2,020 Works

MOESM1 of Comparative study of excretoryâ secretory proteins released by Schistosoma mansoni-resistant, susceptible and naĂŻve Biomphalaria glabrata

Conor Fogarty, Min Zhao, Donald McManus, Mary Duke, Scott Cummins & Tianfang Wang
Additional file 1: Database S1. The B. glabrata protein database used in the proteomic data analysis.

Additional file 6 of Comparative study of excretory–secretory proteins released by Schistosoma mansoni-resistant, susceptible and naïve Biomphalaria glabrata

Conor E. Fogarty, Min Zhao, Donald P. McManus, Mary G. Duke, Scott F. Cummins & Tianfang Wang
Additional file 6: Figure S1. The representative MS/MS spectrum of LTGMAFR, supporting both B. glabrata and S. mansoni glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (G3PDH).

Comparative study of excretory–secretory proteins released by Schistosoma mansoni-resistant, susceptible and naïve Biomphalaria glabrata

Conor E. Fogarty, Min Zhao, Donald P. McManus, Mary G. Duke, Scott F. Cummins & Tianfang Wang
Abstract Background Schistosomiasis is a harmful neglected tropical disease caused by infection with Schistosoma spp., such as Schistosoma mansoni. Schistosoma must transition within a molluscan host to survive. Chemical analyses of schistosome-molluscan interactions indicate that host identification involves chemosensation, including naïve host preference. Proteomic technique advances enable sophisticated comparative analyses between infected and naïve snail host proteins. This study aimed to compare resistant, susceptible and naïve Biomphalaria glabrata snail-conditioned water (SCW) to identify potential attractants...

Additional file 8 of Comparative study of excretory–secretory proteins released by Schistosoma mansoni-resistant, susceptible and naïve Biomphalaria glabrata

Conor E. Fogarty, Min Zhao, Donald P. McManus, Mary G. Duke, Scott F. Cummins & Tianfang Wang
Additional file 8: Table S5. A list of the total proteins, unique proteins and corresponding peptides identified in susceptible B. glabrata SCW with reference to the S. mansoni proteome, and enriched GO terms related to the proteins.

Variations in leaf economics spectrum traits for an evergreen coniferous species: Tree size dominates over environment factors

Zhili Liu, Kouki Hikosaka, Fengri Li & Guangze Jin
Many leaf traits strongly vary with tree size and environmental factors, but the importance of these factors to intraspecific variations of leaf traits in forest trees have rarely been simultaneously evaluated. We measured needle longevity and specific leaf area (SLA) and nitrogen (N) content of every needle age (0 to 4 year old) for 65 individuals with 0.3-100 cm diameter at breast height (DBH) for an evergreen coniferous species, Pinus koraiensis Sieb. et Zucc., in...

Myotubularin related protein 7 is essential for the spermatogonial stem cell homeostasis via PI3K/AKT signaling

Dan Zhao, Cong Shen, Tingting Gao, Hong Li, Yueshuai Guo, Feng Li, Chenchen Liu, Yuanyuan Liu, Xia Chen, Xi Zhang, Yangyang Wu, Yi Yu, Meng Lin, Yan Yuan, Xiaofang Chen, Xiaoyan Huang, Shenmin Yang, Jun Yu, Jun Zhang & Bo Zheng
Myotubularin related protein 7 (MTMR7), a key member of the MTMR family, depicts phosphatase activity and is involved in myogenesis and tumor growth. We have previously identified MTMR7 in the proteomic profile of mouse spermatogonial stem cell (SSC) maturation and differentiation, implying that MTMR7 is associated with neonatal testicular development. In this study, to further explore the distribution and function of MTMR7 in mouse testis, we studied the effect of Mtmr7 knockdown on neonatal testicular...

Stabilized diverse HIV-1 envelope trimers for vaccine design

Qian Wang, Bingting Ma, Qingtai Liang, Angqi Zhu, Hua Wang, Lili Fu, Xiaoxu Han, Xuanling Shi, Ye Xiang, Hong Shang & Linqi Zhang
One of the major goals in HIV-1 vaccine development is to achieve properly folded and stabilized envelope glycoprotein (Env) trimers that mimic the native Env on the mature virion. Here, we design and characterize uncleaved prefusion-optimized (UFO) trimers for 12 Envs currently circulating in China. Biochemical and biophysical characterization of these UFO trimers identified two subtype B/Bʹ Envs, CNE6 and MG13, which exhibited the highest trimer content and stability at a level comparable to the...

