85 Works

Moose habitat selection under the landscape of predation risk

Håkan Sand, Mark Jamieson, Henrik Andrén, Camilla Wikenros, Joris Cromsigt & Johan Månsson
Landscape of fear refers to the spatial variation in prey perception of predation risk, that under certain conditions, may lead to changes in their behavior. Behavioral responses of prey in relation to large carnivore predation risk have mainly been conducted in areas with low anthropogenic impact. We used long-term data on the distribution of moose in different habitat types in a system characterized by intensive management of all three trophic levels (silviculture, harvest of wolves...

Data from: Context matters: the landscape matrix determines the population genetic structure of temperate forest herbs across Europe

Tobias Naaf, Jannis Till Feigs, Siyu Huang, Jörg Brunet, Sara A. O. Cousins, Guillaume Decocq, Pieter De Frenne, Martin Diekmann, Sanne Govaert, Per-Ola Hedwall, Jonathan Lenoir, Jaan Liira, Camille Meeussen, Jan Plue, Pieter Vangansbeke, Thomas Vanneste, Kris Verheyen, Stephanie I. J. Holzhauer & Katja Kramp
Context. Plant populations in agricultural landscapes are mostly fragmented and their functional connectivity often depends on seed and pollen dispersal by animals. However, little is known about how the interactions of seed and pollen dispersers with the agricultural matrix translate into gene flow among plant populations. Objectives. We aimed to identify effects of the landscape structure on the genetic diversity within, and the genetic differentiation among, spatially isolated populations of three temperate forest herbs. We...

Links between boreal forest management, soil fungal communities and belowground carbon sequestration

Karolina Jörgensen, Gustaf Granath, Joachim Strengbom & Björn Lindahl
Forest management has a potential to alter belowground carbon storage. However, the underlying mechanisms, and the relative importance of carbon input and decomposition in regulation of soil carbon dynamics are poorly understood. We examined whether interactive effects of forest fertilization and thinning on carbon stocks in the topsoil of boreal forests were linked to changes in fungal community composition, biomass, and enzyme activities, in a long-term fertilization and thinning experiment distributed across 29 Pinus sylvestris...

Genomic data from: Are you ready for the heat? Phenotypic plasticity vs adaptation of heat tolerance in three-spined stickleback

Giovanna Mottola, María-Eugenia López, Anti Vasemägi, Mikko Nikinmaa & Katja Anttila
Heat waves constitute a challenge for aquatic ectotherms. However, the thermal tolerance of animals and their individual phenotypic plasticity to respond to heat waves may be influenced by thermal history. We tested these hypotheses by comparing the upper thermal tolerance and the individual capacities of three-spined sticklebacks from populations with different thermal histories to respond to heat waves. Two populations originated from thermally polluted nuclear power plant (NPP) habitats, while four locations represented geographically adjacent...

Bryosphere loss impairs litter decomposition consistently across moss species, litter types, and micro-arthropod abundance

Roger Grau-Andrés, David A. Wardle & Paul Kardol
The bryosphere (i.e., ground mosses and their associated biota) is a key driver of nutrient and carbon dynamics in many terrestrial ecosystems, in part because it regulates litter decomposition. However, we have a poor understanding of how litter decomposition responds to changes in the bryosphere, including changes in bryosphere cover, moss species, and bryosphere-associated biota. Specifically, the contribution of micro-arthropods to litter decomposition in the bryosphere is unclear. Here, we used a 16-month litterbag field...

Data from: Bryophyte community assembly on young land uplift islands – dispersal and habitat filtering assessed using species traits

Andreas Karlsson Tiselius, Sofi Lundbäck, Niklas Lönnell, Roland Jansson & Mats Dynesius
Aim: To assess habitat filtering and dispersal limitation in spore plant community assembly using bryophytes on recently emerged land uplift islands as study system. Location: Gulf of Bothnia, northern Europe. Taxa: Bryophytes, including the spore plant phyla Bryophyta (mosses) and Marchantiophyta (liverworts). Methods: The species compositions of 20 coastal land uplift islands differing in age, area, connectivity, and habitat composition were recorded in the field. In addition, we compiled a list of the regional species...

