83 Works

Polyploidy and Mutation in Arabidopsis

Jonathan Spoelhof, Douglas Soltis & Pamela Soltis
The effects of genetic mutations are influenced by genome structure. Polyploids have more gene or allele copies than diploids, which results in higher tolerance of recessive deleterious mutations. However, this benefit may differ between autopolyploids and allopolyploids and between neopolyploids and older polyploid lineages due to the effects of hybridization and diploidization, respectively. To isolate these effects, we measured the impacts of controlled mutagenesis on reproductive fitness traits in closely related Arabidopsis diploids (A. thaliana),...

Observations of flowering phenology in Concord, Massachusetts, USA, 1963-1993

Abraham Miller-Rushing, Richard Primack & Elizabeth Ellwood
Phenology plays a vital role in understanding the impacts of climate change on plants. Observing and recording the dates that plants are in flower, over periods of years and decades, can elucidate patterns in how plants respond to warming temperatures, shifting precipitation regimes, and other effects of a changing climate. Long-term records of plant phenology are difficult to find. It is often the case that these records do not originate from scientific research studies but...

Integrating ecosystem metabolism and consumer allochthony reveals nonlinear drivers in lake organic matter processing

Meredith Holgerson, Rachel Hovel, Patrick Kelly, Lauren Bortolotti, Jennifer Brentrup, Amber Bellamy, Samantha Oliver & Alexander Reisinger
Lakes process both terrestrial and aquatic organic matter, and the relative contribution from each source is often measured via ecosystem metabolism and terrestrial resource use in the food web (i.e., consumer allochthony). Yet, ecosystem metabolism and consumer allochthony are rarely considered together, despite possible interactions and potential for them to respond to the same lake characteristics. In this study, we compiled global datasets of lake gross primary production (GPP), ecosystem respiration (ER), and zooplankton allochthony...

Genotype data not consistent with clonal transmission of sea turtle fibropapillomatosis or goldfish schwannoma

Máire Ní Leathlobhair, Kelsey Yetsko, Jessica A. Farrell, Carmelo Iaria, Gabriele Marino, David J. Duffy & Elizabeth P. Murchison
Recent discoveries of transmissible cancers in multiple bivalve species suggest that direct transmission of cancer cells within species may be more common than previously thought, particularly in aquatic environments. Fibropapillomatosis occurs with high prevalence in green sea turtles (Chelonia mydas) and the geographic range of disease has increased since fibropapillomatosis was first reported in this species. Widespread incidence of schwannomas, benign tumours of Schwann cell origin, reported in aquarium-bred goldfish (Carassius auratus), suggest an infectious...

Rare missense functional variants at COL4A1 and COL4A2 in sporadic intracerebral hemorrhage

Jaeyoon Chung, Graham Hamilton, Minsup Kim, Sandro Marini, Bailey Montgomery, Jonathan Henry, Art Cho, Devin Brown, Bradford Worrall, James Meschia, Scott Silliman, Magdy Selim, David Tirschwell, Chelsea Kidwell, Brett Kissela, Steven Greenberg, Anand Viswanathan, Joshua Goldstein, Carl Langefeld, Kristiina Rannikmae, Catherine Sudlow, Neshika Samarasekera, Mark Rodrigues, Rustam Salman, James Prendergast … & Christopher Anderson
Objective To test the genetic contribution of rare missense variants in COL4A1 and COL4A2 in which common variants are genetically associated with sporadic intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), we performed rare variant analysis in multiple sequencing data for the risk for sporadic ICH. Methods We performed sequencing across 559Kbp at 13q34 including COL4A1 and COL4A2 among 2,133 individuals (1,055 ICH cases; 1,078 controls) in US-based and 1,492 individuals (192 ICH cases; 1,300 controls) from Scotland-based cohorts, followed...

Woody encroachment happens via intensification, not extensification, of species ranges in an African savanna

Yong Zhou, Morgan Tingley, Madelon Case, Corli Coetsee, Gregory Kiker, Rheinhardt Scholtz, Freek Venter & Carla Staver
Widespread woody encroachment is a prominent concern for savanna systems as it is often accompanied by losses in productivity and biodiversity. Extensive ecosystem-level work has advanced our understanding of its causes and consequences. However, there is still debate over whether local management can override regional and global drivers of woody encroachment, and it remains largely unknown how encroachment influences woody community assemblages. Here, we examined species-level changes in woody plant distributions and size structure from...

