahlen ihre Tragfähigkeit verlieren. Ein Fokus auf den Vergleich mittels einer regelbasierten Gleicher-Nenner-Strategie, in der der Vergleich rein durch die Anwendung einer formalen und...

Engineering a multi epitope vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 by exploiting its non structural and structural proteins

Vikrant Singh Rajput, Ritika Sharma, Anchala Kumari, Nidhi Vyas, Vijay Prajapati & Abhinav Grover
SARS-CoV-2, the causative agent behind the ongoing pandemic exhibits an enhanced potential for infection when compared to its related family members- the SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV; which have caused similar disease outbreaks in the past. The severity of the global health burden, increasing mortality rate and the emergent economic crisis urgently demands the development of next generation vaccines. Amongst such emergent next generation vaccines are the multi-epitope subunit vaccines, which hold promise in combating deadly pathogens....

Engineering a multi epitope vaccine against SARS-CoV-2 by exploiting its non structural and structural proteins

Vikrant Singh Rajput, Ritika Sharma, Anchala Kumari, Nidhi Vyas, Vijay Prajapati & Abhinav Grover
SARS-CoV-2, the causative agent behind the ongoing pandemic exhibits an enhanced potential for infection when compared to its related family members- the SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV; which have caused similar disease outbreaks in the past. The severity of the global health burden, increasing mortality rate and the emergent economic crisis urgently demands the development of next generation vaccines. Amongst such emergent next generation vaccines are the multi-epitope subunit vaccines, which hold promise in combating deadly pathogens....

Morphological trait database of saproxylic beetles

Jonas Hagge, Jörg Müller, Tone Birkemoe, Jörn Buse, Rune Haubo Bojesen Christensen, Martin M. Gossner, Axel Gruppe, Christoph Heibl, Andrea Jarzabek-Müller, Sebastian Seibold, Juha Siitonen, João Gonçalo Soutinho, Anne Sverdrup-Thygeson, Simon Thorn & Lukas Drag
The extinction of species is a non-random process, and understanding why some species are more likely to go extinct than others is critical for conservation efforts. Functional trait-based approaches offer a promising tool to achieve this goal. In forests, deadwood-dependent (saproxylic) beetles comprise a major part of threatened species, but analyses of their extinction risk have been hindered by the availability of suitable morphological traits. To better understand the mechanisms underlying extinction in insects, we...

FASTA sequences of 6 different proteins of SARS-CoV-2

Umama Khan, & Pinky Debnath
The acute respiratory disease induced by the severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) has become a global epidemic in just less than a year by the first half of 2020. The subsequent efficient human-to-human transmission of this virus eventually affected millions of people worldwide. The virulence of the SARS-CoV-2 is mostly regulated by its proteins but very little is known about the protein structures and functionalities. Therefore, the main purpose of this study is to learn...

Dataset: Effect of flower identity and diversity on reducing aphid populations via natural enemy communities

Sharon Zytynska, Moritz Eicher, Robin Fahle & Wolfgang Weisser
This dataset contains data from the paper: Zytynska SE, Eicher M, Fahle R, Weisser W. Effect of flower identity and diversity on reducing aphid populations via natural enemy communities. Ecology and Evolution. Floral plantings are often used in agriculture to attract pollinator communities but they also play an important role in recruiting and establishing natural communities for natural pest control. Inconsistent effects of floral plantings for pest control may be a result of an absence...

Selectivity of Exportin 5 binding to human precursor microRNAs

Xiaoxiao Zhang, Fanzou Liu, Fanming Yang, Zhen Meng & Yan Zeng
Exportin 5 (Exp5, XPO5) is a nuclear export factor that functions in the microRNA (miRNA) biogenesis pathway to transport precursor miRNAs (pre-miRNAs) from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. Most of our current understanding of the Exp5 and pre-miRNA interaction is based on the investigation of how Exp5 binds to human pre-miR-30a (pre-miR-30 for short). As there are hundreds of human miRNA genes, how representative pre-miR-30 is, whether or how Exp5 interacts with distinct cargoes differentially,...

Selectivity of Exportin 5 binding to human precursor microRNAs

Xiaoxiao Zhang, Fanzou Liu, Fanming Yang, Zhen Meng & Yan Zeng
Exportin 5 (Exp5, XPO5) is a nuclear export factor that functions in the microRNA (miRNA) biogenesis pathway to transport precursor miRNAs (pre-miRNAs) from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. Most of our current understanding of the Exp5 and pre-miRNA interaction is based on the investigation of how Exp5 binds to human pre-miR-30a (pre-miR-30 for short). As there are hundreds of human miRNA genes, how representative pre-miR-30 is, whether or how Exp5 interacts with distinct cargoes differentially,...

A single mutation attenuates both the transcription termination and RNA-dependent RNA polymerase activity of T7 RNA polymerase

Hui Wu, Ting Wei, Bingbing Yu, Rui Cheng, Fengtao Huang, Xuelin Lu, Yan Yan, Xionglue Wang, Chenli Liu & Bin Zhu
Transcription termination is one of the least understood processes of gene expression. As the prototype model for transcription studies, the single-subunit T7 RNA polymerase (RNAP) is known to respond to two types of termination signals, but the mechanism underlying such termination, especially the specific elements of the polymerase involved, is still unclear, due to a lack of knowledge with respect to the structure of the termination complex. Here we applied phage-assisted continuous evolution to obtain...

A single mutation attenuates both the transcription termination and RNA-dependent RNA polymerase activity of T7 RNA polymerase

Hui Wu, Ting Wei, Bingbing Yu, Rui Cheng, Fengtao Huang, Xuelin Lu, Yan Yan, Xionglue Wang, Chenli Liu & Bin Zhu
Transcription termination is one of the least understood processes of gene expression. As the prototype model for transcription studies, the single-subunit T7 RNA polymerase (RNAP) is known to respond to two types of termination signals, but the mechanism underlying such termination, especially the specific elements of the polymerase involved, is still unclear, due to a lack of knowledge with respect to the structure of the termination complex. Here we applied phage-assisted continuous evolution to obtain...

Omikron: Derfor vækker den nye variant så stor bekymring

Joakim Juhl, Martin Juhl, Jo Beldring Henningsen, Pelle Nilsson, Oliver Alexander & Trine Lisberg Toft-Bertelsen

Registration Year

  • 2021
    51

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    29
  • Text
    17
  • Report
    4
  • Journal Article
    1

Affiliations

  • Technical University of Munich
    33
  • Technical University Munich
    18
  • Helmholtz Zentrum München
    5
  • University of Ulm
    5
  • Jilin University
    4
  • Jilin Agricultural University
    4
  • University of Würzburg
    3
  • University Hospital Regensburg
    3
  • Covestro (Germany)
    3
  • University of Bayreuth
    3