Long- and short-read metabarcoding technologies reveal similar spatio-temporal structures in fungal communities

Brendan Furneaux, Mohammad Bahram, Anna Rosling, Nourou Yorou & Martin Ryberg
Fungi form diverse communities and play essential roles in many terrestrial ecosystems, yet there are methodological challenges in taxonomic and phylogenetic placement of fungi from environmental sequences. To address such challenges we investigated spatio-temporal structure of a fungal community using soil metabarcoding with four different sequencing strategies: short amplicon sequencing of the ITS2 region (300--400\ bp) with Illumina MiSeq, Ion Torrent Ion S5, and PacBio RS II, all from the same PCR library, as well...

Data from: Evaluating predictive performance of statistical models explaining wild bee abundance in a mass-flowering crop

Maria Blasi Romero, Ignasi Bartomeus, Riccardo Bommarco, Vesna Gagic, Michael Garratt, Andrea Holzschuh, David Kleijn, Sandra A.M. Lindström, Peter Olsson, Chiara Polce, Simon G. Potts, , Jeroen Scheper, Henrik G. Smith, Ingolf Steffan-Dewenter & Yann Clough
Wild bee populations are threatened by current agricultural practices in many parts of the world, which may put pollination services and crop yields at risk. Loss of pollination services can potentially be predicted by models that link bee abundances with landscape-scale land-use, but there is little knowledge on the degree to which these statistical models are transferable across time and space. This study assesses the transferability of models for wild bee abundance in a mass-flowering...

Data from: Landscape complexity promotes resilience of biological pest control to climate change

Benjamin Feit, Nico Blüthgen, Eirini Daouti, Cory Straub, Michael Traugott & Mattias Jonsson
Increased climate variability as a result of anthropogenic climate change can threaten the functioning of ecosystem services. However, diverse responses to climate change among species (response diversity) can provide ecosystems with resilience to this growing threat. Measuring and managing response diversity and resilience to global change are key ecological challenges. Here, we develop a novel index of climate resilience of ecosystem services, exemplified by calculating the thermal resilience of predator communities providing biological pest control....

Archival and modern DNA SNP data of 13 Baltic salmon populations

Johan Östergren
Intra-species genetic homogenization arising from anthropogenic impacts is a major threat for biodiversity. However, few taxa have sufficient historical material to systematically quantify long-term genetic changes. Using archival DNA collected over ~100 years, we assessed spatio-temporal genetic change in Atlantic salmon populations across the Baltic Sea, an area heavily impacted by hydropower exploitation and associated large-scale mitigation stocking. Analysis was carried out by screening 82 SNPs in 1680 individuals from 13 Swedish rivers. We found...

Interactions between local and global drivers determine long-term trends in boreal forest understory vegetation

Per-Ola Hedwall, Jaime Uria-Diez, Jörg Brunet, Lena Gustafsson, Anna-Lena Axelsson & Joachim Strengbom
Aim: Global change effects on forest ecosystems are increasingly claimed to be context dependent, indicated by interactions between global and local environmental drivers. Most examples of such context dependencies originate from temperate systems, while limited research comes from the boreal biome. Here we set out to test if interactions between climate warming, nitrogen deposition, land-use change resulting in increasing forest density and soil pH drive long-term changes of understory vegetation in boreal forests. Location: Sweden...

Microsatellite variation in Nordic semi-domestic reindeer

Knut Røed, Kjersti Kvie, Bård-Jørgen Bårdsen, Sauli Laaksonen, Hannes Lohi, Juoko Kumpula, Kjell-Åke Aronsson, Birgitta Åhman, Jørn Våge & Øystein Holand
We have analyzed DNA microsatellites and the mitochondrial control region in reindeer from 31 different husbandry areas in Norway, Sweden and Finland in order to better understand the processes that underlie the genetic variability of the Nordic domestic herds. The distinct differentiation found in the nuclear markers but less so in the mitochondrial marker, gives evidence of an origin from a common ancestral population which later evolved into the two main gene pools characterizing the...

