94 Works

Data from: Evidence for ship noise impacts on humpback whale foraging behaviour

Hannah B. Blair, Nathan D. Merchant, Ari S. Friedlaender, David N. Wiley & Susan E. Parks
Noise from shipping activity in North Atlantic coastal waters has been steadily increasing and is an area of growing conservation concern, as it has the potential to disrupt the behaviour of marine organisms. This study examines the impacts of ship noise on bottom foraging humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in the western North Atlantic. Data were collected from 10 foraging whales using non-invasive archival tags that simultaneously recorded underwater movements and the acoustic environment at the...

Data from: Detecting signals of chronic shedding to explain pathogen persistence: Leptospira interrogans in California sea lions

Michael G. Buhnerkempe, Katherine C. Prager, Christopher C. Strelioff, Denise J. Greig, Jeff L. Laake, Sharon R. Melin, Robert L. DeLong, Frances M. D. Gulland & James O. Lloyd-Smith
Identifying mechanisms driving pathogen persistence is a vital component of wildlife disease ecology and control. Asymptomatic, chronically infected individuals are an oft-cited potential reservoir of infection but demonstrations of the importance of chronic shedding to pathogen persistence at the population level remain scarce. Studying chronic shedding using commonly collected disease data is hampered by numerous challenges, including short-term surveillance that focuses on single epidemics and acutely ill individuals, the subtle dynamical influence of chronic shedding...

Southern Right Whale (Eubalaena australis) 2015-2020

Katie Rowley
NCRL subject guide 2020-12

Data from: Extensive hybridization following a large escape of domesticated Atlantic salmon in the Northwest Atlantic

Brendan F. Wringe, Nicholas W. Jeffery, Ryan R.E. Stanley, Lorraine C. Hamilton, Eric C. Anderson, Ian A. Fleming, Carole Grant, J. Brian Dempson, Geoff Veinott, Steven J. Duffy & Ian R. Bradbury
SNP genotype dataSNP genotype data for 95 SNPs for juvenile and baseline samples.2014_2015_data.csvGeographic distance from escape event to each riverGeographic distance from escape event to each riverDistance_from_escape.csvRiver Axial Distances and Catch

Data from: Robust estimates of a high Ne/N ratio in a top marine predator, southern bluefin tuna

Robin S. Waples, Peter M. Grewe, Mark W. Bravington, Richard Hillarty & Pierre Feutry
Genetic studies of several marine species with high fecundity have produced “tiny” estimates (≤10−3) of the ratio of effective population size (Ne) to adult census size (N), suggesting that even very large populations might be at genetic risk. A recent study using close-kin mark-recapture methods estimated adult abundance at N ≈ 2 × 106 for southern bluefin tuna (SBT), a highly fecund top predator that supports a lucrative (~$1 billion/year) fishery. We used the same...

Supplementary tropical-cyclone count data-set for ‘Stratified statistical models of North Atlantic basin-wide and regional tropical cyclone counts’ (Journal of Geophysical Research, Kozar et al. 2012)

M.E. Kozar, M.E. Mann, S.J. Camargo, J.P. Kossin & J.L. Evans
Using the historical Atlantic tropical cyclone record, this study examines the empirical relationships between climate state variables and Atlantic tropical cyclone counts. The state variables considered as predictors include indices of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation and Northern Atlantic Oscillation, and both “local” and “relative” measures of Main Development Region sea surface temperature. Other predictors considered include indices measuring the Atlantic Meridional Mode and the West African monsoon. Using all of the potential predictors in a...

Zona pellucida (ZP3) sequence data from 230 Pacific cod (phased)

Ingrid Spies
Genetic differentiation has been observed in marine species even when no obvious barriers to gene flow exist, and understanding such differentiation is essential for effective fisheries management. Highly differentiated outlier loci can provide information on how genetic variation might contribute to local adaptation but may also be affected by historical demographic events. A locus which aligned to a predicted zona pellucida sperm-binding protein 3 gene (ZP3) in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) was previously identified as...

