613 Works

The coordination between leaf and fine root litter decomposition and the difference of their controlling factors

Lulu Guo, Meifeng Deng, Sen Yang, Weixing Liu, Xin Wang, Jing Wang & Lingli Liu
Aim: As the two largest components of plant detritus input, leaf and root litter together determines ecosystem vegetation turnover and nutrient cycling rates. However, it remains unknown the similarities and differences between the controlling factors for their decomposition. We evaluated the relationship between leaf and fine root litter decomposition across biomes, and analyzed how litter traits, climate, soil conditions and decomposers shape their relationship. Location: Global. Time Period: 1984–2020. Major Taxa Studied: Vascular plant. Methods:...

Accumulation and translocation of selenium in a soil–rice system in Guangxi, China

Zhen Wang, Fei Pang & Wei Huang
Selenium (Se) is an essential element for the human body. Humans meet their basic Se requirements primarily through food consumption. The largest Se-rich contiguous area in China is located in the southeast of Guangxi. In this study, the Se accumulation and translocation in the Guangxi rice–soil system was assessed. Organically bound Se (O-Se) was found to be the main type of soil Se (72.5%), and had a good linear relationship with soil total Se (TSe)...

Trypanosoma evansi evades host innate immunity by releasing extracellular vesicles to activate TLR2-AKT signaling pathway

Ran Wei, Xin Li, Xiaocen Wang, Nan Zhang, Yuru Wang, Xichen Zhang, Pengtao Gong & Jianhua Li
Surra, one of the most important animal diseases with economic consequences in Asia and South America, is caused by Trypanosoma evansi. However, the mechanism of immune evasion by T. evansi has not been extensively studied. In the present study, T. evansi extracellular vesicles (TeEVs) were characterized and the role of TeEVs in T. evansi infection were examined. The results showed that T. evansi and TeEVs could activate TLR2-AKT pathway to inhibit the secretions of IL-12p40,...

Discovery of novel inhibitors of SARS-CoV-2 main protease

Lei Zheng, Yanmei Chen, Jingxiao Bao, Liping He, Suzhen Dong, Yifei Qi & John Z. H. Zhang
Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19), referred to as ‘New Coronary Pneumonia’, is a type of acute infectious disease caused by the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. Mpro is one of the main targets for treating COVID-19. The current research on Mpro mainly focuses on the repurposing of old drugs, and there are only a few novel ligands that inhibit Mpro. In this research, we used computational free energy calculation to screen a...

Whole-transcriptome analysis of rat cavernosum and identification of circRNA-miRNA-mRNA networks to investigate nerve injury erectile dysfunction pathogenesis

Jie Huang, Jianxiong Ma, Jie Wang, Ke Ma, Kang Zhou, Wenjie Huang, Fan Zhao, Bodong Lv & Qing Hu
There is growing evidence that circular RNAs (circRNAs) play a vital role in many kinds of diseases, including erectile dysfunction (ED). Nevertheless, the role of circRNAs in cavernous nerve-damaging ED (CNI-ED) is unknown. Here, we aimed to discover novel circRNAs, probed their potential role in the CNI-ED, and construct a ceRNA network of circRNAs. Twelve male Sprague Dawley rats were randomly divided into 2 groups by us: bilateral cavernous nerve crush (BCNC) and control groups....

Unique features of the m6A methylome and its response to drought stress in sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides Linn.)

Guoyun Zhang, Zhongrui Lv, Songfeng Diao, Hong Liu, Aiguo Duan, Caiyun He & Jianguo Zhang
In plants, recent studies have revealed that N6-methyladenosine (m6A) methylation of mRNA has potential regulatory functions of this mRNA modification in many biological processes. m6A methyltransferase, m6A demethylase and m6A-binding proteins can cause differential phenotypes, indicating that m6A may have critical roles in the plant. In this study, we depicted the m6A map of sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides Linn.) transcriptome. Similar to A. thaliana, m6A sites of sea buckthorn transcriptome is significantly enriched around the...

