Data from: Recovery of benthic marine communities from the end-Permian mass extinction at the low-latitudes of Eastern PanthalassaRichard Hofmann, Michael Hautmann, Arnaud Brayard, Alexander Nützel, Kevin Bylund, James Jenks, Emmanuelle Vennin, Nicolas Olivier & Hugo Bucher
Based on the quantitative community analysis using species-level identifications, we track the restoration of benthic ecosystems after the end-Permian mass extinction throughout the Lower Triassic of the western USA. New data on the palaeoecology of the Thaynes Group and Sinbad Formation are provided, which fill a gap between the recently studied palaeoecology of the Griesbachian–Dienerian Dinwoody Formation and the Spathian Virgin Formation. In the Sinbad Formation and Thaynes Group, 17 species (12 genera) of bivalves,...
Data from: Morphology and distribution of scales, dermal ossifications, and other non-feather integumentary structures in non-avialan theropod dinosaursChristophe Hendrickx, Phil R. Bell, Michael Pittman, Andrew R. C. Milner, Elena Cuesta, Jingmai O'Connor, Mark Loewen, Philip J. Currie, Octávio Mateus, Thomas G. Kaye & Rafael Delcourt
Modern birds are typified by the presence of feathers, complex evolutionary innovations that were already widespread in the group of theropod dinosaurs (Maniraptoriformes) that include crown Aves. Squamous or scaly reptilian-like skin is, however, considered the plesiomorphic condition for theropods and dinosaurs more broadly. Here, we review the morphology and distribution of non-feathered integumentary structures in non-avialan theropods covering squamous skin and naked skin as well as dermal ossifications. The integumentary record of non-averostran theropods...
Data from: A morphometric and genetic framework for the genus Gazella de Blainville, 1816 (Ruminantia: Bovidae) with special focus on Arabian and Levantine mountain gazellesEva V. Bärmann, Torsten Wronski, Hannes Lerp, Beatriz Azanza, Saskia Börner, Dirk Erpenbeck, Gertrud E. Rössner & Gert Wörheide
Gazella is one of the most species-rich genera within horned ruminants. Despite overall similarity in body size and morphology, gazelles show variability in coloration and horn morphology. Unfortunately, however, species differentiation based on these characters, or on discrete skull characters, is very difficult due to high intraspecific variability. Furthermore, most species have fragmented and allopatric distributions, so that species boundaries were hard to define in the past. Mitochondrial DNA sequences have proven useful for investigating...
Data from: Do different disparity proxies converge on a common signal? Insights from the cranial morphometrics and evolutionary history of Pterosauria (Diapsida: Archosauria)Christian Foth, Stephen L. Brusatte & Richard J. Butler
Disparity, or morphological diversity, is often quantified by evolutionary biologists investigating the macroevolutionary history of clades over geological timescales. Disparity is typically quantified using proxies for morphology, such as measurements, discrete anatomical characters, or geometric morphometrics. If different proxies produce differing results, then the accurate quantification of disparity in deep time may be problematic. However, despite this, few studies have attempted to examine disparity of a single clade using multiple morphological proxies. Here, as a...
Data from: The good, the bad, and the ugly: the influence of skull reconstructions and intraspecific variability in studies of cranial morphometrics in theropods and basal saurischiansChristian Foth & Oliver W. M. Rauhut
Several studies investigating macroevolutionary skull shape variation in fossil reptiles were published recently, often using skull reconstructions taken from the scientific literature. However, this approach could be potentially problematic, because skull reconstructions might differ notably due to incompleteness and/or deformation of the material. Furthermore, the influence of intraspecific variation has usually not been explored in these studies. Both points could influence the results of morphometric analyses by affecting the relative position of species to each...
Data from: Rapid transformation in the braincase of sauropod dinosaurs: integrated evolution of the braincase and neck in early sauropods?Mario Bronzati, Roger B. J. Benson & Oliver W. M. Rauhut
Sauropod dinosaurs were quadrupedal herbivores with a highly specialized body plan that attained the largest masses of any terrestrial vertebrates. Recent discoveries have shown that key traits associated with sauropod gigantism appeared stepwise during the Late Triassic and Early Jurassic in evolutionary ‘cascades’ of associated changes, in which a ‘head and neck’ cascade has been suggested as an important module. Here, we investigate the evolutionary transformation of the sauropodomorph braincase, using discrete anatomical characters, prompted...
The closure of the Neotethys in two episodes: first. as a result of Jurassic to Early Cretaceous obduction and second, as a result of Early Palaeocene collision; a comparison of surface geology and tomography (Central Internal Hellenides, Greece)Rudolph Scherreiks & Camille BouDagher-Fadel
This contribution concerns Neotethys palaeogeography in the Central Internal Hellenides. Neotethys oceanic crust is represented in the Vardar zone of the Hellenides by the ophiolites of the Almopias sub-zone. Contrary to numerous tectonic models in the literature, we show that the Almopias ocean closed in two episodes.
Bayerische Staatssammlung für Paläontologie und Geologie7
Field Museum of Natural History1
University of Cambridge1
University of Alberta1
University of Lyon System1
Claude Bernard University Lyon 11
University of Zurich1
Natural History Museum of Utah1
University College London1
University of New England1