Stabilized diverse HIV-1 envelope trimers for vaccine design

Qian Wang, Bingting Ma, Qingtai Liang, Angqi Zhu, Hua Wang, Lili Fu, Xiaoxu Han, Xuanling Shi, Ye Xiang, Hong Shang & Linqi Zhang
One of the major goals in HIV-1 vaccine development is to achieve properly folded and stabilized envelope glycoprotein (Env) trimers that mimic the native Env on the mature virion. Here, we design and characterize uncleaved prefusion-optimized (UFO) trimers for 12 Envs currently circulating in China. Biochemical and biophysical characterization of these UFO trimers identified two subtype B/Bʹ Envs, CNE6 and MG13, which exhibited the highest trimer content and stability at a level comparable to the...

Data from: Determination of the most effective design for the measurement of photosynthetic light-response curves for planted Larix olgensis trees

Qiang Liu, Weiwei Jia & Fengri Li
A photosynthetic light-response (PLR) curve is a mathematical description of a single biochemical process and has been widely applied in many eco-physiological models. To date, many PLR measurement designs have been suggested, although their differences have rarely been explored, and the most effective design has not been determined. In this study, we measured three types of PLR curves (High, Middle and Low) from planted Larix olgensis trees by setting 31 photosynthetically active radiation (PAR) gradients....

Traditional Chinese medicine Lingguizhugan decoction treating non-alcoholic fatty liver disease with spleen-yang deficiency pattern: Study protocol for a multicenter randomized controlled trial

Jingjuan Xu, Ruirui Wang, Shengfu You, Lei Zhang, Peiyong Zheng, Guang Ji & Baocheng Liu
Abstract Background Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a common chronic liver disease characterized by excessive fat accumulation in the liver. One of the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms is insulin resistance (IR). Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has showed potential benefits in the management of NAFLD. Lingguizhugan decoction (LGZG) is a representative Chinese herbal formula; however, there is still no rigorous clinical trial supporting its application. Methods/design This study will be a three-arm, dose-optimization, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled...

ddPCR: a more accurate tool for SARS-CoV-2 detection in low viral load specimens

Tao Suo, Xinjin Liu, Jiangpeng Feng, Ming Guo, Wenjia Hu, Dong Guo, Hafiz Ullah, Yang Yang, Qiuhan Zhang, Xin Wang, Muhanmmad Sajid, Zhixiang Huang, Liping Deng, Tielong Chen, Fang Liu, Ke Xu, Yuan Liu, Qi Zhang, Yingle Liu, Yong Xiong, Guozhong Chen, Ke Lan & Yu Chen
Quantitative real time PCR (RT-PCR) is widely used as the gold standard for clinical detection of SARS-CoV-2. However, due to the low viral load specimens and the limitations of RT-PCR, significant numbers of false negative reports are inevitable, which results in failure to timely diagnose, cut off transmission, and assess discharge criteria. To improve this situation, an optimized droplet digital PCR (ddPCR) was used for detection of SARS-CoV-2, which showed that the limit of detection...

Epidemiology and clinical course of COVID-19 in Shanghai, China

Yinzhong Shen, Fang Zheng, Danfeng Sun, Yun Ling, Jun Chen, Feng Li, Tao Li, Zhiping Qian, Yuyi Zhang, Qingnian Xu, Li Liu, Qin Huang, Fei Shan, Lie Xu, Jun Wu, Zhaoqin Zhu, Zhigang Song, Shenyang Li, Yuxin Shi, Jianliang Zhang, Xueyun Wu, Joshua B. Mendelsohn, Tongyu Zhu & Hongzhou Lu
Background: Novel coronavirus pneumonia (COVID-19) is prevalent around the world. We aimed to describe epidemiological features and clinical course in Shanghai. Methods: We retrospectively analysed 325 cases admitted at Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center, between January 20 and February 29, 2020. Results: 47.4% (154/325) had visited Wuhan within 2 weeks of illness onset. 57.2% occurred in 67 clusters; 40% were situated within 53 family clusters. 83.7% developed fever during the disease course. Median times from...

