9 Works

Conservation planning across realms: enhancing connectivity for multi-realm species

Virgilio Hermoso, Rita Vasconcelos, Sofia Henriques, Ana Filipe & Silvia Carvalho
Connectivity plays a key role in biodiversity conservation as it sustains ecological processes important for the maintenance of populations such as migrations. Connectivity is especially relevant for species that rely on different realms during their life cycle or use different realms daily or seasonally (multi-realm species). However, effort to address conservation across multiple realms have focused on identifying priority areas for conservation in a single realm (mostly marine) accounting for threats propagating from other realms...

Ecological traps and species distribution models: a challenge for prioritizing areas of conservation importance

Nicolas Titeux, Olatz Aizpurua, Franck Hollander, Francesc Sardà-Palomera, Virgilio Hermoso, Jean-Yves Paquet, Xavier Mestdagh, Josef Settele, Lluís Brotons & Hans Van Dyck
Species distribution models analyse how species use different types of habitats. Their spatial predictions are often used to prioritize areas for conservation. Individuals may, however, prefer settling in habitat types of low quality compared to other available habitats. This ecological trap phenomenon is usually studied in a small number of habitat patches and consequences at the landscape level are largely unknown. It is therefore often unclear whether the spatial pattern of habitat use is aligned...

Data from: Spatial prioritisation of EU’s LIFE-Nature program to strengthen the conservation impact of Natura 2000

Virgilio Hermoso, Dani Villero, Miguel Clavero & Lluís Brotons
1. Despite advances in conservation efforts within Europe during recent decades, assessments highlight a need for adequate financing mechanisms to support the Natura 2000 network; the centrepiece of the EU´s Biodiversity Strategy. Besides the need for greater investment (currently only covering a fifth of the estimated cost of the network), better planning for this investment could help better achieve conservation goals. 2. We demonstrate a method that could be used to identify priority Natura 2000...

The potential of fallow management to promote steppe bird conservation within the next EU Common Agricultural Policy reform: Distance sampling dataset on farmland bird community

Ana Sanz-Pérez, Francesc Sardà-Palomera, Gerard Bota, Rahel Sollmann, Nuria Pou & David Giralt
Agricultural intensification promoted by the European Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has driven the decline of farmland and steppe bird populations. Policy tools to improve the environmental performance of the CAP – including Agri-Environmental Schemes (AES) and Greening – have often failed, and the new EU agricultural reform (CAP post-2020) offers a new opportunity to integrate effective measures addressing farmland bird declines. Fallow land and its management have proven beneficial for endangered steppe bird species by...

Data from: Historical data to plan the recovery of the European eel

Miguel Clavero & Virgilio Hermoso
1. Long-term perspectives are critical to understand contemporary ecological systems. However, historical data on the distribution of biodiversity have only rarely been used in applied environmental sciences. 2. Here, we use historical sources to reconstruct the historical range of the European eel, a critically endangered species. We then use this baseline range to set range targets for the recovery of the European eel, as opposed to the abundance-based targets established by the European Union, which...

Data from: Fallow management increases habitat suitability for endangered steppe bird species through changes in vegetation structure

Ana Sanz-Pérez, David Giralt, Irene Robleño, Gerard Bota, Cyril Milleret, Santi Manosa & Francesc Sardà-Palomera
In the face of the dramatic worldwide decline of farmland bird populations, the preservation of fallow fields is a conservation measure encouraged through subsidies (e.g. agri‐environmental schemes, AES). Beyond the general benefits of increasing fallow availability for endangered steppe bird populations, there is a lack of knowledge on how fallow management can contribute to meeting species‐specific habitat requirements. We used occurrence data from three steppe bird species protected at the EU level (Stone Curlew Burhinus...

Data from: Contrasting impacts of precipitation on Mediterranean birds and butterflies

Sergi Herrando, Nicolas Titeux, Lluís Brotons, Marc Anton, Andreu Ubach, Dani Villero, Enrique García-Barros, Miguel L. Munguira, Carlos Godinho & Constantí Stefanescu
The climatic preferences of the species determine to a large extent their response to climate change. Temperature preferences have been shown to play a key role in driving trends in animal populations. However, the relative importance of temperature and precipitation preferences is still poorly understood, particularly in systems where ecological processes are strongly constrained by the amount and timing of rainfall. In this study, we estimated the role played by temperature and precipitation preferences in...

Configurational crop heterogeneity increases within-field plant diversity

Audrey Alignier, Xavier Solé-Senan, Irene Robleño, Barbara Baraibar, Fahrig Lenore, David Giralt, Nicolas Gross, Jean-Louis Martin, Jordi Recasens, Clelia Sirami, Gavin Siriwardena, Aliette Bosem Baillod, Colette Bertrand, Romain Carrie, Annika Hass, Laura Henckel, Paul Miguet, Isabelle Badenhausser, Jacques Baudry, Gerard Bota, Vincent Bretagnolle, Lluis Brotons, Francoise Burel, François Calatayud, Yann Clough … & Péter Batáry
1. Increasing landscape heterogeneity by restoring semi-natural elements to reverse farmland biodiversity declines is not always economically feasible or acceptable to farmers due to competition for land. We hypothesized that increasing the heterogeneity of the crop mosaic itself, hereafter referred to as crop heterogeneity, can have beneficial effects on within-field plant diversity. 2. Using a unique multi-country dataset from a cross-continent collaborative project covering 1451 agricultural fields within 432 landscapes in Europe and Canada, we...

Rapid behavioural response of urban birds to COVID-19 lockdown

Oscar Gordo, Lluís Brotons, Sergi Herrando & Gabriel Gargallo
Biodiversity is threatened by the growth of urban areas. However, it is still poorly understood how animals can cope with and adapt to these rapid and dramatic transformations of natural environments. The COVID-19 pandemic provides us with a unique opportunity to unveil the mechanisms involved in this process. Lockdown measures imposed in most countries are causing an unprecedented reduction of human activities giving us an experimental setting to assess the effects of our lifestyle on...

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Affiliations

  • Centre Tecnològic Forestal de Catalunya
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  • German Center for Integrative Biodiversity Research
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  • Griffith University
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  • Centre for Research on Ecology and Forestry Applications
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  • University of Lleida
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  • Ecosystèmes, Biodiversité, Evolution
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  • Estación Biológica de Doñana
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  • Centre d'Etudes Biologiques de Chizé
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