Data from GCMS analysis of floral odours and pollinator visitation in Collinsia heterophylla polymorphic for floral colour

Åsa Lankinen & Mattias Larsson
The data set contains Gas Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry (GCMS) analysis data from headspace collections of volatiles from the herb Collinsia heterophylla (Plantaginaceae) covered in Toppits oven bags. Plants were sampled for 5 hours with Porapak Q filters. 200 ng of anethole was added as an internal standard to each sample. Each GCMS file contains a sample from an individual potted plant or a control with only flower pots and soil. Individual plants analyzed by...

Boreal forest fertilization leads to functional homogenization of ground beetle assemblages

Antonio Rodríguez, Anne-Maarit Hekkala, Jorgen Sjögren, Joachim Strengbom & Therese Löfroth
1. Intensive fertilization of young spruce forest plantations (i.e. “nutrient optimization”) has the potential to meet increasing demands for carbon sequestration and biomass production from boreal forests. However, its effects on biodiversity, other than the homogenization of ground-layer plant communities, are widely unknown. 2. We sampled ground beetles (Coleoptera: Carabidae) in young spruce forest plantations of southern Sweden, within a large-scale, replicated ecological experiment initiated in 2012, where half of forest stands were fertilized every...

A tipping-point in carbon storage when forest expands into tundra is related to mycorrhizal recycling of nitrogen

Karina E Clemmensen, Mikael B Durling, Anders Michelsen, Sara Hallin, Roger D Finlay & Björn D Lindahl
Tundra ecosystems are global belowground sinks for atmospheric CO2. Ongoing warming-induced encroachment by shrubs and trees risks turning this sink into a CO2 source, resulting in a positive feedback on climate warming. To advance mechanistic understanding of how shifts in mycorrhizal types affect long-term carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) stocks, we studied small-scale soil depth profiles of fungal communities and C-N dynamics across a subarctic-alpine forest-heath vegetation gradient. Belowground organic stocks decreased abruptly at the...

Learning from long time series of harvest and population data - Swedish insights for European goose management

Niklas Liljebäck
Goose management in Europe is faced by multiple challenges, as some species are declining and in need of conservation actions, while other populations have become very abundant, resulting in calls for increased harvest. Sweden has long-term series of harvest data and counts of breeding and autumn-staging geese. We used national data (indices) for greylag goose, bean goose, and Canada goose to study shifts in temporal trends and correlative patterns, and to infer possible causal links...

Data from: Maternal allocation in relation to weather, predation, and social factors in a colonial cooperative bird

Rita Fortuna, Matthieu Paquet, André C. Ferreira, Liliana R. Silva, Franck Theron, Claire Doutrelant & Rita Covas
Females may adjust prenatal allocation in relation to ecological conditions that affect reproductive success, such as weather conditions or predation risk. In cooperative breeders, helpers might also influence reproductive success and previous studies suggest that females can lay smaller eggs or larger clutches when breeding with more helpers. Although recent work suggests that helper effects can vary according to climatic variables, how social and ecological factors interact to shape prenatal allocation is poorly understood. Here,...

Community phenology of insects on oak – local differentiation along a climatic gradient

Adam Ekholm
Climate change is advancing the onset of phenological events, with the rate of advance varying among species and trophic levels. In addition, local populations of the same species may show genetic differences in their response to seasonal cues. If populations of interacting species differ in their response, then climate change may result in geographically varying shifts in the community-level distribution of interaction strength. We explored the magnitude of trophic and species level responses to temperature...

Projected shifts in deadwood bryophytes in Sweden, data used for species distribution modelling and for climate and forest scenario analysis

Swantje Löbel, Boris Schröder-Esselbach & Tord Snäll
Climate change and habitat loss are main threats to forest biodiversity. We fitted ensembles of single species distribution models for 23 deadwood-living bryophyte species in Sweden, based on species records from the Swedish Lifewatch website. This data set comprises the species and environmental data used for species distribution modelling, and coefficients of the fitted single species distribution models (GLM, Poisson point-process, MaxEnt). Based on the fitted species distribution models, we conducted simulations of future species...

