87 Works

Supplementary material: How should functional relationships be evaluated using phylogenetic comparative methods? A case study using metabolic rate and body temperature

Josef Uyeda, Nic Bone, Sean McHugh, Jonathan Rolland & Matthew Pennell
Phylogenetic comparative methods are often used to test functional relationships between traits. However, million-year macroevolutionary observational datasets cannot definitively prove causal links between traits --- correlation does not equal causation and experimental manipulation over such timescales is impossible. While this caveat is widely understood, it is far less appreciated that different phylogenetic approaches make different causal assumptions about the functional relationships of traits. In order to make meaningful inferences, it is critical that our statistical...

Scutellaria Extract Inhibits Proliferation and Migration of Brain-Metastatic Lung Cancer Cells via Regulation of Multiple Signaling Pathways

Robert E. Wright III, Lubana Shahin, Venumadhavi Gogineni, Zahin Hussain, Aroma Naeem, Sudha Sadasivan, Indrajit Sinha, Melody Neely, Sharon K. Michellhaugh, Sandeep Mittal, Nirmal Joshee & Prahlad Parajuli

Bird Frugivore Abundance data from: Applied nucleation facilitates tropical forest recovery

Karen D. Holl, J. Leighton Reid, Rebecca J. Cole, Federico Oviedo‐Brenes, Juan A. Rosales & Rakan A. Zahawi
Applied nucleation, mostly based upon planting tree islands, has been proposed as a cost‐effective strategy to meet ambitious global forest and landscape restoration targets. We review results from a 15‐year study, replicated at 15 sites in southern Costa Rica, that compares applied nucleation to natural regeneration and mixed‐species tree plantations as strategies to restore tropical forest. We have collected data on planted tree survival and growth, woody vegetation recruitment and structure, seed rain, litterfall, epiphytes,...

Predictive Modeling

Brian Goode, Naren Ramakrishnan, Madhav Marathe, Chris Kuhlman, Michael Macy, Jure Leskovec, Noshir Contractor, Joshua Epstein, Patrick Butler, Gizem Korkmaz, Yue Ning, Wei Wang, Parang Saraf & Nathan Self

Interoperability Intersection: Partnerships in Open Science Infrastructure

Eric Olson
Enabling interoperability throughout the research lifecycle often aligns with or is a key component of the missions of open source tool providers. Even before the introduction of the FAIR framework, open source tools and infrastructure have emphasized opportunities to connect the systems and workflows that researchers rely on so that research communication can be faster, more efficient, and more secure. OSF, like many of our friends in the open science infrastructure space, is strengthened both...

Dancing bees evaluate central urban forage resources as superior to agricultural land

Ellouise Leadbeater, Ash Samuelson & Roger Schuerch
Recent evidence suggests that flower-rich areas within cities could play an important role in pollinator conservation, but direct comparison of floral resources within agricultural and urban areas has proved challenging to perform over large scales. Here we use the waggle dances of honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) to perform large-scale landscape surveys at heavily urban or agricultural sites for a key pollinator of wild and crop plants. We analyzed 2827 dances that were performed by 20...

Experiment 1

Brian Goode, Naren Ramakrishnan, Madhav Marathe, Chris Kuhlman, Michael Macy, Jure Leskovec, Noshir Contractor, Joshua Epstein, Patrick Butler, Gizem Korkmaz, Yue Ning, Wei Wang, Parang Saraf & Nathan Self
Exploratory Experiment for Cycle 1

MFQ II

Dan Tamul, James Ivory, Malte Elson, Madison Lanier, Jessica Hotter & Jordan Wolf

brand offense 5

Gayoung Park & Broderick Turner
This is a study to examine how would brand's activities and responses toward them affect observers' brand evaluation.

Digestibility kinetics of polyhydroxyalkanoate and polybutylene succinate adipate after in vitro fermentation in rumen fluid

Hailey Galyon
The objective of this study was to determine polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) and copolymer ruminal degradability and kinetics. Commercial PHA, polybutylene succinate adipate (PBSA), PBSA:PHA copolymer blends, and forage controls were incubated in rumen fluid for up to 240 h. Mass loss was measured after each incubation time, and digestion kinetic parameters were estimated. Thermogravimetric and differential scanning calorimetry analyses were conducted on incubated samples.

