2,771 Works

Synthesis of sevoflurane loaded reduced graphene oxide nanoparticles system for neuroprotective effects for preconditioning against focal cerebral ischaemia

Qinjuan Wu, Mingfeng Qin & Kun Zhang
In this study, sevoflurane (SF) loaded, Fas ligand conjugated reduced graphene oxide (rGO) system is fabricated as a therapeutic agent to target brain ischaemic region. The fluorescence investigation of mice brain denoted that the encapsulated SF in rGOs adsorbed with Fas ligand antibody could be significantly distributed to the ipsilateral side of the ischaemic brain. In addition, the immune-histochemical assay presented that the specific nanoparticles especially deposited in the ischaemic part of the tested mice...

Photoelectrochemical Immunosensor Based on ZnIn2S4/Bi2Se3 Nanocomposite for the Determination of Cardiac Troponin I

Wanxin Dong, Xinxin Mo, Yu Wang, Qin Lei & He Li
In this work, a novel flexible photoelectrochemical immunosensor is developed to determine cardiac troponin I (cTnI) in serum. The flower-like ZnIn2S4 nanospheres (ZIS), as signal amplification material, were successfully synthesized by a solvothermal method. The ZIS and Bi2Se3 were modified on the indium tin oxide- polyethylene terephthalate (ITO-PET) electrode, which effectively accelerates the electronic transition and improved the photocurrent conversion efficiency (signal on). However, the binding of antigen–antibody proteins blocks the electron transfer, resulting in...

Structural basis of HCoV-19 fusion core and an effective inhibition peptide against virus entry

Huan Sun, Yan Li, Peipei Liu, Chengpeng Qiao, Xiaomin Wang, Lianao Wu, Kefang Liu, Yu Hu, Chao Su, Shuguang Tan, Shumei Zou, Guizhen Wu, Jinghua Yan, George Fu Gao, Jianxun Qi & Qihui Wang
Structural basis of HCoV-19 fusion core and an effective inhibition peptide against virus entry

BNIP3L/NIX degradation leads to mitophagy deficiency in ischemic brains

Xiaoli Wu, Yanrong Zheng, Mengru Liu, Yue Li, Shijia Ma, Weidong Tang, Wenping Yan, Ming Cao, Wanqing Zheng, Lei Jiang, Jiaying Wu, Feng Han, Zhenghong Qin, Liang Fang, Weiwei Hu, Zhong Chen & Xiangnan Zhang
Mitophagy, the elimination of damaged mitochondria through autophagy, promotes neuronal survival in cerebral ischemia. Previous studies found deficient mitophagy in ischemic neurons, but the mechanisms are still largely unknown. We determined that BNIP3L/NIX, a mitophagy receptor, was degraded by proteasomes, which led to mitophagy deficiency in both ischemic neurons and brains. BNIP3L exists as a monomer and homodimer in mammalian cells, but the effects of homodimer and monomer on mitophagy are unclear. Site-specific mutations in...

Long-term follow-up of Helicobacter pylori reinfection and its risk factors after initial eradication: a large-scale multicentre, prospective open cohort, observational study

Yong Xie, Conghua Song, Hong Cheng, Canxia Xu, Zhenyu Zhang, Jiangbin Wang, Lijuan Huo, Qin Du, Jianming Xu, Ye Chen, Xiaomei Zhang, Guoxin Zhang, Guibin Yang, Xiuli Zuo, Tao Guo, Yapi Lu, Fen Wang, Xuehong Wang, Kun Zhuang, Shiyao Chen, Wenzhong Liu & Nonghua Lu
Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) recurrence remains a significant public health concern. The study aimed to assess H. pylori reinfection rate and identify its risk factors in China. This prospective open cohort, observational study was performed at 18 hospitals across 15 provinces in China. Consecutive patients who received the successful initial eradication during 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2018 were eligible for enrolment. H. pylori recurrence was defined as reinfection that occurred at more than...

