547 Works

Data from: Microbiota-driven transcriptional changes in prefrontal cortex override genetic differences in social behavior

Mar Gacias, Sevasti Gaspari, Patricia Mae-Santos, Monica Andrade, Fan Zhang, Nan Shen, Vladimir Tolstikov, Michael A. Kiebish, Jeffrey L. Dupree, Venetia Zachariou, Jose C. Clemente & Patrizia Casaccia
Gene-environment interactions impact the development of neuropsychiatric disorders, but the relative contributions are unclear. Here, we identify gut microbiota as sufficient to induce depressive-like behaviors in genetically distinct mouse strains. Daily gavage of saline in non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice induced a social avoidance behavior that was not observed in C57BL/6 mice. This was not observed in NOD animals with depleted microbiota via oral administration of antibiotics. Transfer of intestinal microbiota, including members of the Clostridiales,...

Validating a Standardized Approach to the Taylor Aggression Paradigm

David Chester & Emily Lasko
The Taylor Aggression Paradigm (TAP) is a frequently-used laboratory measure of aggression. However, the flexibility inherent in its implementation and analysis can undermine its validity. To test whether the TAP is a valid aggression measure irrespective of this flexibility, we conducted two preregistered studies (Study 1 N = 177, Study 2 N = 167) of a standardized version of the TAP. Across both studies, TAP scores showed agreement with other laboratory aggression measures, were magnified...

Omniscient

Michael McDaniel
Questionable Research Practices among Researchers in Top Management Programs

Data from: Organismal responses to habitat change: herbivore performance, climate, and leaf traits in regenerating tropical dry forests

Salvatore J. Agosta, Catherine M. Hulshof & Ethan G. Staats
1. The ecological effects of large-scale climate change have received much attention, but the effects of the more acute form of climate change that results from local habitat alteration have been less explored. When forest is fragmented, cut, thinned, cleared or otherwise altered in structure, local climates and microclimates change. Such changes can affect herbivores both directly (e.g., through changes in body temperature) and indirectly (e.g., through changes in host plant traits). 2. We advance...

Data from: The geography of spatial synchrony

Jonathan A. Walter, Lawrence W. Sheppard, Thomas L. Anderson, Jude H. Kastens, Ottar N. Bjornstad, Andrew M. Liebhold & Daniel C. Reuman
Spatial synchrony, defined as correlated temporal fluctuations among populations, is a fundamental feature of population dynamics, but many aspects of synchrony remain poorly understood. Few studies have examined detailed geographical patterns of synchrony; instead most focus on how synchrony declines with increasing linear distance between locations, making the simplifying assumption that distance decay is isotropic. By synthesising and extending prior work, we show how geography of synchrony, a term which we use to refer to...

Data from: Sex-specific graphs: Relating group-specific topology to demographic and landscape data

Philip Bertrand, Jeff Bowman, Rodney Dyer, Micheline Manseau, Paul J. Wilson & Rodney J. Dyer
Sex-specific genetic structure is a commonly observed pattern among vertebrate species. Facing differential selective pressures, individuals may adopt sex-specific life history traits that ultimately shape genetic variation among populations. Although differential dispersal dynamics are commonly detected in the literature, few studies have used genetic structure to investigate sex-specific functional connectivity. The recent use of graph theoretic approaches in landscape genetics has demonstrated network capacities to describe complex system behaviours where network topology represents genetic interaction...

\"We Need More Resources\": Stories of QTPOC Survival in the South

Bethany Coston
While men’s sexual violence against women is unarguably a social and public health issue, both nationally representative data and smaller studies tell us that rates for LGBTQ+ individuals are equally or significantly higher. Despite this, there remains little structural support for LGBTQ+ survivors. This paper highlights the voices of 38 QTPOC-identified (queer and trans people of color) Southerners who have experienced sexual violence and came together across three focus groups to detail recount their interactions...

