86 Works

Data from: Getting to the root of organic inputs in groundwaters: stygofaunal plant consumption in a calcrete aquifer

Mattia Saccò
Groundwater environments interact with and support subterranean biota as well as superficial aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. However, knowledge of subterranean energy flows remains incomplete. Cross-boundary investigations are needed to better understand the trophic structures of groundwater ecosystems and their reliance on carbon inputs from aboveground. In this study we used carbon and nitrogen stable isotope analyses combined with radiocarbon fingerprints to characterise organic flows in groundwater ecosystems. We coupled these data with DNA metabarcoding of...

Mapping Boodjar Walyalup Fremantle

Neville Collard, Herbert Bropho, Farley Garlett, Freda Ogilvie, Gladys Yarran, Connie Collard, Barbara Bynder, Holly Farley, Joe Bean, Tod Jones, Kim Mahood, Alison Nannup, Denise Smith-Ali, Jason Thomas, Greg Grabasch, George Hayden & Jane Fyfe

Feeding in the Devonian antiarch placoderm fishes: a study based upon morpho-functional analysis of jaws

Zerina Johanson, Oleg Lebedev, Alexander Kuznetsov, Aleksey Tsessarsky, Kate Trinajstic & Farkhad Isakhodzayev
Antiarch placoderm fishes were an abundant component of the Middle Paleozoic vertebrate assemblages. Despite a large number of known taxa and specimens, the morphology and function of the skeletal elements of their jaws is inadequately known. Because of this, questions regarding their feeding modes and their roles in the trophic webs remains open. We present a skeleto-muscular model of the antiarch jaw apparatus with an attempt to reconstruct its potential biomechanical function. The position of...

Population genomics of a predatory mammal reveals patterns of decline and impacts of exposure to toxic toads

Brenton Von Takach
Mammal declines across northern Australia are one of the major biodiversity loss events occurring globally. There has been no regional assessment of the implications of these species declines for genomic diversity. To address this, we conducted a species-wide assessment of genomic diversity in the northern quoll (Dasyurus hallucatus), an Endangered marsupial carnivore. We used next-generation sequencing methods to genotype 10,191 SNPs in 352 individuals from across a 3220 km length of the continent, investigating patterns...

sj-docx-1-cre-10.1177_02692155221129832 - Supplemental material for Prevalence, risk factors and effectiveness of falls prevention interventions for adults living with Mild Cognitive Impairment in the community: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Jane Hopkins, Keith Hill, Angela Jacques & Elissa Burton
Supplemental material, sj-docx-1-cre-10.1177_02692155221129832 for Prevalence, risk factors and effectiveness of falls prevention interventions for adults living with Mild Cognitive Impairment in the community: A systematic review and meta-analysis by Jane Hopkins, Keith Hill, Angela Jacques and Elissa Burton in Clinical Rehabilitation

Prevalence, risk factors and effectiveness of falls prevention interventions for adults living with Mild Cognitive Impairment in the community: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Jane Hopkins, Keith Hill, Angela Jacques & Elissa Burton
ObjectivesTo identify falls prevalence, falls risk factors and evaluate the effectiveness of falls prevention interventions for community-dwelling people with Mild Cognitive Impairment.Data sourcesPeer-reviewed articles (inception to 4 August 2022) from PubMed, CINAHL, PsycInfo, EMBASE, Scopus, SportDiscus and the Cochrane library.Review methodsAll types of methodological approaches were considered. Inclusion criteria were community-dwelling; diagnosis of Mild Cognitive Impairment; aged 50+ years. Interventions needed to include falls prevention programs aiming to reduce falls and/or risk of falls. Outcomes...

Exposure to conflict and child health outcomes: evidence from a large multi-country study

Srinivas Goli, Astghik Mavisakalyan, Anu Rammohan & Loan Vu
Abstract Background Previous research has consistently found evidence of poor health outcomes among children living in conflict areas. However, the methodological focus of these studies has largely been on case studies, chart or registry reviews, qualitative studies, and single country studies. This reflects the need for a comprehensive multi-country analysis of the associations between conflicts and child health over a longer period. This study analyses the adverse impact of exposure to different types of conflicts...

Adverse childhood experiences, associated stressors and comorbidities in children and youth with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder across the justice and child protection settings in Western Australia

Grace Kuen Yee Tan, Martyn Symons, James Fitzpatrick, Sophia G. Connor, Donna Cross & Carmela F. Pestell
Abstract Background Individuals with Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) are at risk of having adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), especially those with child protection and/or justice system involvement. The complex relationship between FASD and psychosocial vulnerabilities in the affected individual is an important clinical risk factor for comorbidity. This study (1) explored the ACEs and associated stressors in individuals with FASD; (2) investigated the association between ACEs and negative outcomes, i.e., justice/child protection system involvement; and...