Network analysis of COVID-19-related PTSD symptoms in China: the similarities and differences between the general population and PTSD sub-population

Fan Yang, Mingqi Fu, Ning Huang, Farooq Ahmed, Muhammad Shahid, Bo Zhang, Jing Guo & Paul Lodder
Background and Objectives: Prevalent Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) negatively affected individuals during the COVID-19 pandemic. Using network analyses, this study explored the construct of PTSD symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic in China to identify similarities and differences in PTSD symptom network connectivity between the general Chinese population and individuals reporting PTSD. Methods: We conducted an online survey recruiting 2858 Chinese adults. PTSD symptoms were measured using the PCL-5 and PTSD was determined according to the...

Astragalus polysacharin inhibits hepatocellular carcinoma-like phenotypes in a murine HCC model through repression of M2 polarization of tumour-associated macrophages

Chun Li, Xin-You Pan, Mingyun Ma, Jun Zhao, Fengda Zhao & Ya-Ping Lv
Astragalus polysaccharin (APS), an extract of Astragalus propinquus Schischk, exerts antitumor effects in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). This study investigated the mechanism of action of APS in HCC. Tumour-associated macrophages (TAMs) were treated with APS (0, 8, 16 mg/mL) for 24 h. APS (16 mg/mL)-treated TAMs were co-cultured with MHCC97H/Huh7 cells for 24 h. Finally, BALB/c nude mice were divided into PBS, APS (50 mg/kg), APS (100 mg/kg), APS (200 mg/kg) groups: mice were inoculated with...

Hepatitis B virus middle surface antigen loss promotes clinical variant persistence in mouse models

Junyu Lin, Jing Li, Peilin Xie, Yue Han, Demin Yu, Jia Chen & Xinxin Zhang
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) middle surface antigen (MHBs) mutation or deletion occurs in patients with chronic HBV infection. However, the functional role of MHBs in HBV infection is still an enigma. Here, we reported that 7.33% (11/150) isolates of CHB patients had MHBs start codon mutations compared with 0.00% (0/146) in acute hepatitis B (AHB) patients. Interestingly, MHBs loss accounted for 11.88% (126/1061) isolates from NCBI GenBank, compared with 0.09% (1/1061) and 0.00% (0/1061) for...

Optimization, reconstruction and heterologous expression of the gene cluster encoding toluene/o-xylene monooxygenase from Pseudomonas stutzeri in Escherichia coli and its successive hydroxylation of toluene and benzene

Bo Wang, Feng Gao, Jing Xu, Jianjie Gao, Zhenjun Li, Lijuan Wang, Fujian Zhang, Yu Wang, Yongsheng Tian, Rihe Peng & Quanhong Yao
Biological treatment is a cost-effective and environmentally friendly technique for treating toluene. However, this process is limited by the type and quantity of toluene degraders that can be applied to different environments and methods. It is a feasible solution to constructing new genetic engineering organisms for toluene degradation through biotechnology. To facilitate genetic manipulation and improve gene expression, the toluene/o-xylene monooxygenase locus from Pseudomonas stutzeri was reconstructed and artificially synthesized. All six genes were optimized...

Using a WeChat mini-program-based lactation consultant intervention to increase the consumption of mother’s own milk by preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit: a study protocol for a cluster randomized controlled trial

Jie Huo, Xinping Wu, Chuanli Gu, Zhangbin Yu, Jun Zhang, Xiaohui Chen, Jingai Zhu, Feng Liu, Beibei Liu, Qianqian Li & Shuping Han
Abstract Background The benefits of mother’s own milk (MOM) for preterm infants have been widely recognized. Many studies have shown that the rate of breastfeeding of premature infants remains very low. Although many studies use measures to promote breastfeeding, few high-quality cluster randomized controlled studies have evaluated the effectiveness of these measures. WeChat is an instant messaging software for smart terminals, and WeChat mini-programs have been widely used to promote health and self-management in China....

Additional file 6 of Temporal expression study of miRNAs in the crown tissues of winter wheat grown under natural growth conditions

Menglei Wang, Chenhui Yang, Kangning Wei, Miao Zhao, Liqiang Shen, Jie Ji, Li Wang, Daijing Zhang, Junqiang Guo, Yun Zheng, Juanjuan Yu, Mo Zhu, Haiying Liu & Yong-Fang Li
Additional file 6: Figure S2. miRNAs with similar expression patterns in crown and leaf tissues at the winter dormancy stage, spring green-up stage and jointing stage.