Post-Intimate Partner Violence Difficulty Sleeping, Perceived Mental Health, and PTSD Among Heterosexual and Bisexual Women in the United States

Bethany Coston
Using data from the National Intimate Partner and Sexual Violence survey, this paper examines the relationship between sexuality and mental health outcomes in survivors of intimate partner violence. Findings indicate that heterosexual/straight women abused by women and bisexual women abused by women are significantly more likely to report current difficulty sleeping, while heterosexual/straight women abused by women and bisexual women abused by men are more likely to self-rate their overall mental health as poor (versus...

Data from: Urbanization as a facilitator of gene flow in a human health pest

Lindsay S. Miles, J. Chadwick Johnson, Rodney J. Dyer & Brian C. Verrelli
Urban fragmentation can reduce gene flow that isolates populations, reduces genetic diversity and increases population differentiation, all of which have negative conservation implications. Alternatively, gene flow may actually be increased among urban areas consistent with an urban facilitation model. In fact, urban adapter pests are able to thrive in the urban environment and may be experiencing human-mediated transport. Here, we used social network theory with a population genetic approach to investigate the impact of urbanization...

2017 Analysis of 115 bepress Digital Commons research institutions

Jimmy Ghaphery
Research data set of 115 bepress Digital Commons sites that are listed by bepress as "research universities". Repository size, download activity, and thesis and dissertation data collected from public readership maps on each repository site on 9/28/2017. Data set is supplemented with notations for Carnegie Classification, journal publishing, and thesis/dissertation information.

Data from: Thermal sensitivity of gypsy moth (Lepidoptera: Erebidae) during larval and pupal development

Nana Banahene, Salem K. Salem, Trevor M. Faske, Hannah M. Byrne, Madison Glackin, Salvatore J. Agosta, Andrew J. Eckert, Kristine L. Grayson & Lily M. Thompson
As global temperatures rise, thermal limits play an increasingly important role in determining the persistence and spread of invasive species. Gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar L. Lepidotera: Erebidae) in North America provides an ideal system for studying the effect of high temperatures on invasive species performance. Here, we used fluctuating temperature regimes and exposed gypsy moth at specific points in development (first–fourth instar, pupa) to cycles of favorable(22–28°C) or high-temperature treatments 030–36°C, 32–38°C, 34–40°C) for either...

Climate-related geographic variation in performance traits across the invasion front of a widespread nonnative insect

Lily Thompson, Sean Powers, Ashley Appolon, Petra Hafker, Lelia Milner, Dylan Parry, Salvatore Agosta & Kristine Grayson
Aim: Invasive species are an ideal system for testing geographic differences in performance traits and measuring evolutionary responses as a species spreads across divergent climates and habitats. The European gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar dispar L. (Lepidoptera: Erebidae), is a generalist forest defoliator introduced to Medford, Massachusetts, USA in 1869. Currently, the invasion front extends from Minnesota to North Carolina and the ability of gypsy moth populations to adapt to local climate may contribute to its...

Data from: The edaphic control of plant diversity

Catherine Hulshof & Marko Spasojevic
BACKGROUND: The central thesis of plant ecology is that climate determines the distribution of global vegetation. Within a vegetation type, however, finer-scale environmental features such as the physical and chemical properties of soil (edaphic variation) control plant distributions and diversity patterns. AIMS: Here, we review the literature to provide a mechanistic framework for the edaphic control of plant diversity. First, we review three examples where soils have known, prevalent effects on plant diversity: during soil...

Evolutionary stability, landscape heterogeneity, and human land-usage shape population genetic connectivity in the Cape Floristic Region biodiversity hotspot

Lindsay Miles, Brian Verrelli & Erica Tassone
As human-induced change eliminates natural habitats, it impacts genetic diversity and population connectivity for local biodiversity. The South African Cape Floristic Region (CFR) is the most diverse extratropical area for plant biodiversity, and much of its habitat is protected as a UNESCO World Heritage site. There has long been great interest in explaining the underlying factors driving this unique diversity, especially as much of the CFR is endangered by urbanization and other anthropogenic activity. Here,...