The effect of amiloride in decreasing albuminuria in patients with diabetic kidney diseases: a prospective, crossover, open-label study

Ruizhao Li, Zhiyong Xie, Li Zhang, Ying Huang, Jianchao Ma, Wei Dong, Zhilian Li, Yuanhan Chen, Huaban Liang, Yanhua Wu, Xingchen Zhao, Wenjian Wang, Zhiming Ye, Shuangxin Liu, Wei Shi & Xinling Liang
Diabetic kidney diseases (DKD) were the leading cause of End-stage renal diseases worldwide. Albuminuria was a target for treatment in DKD and decreasing albuminuria was particularly important for improving its prognosis. However, there is still a lack of specific treatment for DKD. We conducted a prospective, crossover, open-label study to investigate the effect of amiloride in patients with DKD. Safety and efficacy were assessed by monitoring urine protein creatinine ratio(uPCR), urinary albumin creatinine ratio (uACR),...

Silenced lncRNA H19 and up-regulated microRNA-129 accelerates viability and restrains apoptosis of PC12 cells induced by Aβ25-35 in a cellular model of Alzheimer’s disease

Yan-Yun Zhang, Hai-Lan Bao, Li-Xia Dong, Yu Liu, Guo-Wei Zhang & Feng-Mao An
Accumulating data manifest that long non-coding RNA (lncRNAs) are involved in all kinds of neurodegenerative disorders, consisting of the onset and progression of Alzheimer’s disease (AD). The study was for the research of the mechanism of lncRNA H19 (H19) in viability and apoptosis of PC12 cells induced by Aβ25-35 in a cellular model of AD with the regulation of microRNA (miR)-129 and high mobility group box-1 protein (HMGB1). An AD cellular model of PC12 cells...

The predictive value of diabetic retinopathy on subsequent diabetic nephropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective studies

Yu Li, Xiaoxuan Su, Qing Ye, Xiaodan Guo, Bo Xu, Tianjun Guan & Anqun Chen
This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the predictive value of diabetic retinopathy (DR) on further diabetic nephropathy (DN) risk in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) based on the prospective cohort studies. PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched for eligible prospective cohort studies through March 2020. The predictive value of DR was assessed using sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio (PLR) and negative likelihood ratio (NLR), diagnostic odds ratio (DOR), and...

Additional file 1 of Effectiveness of electroacupuncture for thin endometrium in infertile women: study protocol for a single-blind, randomized controlled trial

Fangyuan Li, Hua Lu, Xinxin Wang, Qi Zhang, Qianchen Liu & Tong Wang
Additional file 1.

Anti-neoplastic characteristics and potential targets of calycosin against bisphenol A-related osteosarcoma: bioinformatics analysis

Qijin Pan, Ka Wu, Jiachang Tan, Yu Li, Xiao Liang & Min Su
Environmentally, bisphenol A (BPA) is a well-known pollutant caused human health risk, including osteosarcoma (OS). OS, a deadly bone neoplasia, may occur in children and adults. However, the anti-OS pharmacotherapy prescribes limitedly in clinical practice. Interestingly, previous experimental evidences indicate calycosin-exerting potential anti-OS actions. Thus, in this report, we aimed to further characterize and detail the therapeutic targets and molecular mechanisms of calycosin-anti-BPA-related OS by using network pharmacology and molecular docking analyses. In results, the...

Design, synthesis, and biological evaluation of biotinylated colchicine derivatives as potential antitumor agents

Chao Wang, Yujing Zhang, Zeyu Wang, Yuelin Li, Qi Guan, Dongming Xing & Weige Zhang
Chemical drug design based on the biochemical characteristics of cancer cells has become an important strategy for discovering new anti-tumour drugs to improve tumour targeting effects and reduce off-target toxicities. Colchicine is one of the most prominent and historically microtubule-targeting drugs, but its clinical applications are hindered by notorious adverse effects. In this study, we presented a novel tumour-specific conjugate 9 that consists of deacetylcolchicine (Deac), biotin, and a cleavable disulphide linker. 9 was found...

