18 Works

Data Papers provide an Innovative Tool for Information and Data Management: A Use Case

Dominic Farace & Joachim Schopfel
In earlier work dealing with Data Papers, emphasis initially focused on its definition, the construction of a standardized template in compiling its component parts, its further 1 publication, access and data preservation . this was followed by a study seeking to engage the citation and referencing of data papers and the further sharing and reuse of 2 the data described therein . a more recent work outside GreyNet’s immediate community of practice3 addressed the diverse...

« Look for the nul » : Paterson ou la cartographie blanche

Aurore Clavier

The City and the City… and the city: space and the politics of seeing in China Miéville’s novel

Isabelle Boof-Vermesse

Entretien avec Bertrand Westphal

Yann Calbérac, Ronan Ludot-Vlasak & Bertrand Westphal

The Grey Side of the Green Road : Empirical Assessment of Academic Publishing in the HAL Open Repository

Joachim Schopfel, Eric kergosien, Helene Prost & Florence Thiault
The paper provides empirical results on the part of grey literature in the French national open repository HAL. The results are based on a quantitative analysis of 973,968 deposits from 1,272 research laboratories affiliated the ten most important research universities in France (IDEX program). 35% of all deposits (documents and records) are grey literature. The main types of these items are conference papers (71%), PhD theses (11%) and preprints and working papers (8%). Their overall...

Data from: Weather and topography regulate the benefit of a conditionally helpful parasite

Jonathan Monsinjon, Christopher McQuaid, Katy Nicastro, Laurent Seuront, Mauricio Oróstica & Gerardo Zardi
Heat-induced mass mortalities involving ecosystem engineers may have long-lasting detrimental effects at the community level, eliminating the ecosystem services they provide. Intertidal mussels are ecologically and economically valuable with some populations facing unprecedented heat-induced mass mortalities. Critically, mussels are also frequently infested by endolithic parasites that modify shell albedo, hence reducing overheating and mortality rates under heat stress. Using a biophysical model, we explored the topographical and meteorological conditions under which endolithically-driven thermal buffering becomes...

Traitement iconographique de la femme dans un support de presse ethnique : une approche par le carré sémiotique

Maud Herbert & Fatima Regany

Conservation of the glycogen metabolism pathway underlines a pivotal function of storage polysaccharides in Chlamydiae

Ugo Cenci & Christophe Colleoni
The order Chlamydiales includes obligate intracellular pathogens capable of infecting mammals, fishes and amoeba. Unlike other intracellular bacteria for which intracellular adaptation led to the loss of glycogen metabolism pathway, all chlamydial families maintained the nucleotide-sugar dependent glycogen metabolism pathway i.e. the GlgC-pathway with the notable exception of both Criblamydiaceae and Waddliaceae families. Through detailed genome analysis and biochemical investigations, we have shown that genome rearrangement events have resulted in a defective GlgC-pathway and more...

Simultaneous genotyping of snails and infecting trematode parasites using high-throughput amplicon sequencing.

Cyril Hammoud, Stephen Mulero, Bert Van Bocxlaer, Jérôme Boissier, Dirk Verschuren, Christian Albrecht & Tine Huyse
Several methodological issues currently hamper the study of entire trematode communities within populations of their intermediate snail hosts. Here we develop a new workflow using high-throughput amplicon sequencing to simultaneously genotype snail hosts and their infecting trematode parasites. We designed primers to amplify 4 snail and 5 trematode markers in a single multiplex PCR. While also applicable to other genera, we focused on medically and economically important snail genera within the Superorder Hygrophila and targeted...

Le chaînon manquant d’un génocide. Autour de L’Image manquante (Rithy Panh, 2013)

Vicente Sánchez-Biosca & Marianne Bloch-Robin

Introduction

Marianne Bloch-Robin, Alberto da Silva & Rodrigo Nabuco de Araujo

Introduction

Yann Calbérac & Ronan Ludot-Vlasak

Effects of sexual dimorphism on pollinator behaviour in a dioecious species

Isabelle De Cauwer, Laura Moquet, Anne-Laure Jacquemart & Mathilde Dufay
Floral traits often display sexual dimorphism in insect-pollinated dioecious plant species, with male individuals typically being showier than females. While this strategy is theorized to be optimal when pollinators are abundant, it might represent a risk when they become scarce, because the disproportionately high number of visits on the most attractive sex, males, might preclude efficient pollen transfer from males to females. Here, the effect of sexual dimorphism on pollination efficiency was assessed in experimental...

