10 Works

2019 NSF Workshop on Connecting Large Facilities and Cyberinfrastructure

Ewa Deelman, Ilya Baldin, Brian Bockelman, Adam Bolton, Patrick Brady, Tom Cheatham, Laura Christopherson, Rafael Ferreira da Silva, Tom Gulbransen, Kate Keahey, Marina Kogan, Anirban Mandal, Angela Murillo, Jarek Nabrzyski, Valerio Pascucci, Steve Petruzza, Mats Rynge, Susan Sons, Dan Stanzione, Chaudhuri Surajit, Daryl Swensen, Alexander Szalay, Douglas Thain, John Towns, Charles Vardeman … & Jane Wyngaard

Data from: Combinatorial signal processing in an insect

Bretta Speck, Rafael L. Rodriguez, Sara Seidita, Samuel Belo, Samuel Johnson, Caley Conley & Camille Desjonquères
Human language is combinatorial: phonemes are grouped into syllables, syllables into words, and so on. The capacity for combinatorial processing is present to different degrees in some mammals and birds. We tested for basic combinatorial processing in an insect against two competing hypotheses: beginning rule (where the early signal portions play a stronger role in acceptability); and no rule (where the order of signal elements plays no role in signal acceptability). We worked with Enchenopa...

MHC variation is similar in little brown bats before and after white-nose syndrome outbreak

Xueling Yi, Emily Latch, Deahn Donner, Paula Marquardt, Jonathan Palmer, Michelle Jusino, Jacqueline Frair & Daniel Lindner
White-nose syndrome (WNS), caused by the fungal pathogen Pseudogymnoascus destructans (Pd), has driven alarming declines in North American hibernating bats, such as little brown bat (Myotis lucifugus). During hibernation, infected little brown bats are able to initiate anti-Pd immune responses, indicating pathogen-mediated selection on the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes. However, such immune responses may not be protective as they interrupt torpor, elevate energy costs, and potentially lead to higher mortality rates. To assess whether...

Avian MHC copy number variation is associated with helminth richness

Piotr Minias, Jorge Gutiérrez & Peter Dunn
Genes of the Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC) play a key role in the adaptive immunity of vertebrates, as they encode receptors responsible for recognition of antigens. Evolutionary history of the MHC proceeded through numerous gene duplications, which increases the spectrum of pathogens recognized by individuals. Although pathogen-mediated selection is believed to be a primary driver of MHC expansion over evolutionary times, empirical evidence for this association is virtually lacking. Here, we used an extensive dataset...

Juvenile social experience and practice have a switch-like influence on adult mate preferences in an insect

Camille Desjonquères, Jak Maliszewski & Rafael Lucas Rodriguez
Social causes of variation in animal communication systems have important evolutionary consequences, including speciation. The relevance of these effects depends on how widespread they are among animals. There is evidence for such effects not only in birds and mammals, but also frogs and some insects and spiders. Here we analyse the social ontogeny of adult mate preferences in an insect, Enchenopa treehoppers. In these communal plant-feeding insects, individuals reared in isolation or in groups differ...

The relationship between a combinatorial processing rule and a continuous mate preference function in an insect

Camille Desjonquères, Rebecca Holt, Bretta Speck & Rafael Rodriguez
Mate choice involves processing signals that can reach high levels of complexity and feature multiple components, even in small animals with tiny brains. This raises the question of whether and how such organisms deal with this complexity. One solution involves combinatorial processing, whereby different signal elements are processed as single units. Combinatorial processing has been described in several mammals and birds, and recently in a vibrationally signalling insect, Enchenopa treehoppers. Here, we ask about the...

The type of leg lost affects habitat use but not survival in a non-regenerating arthropod

Ignacio Escalante & Damian Elias
Finding shelter and surviving encounters with predators are pervasive challenges for animals. These challenges may be exacerbated after individuals experience bodily damage. Certain forms of damage arise voluntarily in animals, for instance, some taxa release appendages (tails, legs, or other body parts) as a defensive strategy (‘autotomy’). This behavior, however, may pose long-term negative consequences for habitat use and survival. Additionally, these putative consequences are expected to vary according to the function of the lost...

Data from: Edge effects and mating patterns in a bumblebee-pollinated plant

Dorothy Christopher, Randall J Mitchell, Dorset W Trapnell, Patrick A Smallwood, Wendy R Semski & Jeffrey D Karron
Researchers have long assumed that plant spatial location influences plant reproductive success and pollinator foraging behavior. For example, many flowering plant populations have small, linear, or irregular shapes that increase the proportion of plants on the edge, which may reduce mating opportunities through both male and female function. Additionally, plants that rely on pollinators may be particularly vulnerable to edge effects if those pollinators exhibit restricted foraging and pollen carryover is limited. To explore the...

Data From: Characterizing patterns of genomic variation in the threatened Utah prairie dog: implications for conservation and management

Rachael Giglio, Tonie Rocke, Jorge Osorio & Emily Latch
Utah prairie dogs (Cynomys parvidens) are federally threatened due to eradication campaigns, habitat destruction, and outbreaks of plague. Today, Utah prairie dogs exist in small, isolated populations, making them less demographically stable and more susceptible to erosion of genetic variation by genetic drift. We characterized patterns of genetic structure at neutral and putatively adaptive loci in order to evaluate the relative effects of genetic drift and local adaptation on population divergence. We sampled individuals across...

A graphical null model for scaling biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships

Kathryn Barry, Gabriella Pinter, Joseph Strini, Karrisa Yang, Istvan Lauko, Stefan Schnizter, Adam Clark, Jane Cowles, Akira Mori, Laura Williams, Peter Reich & Alexandra Wright
1. Global biodiversity is declining at rates faster than at any other point in human history. Experimental manipulations at small spatial scales have demonstrated that communities with fewer species consistently produce less biomass than higher diversity communities. Understanding how the global extinction crisis is likely to impact global ecosystem functioning requires applying these local experimental results at substantially larger spatial and temporal scales. 2. Here we propose a null model for scaling biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships...

Registration Year

  • 2020
    10

Resource Types

  • Dataset
    9
  • Other
    1

Affiliations

  • University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee
    7
  • University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee
    4
  • Microsoft
    1
  • University of Notre Dame
    1
  • The Ohio State University
    1
  • Department of Plant Biology
    1
  • Oregon State University
    1
  • Johns Hopkins University
    1
  • University of Extremadura
    1
  • University of Minnesota
    1