11 Works

Data from: Experimental feeding regime influences urban bird disease dynamics

Josie A. Galbraith, Margaret C. Stanley, Darryl N. Jones & Jacqueline R. Beggs
Wild bird feeding often results in high densities of birds, potentially facilitating transmission of disease. Wild birds are major reservoirs of many zoonotic diseases, and although a number of avian disease outbreaks have been linked to bird feeders, urban bird-feeding and its role in disease systems remains poorly studied. We examined the impacts of typical supplementary feeding practices on the health status of feeder-visiting birds at experimental feeding stations in an urban area of New...

Data from: Co-infections and environmental conditions drive the distributions of blood parasites in wild birds

Nicholas J. Clark, Konstans Wells, Dimitar Dimitrov & Sonya M. Clegg
Experimental work increasingly suggests that non-random pathogen associations can affect the spread or severity of disease. Yet due to difficulties distinguishing and interpreting co-infections, evidence for the presence and directionality of pathogen co-occurrences in wildlife is rudimentary. We provide empirical evidence for pathogen co-occurrences by analysing infection matrices for avian malaria (Haemoproteus and Plasmodium spp.) and parasitic filarial nematodes (microfilariae) in wild birds (New Caledonian Zosterops spp.). Using visual and genus-specific molecular parasite screening, we...

Data from: Ocean acidification alters fish–jellyfish symbiosis

Ivan Nagelkerken, Kylie A. Pitt, Melchior D. Rutte & Robbert C. Geertsma
Symbiotic relationships are common in nature, and are important for individual fitness and sustaining species populations. Global change is rapidly altering environmental conditions, but, with the exception of coral–microalgae interactions, we know little of how this will affect symbiotic relationships. We here test how the effects of ocean acidification, from rising anthropogenic CO2 emissions, may alter symbiotic interactions between juvenile fish and their jellyfish hosts. Fishes treated with elevated seawater CO2 concentrations, as forecast for...

Data from: Integral Projection Models for host-parasite systems with an application to amphibian chytrid fungus

Mark Q. Wilber, Kate E. Langwig, Auston Marm Kilpatrick, Hamish I. McCallum & Cheryl J. Briggs
Host–parasite models are typically constructed under either a microparasite or macroparasite paradigm. However, this has long been recognized as a false dichotomy because many infectious disease agents, including most fungal pathogens, have attributes of both microparasites and macroparasites. We illustrate how Integral Projection Models (IPMs) provide a novel modelling framework to represent both types of pathogens. We build a simple host–parasite IPM that tracks both the number of susceptible and infected hosts and the distribution...

Data from: Speciation in a keystone plant genus is driven by elevation: a case study in New Guinean Ficus

Simon T. Segar, Martin Volf, , Brus Isua, Mentap Sisol, Legi Sam, Katerina Sam, Daniel Souto-Vilarós & Vojtech Novotny
Much of the world's insect and plant biodiversity is found in tropical and subtropical ‘hotspots’, which often include long elevational gradients. These gradients may function as ‘diversity pumps’ and contribute to both regional and local species richness. Climactic conditions on such gradients often change rapidly along short vertical distances, and may result in local adaptation and high levels of population genetic structure in plants and insects. We investigated the population genetic structure of two species...

Data from: Impact of cane toads on a community of Australian native frogs, determined by 10 years of automated identification and logging of calling behaviour

Andrew Taylor, Hamish I. McCallum, Graeme Watson & Gordon C. Grigg
Invasive species may have devastating impacts on native biota. Cane toads Rhinella marina continue to invade northern Australia and the consequences for the endemic frogs are unclear. Monitoring frogs in such remote areas is difficult because their activity depends heavily on unpredictable rainfall events. We developed an autonomous acoustic monitoring system which used machine learning techniques to identify up to 22 calling species in real time. Ten of these systems, capable of operating for at...

