17 Works

Data from: Tree species with conservative foliar nutrient status and strong phosphorus homeostasis are regionally abundant in subtropical forests

Hang Ci, Chao Guo, Bin Tuo, Liting Zheng, Mingshan Xu, Bile Sai, Baiyu Yang, Yongchuan Yang, Wenhui You, Enrong Yan & Johannes H.C. Cornelissen
Foliar nitrogen (N) or phosphorus (P) status and their stoichiometric homeostasis are integral parts of the plant nutrient economy that determines the success of plant species in environments where N or P limits plant growth. Despite growing evidence for higher predictability of stoichiometric homeostasis of N (HN) than that of P (HP) on plant species abundance in temperate grasslands, no previous studies explicitly examined how foliar N and P status modulate the relationships between stoichiometric...

Tables of microRNA and gene expression of an echolocating bat

Qianqian Li & Xiuguang Mao
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression and play key roles in many biological processes, such as development and response to multiple stresses. However, little is known about their roles in generating novel phenotypes and phenotypic variation during the course of animal evolution. Here, we, for the first time, characterized the miRNAs of the cochlea in an echolocating bat (Rhinolophus affinis). We sampled eight individuals from two R. affinis subspecies with significant echolocation...

Regional and local environment drive biogeographic patterns in intertidal microorganisms

Yuan XU
Aim: Understanding large-scale spatial distribution patterns is not only a central goal of ecology but is also essential for conservation planning. Nevertheless, the biogeographical patterns of diversity and composition remain unclear for microorganisms and the role of various factors in structuring their assemblages is still poorly known. Here, we tested whether the diversity and community structure of ciliates are driven by both local environmental and regional dispersal-related processes. Location: Coasts of China. Taxon: Benthic ciliates....

Data from: Darwin’s naturalization conundrum reconciled by changes of species interactions

Xiao-Yan Wang, Jiang Wang, Shao-Peng Li, Yuan Ge, Song Gao, Tong Chen & Fei-Hai Yu
Although phylogenetic distance between native and exotic species has a close link with their interactions, it is still unclear how environmental stresses and species interactions influence the relationship between phylogenetic distance and biological invasions. Here we assessed the effect of invader-native phylogenetic distance on the growth of the invader (Symphyotrichum subulatum) under three levels of drought (no, moderate or intensive drought). Under no drought, interspecific competition between close relatives was the dominant process, and native...

Data from: Functionally diverse tree stands reduce herbaceous diversity and productivity via canopy packing

Liting Zheng, Y. H. Han Chen, Yann Hautier, Difeng Bao, Mingshan Xu, Baiyu Yang, Zhao Zhao, Li Zhang & Enrong Yan
1. There is extensive experimental evidence for the importance of biodiversity in sustaining ecosystem functioning. However, such experiments typically prevent immigration by continuously removing non-target species, thereby questioning the generality of these findings to real-world ecosystems. This is particularly true in forest ecosystems where understorey herbaceous species are key biodiversity components but are usually weeded in tree diversity experiments. Consequently, little is known about how tree diversity influences the natural dynamics of understorey herbaceous layers....

Data from: Will climate change cause the global peatland to expand or contract? Evidence from the habitat shift pattern of Sphagnum mosses

Xiao-Ying Ma, Hao Xu, Zi-Yin Cao, Lei Shu & Rui-Liang Zhu
Peatlands play a crucial role in the global carbon cycle. Sphagnum mosses (peat mosses) are considered to be the peatland ecosystem engineers and contribute to the carbon accumulation in the peatland ecosystems. As cold-adapted species, the dominance of Sphagnum mosses in peatlands will be threatened by climate warming. The response of Sphagnum mosses to climate change is closely related to the future trajectory of carbon fluxes in peatlands. However, the impact of climate change on...

Nitrogen and water availability control plant carbon storage with warming

Guiyao Zhou, Cesar Terrer, An Huang, Bruce A. Hungate, Natasja Van Gestel, Xuhui Zhou & Kees Jan Van Groenigen
Plants may slow global warming through enhanced growth, because increased levels of photosynthesis stimulate the land carbon (C) sink. However, how climate warming affects plant C storage globally and key drivers that determining the response of plant C storage to climate warming remains unclear, causing uncertainty in climate projections. We performed a comprehensive meta-analysis, compiling 393 observations from 99 warming studies to examine the global patterns of plant C storage responses to climate warming and...

Data for: A Global Survey of the Application of Sea-Level Projections

Daniella Hirschfeld, David Behar, Robert Nicholls, Niamh Cahill, Thomas James, Ben Horton, Michelle E. Portman, Rob Bell, Matt Campo, Miguel Esteban, Bronwyn Goble, Munsur Rahman, Kwasi Appeaning Addo, Faiz Ahmed, Monique Aunger, Orly Babitsky, Anders Beal, Ray Boyle, Jiayi Fang, Amir Gohar, Susan Hanson, Saul Karamesines, MJ Kim, Hilary Lohmann, Kathy McInnes … & Hiromune Yokoki

Long-term Spartina alterniflora invasion simplified soil seed bank and regenerated community in a coastal marsh wetland

Dezhi Li, Peng Jia, Guojuan Qu, Jing Jia, Yuming Sun & Lu Liu
The coastal wetland is easily invaded by alien species due to its location in the land and sea transitional area. As a potential driving regeneration force, the soil seed bank is vital to community restoration and species diversity protection. To reveal the long-term S. alterniflora invasion impact on the soil seed banks and regenerated communities, we investigated the seed banks under the different vegetation types (S. alterniflora, Phragmites australis, Scirpus mariquete, ruderal and unvegetated site)...

