99 Works

Data from: Nest survival in year-round breeding tropical Red-capped Larks (Calandrella cinerea) increases with higher nest abundance but decreases with higher invertebrate availability and rainfall

Joseph Mwangi, Henry K. Ndithia, Rosemarie Kentie, Muchane Muchai & B. Irene Tieleman
Nest survival is critical to breeding in birds and plays an important role in life-history evolution and population dynamics. Studies evaluating the proximate factors involved in explaining nest survival and the resulting temporal patterns are biased in favor of temperate regions. Yet, such studies are especially pertinent to the tropics, where nest predation rates are typically high and environmental conditions often allow for year-round breeding. To tease apart the effects of calendar month and year,...

Case Study: Living and Studying in Germany as an International Student

Paul Kihara
German African Universities Program (GAUP) is a partnership of three universities encompassing Hochschule Bonn-Rhein-Sieg, University of Applied Sciences in Germany, University of Nairobi in Kenya, and University of Cape Coast in Ghana. Every year, a number of students from each university are competitively selected to take part in the exchange program in a foreign country for three months in the sponsored project. I participated in the exchange program in Germany during the winter semester 2016/2017....

Conclusion

Daniel Agyapong, Regina Brautlacht & Joseph Owino
There is a paradigm shift from traditional content-based education and training to competencybased and practice-oriented training. This shift has occurred because practice-oriented teaching has been found to produce a training outcome that is industry focused, generating the relevant occupational standards. Competency-based training program often comprises of modules broken into segments called learning outcomes. These learning outcomes are based on criteria set by industry and assessment is designed to ensure students become competent in their respective...

Data from: Developing the global potential of citizen science: assessing opportunities that benefit people, society and the environment in East Africa

Michael J. O. Pocock, Helen E. Roy, Tom August, Anthony Kuria, Fred Barasa, John Bett, Mwangi Githiru, James Kairo, Julius Kimani, Wanja Kinuthia, Bernard Kissui, Ireene Madindou, Kamau Mbogo, Judith Mirembe, Paul Mugo, Faith Milkah Muniale, Peter Njoroge, Edwin Gichohi Njuguna, Mike Izava Olendo, Michael Opige, Tobias O. Otieno, Caroline Chebet Ng’weno, Elisha Pallangyo, Thuita Thenya, Ann Wanjiru … & Caroline Chebet Ng'weno
1. Citizen science is gaining increasing prominence as a tool for science and engagement but has little visibility in many developing countries, despite being a potentially valuable tool for sustainable development. 2. We undertook a collaborative prioritization process with experts in conservation and the environment to assess the potential of environmental citizen science in East Africa including its opportunities, benefits and barriers. This provided principles that are applicable across developing countries, particularly for large-scale citizen...

Data from: Higher dominance rank is associated with lower glucocorticoids in wild female baboons: A rank metric comparison

Emily Levy, Laurence Gesquiere, Emily McLean, Mathias Franz, J Kinyua Warutere, Serah Sayialel, Raphael Mututua, Tim Wango, Vivian Oudu, Jeanne Altmann, Elizabeth Archie & Susan Alberts
In vertebrates, glucocorticoid secretion occurs in response to energetic and psychosocial stressors that trigger the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. Measuring glucocorticoid concentrations can therefore shed light on the stressors associated with different social and environmental variables, including dominance rank. Using 14,172 fecal samples from 237 wild female baboons, we test the hypothesis that high-ranking females experience fewer psychosocial and/or energetic stressors than lower-ranking females. We predicted that high-ranking females would have lower fecal glucocorticoid (fGC) concentrations...