A novel genetic variant potentially altering the expression of MANBA in the cerebellum associated with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder in Han Chinese children

Xinzhen Chen, Ting Yao, Jinliang Cai1, Qi Zhang, Shanyawen Li, Huiru Li, Xihang Fu & Jing Wu
To get additional insight into the genetic factors of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). First, we performed a transcriptome-wide association study (TWAS) integrating human cerebellum-specific variant-expression/splicing correlations to identify ADHD susceptibility genes. Then, the associations between expression/splicing quantitative trait loci (eQTLs/sQTLs) of the transcriptome-wide significant genes and ADHD were observed in a case-control study of Han Chinese children. Furthermore, dual luciferase reporter gene assays were performed to validate the regulatory function of ADHD risk variants....

Using BART to Perform Pareto Optimization and Quantify its Uncertainties

Akira Horiguchi, Thomas J. Santner, Ying Sun & Matthew T. Pratola
Techniques to reduce the energy burden of an industrial ecosystem often require solving a multiobjective optimization problem. However, collecting experimental data can often be either expensive or time-consuming. In such cases, statistical methods can be helpful. This article proposes Pareto Front (PF) and Pareto Set (PS) estimation methods using Bayesian Additive Regression Trees (BART), which is a nonparametric model whose assumptions are typically less restrictive than popular alternatives, such as Gaussian Processes (GPs). These less...

Quercetin alleviates chronic renal failure by targeting the PI3k/Akt pathway

Haitao Tu, Duanhua Ma, Yuanyuan Luo, Shuifu Tang, Ying Li, Gangyi Chen, Liangliang Wang, Zhengkun Hou, Chuangpeng Shen, Huan Lu, Xun Zhuang & Liangyou Zhang
Chronic renal failure (CRF) threatens human health greatly and attracts worldwide concerns of health professionals in the public health sector. In our preliminary study, we found that Compound capsule (Shengqing Jiangzhuo Capsule, SQJZJN) had a significant therapeutic effect on CRF. Quercetin is one of the main components of this Compound capsule. In this study, we investigated the effect of Quercetin monomer on CRF and the regulation of PI3k/Akt pathway. Network pharmacology analysis methods were employed...

Additional file 2 of Using a WeChat mini-program-based lactation consultant intervention to increase the consumption of mother’s own milk by preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit: a study protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial

Jie Huo, Xinping Wu, Chuanli Gu, Zhangbin Yu, Jun Zhang, Xiaohui Chen, Jingai Zhu, Feng Liu, Beibei Liu, Qianqian Li & Shuping Han
Additional file 2.

Additional file 3 of Using a WeChat mini-program-based lactation consultant intervention to increase the consumption of mother’s own milk by preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit: a study protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial

Jie Huo, Xinping Wu, Chuanli Gu, Zhangbin Yu, Jun Zhang, Xiaohui Chen, Jingai Zhu, Feng Liu, Beibei Liu, Qianqian Li & Shuping Han
Additional file 3.

Moisture and mold-proof characteristics of surface modified wood for musical instrument soundboards

Caiping Xu, Zhenbo Liu, Wanli Li & Xingyun Li
Wood is the major material for musical instrument soundboards fabrication on account of practical and cultural reasons. However, as a natural material, wood is easy to be degraded due to moisture or fungi corrosion. The traditional wood protection methods are normally meant for the structural materials, which might not suitable for the soundboard materials. Therefore, in this work, a novel nanomaterial-based modification method was applied to effectively protect wood from moisture and fungi, without causing...

Joint control of plant ecological strategy by climate, regeneration mode, and ontogeny in Northeastern Chinese forests

Xiangjun Zhang & Shuli Wang
Research on how plant ecological strategies (competitive, stress-tolerant, or ruderal) vary within species may improve our understanding of plant and community responses to climate warming and also successional changes. With increasing temperature, the importance of ruderal (R) and stress-tolerance (S) components is hypothesized to decrease, while the strength of the competitive (C) component should increase. Offshoots and younger plants are predicted to have greater R and smaller S components. Leaf area, leaf dry matter content,...

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