Personality, spatiotemporal ecological variation, and resident/explorer movement syndromes in the sleepy lizard

Marcus Michelangeli
Individual variation in movement is profoundly important for fitness and offers key insights into the spatial and temporal dynamics of populations and communities. Nonetheless, individual variation in fine-scale movement behaviours are rarely examined even though animal tracking devices offer the long-term, high-resolution, repeatable data in natural conditions that are ideal for studying this variation. Furthermore, of the few studies that consider individual variation in movement, even fewer also consider the internal traits and environmental factors...

Data associated with the manuscript \"On Lake Methane: Spatial Variability in Stable Carbon Isotopic Composition and the Potential Importance of Groundwater Input\"

Jonathan Schenk, Henrique Oliveira Sawakuchi, Anna Sieczko, Gustav Pajala, David Rudberg, Emelie Hagberg, Kjell Fors, Hjalmar Laudon, Jan Karlsson & David Bastviken

Disentangling the roles of plant functional diversity and plaint traits in regulating plant nitrogen accumulation and denitrification in freshwaters

Maidul I. Choudhury, Sara Hallin, Frauke Ecke, Valerie Hubalek, Jaanis Juhanson, André Frainer & Brendan G. McKie
1. There is a growing recognition that functional measures of diversity, based on quantification of functionally important species traits, are useful for explaining variation in ecosystem processes. However, the mechanisms linking functional diversity to different processes remain poorly understood, hindering development of a predictive framework for ecosystem functioning based on species traits. 2. The current understanding of how the functional traits of aquatic plants (macrophytes) affect nitrogen (N) cycling by regulating microbial communities and their...

Dataset of nanoplastic transport in soil via bioturbation by Lumbricus terrestris

Wiebke Mareile Heinze, Denise M. Mitrano, Elma Lahive, John Koestel & Geert Cornelis
The dataset comprises data acquired in laboratory-based process-studies with microcosms on the transport of nanoplastics (polystyrene, 256 nm diameter) in an agricultural soil via bioturbation over the course of 4 weeks. Transport of nanoplastics was monitored through the use of palladium (Pd)-doped nanoplastics (0.24 % w/w) by analyzing soil samples at specific depths (0-2 cm, 2-6 cm, 6-15 cm, 15-29 cm) after defined experimental times (7, 14, 21, 28 days). Microcosms consisted of 30 cm...

Physiological and environmental data from: Are you ready for the heat? Plasticity vs adaptation of heat tolerance in three-spined stickleback

Giovanna Mottola, María-Eugenia López, Anti Vasemägi, Mikko Nikinmaa & Katja Anttila
Heat waves constitute a challenge for aquatic ectotherms. However, the thermal tolerance of animals and their individual phenotypic plasticity to respond to heat waves may be influenced by thermal history. We tested these hypotheses by comparing the upper thermal tolerance and the individual capacities of three-spined sticklebacks from populations with different thermal histories to respond to heat waves. Two populations originated from thermally polluted nuclear power plant (NPP) habitats, while four locations represented geographically adjacent...

Naivety dies with the calf: Learning effects in a heavily harvested ungulate

Lukas Graf, Henrik Thurfjell, Göran Ericsson & Wiebke Neumann
In animals, habitat selection and movement strategies may affect survival and this may be key agents in selection affection the evolution of a species. To test for learning capabilities of previous experience of hunting in a long-lived, solitary and heavily harvested ungulate, we combined longitudinal GPS-data from 84 female moose (Alces alces) with data on calf and adult survival. We tested the prediction that long-lived moose individuals would adapt their behavior over time due to...

Registration Year

  • 2021
    85

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    84
  • Audiovisual
    1

Affiliations

  • Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
    85
  • Stockholm University
    8
  • Norwegian Institute for Nature Research
    7
  • Inland Norway University of Applied Sciences
    4
  • University of Helsinki
    4
  • Ghent University
    3
  • Nanyang Technological University
    3
  • Natural Resources Institute Finland
    3
  • Norwegian University of Life Sciences
    3
  • National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and Environment
    2