Assessment of Agronomic Traits of Selected Spider Plant (Cleome gynandra L.) Accessions

Enock Mosenda, George Chemining'wa, Jane Ambuko & Willis Owino

Change in gender roles as a factor in gender participation and empowerment in the oil mining industry: A case of Lokichar, Turkana county, Kenya

Caroline Shikuku, &
This paper analyses a study done by the authors of this paper on changes on gender role as a factor in gender participation and empowerment in the oil mining industry; a case of Lokichar in Turkana County. The paper centres on three null hypothesis tested. The studies target group was the active labour force aged between 15 to 64 years. Those who retired from work were also targeted. The data was collected from a sample...

Gender equality and hiring process in oil mining companies: A case of Lokichar in Turkana, Kenya

Caroline Shikuku, &
This paper centers on the findings of a study done by the authors of this paper in 2019 titled Change in Gender Roles as a Factor in Gender Participation and Empowerment in the Oil Mining Industry: A Case of Lokichar, Kenya. One of the objectives; determining whether the oil mining companies promotes gender equity in Lokichar is explored. The null hypothesis testing on whether there is no relationship between equal hiring and equal opportunity for...

Additional file 4 of Changes in concentrations of cervicovaginal immune mediators across the menstrual cycle: a systematic review and meta-analysis of individual patient data

Sean M. Hughes, Claire N. Levy, Ronit Katz, Erica M. Lokken, Melis N. Anahtar, Melissa Barousse Hall, Frideborg Bradley, Philip E. Castle, Valerie Cortez, Gustavo F. Doncel, Raina Fichorova, Paul L. Fidel, Keith R. Fowke, Suzanna C. Francis, Mimi Ghosh, Loris Y. Hwang, Mariel Jais, Vicky Jespers, Vineet Joag, Rupert Kaul, Jordan Kyongo, Timothy Lahey, Huiying Li, Julia Makinde, Lyle R. McKinnon … & Florian Hladik
Additional file 4. Concentration and forest plots for each individual immune mediator. Concentration plots - Each symbol shows the concentration of the indicated immune mediator in a single sample. Each study is plotted separately. Lines connect samples from the same participant; in some cases participants provided multiple samples in the same phase, in which case multiple symbols within the same phase may be connected. Pale grey symbols are below the lower limit of detection and...

Changes in concentrations of cervicovaginal immune mediators across the menstrual cycle: a systematic review and meta-analysis of individual patient data

Sean M. Hughes, Claire N. Levy, Ronit Katz, Erica M. Lokken, Melis N. Anahtar, Melissa Barousse Hall, Frideborg Bradley, Philip E. Castle, Valerie Cortez, Gustavo F. Doncel, Raina Fichorova, Paul L. Fidel, Keith R. Fowke, Suzanna C. Francis, Mimi Ghosh, Loris Y. Hwang, Mariel Jais, Vicky Jespers, Vineet Joag, Rupert Kaul, Jordan Kyongo, Timothy Lahey, Huiying Li, Julia Makinde, Lyle R. McKinnon … & Florian Hladik
Abstract Background Hormonal changes during the menstrual cycle play a key role in shaping immunity in the cervicovaginal tract. Cervicovaginal fluid contains cytokines, chemokines, immunoglobulins, and other immune mediators. Many studies have shown that the concentrations of these immune mediators change throughout the menstrual cycle, but the studies have often shown inconsistent results. Our understanding of immunological correlates of the menstrual cycle remains limited and could be improved by meta-analysis of the available evidence. Methods...

Additional file 1 of Changes in concentrations of cervicovaginal immune mediators across the menstrual cycle: a systematic review and meta-analysis of individual patient data

Sean M. Hughes, Claire N. Levy, Ronit Katz, Erica M. Lokken, Melis N. Anahtar, Melissa Barousse Hall, Frideborg Bradley, Philip E. Castle, Valerie Cortez, Gustavo F. Doncel, Raina Fichorova, Paul L. Fidel, Keith R. Fowke, Suzanna C. Francis, Mimi Ghosh, Loris Y. Hwang, Mariel Jais, Vicky Jespers, Vineet Joag, Rupert Kaul, Jordan Kyongo, Timothy Lahey, Huiying Li, Julia Makinde, Lyle R. McKinnon … & Florian Hladik
Additional file 1. Supporting methods documents. PRISMA-P and PRISMA-IPD checklists, database search strategies, manuscript screening form, risk of bias instrument, and strength of evidence tool.