Labeled Hyperspectral and RGB Images of Several Tree Species

Ryan Brown & Josh Moser
A dataset of hyperspectral and RGB images of different tree species on the Virginia Tech campus. These images were captured at different lighting and exposure levels and include labeling information that will allow for classification tasks to be performed. The dataset is designed to highlight differences in classification accuracy and techniques when using traditional RGB images as opposed to hyperspectral images. Each image is stored in a .zip file separate from the required header file....

Host traits and environment interact to drive persistence of bat populations impacted by white-nose syndrome

Alexander Grimaudo, Joseph Hoyt, Steffany Yamada, Carl Herzog, Alyssa Bennett & Kate Langwig
Emerging infectious diseases have resulted in severe population declines across diverse taxa. In some instances, despite attributes associated with high extinction risk, disease emergence and host declines are followed by host stabilization for unknown reasons. While host, pathogen, and the environment are recognized as important factors that interact to determine host-pathogen coexistence, they are often considered independently. Here, we use a translocation experiment to disentangle the role of host traits and environmental conditions in driving...

Data For: The developing bird pelvis passes through ancestral Archosaurian and Dinosaurian conditions

Christopher Griffin, João Botelho, Michael Hanson, Matteo Fabbri, Daniel Smith-Paredes, Ryan Carney, Mark Norell, Shiro Egawa, Stephen Gatesy, Timothy Rowe, Ruth Elsey, Sterling Nesbitt & Bhart-Anjan Bhullar
Living birds (Aves) have bodies dramatically modified from the ancestral reptilian condition. The avian pelvis in particular experienced dramatic changes during the transition from early archosaurs to living birds. This stepwise transformation is well documented by an excellent fossil record; however, the ontogenetic alterations that underly it are less well-understood. We used embryological imaging techniques to examine the morphogenesis of avian pelvic tissues in three dimensions, allowing direct comparison with the fossil record. Many ancestral...

Emotions in Engineering Education: A Systematic Review of the Literature

Johanna Lönngren, James Huff, Alberto Bellocchi, Inês Direito, Roland Tormey, Pia Bøgelund, Khairiyah Mohd-Yusof, Maria Berge, Homero Murzi & Nor Rahman
We perform a systematic review of the literature on emotions in engineering education. The review is of the type meta-synthesis as described by Siddayway et al (2019) and aims to critically assess the state of the art in EEE-research, particularly focusing on authors’ use of emotion theories and research methods.

Dominant factors of the phosphorus regulatory network differ under various dietary phosphate loads in healthy individuals

Guoxin Ye, Jiaying Zhang, Zhaori Bi, Weichen Zhang, Minmin Zhang, Qian Zhang, Mengjing Wang & Jing Chen
The purpose of this study was to explore the contribution of each factor of the phosphorus metabolism network following phosphorus diet intervention via Granger causality analysis. In this study, a total of six healthy male volunteers were enrolled. All participants sequentially received regular, low-, and high-phosphorus diets. Consumption of each diet lasted for five days, with a 5-day washout period between different diets. Blood and urinary samples were collected on the fifth day of consumption...

OSF API Member Webinar

Eric Olson, Daniel Steger & Gretchen Gueguen
Webinar for OSFI Members on the OSF API and the potential for interoperability.

Association of soft drink and 100% fruit juice consumption with all-cause mortality, cardiovascular diseases mortality, and cancer mortality: A systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies

Bei Pan, Long Ge, Honghao Lai, Qi Wang, Qian Zhang, Min Yin, Sheng Li, Jinhui Tian, Kehu Yang & Jiancheng Wang
Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), artificially sweetened beverages (ASBs), and 100% fruit juices are frequently consumed and have been documented that they could lead to serious disease burden. However, inconsistent evidence on the association between SSBs, ASBs, and 100% fruit juices consumption and mortality have been presented. PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and PsycINFO were systematically searched. We conducted a random-effects meta-analysis and dose-response meta-analysis to assess the association and calculated...

AEMON-J/DSOS Archive: \"Hacking Limnology\" Workshop + Virtual Summit in Data Science & Open Science in Aquatic Research

Michael Meyer, Robert Ladwig, Isabella Oleksy, Jorrit Mesman, Jacob Zwart, Alli Cramer, Kaelin Cawley, johannes feldbauer, Patricia Tran, Gregor Moreira, Muhammed Shikhani, Deviyani Gurung, Robert Hensley, Elena Matta, Ryan McClure, Thomas Petzoldt, Nuria Lopez, Karline Soetaert, Mridul Thomas, Simon Topp, , Elizabeth McDaniel, Laura Schaerer, Stefano Mezzini, Charuleka Varadharajan … & Abdou Bah
This OSF project is meant to serve as a long-term storage repository for presentations and workshop materials for the Aquatic Ecosystem Modeling-Junior (AEMON-J) and Virtual Summit: Incorporating Data Science and Open Science (DSOS) communities. Contributors in this repository include past presenters and workshop organizers. Contributors are only responsible for those individual presentations that are labeled with their surname.