Pharmacological mechanism and therapeutic efficacy of Icariside II in the treatment of acute ischemic stroke: a systematic review and network pharmacological analysis

Xu Wang, Jinjian Li, Lifang Liu, Jun-Ming Kan, Ping Niu, Zi-Qiao Yu, Chunyu Ma, Fuxiang Dong, Mo-Xuan Han, Jinhua Li & De-xi Zhao
Abstract Background and objective Epimedii has long been used as a traditional medicine in Asia for the treatment of various common diseases, including Alzheimer's disease, cancer, erectile dysfunction, and stroke. Studies have reported the ameliorative effects of Icariside II (ICS II), a major metabolite of Epimedii, on acute ischemic stroke (AIS) in animal models. Based on network pharmacology, molecular docking, and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, we conducted a systematic review to evaluate the effects and...

The impact of training on communication quality during interpreter‐mediated cognitive assessments: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Bianca Brijnath, Erika Gonzalez, Jim Hlavac, Joanne Enticott, Robyn Woodward‐Kron, Dina LoGiudice, Lee‐Fay Low, Josefine Antoniades, Jenni White, Kerry Hwang, Xiaoping Lin & Andrew Gilbert
Introduction: The number of Australian residents with dementia is projected to double by 2058, with 28% currently being migrants from non-Anglophone countries. There will be growing demand for professional interpreters for cognitive assessments and dementia-related health consultations in the future. Interpreting cognitive assessments can be challenging for interpreters; inaccurate interpreting can influence assessment outcomes. The Improving Interpreting for Dementia Assessments (MINDSET) project will upskill interpreters through an online training course in dementia and cognitive assessments....

The impact of training on communication quality during interpreter‐mediated cognitive assessments: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Bianca Brijnath, Erika Gonzalez, Jim Hlavac, Joanne Enticott, Robyn Woodward‐Kron, Dina LoGiudice, Lee‐Fay Low, Josefine Antoniades, Jenni White, Kerry Hwang, Xiaoping Lin & Andrew Gilbert
Introduction: The number of Australian residents with dementia is projected to double by 2058, with 28% currently being migrants from non-Anglophone countries. There will be growing demand for professional interpreters for cognitive assessments and dementia-related health consultations in the future. Interpreting cognitive assessments can be challenging for interpreters; inaccurate interpreting can influence assessment outcomes. The Improving Interpreting for Dementia Assessments (MINDSET) project will upskill interpreters through an online training course in dementia and cognitive assessments....

Additional file 1 of Screening and brief intervention for alcohol use disorder risk in three middle-income countries

Mallie J. Paschall, Christopher L. Ringwalt, Deborah A. Fisher, Joel W. Grube, Tom Achoki & Ted R. Miller
Supplementary Material 1

Screening and brief intervention for alcohol use disorder risk in three middle-income countries

Mallie J. Paschall, Christopher L. Ringwalt, Deborah A. Fisher, Joel W. Grube, Tom Achoki & Ted R. Miller
Abstract Background This study examined the prevalence of screening and brief intervention (SBI) for alcohol use disorder (AUD) risk in samples of adult drinkers in three middle-income countries (Brazil, China, South Africa), and the extent to which meeting criteria for AUD risk was associated with SBI. Methods Cross-sectional survey data were collected from adult samples in two cities in each country in 2018. Survey measures included past-year alcohol use, the CAGE assessment for AUD risk,...

Evaluation of cultural competency in a South African cluster randomised controlled trial: lessons learned for trial reporting standards

Nandi Louise Siegfried, Sally Hopewell, Lesley-Ann Erasmus-Claassen & Bronwyn Myers
Abstract Background Failure to consider relevant cultural, ethnic and diversity parameters (and the intersection between these parameters) during trial protocol development and trial conduct may negatively impact recruitment, intervention development and delivery, and participant adherence and retention, potentially reducing overall internal validity. This case study aimed to evaluate the utility and comparability between the 9-item Gibbs Framework to measure cultural competency and the GRIPP-2(Short Form (SF)) 5-point checklist to assess patient and public involvement in...

Assessing children’s vocabulary: An exploratory cross-sectional survey of speech-language pathologists

Emily Jackson, Suze Leitão, Mary Claessen & Mark Boyes
Purpose: Past research highlights the importance of evaluating word learning abilities to build understanding of an individual’s language-learning capacity and make evidence-informed decisions in speech-language pathology practice. However, little research has explored vocabulary and word learning assessment practices among speech-language pathologists (SLPs). This pilot, exploratory study aimed to explore current assessment practices and guide translation of research to practice among SLPs who work with children of all ages. Method: SLPs (N = 127) from three...