Additional file 2 of Changes in concentrations of cervicovaginal immune mediators across the menstrual cycle: a systematic review and meta-analysis of individual patient data

Sean M. Hughes, Claire N. Levy, Ronit Katz, Erica M. Lokken, Melis N. Anahtar, Melissa Barousse Hall, Frideborg Bradley, Philip E. Castle, Valerie Cortez, Gustavo F. Doncel, Raina Fichorova, Paul L. Fidel, Keith R. Fowke, Suzanna C. Francis, Mimi Ghosh, Loris Y. Hwang, Mariel Jais, Vicky Jespers, Vineet Joag, Rupert Kaul, Jordan Kyongo, Timothy Lahey, Huiying Li, Julia Makinde, Lyle R. McKinnon … & Florian Hladik
Additional file 2. Amendments to the pre-registered protocol.

Additional file 3 of A prospective cohort study of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in three sites of Western Kenya

Benyl M. Ondeto, Xiaoming Wang, Harrysone Atieli, Daibin Zhong, Guofa Zhou, Ming-Chieh Lee, Pauline Winnie Orondo, Kevin O. Ochwedo, Collince J. Omondi, Simon M. Muriu, David O. Odongo, Horace Ochanda, James Kazura, Andrew K. Githeko & Guiyun Yan
Additional file 3: Table S1. Malaria infection in Kombewa, Iguhu, and Marani in western Kenya [Mean (95%CI)].

Additional file 6 of A prospective cohort study of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in three sites of Western Kenya

Benyl M. Ondeto, Xiaoming Wang, Harrysone Atieli, Daibin Zhong, Guofa Zhou, Ming-Chieh Lee, Pauline Winnie Orondo, Kevin O. Ochwedo, Collince J. Omondi, Simon M. Muriu, David O. Odongo, Horace Ochanda, James Kazura, Andrew K. Githeko & Guiyun Yan
Additional file 6: Figure S3. Variations in monthly maximum temperature, minimum temperature, mean temperature and monthly rainfalls in Kombewa (a), Iguhu (b), and Marani (c) in western Kenya.

Additional file 1 of The potential for the double risk of rabies and antimicrobial resistance in a high rabies endemic setting: detection of antibiotic resistance in bacterial isolates from infected dog bite wounds in Uganda

Stevens Kisaka, Fredrick E. Makumbi, Samuel Majalija, Moses Muwanga & S. M. Thumbi
Additional file 1. The questionnaire used to collect data on factors associated with pre-clinical care practices undertaken for dog bite patients. The variables include patient socio-demographic factors, dog factors and circumstacnes sorrounding the bite event before, during and after it happened.

Additional file 1 of Improving midwifery educators’ capacity to teach emergency obstetrics and newborn care in Kenya universities: a pre-post study

Duncan N Shikuku, Joyce Jebet, Peter Nandikove, Edna Tallam, Evans Ogoti, Lucy Nyaga, Hellen Mutsi, Issak Bashir, Dan Okoro, Sarah Bar Zeev & Charles Ameh
Supplementary Material 1

Data from: Role of grooming in reducing tick load in wild baboons (Papio cynocephalus)

Mercy Y. Akinyi, Susan C. Alberts, Jeanne Altmann, Nilesh B. Patel, Jenny Tung & Maamun Jeneby
Nonhuman primate species spend a conspicuous amount of time grooming during social interactions, a behaviour that probably serves both social and health-related functions. While the social implications of grooming have been relatively well studied, less attention has been paid to the health benefits, especially the removal of ectoparasites, which may act as vectors in disease transmission. In this study, we examined whether grooming behaviour reduced tick load (number of ticks) and haemoprotozoan infection status in...