Lithospheric Control of Melt Generation Beneath the Rungwe Volcanic Province, East Africa: Implications for a Plume Source

Emmanuel Njinju, D. Stamps, Kodi Neumiller & James Gallagher
This contribution is provided to complement the manuscript published in 2021 in Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth by these authors. The paper is entitled Lithospheric Control of Melt Generation Beneath the Rungwe Volcanic Province, East Africa: Implications for a Plume Source Here we provide our 3D lithospheric-modulated convection model that incorporates melt generation beneath the Rungwe Volcanic Province (RVP), a volcanic center in the magma-poor Western Branch of the East African Rift. The 3D...

MFQ II

Dan Tamul, James Ivory, Malte Elson, Madison Lanier, Jessica Hotter & Jordan Wolf

Both consumptive and non-consumptive effects of predators impact mosquito populations and have implications for disease transmission

Marie C Russell, Catherine M Herzog, Zachary Gajewski, Chloe Ramsay, Fadoua El Moustaid, Michelle V Evans, Trishna Desai, Nicole L Gottdenker, Sara L Hermann, Alison G Power & Andrew C McCall
Predator-prey interactions influence prey traits through both consumptive and non-consumptive effects, and variation in these traits can shape vector-borne disease dynamics. Meta-analysis methods were employed to generate predation effect sizes by different categories of predators and mosquito prey. This analysis showed that multiple families of aquatic predators are effective in consumptively reducing mosquito survival, and that the survival of Aedes, Anopheles, and Culex mosquitoes is negatively impacted by consumptive effects of predators. Mosquito larval size...

Community Health Workers in US Food Systems Efforts: A Scoping Review

Maria Denunzio, Makenzie Miller, Sarah Misyak, Melissa Chase, Elena Serrano & Vivica Kraak
A scoping review based on the PRISMA-ScR checklist (Tricco et al., 2018) to map the literature with the objective of describing the role of community health workers in food systems efforts within the United States.

Mountain lions reduce movement, increase efficiency during the COVID-19 shutdown

John Benson, Heather Abernathy, Jeff Sikich & Seth Riley
Wildlife strongly alter behavior in response to human disturbance; however, fundamental questions remain regarding the influence of human infrastructure and activity on animal movement. The Covid-19 pandemic created a natural experiment providing an opportunity to evaluate wildlife movement during a period of greatly reduced human activity. Speculation in scientific reviews and the media suggested that wildlife might be increasing movement and colonizing urban landscapes during pandemic slowdowns. However, theory predicts that animals should move and...

Leveraging Open Ecosystems to Enhance Reproducible Workflows

Claire Riss, Eric Olson, Nicole Pfeiffer, Aaron Wolen, Lenny Teytelman & Steffen Bollmann
Open source infrastructure has paved the way for mission-aligned research stakeholders to create a united vision of interoperable tools and services that accelerate scholarly communication, fill technology gaps, converge solutions, and enable access and discoverability. Hear from a panel of research groups that have taken advantage of interoperable infrastructure to leverage more robust workflows to support rigorous, reproducible research. We also discuss the steps stakeholders and institutions can take to integrate OSF’s open API with...

The use of behavioral economics to improve the appropriate use of discrete clinical preventive services: A scoping review

John Epling, Rebecca Epling, Virginia Pannabecker, Anita Walz, Eric Chen & Jeffrey Stein
A scoping review of interventions informed by behavioral economics that are aimed at increasing the appropriate use of discrete clinical preventive services.

Registration Year

  • 2021
    87

Resource Types

  • Text
    48
  • Dataset
    35
  • Journal Article
    2
  • Other
    2

Affiliations

  • Virginia Tech
    86
  • Center For Open Science
    12
  • University of Virginia
    7
  • Zhejiang University
    6
  • Huazhong University of Science and Technology
    6
  • Sichuan University
    6
  • Fudan University
    6
  • Beijing Tian Tan Hospital
    4
  • Hebei Normal University
    4
  • Sun Yat-sen University
    4