Data from: Rapid evolutionary response to a transmissible cancer in Tasmanian devils

Brendan Epstein, Menna Jones, Rodrigo Hamede, Sarah Hendricks, Hamish McCallum, Elizabeth P. Murchison, Barbara Schönfeld, Cody Wiench, Paul Hohenlohe & Andrew Storfer
Although cancer rarely acts as an infectious disease, a recently emerged transmissible cancer in Tasmanian devils (Sarcophilus harrisii) is virtually 100% fatal. Devil facial tumour disease (DFTD) has swept across nearly the entire species’ range, resulting in localized declines exceeding 90% and an overall species decline of more than 80% in less than 20 years. Despite epidemiological models that predict extinction, populations in long-diseased sites persist. Here we report rare genomic evidence of a rapid,...

Data from: Arthropod distribution in a tropical rainforest: tackling a four dimensional puzzle

Yves Basset, Lukas Cizek, Philippe Cuénoud, Raphael K. Didham, Vojtech Novotny, Frode Ødegaard, Tomas Roslin, Alexey K. Tishechkin, Jürgen Schmidl, Neville N. Winchester, David W. Roubik, Henri-Pierre Aberlenc, Johannes Bail, Héctor Barrios, Jonathan R. Bridle, Gabriela Castaño-Meneses, Bruno Corbara, Gianfranco Curletti, Wesley Duarte Da Rocha, Domir De Bakker, Jacques H.C. Delabie, Alain Dejean, Laura L. Fagan, Andreas Floren, Roger L. Kitching … & Jacques H. C. Delabie
Quantifying the spatio-temporal distribution of arthropods in tropical rainforests represents a first step towards scrutinizing the global distribution of biodiversity on Earth. To date most studies have focused on narrow taxonomic groups or lack a design that allows partitioning of the components of diversity. Here, we consider an exceptionally large dataset (113,952 individuals representing 5,858 species), obtained from the San Lorenzo forest in Panama, where the phylogenetic breadth of arthropod taxa was surveyed using 14...

Data from: Movement of a hybrid zone between lineages of the Australian glass shrimp (Paratya australiensis)

Jeremy D. Wilson, Daniel J. Schmidt & Jane M. Hughes
In 1993, a population of freshwater glass shrimp (Paratya australiensis) was translocated from Kilcoy Creek to Branch Creek in the Conondale Range, Queensland. Subsequent genetic analysis revealed that the translocated and resident shrimp belonged to different mitochondrial DNA lineages (mtDNA) that were capable of hybridising. Monitoring of the pools along Branch Creek up until 2002 suggested that the translocated lineage had an advantage in upstream pools, and the resident lineage dominated downstream. Differential temperature tolerance...

Data from: Regional drivers of clutch loss reveal important trade-offs for beach-nesting birds

Brooke Maslo, Thomas A. Schlacher, Weston A. Michael, Chantal M. Huijbers, Chris Anderson, Ben L. Gilby, Andrew D. Olds, Rod M. Connolly, David S. Schoeman & Michael A. Weston
Coastal birds are critical ecosystem constituents on sandy shores, yet are threatened by depressed reproductive success resulting from direct and indirect anthropogenic and natural pressures. Few studies examine clutch fate across the wide range of environments experienced by birds; instead, most focus at the small site scale. We examine survival of model shorebird clutches as an index of true clutch survival at a regional scale (∼200 km), encompassing a variety of geomorphologies, predator communities, and...

Data from: Allegory of a cave crustacean: systematic and biogeographic reality of Halosbaena (Peracarida: Thermosbaenacea) sought with molecular data at multiple scales

Timothy J. Page, Jane M. Hughes, Kathryn M. Real, Mark I. Stevens, Rachael A. King & William F. Humphreys
Halosbaena Stock, 1976 are small crustaceans found in a number of distant, isolated subterranean locations in the Northern (Caribbean and Canary Islands) and Southern Hemispheres (Christmas Island and north-western Australia in Cape Range, Barrow Island and Pilbara regions). This distribution is surprising for an animal that produces few eggs, has no free-living larval stage, and succours their young in a dorsal brood pouch. It is usually explained by the passive movement of ancestral populations on...

Registration Year

  • 2016

Resource Types

  • Dataset


  • Griffith University
  • University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice
  • Institute of Entomology
  • National Museum
  • Universidad De Panama
  • University of Adelaide
  • University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
  • Research Institute for Nature and Forest
  • University of Queensland
  • University of Cambridge