Larval fish abundances off southern California from 1951 to 2016

Andrew Thompson
The 2014-2016 Northeast Pacific Marine Heatwave (MHW) induced the warmest 3-year period on record in the California Current Ecosystem. We tested whether larval fish assemblage structure, phenology and diversity dynamics were comparable to past warming events from 1951-2013. First, we hypothesized, based on past observations of biological effect of warming, that mesopelagic species with southern distributions relative to southern California and Pacific sardine Sardinops sagax (a coastal pelagic species) would increase during the MHW while...

Using seabird and whale distribution models to estimate spatial consumption of krill to inform fishery management

Victoria Warwick-Evans, Natalie Kelly, Luciano Dalla Rosa, Ari Friedlaender, Jefferson Hinke, Jeong-Hoon Kim, Nobuo Kokubun, Jarrod Santora, Eduardo Secchi, Elisa Seyboth & Philip Trathan
Ecosystem dynamics at the north-west Antarctic Peninsula are driven by interactions between physical and biological processes. For example, baleen whale populations are recovering from commercial harvesting against the backdrop of rapid climate change, including reduced sea-ice extent and changing ecosystem composition. Concurrently, the commercial harvesting of Antarctic krill is increasing, with the potential to increase the likelihood for competition with and between krill predators and the fishery. However, understanding the ecology, abundance, and spatial distribution...

NOAA Global Greenhouse Gas Reference Network Continuous Measurements of CO2, CH4, and CO collected from Aircraft over Uganda

Kathryn McKain, Colm Sweeney, Philip Handley, Tim Newberger, Sonja Wolter &

Trends in globally-averaged CO2 determined from NOAA Global Monitoring Laboratory measurements.

Xin Lan, Pieter Tans, Kirk Thoning &

Atmospheric Dry Air Mole Fractions of PFTEA from the NOAA GML Surface and Aircraft Vertical Profile Network.

Isaac Vimont, Stephen Montzka, Arlyn Andrews, Bianca Baier, Molly Crotwell, Bradley Hall, Philip Handley, Jack Higgs, Jonathan Kofler, Thomas Legard, Kathryn McKain, John Miller, Eric Moglia, John Mund, Don Neff, Tim Newberger, Gabrielle Petron, Colm Sweeney, Jocelyn Turnbull, Sonja Wolter &

Data From: Applying empirical dynamic modeling to distinguish abiotic and biotic drivers of population fluctuations in sympatric fishes

Ben Wasserman, Tanya Rogers, Stephan Munch & Eric Palkovacs
Fluctuations in the population abundances of interacting species are widespread. Such fluctuations could be a response to abiotic factors, biotic interactions, or a combination of the two. Correctly identifying the drivers are critical for effective population management. However, such effects are not always static in nature. Nonlinear relationships between abiotic factors and biotic interactions make it difficult to parse true effects. We used a type of nonlinear forecasting, empirical dynamic modeling, to investigate the context-dependent...

TCCON data from Park Falls (US), Release GGG2020.R1

P. O. Wennberg, C. M. Roehl, D. Wunch, G. C. Toon, J.-F. Blavier, R. Washenfelder, G. Keppel-Aleks & N. T. Allen
The Total Carbon Column Observing Network (TCCON) is a network of ground-based Fourier Transform Spectrometers that record direct solar absorption spectra of the atmosphere in the near-infrared. From these spectra, accurate and precise column-averaged abundances of atmospheric constituents including CO2, CH4, N2O, HF, CO, H2O, and HDO, are retrieved. This is the GGG2020 data release of observations from the TCCON station at Park Falls, Wisconsin, USA

NOAA NEFSC North Atlantic Right Whale Annotations

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Data from: Patterns of population structure for inshore bottlenose dolphins along the eastern United States