Phylogeny of African long-fingered frogs (Arthroleptidae: Cardioglossa) reveals recent allopatric divergences in coloration

David Blackburn
The African anuran genus Cardioglossa contains 19 described species, most of which are distinguished from one another by striking patterns and colors. We present a well- resolved phylogeny based on analyses of mitochondrial and nuclear loci for 18 species of Cardioglossa. This provides the basis for species-delimitation analyses and interpreting historical biogeography in the genus. Whereas much of the diversification within the genus occurred among Central African lineages during the Miocene following the origin of...

Spermatocysts stained positively with anti-pHH3 antibody

Patricia Moore & Christine Miller
Males have the ability to compete for fertilizations through both pre-copulatory and post-copulatory intrasexual competition. Pre-copulatory competition has selected for large weapons and other adaptations to maximize access to females and mating opportunities while post-copulatory competition has resulted in ejaculate adaptations to maximize fertilization success. Negative associations between these strategies support the hypothesis that there is a trade-off between success at pre- and post-copulatory mating success. Recently, this trade-off has been demonstrated with experimental manipulation....

An Interview with Dr. Trish Hatch: An Advocate for School Counseling Policy

Jan L. Gay

The role of phylogenetic scale in Darwin’s naturalization conundrum in the critically imperiled pine rockland ecosystem

Lauren Trotta, Zachary Siders, Emily Sessa & Benjamin Baiser
Aim: We expand on community phylogenetic approaches to Darwin’s Naturalization Conundrum by considering phylogenetic scale, comprised of phylogenetic grain and extent. We assess relatedness between invasive, non-native, and native plant species at multiple depths in the phylogeny (i.e., phylogenetic grain) and across multiple clades (i.e., phylogenetic extents) at regional and local spatial scales in the highly-fragmented, critically imperiled pine rockland ecosystem. Location: Miami-Dade County, Florida, USA Methods: We used two metrics differing in phylogenetic grain...

Evolutionary comparisons of Chelonid alphaherpesvirus 5 (ChHV5) Genomes from Fibropapillomatosis-afflicted green (Chelonia mydas), Olive ridley (Lepidochelys olivacea) and Kemp’s ridley (Lepidochelys kempii) sea turtles

Liam Whitmore, Kelsey Yetsko, Jessica Farrell, Annie Page-Karjian, Whitney Daniel, Donna Shaver, Hilary Frandsen, Jennifer Walker, Whitney Crowder, Caitlin Bovery, Devon Rollinson-Ramia, Brooke Burkhalter, Elizabeth Ryan & David Duffy
The spreading global sea turtle fibropapillomatosis (FP) epizootic is threatening some of Earth’s ancient reptiles, adding to the plethora of threats faced by these keystone species. Understanding this neoplastic disease and its likely aetiological pathogen, chelonid alphaherpesvirus 5 (ChHV5), is crucial to understand how the disease impacts sea turtle populations and species and the future trajectory of disease incidence. We generated 20 ChHV5 genomes, from three sea turtle species, to better understand the viral variant...

Supporting data for: Gene-rich UV sex chromosomes harbor conserved regulators of sexual development (Carey et al., 2021)

Sarah Carey, Shenqiang Shu, John Lovell, Avinash Shenqiang, Florian Maumus, George Tiley, Noe Fernandez-Pozo, Kerrie Barry, Cindy Chen, Mei Wang, Anna Lipzen, Chris Daum, Christopher Saski, Adam Payton, Jordan McBreen, Roth Conrad, Leslie Kollar, Sanna Olsson, Sanna Huttunen, Jacob Landis, Norman Wickett, Matthew Johnson, Stefan Rensing, Jane Grimwood, Jeremy Schmutz … & Adam Healey
Non-recombining sex chromosomes, like the mammalian Y, often lose genes and accumulate transposable elements, a process termed degeneration. The correlation between suppressed recombination and degeneration is clear in animal XY systems, but the absence of recombination is confounded with other asymmetries between the X and Y. In contrast, UV sex chromosomes, like those found in bryophytes, experience symmetrical population genetic conditions. Here we generate and use nearly gapless female and male chromosome-scale reference genomes of...