Factors that influence self-perception of risk for developing substance use disorders in emerging adults

Morgan Driver, Danielle Dick, Fazil Aliev, Peter Barr & Sally Kuo
Risk perception is the likelihood of experiencing a health-related outcome and is one of the main components of the Health Belief Model, as well as other health behavior models. Risk perception is associated with a number of preventative and health-related behavior outcomes including health care service use, uptake of screening, diet and exercise. Perceived risk has been studied in relationship to health outcomes such as cancer and diabetes, but little research has assessed perceived risk...

Aggression by Omission Phase 2a: Crowd-sourcing examples of aggression by omission behaviors

Drew Parton & David Chester
Aggression, herein defined as any attempt to harm another person that the aggressor believes does not wish to be harmed in the intended form or to the intended degree, is an anti-social phenomenon that is nonetheless perpetrated from time to time by normally prosocial individuals. Researchers have spent decades and published thousands of papers studying the antecedents and moderators of aggression including provocation (e.g., Raine et al., 2006) trait aggressive tendencies (e.g., Buss & Perry,...

Mindfulness training to enhance emotion regulation in a polarizing political context: A multimethod investigation

Hadley Rahrig
The U.S. continues to show an upward trend in political polarization, characterized in part by the perceived division of moral values along party lines (Finkel et al., 2020). This moralization of political identity has contributed to the escalation of negative emotions (e.g., fear, anger, and hatred) directed towards political outgroup members. In turn these negative emotions sustain political divisions by motivating the avoidance of—and even violence towards—opposing partisans (Iyenger et al., 2019). Although negative emotions...

Additional file 2 of Dietary vitamin A intakes of chinese children with adequate liver stores as assessed by the retinol isotope dilution technique

Jing Zeng, Yanming Li, Yan Ren, Weiwei Gu, Zhaolin Li, Mei Yang & Bing Xiang
Supplementary Material 2

Additional file 1 of Ivabradine toxicity: a case report

Kavisha Singh, Muthukumar R. Alagarraju, Carl E. Wolf, Justin L. Poklis, Nitin Kulkarni, William Tharpe & Parag H. Joshi
Additional file 1. Complete drug list.

Ivabradine toxicity: a case report

Kavisha Singh, Muthukumar R. Alagarraju, Carl E. Wolf, Justin L. Poklis, Nitin Kulkarni, William Tharpe & Parag H. Joshi
Abstract Background We describe a case of symptomatic bradycardia resulting from ivabradine toxicity by measurement of ivabradine levels, of which there are limited reports in the literature. Case presentation A 43-year-old White female presented with several days of near syncope and dizziness accompanied by a drop in her heart rate to 50 beats per minute. She was taking ivabradine for inappropriate sinus tachycardia. After excluding several other causes of bradycardia, we made the diagnosis of...

T13: Engaging Students in Scholarly Communications

Robyn Hall
Course site for Engaging Students in Scholarly Communications

Soil biogeochemistry across Central and South American tropical dry forests

Bonnie Waring, Mark De Guzman, Dan Du, Juan Dupuy, Maga Gei, Jessica Gutknecht, Catherine Hulshof, Nicolas Jelinski, Andrew Margenot, David Medvigy, Camila Pizano, Beatriz Salgado-Negret, Naomi Schwartz, Annette Trierweiler, Skip Van Bloem, German Vargas G & Jennifer Powers
The availability of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) controls the flow of carbon (C) among plants, soils, and the atmosphere, thereby shaping terrestrial ecosystem responses to global change. Soil C, N, and P cycles are linked by drivers operating at multiple spatial and temporal scales: landscape-level variation in macroclimate, seasonality, and soil geochemistry; stand-scale heterogeneity in forest composition and structure; and microbial community dynamics at the soil pore scale. Yet in many biomes, we do...

Alcohol use disorder clinical features, psychiatric comorbidities, and divorce in a sample enriched for substance use disorder

Jessica E Salvatore, Nathaniel Thomas & Sally Kuo
The goal of this project is to examine the associations between AUD, AUD clinical features, and marital behaviors.

Comparing psychopathy measures: A study of p-curves

Emily Lasko & David Chester

Sleep, Affect, and Aggression

David Chester, Joseph Dzierzewski & Joseph Dzierzewski

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