Vince P. Richards, Thomas W. Greig, Patricia A. Fair, Stephen D. McCulloch, Christine Politz, Ada Natoli, Carlos A. Driscoll, A. Russell Hoelzel, Victor David, Gregory D. Bossart & Jose V. Lopez
Globally distributed, the bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) is found in a range of offshore and coastal habitats. Using 15 microsatellite loci and mtDNA control region sequences, we investigated patterns of genetic differentiation among putative populations along the eastern US shoreline (the Indian River Lagoon, Florida, and Charleston Harbor, South Carolina) (microsatellite analyses: n = 125, mtDNA analyses: n = 132). We further utilized the mtDNA to compare these populations with those from the Northwest Atlantic,...

Data from: Sperm whale population structure in the eastern and central North Pacific inferred by the use of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), microsatellites and mitochondrial DNA

Sarah L. Mesnick, Barbara L. Taylor, Frederick I Archer, Karen K Martien, Sergio Escorza Treviño, Brittany L. Hancock-Hanser, Sandra Carolina Moreno Medina, Victoria L Pease, Kelly M Robertson, Janice M Straley, Robin W Baird, John Calambokidis, Gregory S. Schorr, Paul Wade, Vladimir Burkanov, Chris R. Lunsford, Luke Rendell & Phillip A Morin
We use mitochondrial DNA (400bp), six microsatellites and 36 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), 20 of which were linked, to investigate population structure of sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) in the eastern and central North Pacific. SNP markers, reproducible across technologies and laboratories, are ideal for long-term studies of globally distributed species such as sperm whales, a species of conservation concern due to both historical and contemporary impacts. We estimate genetic differentiation among three strata in the...

Resolving fine-scale population structure and fishery exploitation using sequenced microsatellites in a northern fish

Kara K.S. Layton, J. Brian Dempson, Paul V.R. Snelgrove, Steven J. Duffy, Amber M. Messmer, Ian Paterson, Nicholas W. Jeffery, Tony Kess, John B. Horne, Sarah J. Salisbury, Daniel E. Ruzzante, Paul Bentzen, David Côté, Cameron M. Nugent, Moira M. Ferguson, Jong S. Leong, Ben F. Koop & Ian R. Bradbury
The resiliency of populations and species to environmental change is dependent on the maintenance of genetic diversity, and as such quantifying diversity is central to combatting ongoing wide spread reductions in biodiversity. With the advent of next-generation sequencing, several methods now exist for resolving fine-scale population structure, but the comparative performance of these methods for genetic assignment has rarely been tested. Here we evaluate the performance of sequenced microsatellites and a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)...

Data from: Forty years of seagrass population stability and resilience in an urbanizing estuary

Andrew Olaf Shelton, Tessa B. Francis, Blake E. Feist, Gregory D. Williams, Adam Lindquist, Phillip S. Levin & Philip S. Levin
Coasts and estuaries contain among the most productive and ecologically important habitats in the world and face intense pressure from current and projected human activities, including coastal development. Seagrasses are a key habitat feature in many estuaries perceived to be in widespread decline owing to human actions. We use spatio-temporal models and a 41-year time series from 100s of km of shoreline which includes over 160 000 observations from Puget Sound, Washington, USA, to examine...

Spatial scaling properties of coral reef benthic communities

Helen Ford, Jamison Gove, Andrew Davies, Nicholas Graham, John Healey, Eric Conklin & Gareth Williams
The spatial structure of ecological communities on tropical coral reefs across seascapes and geographies have historically been poorly understood. Here we addressed this for the first time using spatially expansive and thematically resolved benthic community data collected around five uninhabited central Pacific oceanic islands, spanning 6° latitude and 17° longitude. Using towed-diver digital image surveys over ~140 linear km of shallow (8 – 20 m depth) tropical reef, we highlight the autocorrelated nature of coral...