Moorea Biocode

Neil Davies
The core goal of the Moorea Biocode Project (MBP) is to genetically barcode every non-microbial species on Moorea. We will thus create a professionally produced, verifiable (vouchered) All Taxa Biotic Inventory (ATBI) of Moorea (Output 1), together with the informatics services needed for ATBI and biocode-enabled research in Model Ecosystems (Outcome 2). We will also design a long-term plan (business model) to ensure the financial self-sustainability of biocode services, and carry out proof of concept...

Large-Scale electron microscopy database for human type 1 diabetes

Pascal de Boer & Nicole M. Pirozzi
Autoimmune β-cell destruction leads to type 1 diabetes, but the pathophysiological mechanisms remain unclear. To help address this void, we created an open-access online repository composed of large-scale electron microscopy images (‘nanotomy’) of human pancreas tissue obtained from the Network for Pancreatic Organ donors with Diabetes (nPOD; www.nanotomy.org). Nanotomy allows analyses of complete donor islets with up to macromolecular resolution. Our first results of mining the database support recent findings that suggest that type 1...

Seasonal variation in community composition and distributional ranges of birds along a subtropical elevation gradient in China

Dan Liang, Xinyuan Pan, Xu Luo, Cheng Wenda, Yanyan Zhao, Yiming Hu, Scott Robinson & Yang Liu
Aim Seasonal variation in community composition and species distributional ranges along elevational gradients remain poorly known but are essential to inform conservation. In this study, we aim to understand how species richness, community composition, and elevational ranges of montane birds change between the breeding and the non-breeding season. Location The east slope of the southern Gaoligong Mountains, Yunnan, southwestern China, elevational range: 700 - 3400 m a.s.l.; latitudinal range: 24°56´- 26°09´ N. Methods We compared...

Data from: Important airborne lidar metrics of canopy structure for estimating snow interception

Micah Russell, Jan Eitel, Timothy Link & Carlos A. Silva

Strong population genetic structure and cryptic diversity in the Florida bonneted bat (Eumops floridanus)

James Austin, Jeffery Gore, John Hargrove, Elizabeth Braun De Torrez, Celine Carneiro, Frank Ridgley & Samantha Wisely
Knowledge of genetic structure is essential for the long-term management and conservation of endangered species. We report the results from a genetic examination of the federally endangered Florida bonneted bat (Eumops floridanus) sampled from its range in southern Florida, USA. Bonneted bats are primarily found in four regions separated by approximately 100 to 250 kms, including three western natural areas (BW, PC, and CC) and one urban population on the east coast [Miami-Dade County (MD)]....

Endosperm-based incompatibilities in hybrid monkeyflowers

Taliesin Kinser, Ronald Smith, Amelia Lawrence, Arielle Cooley, Mario Vallejo-Marín, Gregory Conradi Smith & Joshua Puzey
The sexual endosperm is an angiosperm innovation central to flowering plant reproduction. Genomic interactions between parental alleles control its development and help determine seed viability. These interactions are characterized by genomic imprinting, where expression from certain genes is parent-specific. Unsuccessful imprinting has been linked to failed hybridization between plants of different species or ploidies. Here, we describe an endosperm-based barrier between Mimulus guttatus, a diploid, and M. luteus, an allotetraploid. Hybrid seeds suffer from underdeveloped...

Data from: Size, species, and fire behavior predict tree and liana mortality from experimental burns in the Brazilian Amazon

Denis Valle
Anthropogenic understory fires have affected large areas of tropical forest in recent decades, particularly during severe droughts. Yet, the mechanisms that control fire-induced mortality of tropical trees and lianas remain ambiguous due to the challenges associated with documenting mortality given variation in fire behavior and forest heterogeneity. In a seasonally dry Amazon forest, we conducted a burn experiment to quantify how increasing understory fires alter patterns of stem mortality. From 2004 to 2007, tree and...