Identification of a novel bacterial receptor that binds tail tubular proteins and mediates phage infection of Vibrio parahaemolyticus

Maozhi Hu, Hui Zhang, Dan Gu, Yi Ma & Xiaohui Zhou
The adsorption of phages to hosts is the first step of phage infection. Studies have shown that tailed phages use tail fibres or spikes to recognize bacterial receptors and mediate adsorption. However, whether other phage tail components can also recognize host receptors is unknown. To identify potential receptors, we screened a transposon mutagenesis library of the marine pathogen Vibrio parahaemolyticus and discovered that a vp0980 mutant (vp0980 encodes a predicted transmembrane protein) could not be...

Silk fibroin hydrogel as mucosal vaccine carrier: induction of gastric CD4+TRM cells mediated by inflammatory response induces optimal immune protection against Helicobacter felis

Chupeng Hu, Wei Liu, Ningyin Xu, An Huang, Zhenxing Zhang, Menghui Fan, Guojing Ruan, Yue Wang, Tao Xi & Yingying Xing
Tissue-resident memory T (TRM) cells, located in the epithelium of most peripheral tissues, constitute the first-line defense against pathogen infections. Our previous study reported that gastric subserous layer (GSL) vaccination induced a “pool” of protective tissue-resident memory CD4+T (CD4+TRM) cells in the gastric epithelium. However, the mechanistic details how CD4+TRM cells form in the gastric epithelium are unknown. Here, our results suggested that the vaccine containing CCF in combination with Silk fibroin hydrogel (SF) broadened...

Immune responses of a CV-A16 live attenuated candidate strain and its protective effects in rhesus monkeys

Ting Yang, Tianhong Xie, Hua Li, Xia Song, Lei Yue, Xi Wang, Dong Shen, Kaili Ma, Qinfang Jiang, Runxiang Long, Rong Yang, Xin He, Ye Zhang, Zhongping Xie & Qihan Li
Coxsackievirus A16 (CV-A16) is a major causative pathogen of hand, foot, and mouth diseases (HFMDs). The licensed HFMD vaccine targets EV-A71 without cross-protection against CV-A16. Thus, a CV-A16 vaccine is needed. In this study, the immunogenicity and protective efficacy of a live attenuated CV-A16 candidate, K168-8Ac, were evaluated in a rhesus monkey model. Four passages of this strain (P35, P50, P60, and P70) were administered to monkeys, and its protective effect was identified. The immunized...

Risk factors associated with COVID-19 infection: a retrospective cohort study based on contacts tracing

Tao Liu, Wenjia Liang, Haojie Zhong, Jianfeng He, Zihui Chen, Guanhao He, Tie Song, Shaowei Chen, Ping Wang, Jialing Li, Yunhua Lan, Mingji Cheng, Jinxu Huang, Jiwei Niu, Liang Xia, Jianpeng Xiao, Jianxiong Hu, Lifeng Lin, Qiong Huang, Zuhua Rong, Aiping Deng, Weilin Zeng, Jiansen Li, Xing Li, Xiaohua Tan … & Wenjun Ma
Objectives To estimate the attack rates, and identify the risk factors of COVID-19 infection. Methods Based on a retrospective cohort study, we investigated 11,580 contacts of COVID-19 cases in Guangdong Province from January 10 to March 15, 2020. All contacts were tested by RT-PCR to detect their infection of SARS-COV-2. Attack rates by characteristics were calculated, and logistic regression was used to estimate the risk factors of infection for COVID-19. Results A total of 515...

Co-existence of a novel plasmid-mediated efflux pump with colistin resistance gene mcr in one plasmid confers transferable multidrug resistance in Klebsiella pneumoniae

Shijun Sun, Hua Gao, Yudong Liu, Longyang Jin, Ruobing Wang, Xiaojuan Wang, Qi Wang, Yuyao Yin, Yawei Zhang & Hui Wang
Tigecycline is considered one of the last-resort antimicrobials for carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae. Plasmid-mediated tigecycline resistance remains largely unclear. Here, by utilizing whole genome sequencing, we report a plasmid-mediated tigecycline resistance mechanism, a 6,489 bp Resistance-nodulation-division family (RND) efflux pump (tmexCD1-toprJ1 pump), that confers transferable tigecycline resistance in K pneumoniae isolated from patients and chickens. In addition, we identified high prevalence of the plasmids co-harbouring both tmexCD1-toprJ1 pump and mcr (tmexCD1-mcr co-harbouring plasmid) from human in...

