4 Works

Data from: Effects of land use on lake nutrients: the importance of scale, hydrologic connectivity, and region

Patricia A. Soranno, Kendra Spence Cheruvelil, Tyler Wagner, Katherine E. Webster & Mary Tate Bremigan
Catchment land uses, particularly agriculture and urban uses, have long been recognized as major drivers of nutrient concentrations in surface waters. However, few simple models have been developed that relate the amount of catchment land use to downstream freshwater nutrients. Nor are existing models applicable to large numbers of freshwaters across broad spatial extents such as regions or continents. This research aims to increase model performance by exploring three factors that affect the relationship between...

Data from: Allopolyploidy, diversification, and the Miocene grassland expansion

Matt C. Estep, Michael R. McKain, Dilys Vela Diaz, Jinshun Zhong, John G. Hodge, Trevor R. Hodkinson, Daniel J. Layton, Simon T. Malcomber, Rémy Pasquet & Elizabeth A. Kellogg
The role of polyploidy, particularly allopolyploidy, in plant diversification is a subject of debate. Whole-genome duplications precede the origins of many major clades (e.g., angiosperms, Brassicaceae, Poaceae), suggesting that polyploidy drives diversification. However, theoretical arguments and empirical studies suggest that polyploid lineages may actually have lower speciation rates and higher extinction rates than diploid lineages. We focus here on the grass tribe Andropogoneae, an economically and ecologically important group of C4 species with a high...

Worldwide evidence of a unimodal relationship between productivity and plant species richness

Lauchlan H. Fraser, Jason Pither, Anke Jentsch, Marcelo Sternberg, Martin Zobel, Diana Askarizadeh, Sandor Bartha, Carl Beierkuhnlein, Jonathan A. Bennett, Alex Bittel, Bazartseren Boldgiv, Ilsi I. Boldrini, Edward Bork, Leslie Brown, Marcelo Cabido, James Cahill, Cameron N. Carlyle, Giandiego Campetella, Stefano Chelli, Ofer Cohen, Anna-Maria Csergo, Sandra Diaz, Lucas Enrico, David Ensing, Alessandra Fidelis … & Szilárd Szentes
The search for predictions of species diversity across environmental gradients has challenged ecologists for decades. The humped-back model (HBM) suggests that plant diversity peaks at intermediate productivity; at low productivity few species can tolerate the environmental stresses, and at high productivity a few highly competitive species dominate. Over time the HBM has become increasingly controversial, and recent studies claim to have refuted it. Here, by using data from coordinated surveys conducted throughout grasslands worldwide and...

Data from: Temporal variability of a single population can determine the vulnerability of communities to perturbations

Robert J. Mrowicki, Nessa E. O'Connor & Ian Donohue
Many aspects of global change affect the variability of species population densities, in terms of both the magnitude and pattern of density fluctuations. However, we have limited empirical understanding of the consequences of altered temporal variability of populations, independent of changes in their mean densities, for the structure and stability of natural communities and the responses of ecosystems to additional stressors. We used a field experiment to test the effects of altered temporal variability of...

Registration Year

  • 2015
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Affiliations

  • Trinity College Dublin
    3
  • University of Camerino
    1
  • University of Kansas
    1
  • Islamic Azad University
    1
  • Sao Paulo State University
    1
  • University of Pretoria
    1
  • Ferdowsi University of Mashhad
    1
  • Queen's University Belfast
    1
  • Princeton University
    1
  • Institute of Ecology and Botany
    1