235 Works

Soil biogeochemistry across Central and South American tropical dry forests

Bonnie Waring, Mark De Guzman, Dan Du, Juan Dupuy, Maga Gei, Jessica Gutknecht, Catherine Hulshof, Nicolas Jelinski, Andrew Margenot, David Medvigy, Camila Pizano, Beatriz Salgado-Negret, Naomi Schwartz, Annette Trierweiler, Skip Van Bloem, German Vargas G & Jennifer Powers
The availability of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) controls the flow of carbon (C) among plants, soils, and the atmosphere, thereby shaping terrestrial ecosystem responses to global change. Soil C, N, and P cycles are linked by drivers operating at multiple spatial and temporal scales: landscape-level variation in macroclimate, seasonality, and soil geochemistry; stand-scale heterogeneity in forest composition and structure; and microbial community dynamics at the soil pore scale. Yet in many biomes, we do...

Founding Monsters

Maggie Colangelo & Bernard Means
The Founding Monsters comic book was created as a science-friendly graphical storytelling framework that tells the story of the Founding Fathers and their obsession with prehistoric megafauna, especially mastodons and giant ground sloths. Founding Monsters combines sequential art (e.g. comic book style) with historical and scientific data. The first mastodon (Mammut americanum) fossils were found in New York in the early 18th century. Later in the 18th century, Thomas Jefferson was sent fossils from what...

Factors that influence self-perception of risk for developing substance use disorders in emerging adults

Morgan Driver, Danielle Dick, Fazil Aliev, Peter Barr & Sally Kuo
Risk perception is the likelihood of experiencing a health-related outcome and is one of the main components of the Health Belief Model, as well as other health behavior models. Risk perception is associated with a number of preventative and health-related behavior outcomes including health care service use, uptake of screening, diet and exercise. Perceived risk has been studied in relationship to health outcomes such as cancer and diabetes, but little research has assessed perceived risk...

T13: Engaging Students in Scholarly Communications

Robyn Hall
Course site for Engaging Students in Scholarly Communications

Processing Fluency and Aggressive Decision-making

Samuel West & David Chester
Aggression is a costly and pervasive social phenomenon that comes in many forms. Contemporary theories of aggression point to the involvement of cognitive processes in aggressive behavior (Bushman & Anderson, 2002; Finkel & Hall, 2018). Empirical work testing the involvement of such processes in aggression has largely focused on the cognitive accessibility and the acquisition of scripts for aggression, leaving the role of other processes untested (e.g., Todorov & Bargh, 2002; Wilkowski & Robinson, 2010)....

Executive decision-making strategies of young pupils in low-income schools: Predicting commitment to skill-based training intervention?

Cheyenne Yucelen, Maria Tsapali, Zewelanji Serpell, Teresa Parr & Michelle Ellefson
There is now substantial evidence to confirm the notion that executive function skills make immense contributions to children’s early learning and scholastic achievements (Blair, 2002; Bull et al., 2008; Gathercole et al., 2004; Latzman et al., 2010; Lorsbach et al., 1996; Ozonoff & Jensen, 1996). One of the most central components of cognitive functioning involves the skill of executive ‘decision-making’. Originally indexed by the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT) and later reformed as “Hungry Donkey” referring...

Meta Data for Preregistration of Gender Differences in Intimate Partner Aggression

Natalia Rodriguez Romero, Alexandra Martelli & David Chester
Completed preregistration by filling in information about sample size.

Does gender moderate threatened egotism effects for vulnerable Narcissism within a covert aggression paradigm?

Caroline Reze, Hannah Jordan, M. Liz Deibel, Sarah Goodman & Drew Parton
There is minimal literature investigating the relationship between gender differences and vulnerable narcissism because various previous studies indicated that males are closely associated with narcissistic features. The purpose of this study is to observe whether the relationship between vulnerable narcissism and spiteful punishments that is moderated by self-esteem threat is influenced by the addition of gender as a variable. Data was collected from the Amazon Mechanical Turk program participants and included the measures of the...

Pre-Registration

Hope Wolf, Timothy York, Aaron Wolen, Bradley Webb & Jerome Strauss

Network Analysis of Trait Aggression - BFI, BPAQ, DD

Samuel West & David Chester
Title Network Analysis of Trait Aggression - BFI, BPAQ, DD Description This project seeks to determine where trait aggression belongs among the broader "Big 5" personality traits of openness to experience, conscientiousness, extroversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism. Data-driven approaches such as network analysis techniques allow for the estimation of the importance of certain variables (or “nodes”) in a given network. Recent advances in personality research have shown the utility of this analytic framework in the context...

Patterns and correlates of polysubstance use among individuals with severe alcohol use disorder

Mallory Stephenson & Alexis Edwards
Individuals who are affected by alcohol use disorder (AUD) are at increased risk for other drug use disorders (Hasin et al., 2007), and each additional criterion met for AUD further heightens the likelihood of using multiple substances (Hedden et al., 2010). Previously identified predictors of illicit substance use and dependence among individuals affected by AUD include male gender, younger age, earlier drug and alcohol use onset, maternal alcohol problems, higher levels of neuroticism, primary depression...

Meetings, Notes, etc.