Co-existence of a novel plasmid-mediated efflux pump with colistin resistance gene mcr in one plasmid confers transferable multidrug resistance in Klebsiella pneumoniae

Shijun Sun, Hua Gao, Yudong Liu, Longyang Jin, Ruobing Wang, Xiaojuan Wang, Qi Wang, Yuyao Yin, Yawei Zhang & Hui Wang
Tigecycline is considered one of the last-resort antimicrobials for carbapenem-resistant K. pneumoniae. Plasmid-mediated tigecycline resistance remains largely unclear. Here, by utilizing whole genome sequencing, we report a plasmid-mediated tigecycline resistance mechanism, a 6,489 bp Resistance-nodulation-division family (RND) efflux pump (tmexCD1-toprJ1 pump), that confers transferable tigecycline resistance in K pneumoniae isolated from patients and chickens. In addition, we identified high prevalence of the plasmids co-harbouring both tmexCD1-toprJ1 pump and mcr (tmexCD1-mcr co-harbouring plasmid) from human in...

Development of an automatic integrated gene detection system for novel severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (SARS-CoV2)

Yuchang Li, Jing Li, Ying Zhang, Lizhong Dai, Lin Li, Juan Liu, Sen Zhang, Xiaoyan Wu, Yi Hu, Chengfeng Qin, Tao Jiang & Xiaoping Kang
In December 2019, Wuhan, China suffered a serious outbreak of a novel coronavirus infectious disease (COVID) caused by novel severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (SARS-CoV 2). To quickly identify the pathogen, we designed and screened primer sets, and established a sensitive and specific qRT-PCR assay for SARS-CoV 2; the lower limit of detection (LOD) was 15 (95% CI: 9.8–21) copies per reaction. We combined this qRT-PCR assay with an automatic integration system for nucleic acid...

Increasing SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid testing capacity during the COVID-19 epidemic in Beijing: experience from a general hospital

Qi Wang, Xiaotao Zhao, Zhihong Yue, Xiaohui Bai, Huiying Rao, Na Han, Tianbing Wang, Hui Wang & Baoguo Jiang
Under the ongoing COVID-19 prevention and control measures in China, increasing the laboratory severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) nucleic acid testing capacity has become the top priority. Since the COVID-19 outbreak in Xinfadi market in Beijing in June 2020, large-scale screening of key populations has been carried out, challenging the nucleic acid testing capabilities of hospital laboratories. Therefore, within 48 hours, Peking University People’s Hospital (PKUPH) transformed a non-nucleic acid testing laboratory into...

A comparative study on the in vitro and in vivo antitumor efficacy of icaritin and hydrous icaritin nanorods

Haowen Li, Yijing Li, Hui Ao, Jingxin Fu, Yifei Guo, Meihua Han, Xueying Yan, Xi Chen & Xiangtao Wang
Icaritin (ICT) and hydrous icaritin (HICT) are two similar flavonoids compounds isolated from Epimedium Genus. This is the first comparative study on their in vitro and in vivo antitumor effects. Nanorods (NRs) were prepared for ICT and HICT by anti-solvent precipitation method using D-alpha tocopherol acid polyethylene glycol succinate (TPGS) as a stabilizer. The prepared ICT-NRs and HICT-NRs had similar diameter (155.5 nm and 201.7 nm), high drug loading content (43.30 ± 0.22% and 41.08...

