13 Works

Tunicate bulb size variation in monocots explained by temperature and phenology

Cody Howard & Nico Cellinese
Plants bulbs are modified shoot systems comprised of short internodes with apical bud(s) surrounded by layers of leaf bases. Bulb diameters can vary greatly, with overall bulb size playing a role in flower formation as well as resource allocation. Despite the importance of bulb size to the overall fitness of an individual, evolutionary and ecological aspects of this trait have been almost completely neglected. Examining over 2500 herbarium vouchers for 115 selected species, we analyzed...

Data from: Spatial phylogenetics of the North American flora

Brent Mishler, Robert Guralnick, Pamela Soltis, Stephen Smith, Douglas Soltis, Narayani Barve, Julie Allen & Shawn Laffan
North America is a large continent with extensive climatic, geological, soil, and biological diversity. That biota is under threat from habitat destruction and climate change, making a quantitative assessment of biodiversity of critical importance. Rapid digitization of plant specimen records and accumulation of DNA sequence data enable a much-needed broad synthesis of species occurrences with phylogenetic data. Here we attempted the first such synthesis of a flora from such a large and diverse part of...

Data from: Live, dead, and fossil mollusks in Florida freshwater springs and spring-fed rivers: taphonomic pathways and the formation of multi-sourced, time-averaged death assemblages

Kristopher Kusnerik, Roger Portell, Mark Brenner, Quan Hua, Alshina Kannai, Mariah Monroe, Michał Kowalewski, Guy Means & Ryan Means
Taphonomic processes are informative about the magnitude and timing of paleoecological changes but remain poorly understood with respect to freshwater invertebrates in spring-fed rivers and streams. We compared taphonomic alteration among freshwater gastropods in live, dead (surficial shell accumulations), and fossil (late Pleistocene-early Holocene in situ sediments) assemblages from two Florida spring-fed systems, the Wakulla and Silver/Ocklawaha Rivers. We assessed taphonomy of two gastropod species: the native Elimia floridensis (n=2504) and introduced Melanoides tuberculata (n=168)....

Data for: Fragmentation and disturbance drive montane mixed-flock species roles and interaction strength

Harrison Jones & Scott Robinson
Mixed-species flocks are a key facilitative interaction for tropical birds. Forest fragmentation leads to species loss and spatial turnover in these flocks, yet it is unknown how these changes to composition influence within-flock species interactions. We used network analysis to characterize flocking interactions along a fragment-size gradient in the Colombian Western Andes. We asked (1) how patch size, edge density, and vegetation structure explained network measures indicative of flock cohesion, (2) whether changes were driven...

Data from: Light environment drives evolution of color vision genes in butterflies and moths

Yash Sondhi, Emily Elis, Seth Bybee, Jamie Theobald & Akito Kawahara
Opsins, combined with a chromophore, are the primary light-sensing molecules in animals and are crucial for color vision. Throughout animal evolution duplications and losses of opsin proteins are common, but it is unclear what is driving these gains and losses. Light availability is implicated, and dim environments are often associated with low opsin diversity and loss. Correlations between high opsin diversity and bright environments, however, are tenuous. To test if increased light availability is associated...

Data from: Assessing support for Blaberoidea phylogeny suggests optimal locus

Dominic Evangelista, Sabrina Simon, Megan M. Wilson, Akito Y. Kawahara, Manpreet K. Kohli, Jessica L. Ware, Benjamin Wipfler, Olivier Béthoux, Grandcolas Philippe & Frédéric Legendre
Phylogenomics seeks to use next-generation data to robustly infer an organism’s evolutionary history. Yet, the practical caveats of phylogenomics motivates investigation of improved efficiency, particularly when quality of phylogenies are questionable. To achieve improvements, one goal is to maintain or enhance the quality of phylogenetic inference while severely reducing dataset size. We approach this by assessing which kinds of loci in phylogenomic alignments provide the majority of support for a phylogenetic inference of cockroaches in...

Food plant shifts drive the diversification of Sack-bearer moths

Ryan St Laurent, Ana Paula Dos Santos De Carvalho, Chandra Earl & Akito Kawahara
Lepidoptera are a highly diverse group of herbivorous insects, however some superfamilies have relatively few species. Two alternative hypotheses for drivers of Lepidoptera diversity are shifts in food plant use or shifts from concealed to external feeding as larvae. Many studies address the former hypothesis, but with bias towards externally feeding taxa. One of the most striking examples of species disparity between sister lineages in Lepidoptera is between the concealed feeding Sack-bearer Moths (Mimallonoidea), which...

