Data from: Female choice for male cuticular hydrocarbon profile in decorated crickets is not based on similarity to their own profileSandra Steiger, Alexandra Capodeanu-Nägler, Susan N. Gershman, Carie B. Weddle, James Rapkin, Scott K. Sakaluk & John Hunt
Indirect genetic benefits derived from female mate choice comprise additive (good genes) and non-additive genetic benefits (genetic compatibility). Although good genes can be revealed by condition-dependent display traits, the mechanism by which compatibility alleles are detected is unclear because evaluation of the genetic similarity of a prospective mate requires the female to assess the genotype of the male and compare it to her own. Cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs), lipids coating the exoskeleton of most insects, influence...
Many predators and parasites eavesdrop on the communication signals of their prey. Eavesdropping is typically studied as dyadic predator–prey species interactions; yet in nature, most predators target multiple prey species and most prey must evade multiple predator species. The impact of predator communities on prey signal evolution is not well understood. Predators could converge in their preferences for conspicuous signal properties, generating competition among predators and natural selection on particular prey signal features. Alternatively, predator...
The apicomplexan order Haemosporida is a clade of unicellular blood parasites that infect a variety of reptilian, avian and mammalian hosts. Among them are the agents of human malaria, parasites of the genus Plasmodium, which pose a major threat to human health. Illuminating the evolutionary history of Haemosporida may help us in understanding their enormous biological diversity, as well as tracing the multiple host switches and associated acquisitions of novel life-history traits. However, the deep-level...
Data from: Pain intensity recognition rates via biopotential feature patterns with support vector machinesSascha Gruss, Steffen Walter, Harald C. Traue, Philipp Werner & Adriano Andrade
Background: The clinically used methods of pain diagnosis do not allow for objective and robust measurement, and physicians must rely on the patient’s report on the pain sensation. Verbal scales, visual analog scales (VAS) or numeric rating scales (NRS) count among the most common tools, which are restricted to patients with normal mental abilities. There also exist instruments for pain assessment in people with verbal and / or cognitive impairments and instruments for pain assessment...
Social insects are well known for their high level of cooperation. Workers of the primitively eusocial bumblebee Bombus terrestris are able to produce male offspring in the presence of a queen. Nonetheless, they only compete for reproduction, in the so-called competition phase, when the workforce is large enough to support the rearing of reproductives. So far, little is known about the proximate mechanisms underlying the shift between altruism and selfish behaviour in bumblebee workers. In...
Data from: The Golgi-localized γ-ear-containing ARF-binding (GGA) proteins alter amyloid-β precursor protein (APP) processing through interaction of their GAE domain with the beta-site APP cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1)Bjoern Von Einem, Anke Wahler, Tobias Schips, Alberto Serrano-Pozo, Christian Proepper, Tobias M. Boeckers, Angelika Rueck, Thomas Wirth, Bradley T. Hyman, Karin M. Danzer, Dietmar R. Thal & Christine A. F. Von Arnim
Proteolytic processing of amyloid-β precursor protein (APP) by beta-site APP cleaving enzyme 1 (BACE1) is the initial step in the production of amyloid beta (Aβ), which accumulates in senile plaques in Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Essential for this cleavage is the transport and sorting of both proteins through endosomal/Golgi compartments. Golgi-localized γ-ear-containing ARF-binding (GGA) proteins have striking cargo-sorting functions in these pathways. Recently, GGA1 and GGA3 were shown to interact with BACE1, to be expressed in...
Data from: Beyond species recognition: somatic state affects long distance sex pheromone communicationJohanna Chemnitz, Petra C. Jentschke, Manfred Ayasse & Sandra Steiger
Long-range sex pheromones have been subjected to substantial research with a particular focus on their biosynthesis, peripheral perception, central processing and the resulting orientation behaviour of perceivers. Fundamental to the research on sex attractants was the assumption that they primarily coordinate species recognition. However, especially when they are produced by the less limiting sex (usually males), the evolution of heightened condition dependence might be expected and long-range sex pheromones might, therefore, also inform about a...
University of Ulm7
Massachusetts General Hospital1
University of Hamburg1
Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg1
The University of Texas at Austin1
Bernhard Nocht Institute for Tropical Medicine1
University of Ilorin1
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute1
The Ohio State University at Marion1