Flood-stimulated herbivory drives range retraction of a plant ecosystem

Camila Rocca, Pedro Daleo, Jesús D. Nuñez, Brian Silliman, Oscar Iribarne, Christine Angelini & Juan Alberti
Climate change is generating extreme climate events, affecting ecosystem integrity and function directly through increases in abiotic stress and disturbance and indirectly through changes in the strength of biotic interactions. As consumers play an essential role in ecosystem functioning and have been shown to be highly sensitive to climate conditions, improved understanding of their role under changing environmental conditions is necessary to accurately anticipate climate change impacts on ecosystem integrity. We evaluated if prolonged heavy...

Quantifying niche similarity among new world seed plants--Species Distribution Models (SDMs) & associated metadata

Hector Figueroa, Hannah Marx, CJ Grady, Jim Beach, Ryan Folk, Douglas Soltis, Pamela Soltis, Aimee Stewart & Stephen Smith
Niche shift and conservatism are often framed as mutually exclusive. However, both processes could contribute to biodiversity patterns. We tested this expectation by quantifying the degree of climatic niche similarity among New World seed plants. To incorporate the biological reality that species experience varied abiotic conditions across their range, we assembled distribution models and used these to characterize temperature, precipitation, and elevation niches for species as continuously-valued distributions. We then quantified niche similarity (distributional overlap)...

Discordance in a South African Memecylon clade (Melastomataceae): Evidence for reticulate evolution

Prabha Amarasinghe, Phuc Pham, Robert Douglas Stone & Nico Cellinese
Premise of research. Evergreen forests in eastern South Africa have high biodiversity but are limited in extent and have a highly fragmented distribution. Populations of forest plants are thus geographically isolated, and fine-scale evolutionary studies of these lineages might yield important insights into the history and assembly of the forests themselves. Despite their morphological diversity, a prior study showed that three South African Memecylon taxa in Melastomataceae (M. natalense, M. bachmannii, and M. australissimum) had...

Arboreality drives heat tolerance while elevation drives cold tolerance in tropical rainforest ants

Lily Leahy, Brett Scheffers, Stephen Williams & Alan Andersen
Determining how species thermal limits correlate with climate is important for understanding biogeographic patterns and assessing vulnerability to climate change. Such analyses need to consider thermal gradients at multiple spatial scales. Here we relate thermal traits of rainforest ants to microclimate conditions from ground to canopy (microgeographic scale) along an elevation gradient (mesogeographic scale) and calculate warming tolerance in the Australian Wet Tropics Bioregion. We test the thermal adaptation and thermal niche asymmetry hypotheses to...

Data from Divergent, age-associated fungal communities of Pinus flexilis and Pinus longaeva

Joseph D. Birch, James Lutz, Benjamin Turner & Justine Karst
The long-lived five-needle pines, Pinus flexilis (limber pine) and Pinus longaeva (Great Basin bristlecone pine) can co-occur and may form symbiotic partnerships with the same species of ectomycorrhizal fungi. These shared symbiotic relationships may facilitate the persistence of these pine species. Throughout their lives, P. flexilis and P. longaeva may also assemble unique elowground fungal communities, adding to the conservation value of ancient trees. We used MiSeq sequencing of fungal rDNA to compare fungal community...

Large herbivores suppress liana infestation in an African savanna

Tyler C. Coverdale, Ryan D. O'Connell, Matthew C. Hutchinson, Amanda Savagian, Tyler R. Kartzinel, Todd M. Palmer, Jacob R. Goheen, David J. Augustine, Mahesh Sankaran, Corina E. Tarnita & Robert M. Pringle
African savannas are the last stronghold of diverse large-mammal communities, and a major focus of savanna ecology is to understand how these animals affect the relative abundance of trees and grasses. However, savannas support diverse plant life-forms, and human-induced changes in large-herbivore assemblages—declining wildlife populations and their displacement by livestock—may cause unexpected shifts in plant community composition. We investigated how herbivory affects the prevalence of lianas (woody vines) and their impact on trees in an...

Registration Year

  • 2021

Resource Types

  • Dataset
  • Image
  • Journal Article
  • Output Management Plan


  • University of Florida
  • Duke University
  • Cornell University
  • Princeton University
  • University of Kansas
  • University of Wisconsin-Madison
  • Sun Yat-sen University
  • Utah State University
  • University of Michigan-Ann Arbor
  • University of Michigan–Ann Arbor