Data from: Scat DNA provides important data for effective monitoring of mammal and bird biodiversity

Mieke Van Der Heyde, P. W. Bateman, Michael Bunce, Grant Wardell-Johnson, Nicole White & Paul Nevill
Fauna has long been neglected in the monitoring of ecological restoration, despite the key role they play in ecosystem function. Vertebrate surveys can be time consuming and costly, often requiring multiple methodologies and taxonomic expertise, making comprehensive monitoring cost prohibitive. Here we evaluate a new method of assessing mammal and bird diversity through the genetic identification of scat collections. Using DNA metabarcoding of scat collections from three bioregions we generated bird and mammalian assemblage data...

Research data retention and disposal process and metadata requirements

Janice Chan & Dianne Jeffery

Additional file 2 of Post-fracture serum cytokine levels are not associated with a later diagnosis of complex regional pain syndrome: a case-control study nested in a prospective cohort study

Luke Parkitny, James H McAuley, Robert D. Herbert, Flavia Di Pietro, Aidan G Cashin, Michael C Ferraro & G. Lorimer Moseley
Additional file 2: Appendix 1: Telephone assessment form; Appendix 2: Objective assessment form; Supplementary Table 1. Association between exposure and the risk of CRPS, treating cytokine levels as continuous; Supplementary Table 2. Association between cytokine exposure and the risk of (IASP) CRPS; Supplementary Table 3. Raw cytokine data.

Post-fracture serum cytokine levels are not associated with a later diagnosis of complex regional pain syndrome: a case-control study nested in a prospective cohort study

Luke Parkitny, James H McAuley, Robert D. Herbert, Flavia Di Pietro, Aidan G Cashin, Michael C Ferraro & G. Lorimer Moseley
Abstract Background Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) is a disabling pain disorder that is most common after a distal limb fracture. While the acute systemic immune response to the injury is thought to play a role in the development of CRPS, this hypothesis has never been tested directly. Thus, we evaluated whether elevated levels of circulating pro-inflammatory cytokines early after a fracture were associated with the development of CRPS. Methods We conducted a case-control study...

Additional file 1 of Adverse childhood experiences, associated stressors and comorbidities in children and youth with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder across the justice and child protection settings in Western Australia

Grace Kuen Yee Tan, Martyn Symons, James Fitzpatrick, Sophia G. Connor, Donna Cross & Carmela F. Pestell
Additional file 1.

Additional file 1 of Screening and brief intervention for alcohol use disorder risk in three middle-income countries

Mallie J. Paschall, Christopher L. Ringwalt, Deborah A. Fisher, Joel W. Grube, Tom Achoki & Ted R. Miller
Supplementary Material 1

Supplementary File 10102022.docx

Kiran Raj Awasthi, Archie CA Clements, Jonine Jancey, Justine E. Leavy, Binaya Chalise, Rohit Kumar Sah & Madan Koirala
The supplementary file consists of qualitative themes that affect malaria transmission in rural Nepal (identified through a qualitative research. It also consists of photographs to illustrate the tradional and sociocultural aspects of the research findings and tables to provide quanititative information to triangulate the qualitative findings on knowledge, belief, attitude and practices regarding malaria.

Additional file 1 of Spatial distribution of rotavirus immunization coverage in Ethiopia: a geospatial analysis using the Bayesian approach

Kendalem Asmare Atalell, Alemneh Mekuriaw Liyew & Kefyalew Addis Alene
Additional file 1. Table S1. Watanabe-Akaike information criterion (WAIC) values corresponding to different model specifications. Figure S1. standard deviation of the immunization coverage.

Evaluation of cultural competency in a South African cluster randomised controlled trial: lessons learned for trial reporting standards

Nandi Louise Siegfried, Sally Hopewell, Lesley-Ann Erasmus-Claassen & Bronwyn Myers
Abstract Background Failure to consider relevant cultural, ethnic and diversity parameters (and the intersection between these parameters) during trial protocol development and trial conduct may negatively impact recruitment, intervention development and delivery, and participant adherence and retention, potentially reducing overall internal validity. This case study aimed to evaluate the utility and comparability between the 9-item Gibbs Framework to measure cultural competency and the GRIPP-2(Short Form (SF)) 5-point checklist to assess patient and public involvement in...

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  • 2022
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Affiliations

  • Curtin University
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  • Temple University
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  • Fudan University Shanghai Cancer Center
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  • Wenzhou Medical University
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  • Fudan University
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  • Chongqing Medical University
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  • Shanghai Jiao Tong University
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