Biogeography and ecological niche evolution in Diapensiaceae inferred from phylogenetic analysis

Michelle Gaynor, Chao-Nan Fu, Lian-Ming Gao, Li-Min Lu, Douglas E. Soltis & Pamela S. Soltis
Diapensiaceae (Ericales) are a small family of about 15 species. Within this clade, two species are broadly distributed throughout the Northern Hemisphere, while the remaining species have a disjunct distribution between eastern North America and eastern Asia. To address patterns and processes of diversification in Diapensiaceae, we conducted biogeographic analyses and inferred shifts in ecological niche across the phylogeny of the clade. Although Diapensiaceae have been the focus of multiple phylogenetic and biogeographic studies, previous...

Spatial point pattern analysis of traces (SPPAT): an approach for visualizing and quantifying site-selectivity patterns of drilling predators

Alexis Rojas, Gregory Dietl, Michal Kowalewski, Roger W. Portell, Austin Hendy & Jason Blackburn
Site-selectivity analysis in drilling predation may provide useful behavioral information of a predator interacting with its prey. However, traditional approaches exclude some spatial information (i.e., oversimplified trace position) and are dependent on the scale of analysis (e.g., arbitrary grid system used to divide the prey skeleton into sectors). Here we introduce the spatial point pattern analysis of traces (SPPAT), an approach for visualizing and quantifying the distribution of traces on shelled invertebrate prey, which includes...

Body size trends in response to climate and urbanization in the widespread North American deer mouse, Peromyscus maniculatus

Robert Guralnick, Maggie Hantak, Daijiang Li & Bryan McLean
Body size decline is hypothesized to be a key response to climate warming, including warming driven by urban heat islands. However, urbanization may also generate selective gradients for body size increases in smaller endotherms via habitat fragmentation. Here we utilize a densely sampled, multi-sourcedataset to examine how climate and urbanization affect body size of Peromyscus maniculatus (PEMA), an abundant rodent found across north America. We predicted PEMA would conform to Bergmann’s Rule, e.g. larger individuals...

Macroevolutionary patterns of sexual size dimorphism among African tree frogs (Family: Hyperoliidae)

Daniel Portik, David Blackburn & Jimmy McGuire
Sexual size dimorphism (SSD) is shaped by multiple selective forces that drive the evolution of sex-specific body size, resulting in male or female-biased SSD. Stronger selection on one sex can result in an allometric body-size scaling relationship consistent with Rensch’s rule or its converse. Anurans (frogs and toads) generally display female-biased SSD, but there is variation across clades and the mechanisms driving the evolution of SSD remain poorly understood. We investigated these topics in a...

A two-tier bioinformatic pipeline to develop probes for target capture of nuclear loci with applications in Melastomataceae

Johanna Jantzen, Prabha Amarasinghe, Ryan Folk, Marcelo Reginato, Fabian Michelangeli, Douglas Soltis, Nico Cellinese & Pamela Soltis
Premise of the study: Putatively single-copy nuclear (SCN) loci, identified using genomic resources of closely related species, are ideal for phylogenomic inference. However, suitable genomic resources are not available for many clades, including Melastomataceae. We introduce a versatile approach to identify SCN loci for clades with few genomic resources and use it to develop probes for target enrichment in the distantly related Memecylon and Tibouchina (Melastomataceae). Methods: We present a two-tiered pipeline. First, we identified...

Transcriptomics illuminate the phylogenetic backbone of tiger beetles

Harlan Gough, Julie Allen, Emmanuel Toussaint, Caroline Storer & Akito Kawahara
Phylogenomics is progressing rapidly, allowing large strides forward into our understanding of the tree of life. In this study, we generated transcriptomes from ethanol-preserved specimens of 13 tiger beetle species (Coleoptera: Cicindelinae) and one Scaritinae outgroup. From these 14 transcriptomes and seven publicly available transcriptomes, we recovered an average of 2538 loci for phylogenetic analysis. We constructed an evolutionary tree of tiger beetles to examine deep-level relationships and examined the extent to which the composition...

Registration Year

  • 2020

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • Florida Museum of Natural History
  • University of Florida
  • University of Nevada Reno
  • University of Michigan–Ann Arbor
  • Center for History
  • Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County
  • Coastal Carolina University
  • University of California, Berkeley
  • Museum of Vertebrate Zoology
  • Adelphi University