Polycyclic nitrogen heterocycles as potential thymidine phosphorylase inhibitors: synthesis, biological evaluation, and molecular docking study

Karen Aknin, Alexis Bontemps, Amaury Farce, Eric Merlet, Philippe Belmont, Philippe Helissey, Philippe Chavatte, Marie-Agnès Sari, Sylviane Giorgi-Renault & Stéphanie Desbène-Finck
New polycyclic heterocycles were synthesised and evaluated as potential inhibitors of thymidine phosphorylase (TP). Inspired by the pharmacophoric pyrimidinedione core of the natural substrate, four series have been designed in order to interact with large empty pockets of the active site: pyrimidoquinoline-2,4-diones (series A), pyrimidinedione linked to a pyrroloquinoline-1,3-diones (series B and C), the polycyclic heterocycle has been replaced by a pyrimidopyridopyrrolidinetetraone (series D). In each series, the tricyclic nitrogen heterocyclic moiety has been synthesised...

Polycyclic nitrogen heterocycles as potential thymidine phosphorylase inhibitors: synthesis, biological evaluation, and molecular docking study

Karen Aknin, Alexis Bontemps, Amaury Farce, Eric Merlet, Philippe Belmont, Philippe Helissey, Philippe Chavatte, Marie-Agnès Sari, Sylviane Giorgi-Renault & Stéphanie Desbène-Finck
New polycyclic heterocycles were synthesised and evaluated as potential inhibitors of thymidine phosphorylase (TP). Inspired by the pharmacophoric pyrimidinedione core of the natural substrate, four series have been designed in order to interact with large empty pockets of the active site: pyrimidoquinoline-2,4-diones (series A), pyrimidinedione linked to a pyrroloquinoline-1,3-diones (series B and C), the polycyclic heterocycle has been replaced by a pyrimidopyridopyrrolidinetetraone (series D). In each series, the tricyclic nitrogen heterocyclic moiety has been synthesised...

Cruce de miradas en el cine mexicano contemporáneo: la adolescencia femenina entre tensión melodramática y efecto trágico

Antoine Rodriguez

Age-specific habitat preference, carrying capacity, and landscape structure determine the response of population spatial variability to fishing-driven age truncation

Hsiao-Hang Tao, Gaël Dur, Po-Ju Ke, Sami Souissi & Chih-Hao Hsieh
1. Understanding the mechanisms underlying spatial variability of exploited fish is critical for the sustainable management of fish stocks. Empirical studies suggest that size-selective fishing can elevate fish population spatial variability (i.e., more heterogeneous distribution) through age truncation, making the population less resilient to changing environment. However, species differ in how their spatial variability respond to age truncation and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. 2. We hypothesize that age-specific habitat preference, together with environmental carrying...

Widespread coexistence of self-compatible and self-incompatible phenotypes in a diallelic self-incompatibility system in Ligustrum vulgare (Oleaceae)

Isabelle De Cauwer, Philippe Vernet, Sylvain Billiard, Cécile Godé, Angélique Bourceaux, Chloé Ponitzki & Pierre Saumitou-Laprade
The breakdown of self-incompatibility (SI) in angiosperms is one of the most commonly observed evolutionary transitions. While multiple examples of SI breakdown have been documented in natural populations, there is strikingly little evidence of stable within-population polymorphism with both inbreeding (self-compatible) and outcrossing (self-incompatible) individuals. This absence of breeding system polymorphism corroborates theoretical expectations that predict that in/outbreeding polymorphism is possible only under very restricted conditions. However, theory also predicts that a diallelic sporophytic SI...

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