rhinoceros auklet microsatellite data

Theresa Burg, Marie Prill, Katharine Studholme, Alice Domalik, Strahan Tucker, Catherine Jardine, Mark Maftei, Kenneth Wright, Jesse Beck, Russell Bradley, Ryan Carle, Thomas Good, Scott Hatch, Peter Hodum, Motohiro Ito, Scott Pearson, Nora Rojek, Leslie Slater, Yutaka Watanuki, Alexis Will, Aidan Bindoff, Glenn Crossin, Mark Drever & Mark Hipfner
We tested the hypothesis that segregation in wintering areas promotes population differentiation in a sentinel North Pacific seabird, the rhinoceros auklet (Cerorhinca monocerata). We collected tissue samples for genetic analyses on five breeding colonies in the western Pacific Ocean (Japan) and 13 in the eastern Pacific Ocean (California to Alaska), and deployed light-level geologgers on 12 eastern Pacific colonies to delineate wintering areas. Loggers were deployed previously on one colony in Japan. There was strong...

University of Colorado Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research (INSTAAR) Flask-Air Sample Measurements of Stable Isotopic Composition of Atmospheric Methane (dCH4-13C) at NOAA GML Global and Regional Background Sites, 1998-Present

Sylvia Michel, Bruce Vaughn, Justin Reid Clark, &
The CCGG cooperative air sampling network effort began in 1967 at Niwot Ridge, Colorado. Today, the network is an international effort which includes regular discrete samples from the NOAA ESRL/GML baseline observatories, cooperative fixed sites, and commercial ships. Air samples are collected approximately weekly from a globally distributed network of sites. Samples are analyzed for Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4), Carbon Monoxide (CO), Hydrogen Gas (H2), Nitrous Oxide (N2O), and Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF6); and by...

Datasets supporting: Coastal regions of the northern Antarctic Peninsula are key for gentoo populations

Malgorzata Korczak-Abshire, Jefferson T. Hinke, Gennadi Milinevsky, Mariana A. Juáres & George M. Watters
Southern Ocean ecosystems are rapidly changing due to climate variability. An apparent beneficiary of such change in the western Antarctic Peninsula (WAP) is the gentoo penguin Pygoscelis papua, which has increased its population size and expanded its range southward in the last 20 years. To better understand how this species has responded to large-scale changes, we tracked individuals during the non-breeding winter period from five colonies across the latitudinal range of breeding sites in the...

Data from: Assessing thermal adaptation using family-based association and FST-outlier tests in a threatened trout

Stephen J. Amish, Omar Ali, Mary Peacock, Michael Miller, Morgan Robinson, Seth Smith, Gordon Luikart & Helen Neville
Discovering genetic markers associated with phenotypic or ecological characteristics can improve our understanding of adaptation and guide conservation of key evolutionary traits. The Lahontan cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii henshawi) of the northern Great Basin Desert, USA, demonstrated exceptional tolerance to high temperatures in the desert lakes where it resided historically. This trait is central to a conservation hatchery effort to protect the genetic legacy of the nearly extinct lake ecotype. We genotyped full‐sibling families from...

Neutral and adaptive loci reveal fine-scale population structure in Eleginops maclovinus from North Patagonia

Cristian B. Canales-Aguirre, Wesley A. Larson, Garret J. McKinney, C. Eliza Claure, J. Dellis Rocha, Santiago G. Ceballos, Maria I. Cádiz, José M. Yáñez & Daniel Gómez-Uchida
Patagonia is an understudied area, especially when it comes to population genomic studies with relevance to fishery management. However, the dynamic and heterogeneous landscape in this area can harbor important but cryptic genetic population structure. Once such information is revealed, it can be integrated into the management of infrequently investigated species. Eleginops maclovinus is a protandrous hermaphrodite species with economic importance for local communities that is currently managed as a single genetic unit. In this...

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  • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  • University of Washington
  • Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences
  • National Marine Fisheries Service
  • Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife
  • University of Montana
  • Southwest Fisheries Science Center
  • Bangor University
  • Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research
  • Oregon State University