Data from: Temporal genetic differentiation in Glossina pallidipes tsetse fly populations in Kenya

Winnie A. Okeyo, Norah P. Saarman, Michael Mengual, Kirstin Dion, Rosemary Betata, Paul O. Mireji, Sylvance Okoth, Johnson O. Ouma, Collins Ouma, Joel Ochieng, Grace Murilla, Serap Aksoy & Adalgisa Caccone
Background: Glossina pallidipes is a major vector of both Human and Animal African Trypanosomiasis (HAT and AAT) in Kenya. The disease imposes economic burden on endemic regions in Kenya, including south-western Kenya, which has undergone intense but unsuccessful tsetse fly control measures. We genotyped 387 G. pallidipes flies at 13 microsatellite markers to evaluate levels of temporal genetic variation in two regions that have been subjected to intensive eradication campaigns from the 1960s to the...

Universities, Entrepreneurship and Development in Africa - Conference Proceedings 2017

The conference took place on 19th July 2017 at the University of Nairobi, Kenya.

Service Quality and Customer Satisfaction At Kenyan Airports

Simon Peter Njoroge & X. N. Iraki
The overall goal of this paper is to contribute to the research on customer satisfaction at airports. Existing studies have focussed on airport service experience in America, Europe and Asia. Specifically it contributes to the development of the knowledge of service quality expectations at a major airport hub in Africa. The exploratory study integrated elements of the 22 item SERVQUAL scale developed by Parasuraman et al., (1988). A quantitative research was conducted and responses from...

Handbook of Applied Teaching and Learning

Welcome to the first edition of the Handbook for Applied Teaching and Learning designed primarily for educators, administrators, and students interested in applied teaching and entrepreneurial education. This handbook documents some of the outcomes of a very fruitful German-African collaboration among higher education institutions in the field of entrepreneurial education which was funded by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) and the German Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ).

Data from: Modelling vaccination strategies against Rift Valley fever in livestock in Kenya: model code

John M. Gachohi, M. Kariuki Njenga, Phillip M. Kitala, Bernard K. Bett, Bernard Bett & Philip Kitala
The impacts of vaccination on the transmission of Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) have not been evaluated. We have developed a RVFV transmission model comprising two hosts -- cattle as a separate host and sheep and goats as one combined host (herein after referred to as sheep) -- and two vectors -- Aedes species (spp) and Culex spp -- and used it to predict the impacts of: (1) reactive vaccination implemented at various levels of...

Qualitative data on land use change and ecosystem services from participatory surveys in northeastern, Kenya (August-October, 2013)

S.A Bukachi, C. Mwihaki, D. Grace & B. Bett
The data comprises of two datasets. The first consists of text files of anonymised transcripts from focus group discussions (FGDs) on livelihood activities, ecosystem services and the prevalent human and animal health problems in irrigated and non-irrigated areas in northeastern Kenya. The second comprises of scores from proportional piling exercises which showed the distribution of wealth categories and livestock species kept. The study was conducted between August and October, 2013 and the data were collected...

Data from: Volunteer motivators for participating in HIV vaccine clinical trials in Nairobi, Kenya

Borna A. Nyaoke, Gaudensia N. Mutua, Rose Sajabi, Delvin Nyasani, Marianne W. Mureithi & Omu A. Anzala
Article Authors Metrics Comments Related Content Abstract Introduction Materials and methods Results Discussion Limitations Conclusion Supporting information Acknowledgments References Reader Comments (0) Media Coverage (0) Figures Abstract Background: 1.5 million Kenyans are living with HIV/AIDS as per 2015 estimates. Though there is a notable decline in new HIV infections, continued effort is still needed to develop an efficacious, accessible and affordable HIV vaccine. HIV vaccine clinical trials bear risks, hence a need to understand volunteer...

Effect of Water Stress on Growth and Yield Components of Selected Spider Plant Accessions

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