Risk factors associated with COVID-19 infection: a retrospective cohort study based on contacts tracing

Tao Liu, Wenjia Liang, Haojie Zhong, Jianfeng He, Zihui Chen, Guanhao He, Tie Song, Shaowei Chen, Ping Wang, Jialing Li, Yunhua Lan, Mingji Cheng, Jinxu Huang, Jiwei Niu, Liang Xia, Jianpeng Xiao, Jianxiong Hu, Lifeng Lin, Qiong Huang, Zuhua Rong, Aiping Deng, Weilin Zeng, Jiansen Li, Xing Li, Xiaohua Tan … & Wenjun Ma
This study aimed to estimate the attack rates, and identify the risk factors of COVID-19 infection. Based on a retrospective cohort study, we investigated 11,580 contacts of COVID-19 cases in Guangdong Province from 10 January to 15 March 2020. All contacts were tested by RT-PCR to detect their infection of SARS-COV-2. Attack rates by characteristics were calculated. Logistic regression was used to estimate the risk factors of infection for COVID-19. A total of 515 of...

Retracted article: Tranilast attenuates neuropathic pain during type-2 diabetes by inhibiting hypoxia-induced pro-inflammatory cytokines in Zucker diabetic fatty rat model

Wei Zhang, Jun Ma, Shan Wang, Tao Huang & Min Xia
We, the Editors and Publisher of the journalArchives of Physiology and Biochemistry, have retracted the following article: Wei Zhang, Jun Ma, Shan Wang, Tao Huang & Min Xia (2020) Tranilast attenuates neuropathic pain during type-2 diabetes by inhibiting hypoxia-induced pro-inflammatory cytokines in Zucker diabetic fatty rat model, Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry, DOI: 10.1080/13813455.2020.1854309 Since publication, the authors informed the Publisher and Editor that the authors had not received ethics approval from the Institutional Animal...

Toxoplasma gondii infection in white spoonbills (Platalea leucorodia) from Henan Province, China

Yurong Yang, Nan Jiang, Shilin Xin & Longxian Zhang
Toxoplasma gondii oocysts in the environment are a threat to humans and animals. This study is aimed to evaluate the prevalence of T. gondii in white spoonbills and isolate viable T. gondii from white spoonbills. In 28.6% (2/7) of white spoonbills, T. gondii antibodies were found in heart juice by the modified agglutination test (cut-off: 1:4). T. gondii DNA was detected in tissues of 42.9% (3/7) white spoonbills. One viable T. gondii strain, named TgSpoonbillCHn1,...

The lncRNA RHPN1-AS1 downregulation promotes gefitinib resistance by targeting miR-299-3p/TNFSF12 pathway in NSCLC

Xuehao Li, Xin Zhang, Chunlu Yang, Su Cui, Qiming Shen & Shun Xu
Although epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) gefitinib has exhibited notable clinical efficacy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. However, its therapeutic efficacy is ultimately limited by the development of gefitinib resistance. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of the long non-coding RNA, RHPN1-AS1 on gefitinib resistance in NSCLC and explore the underlying mechanisms. In this study, RHPN1-AS1 was observed to be downregulated in gefitinib resistant patients and NSCLC...

Whole-genome resequencing reveals aberrant autosomal SNPs affect chicken feathering rate

Mohan Qiu, Chaowu Yang, Huarui Du, Qingyun Li, Zengrong Zhang, Xia Xiong, Chunlin Yu, Xiaoyan Song, Chenming Hu, Bo Xia, Li Yang, Han Peng, Lan Liu & Xiaosong Jiang
Previous studies have shown that the feather growth rate of chicks is determined by two alleles located on the sex chromosome Z; however, in chicken production, feathering is usually not consistently controlled by the sex chromosome. To identify whether the feathering rate is related to autosomal inheritance, whole-genome resequencing was performed in eight chickens with slow- and fast-feathering rate. A total of 54,984 autosomal single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified, including 393 and 376 exonic...

T-box transcription factor TBX1, targeted by microRNA-6727-5p, inhibits cell growth and enhances cisplatin chemosensitivity of cervical cancer cells through AKT and MAPK pathways

Haixia Liu, Mei Song, Xiaoyan Sun, Xin Zhang, Huayan Miao & Yankui Wang
Cervical cancer (CC) is the fourth most common cancers among women worldwide. T-box transcription factor 1 (TBX1), a member of the T-box family, has anti-tumor effects in some types of cancer, but its role in CC is yet unknown. The aim of this study is to investigate the functions and underlying mechanisms of TBX1 in CC. Online database UALCAN showed that TBX1 was down-regulated in CC tissues compared with normal tissues and patients with lower...