Dana Lapato, Hope Wolf, Eva Lancaster, Morgan Driver, Timothy York & Roxann Roberson-Nay

Aggression by Omission Phase 2a: Crowd-sourcing examples of aggression by omission behaviors

Drew Parton & David Chester
Aggression, herein defined as any attempt to harm another person that the aggressor believes does not wish to be harmed in the intended form or to the intended degree, is an anti-social phenomenon that is nonetheless perpetrated from time to time by normally prosocial individuals. Researchers have spent decades and published thousands of papers studying the antecedents and moderators of aggression including provocation (e.g., Raine et al., 2006) trait aggressive tendencies (e.g., Buss & Perry,...

Functional brain network organization during brief mindfulness instruction

Hadley Rahrig, David Chester, Kirk Brown & Liangsuo Ma
Mindfulness meditation, defined as the act of training one’s attention to present-moment experiences, has been used to effectively treat a wide range of psychological and physical conditions. To date few studies have investigated the impact of mindfulness meditation on neural circuitry during meditation practice itself. Consequently, it is unknown if mindfulness instruction noticeably affects neural processes observable during resting state. Standardized instructions in mindfulness guide the listener to attend to present-moment body sensations, note when...

Comparing psychopathy measures: A study of p-curves

Emily Lasko & David Chester

Distilling trait vengefulness scales using a bass-ackwards factor analysis: Study 1

Drew Parton, David Chester & Michael Crowe
At its most basic level, revenge can be defined as acts of harm against a target in response to a perceived offense by said target (McCullough et al., 2013). Revenge may seem a natural impulse (e.g., Thompson et al., 2016), and some have argued that revenge evolved in humans as one of the first mechanisms for deterring antisocial behavior (McCullough et al., 2013). However, individuals differ as to the degree to which they are inclined...

A Longitudinal Analysis of Cognitive Flexibility in Middle Childhood: Patterns of Change and Cross-group Differences

Zhuoer Yang, Maria Tsapali, Zewelanji Serpell, Teresa Parr & Michelle Ellefson
This study aims to investigate the pattern of change over time in cognitive flexibility in middle childhood. This study will identify different developmental trajectories of cognitive flexibility and examine possible predictors for the different trajectories. This study will conduct secondary data analyses. The pre-existing data will be derived from the project “Exploring the Malleability of Executive Control” run by the INSTRUCT research lab in the Faculty of Education at the University of Cambridge. This initial...

Study 2 - Examining Features of Psychopathic Personality

Samuel West, Frances Russell, Nayaab Khan, Matthew Irwin, Matthew Irwin, Christina Bennett, Nuzhat Rahaman & F. Russell
In our initial study we found evidence that Factor 1 psychopathy showed a stronger, positive association with subjective social status and belief in hierarchy than Factor 2 psychopathy. Similarly Factor 2 psychopathy was negatively related to respect for hierarchy, but Factor 1 was not. As such, these findings indicated a substantial difference in relation to the factors of psychopathy as they relate to components of social status. This purpose of this study is to examine...

IPV Study

David Chester & Alexandra Martelli

Data Storage

Alexandra Martelli & David Chester

Psychology of Discrimination (Study 2)

Amanda McRacken, Kyrah Holland, Danyel Smith & Nao Hagiwara
This study aims to follow-up on the first study by achieving two goals: (1) to replicate the findings from Study 1; and (2) to investigate whether cultural worldview (such as just world belief and system justification) would moderate the association between perceived discrimination and health outcomes. Note: Study 1 aimed to assess whether the personal/group discrimination discrepancy is still evident among ethnic/racial minority college students with the cultural and racial context created by the 45...

Summary Results

Richard Klein, Kate Ratliff, Brian Nosek, Michelangelo Vianello, Ronaldo Pilati, Thierry Devos, Elisa Galliani, Mark Brandt, Anna van 't Veer, Abraham Rutchick, Kathleen Schmidt, Štěpán Bahník, Marek Vranka, Hans IJzerman, Fred Hasselman, Jennifer Joy-Gaba, Jesse Chandler, Leigh Ann Vaughn, Claudia Brumbaugh, Lyn van Swol, Aaron Wichman, Grant Packard, Beach Brooks, Zeynep Cemalcilar, Justin Storbeck … & Heather Kappes

Mindfulness, Impulsivity, and Aggression

David Chester & Alexandra Martelli

AVPR1A, relationship status, and alcohol consumption

Jessica E Salvatore, Amy Adkins & Jewel White

Methods and Study Materials

Richard Klein, Kate Ratliff, Brian Nosek, Michelangelo Vianello, Ronaldo Pilati, Thierry Devos, Elisa Galliani, Mark Brandt, Anna van 't Veer, Abraham Rutchick, Kathleen Schmidt, Štěpán Bahník, Marek Vranka, Hans IJzerman, Fred Hasselman, Jennifer Joy-Gaba, Jesse Chandler, Leigh Ann Vaughn, Claudia Brumbaugh, Lyn van Swol, Aaron Wichman, Grant Packard, Beach Brooks, Zeynep Cemalcilar, Justin Storbeck … & Heather Kappes

Registration Year

  • 2021
    235

Resource Types

  • Text
    221
  • Dataset
    11
  • Journal Article
    3

Affiliations

  • Virginia Commonwealth University
    235
  • University of Virginia
    41
  • Center For Open Science
    39
  • Princeton University
    28
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology
    9
  • UCLA
    9
  • Arizona State University
    7
  • University of British Columbia
    4
  • Guangzhou Medical University
    3
  • University of Minnesota
    3