Impacts of seasonality on gene expression in the Chinese Horseshoe Bat

Wenli Chen & Xiuguang Mao
Seasonality can cause changes in many environmental factors which potentially affects gene expression. Here, we used a bat species (Rhinolophus sinicus) from eastern China as a model to explore the molecular mechanisms of seasonal effects, in particular during phenological shifts in the spring and autumn. Based on the analysis of 45 RNA-seq samples, we found strong seasonal effects on gene expression, with a large number of genes identified as either specific or biased to each...

Rapid increase in China’s industrial ammonia emissions: evidence from unit-based mapping

Yuang Chen, Qianru Zhang, Xingrui Cai, Haoran Zhang, Huiming Lin, Chaoyue Zheng, Zhanqiang Guo, Shanying Hu, Long Chen, Shu Tao, Maodian Liu & Xuejun Wang
Ammonia (NH3) is an important precursor of secondary inorganic aerosols and greatly impacts nitrogen deposition and acid rain. Previous studies have mainly focused on the agricultural NH3 emissions, while recent research has noted that industrial sources could be significant in China. However, detailed estimates of NH3 emitted from industrial sectors in China are lacking. Here we established an unprecedented high-spatial-resolution dataset of China’s industrial NH3 emissions using up-to-date measurements of NH3 and point source-level information...

Stable species and interactions in plant-pollinator networks deviate from core position in fragmented habitats

Peng Ren, Xingfeng Si & Ping Ding
Species and their interactions are more dynamic over time and space in fragmented habitats than in continuous habitats. In fragmented habitats, the low nestedness of mutualistic networks may be related to the position change of stable (high persistence over time/space) species and interactions in the networks. Previous studies have shown that stable species and interactions tend to be in the core position of mutualistic networks. However, in fragmented habitats, it remains unknown whether stable species...

Pollinator sharing, copollination, and speciation by host shifting among six closely related dioecious fig species

Zhi-Hui Su, Ayako Sasaki, Junko Kusumi, Po-An Chou, Hsy-Yu Tzeng, Hong-Qing Li & Hui Yu
The obligate pollination mutualism between figs (Ficus, Moraceae) and pollinator wasps (Agaonidae, Hymenoptera) is a classic example of cospeciation. However, examples of phylogenetic incongruencies between figs and their pollinators suggest that pollinators may speciate by host shifting. To investigate the mechanism of speciation by host shifting, we examined the phylogenetic relationships and population genetic structures of six closely related fig species and their pollinators from southern China and Taiwan-Ryukyu islands using various molecular markers. The...

Data from: Ruderals naturalize, competitors invade: varying roles of plant adaptive strategies along the invasion continuum

Kun Guo, Petr Pyšek, Milan Chytrý, Jan Divíšek, Zdeňka Lososová, Mark Van Kleunen, Simon Pierce & Wen-Yong Guo
1. It is increasingly recognized that the factors facilitating plant invasions depend on the stage along the introduction-naturalization-invasion continuum. Adaptative strategies, i.e., combinations of functional traits that represent overall fitness in the face of one or more selection pressures, have shown promise in explaining plant invasions. However, whether adaptive strategy patterns change with the stages of plant invasion is not yet known. 2. Using the Pladias Database of the Czech Flora and Vegetation, we explored...

Grazing and global change factors differentially affect biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships in grassland ecosystems

Miao He, Yuhan Pan, Guiyao Zhou, Kathryn Barry, Yuling Fu & Xuhui Zhou
Grazing and global change (e.g., warming, nitrogen deposition and altered precipitation) both contribute to biodiversity loss and alter ecosystem structure and functioning. However, how grazing and global change interactively influence plant diversity, ecosystem productivity, and their relationship remains unclear at the global scale. Here, we synthesized 73 field studies to quantify the individual and/or interactive effects of grazing and global change factors on biodiversity-productivity relationship in grasslands. Our results showed that grazing significantly reduced plant...

Data from: Nitrogen enrichment alters multiple dimensions of grassland functional stability via changing compositional stability

Qianna Xu, Xian Yang, Jian Song, Jingyi Ru, Jianyang Xia, Shaopeng Wang, Shiqiang Wan & Lin Jiang
Anthropogenic nutrient enrichment is known to alter the composition and functioning of plant communities. However, how nutrient enrichment influences multiple dimensions of community- and ecosystem-level stability remains poorly understood. Using data from a nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) addition experiment in a temperate semi-arid grassland that experienced a natural drought, we show that N enrichment, not P enrichment, decreased grassland functional and compositional temporal stability, resistance, and recovery, but increased functional and compositional resilience. Compositional...

Data from: Exotic fishes that are phylogenetically close but functionally distant to native fishes are more likely to establish

Meng Xu, Shao-Peng Li, Jaimie Dick, Dangen Gu, Miao Fang, Yexin Yang, Yinchang Hu & Xidong Mu
Since Darwin’s time, the ecological similarity between exotic and native species has been assumed to affect the establishment success or failure of exotic species. However, a direct test of the effect of exotic-native similarity on establishment of exotics is scarce because of the difficulty in recognizing failures of species to establish in the field. Here, using a database on the establishment success and failure of exotic fish species introduced into 673 freshwater lakes, we evaluate...

Registration Year

  • 2022
    17

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  • Dataset
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Affiliations

  • East China Normal University
    17
  • Peking University
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  • Taizhou University
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  • Utrecht University
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  • Sun Yat-sen University
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  • Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
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  • Zhejiang University
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  • Utah State University
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  • Waseda University
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  • Kyushu University
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