Study on influencing factors of Pickering emulsion stabilized by modified montmorillonite and fatty alcohol polyoxyethylene ether

Qian Chen, Zeyu Yang, Xiumei Tai, Yanyun Bai & Guoyong Wang
Pickering emulsion is widely used in food, drug administration, and cosmetics. In practical applications, surfactants are often co-present with particles, so it is particularly critical to study particle-surfactant interactions. Pickering emulsions were prepared using stearyltrimethylammoniumchloride organic montmorillonite (STAC/MMT) and fatty alcohol polyoxyethylene ether (AEO-3) as stabilizers. Effects of AEO-3 content, STAC/MMT content, oil-water ratio, emulsification temperature, emulsification time on emulsion stability were systematically revealed by studying the particle size distribution and phase volume of the...

High anal swab viral load predisposes adverse clinical outcomes in severe COVID-19 patients

Haibo Li, Lili Ren, Lulu Zhang, Yeming Wang, Li Guo, Conghui Wang, Yan Xiao, Ying Wang, Jian Rao, Xinming Wang, Ying Liu, Chaolin Huang, Xiaoying Gu, Guohui Fan, Hui Li, Binghuai Lu, Bin Cao & Jianwei Wang
To identify the association between the kinetics of viral load and clinical outcome in severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients, a retrospective study was performed by involved 188 hospitalized severe COVID-19 patients in the LOTUS China trial. Among the collected 578 paired throat swab (TS) and anal swab (AS) samples, viral RNA was detected in 193 (33.4%) TS and 121 (20.9%) AS. A higher viral RNA load was found in TS than that of AS,...

Down-regulation of HLA-DRs and HLA-DPs reflects the deficiency of antigen-presenting cells in endometrium from infertile women with and without ovarian endometriosis

Li Jiang, Xi Wang, Tingting Zhang, Huan Chen, Zhangming Wei, Tianjiao Li, Yuqing Wu, Zeying Li & Xiaoling Fang
This study aimed to explore common molecular changes in the infertile endometrium from women with and without endometriosis (EM). By analyzing the dataset GSE120103 from Gene Expression Omnibus, a total of 3252 shared differentially expressed genes were identified between ovarian EM in infertile vs. fertile endometrium and EM-free infertile vs. fertile endometrium. In addition, the gene annotation and pathway analysis of the shared differentially expressed genes with the same expression trend indicated that the pathway...

Transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation for high-normal blood pressure: study protocol for a randomized controlled pilot trial

Yu Wang, Guang-Xia Shi, Zhong-Xue Tian, Jun-Hong Liu, You-Sheng Qi, Jian-Feng Tu, Jing-Wen Yang, Li-Qiong Wang & Cun-Zhi Liu
Abstract Background High-normal blood pressure (BP) is associated with increased all-cause, cardiovascular mortality and frequently progresses to hypertension. Transcutaneous electrical acupoint stimulation (TEAS) might be a non-pharmaceutical therapy option to control BP. This trial aims to determine the effectiveness and safety of TEAS combined with lifestyle modification for high-normal BP. Methods/design This prospective, randomized, and parallel clinical trial will be conducted in a community service center in China. Sixty participants with high-normal BP will be...

Tumor-derived exosomal miRNA-141 promote angiogenesis and malignant progression of lung cancer by targeting growth arrest-specific homeobox gene (GAX)

Wulong Wang, Guodai Hong, Siyuan Wang, Wenbin Gao & Ping Wang
Previous researches have suggested that exosomal miRNA-141 has association with metastatic lung cancer, however, its role and regulatory mechanism require further study. In this study, exosomes were isolated from lung cancer patients and normal human serum and identified. We found that the expression of miRNA-141 was up-regulated in the lung cancer serum exosomes compared with the normal serum exosomes. When the exosomes were extracted for co-culture with HUVECs, they were absorbed and distributed around the...

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