Additional file 7 of Temporal expression study of miRNAs in the crown tissues of winter wheat grown under natural growth conditions

Menglei Wang, Chenhui Yang, Kangning Wei, Miao Zhao, Liqiang Shen, Jie Ji, Li Wang, Daijing Zhang, Junqiang Guo, Yun Zheng, Juanjuan Yu, Mo Zhu, Haiying Liu & Yong-Fang Li
Additional file 7: Figure S3. miRNAs with different expression patterns in crown and leaf tissues at the winter dormancy stage, spring green-up stage and jointing stage.

Trypanosoma evansi evades host innate immunity by releasing extracellular vesicles to activate TLR2-AKT signaling pathway

Ran Wei, Xin Li, Xiaocen Wang, Nan Zhang, Yuru Wang, Xichen Zhang, Pengtao Gong & Jianhua Li
Surra, one of the most important animal diseases with economic consequences in Asia and South America, is caused by Trypanosoma evansi. However, the mechanism of immune evasion by T. evansi has not been extensively studied. In the present study, T. evansi extracellular vesicles (TeEVs) were characterized and the role of TeEVs in T. evansi infection were examined. The results showed that T. evansi and TeEVs could activate TLR2-AKT pathway to inhibit the secretions of IL-12p40,...

Orientin mediates protection against MRSA-induced pneumonia by inhibiting Sortase A

Li Wang, Shisong Jing, Han Qu, Kai Wang, Yajing Jin, Ying Ding, Lin Yang, Hangqian Yu, Yan Shi, Qianxue Li & Dacheng Wang
Drug-resistant pathogenic Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) has severely threatened human health and arouses widespread concern. Sortase A (SrtA) is an essential virulence factor of S. aureus, which is responsible for the covalent anchoring of a variety of virulence-related proteins to the cell wall. SrtA has always been regarded as an ideal pharmacological target against S. aureus infections. In this research, we have determined that orientin, a natural compound isolated from various medicinal plants, can effectively...

Early Cretaceous rapid exhumation processes in the southern Great Xing’an Range, NE China: implications for extensional geodynamics

Wen Zhang, Shuangfeng Zhao, Wen Chen, Jingbo Sun, Ze Shen, Qiuyi Du & Zhi Li
The Mesozoic-Cenozoic geological evolution of the southern Great Xing’an Range (GXR) has long been controversial since it is located in the superposed region of different tectonic regimes and involves complex interactions. Here, we present low-temperature thermochronological data from granitoids emplaced in multiple magmatic stages to delineate the tectono-thermal history and further understand the geodynamic process. Most zircon and apatite (U-Th)/He ages, within error, indicate Early Cretaceous: the zircon average (U-Th)/He ages range from 146.7 ±...

GlyinsRNA: a webserver for predicting glycosylation sites on small RNAs

Chunmei Cui, Xiaobin Wu & Yuan Zhou
Versatile RNA modifications play important roles in post-transcriptional regulations of gene expression, among which glycosylation modifications on small RNAs emerge as a novel clade whose characteristics need further interrogations. Here, we demonstrated that the sequence pattern around RNA glycosylation sites was not random and could be exploited for glycosylation site prediction. A machine learning predictor, GlyinsRNA, which integrated multiple RNA sequence representation encodings, was established. GlyinsRNA achieved AUROC (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve)...

miR-199a-3p plays an anti-tumorigenic role in lung adenocarcinoma by suppressing anterior gradient 2

Hui Liu, Yanfeng Wang, Yi Wang, Daoyuan Wu & He Zhang
Previous studies have explored the association between protein-coding genes and microRNAs (miRNAs) in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD). However, the influence of the miR-199a-3p/anterior gradient 2 (AGR2) axis in LUAD has not yet been fully explored. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the underlying roles of AGR2 and miR-199a-3p in the development of LUAD. The expression levels of miR-199a-3p and AGR2 in LUAD tissues and cells were detected via quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). A luciferase...

Taberdines L and M, two new alkaloids from Tabernaemontana divaricata

Lingling Han, Kepu Huang, Chen Chen, Wentao Zhu, Yehan Ma, Xiaojiang Hao, Hongping He & Yu Zhang
Two new alkaloids, taberdines L (1) and M (2), together with six known alkaloids, were isolated from the twigs and leaves of Tabernaemontana divaricata. Taberdine L (1) represents the first optically active natural member of the allo iboga class of alkaloids with the ethyl side chain in a bridgehead position. Their structures including absolute configuration were elucidated by a combination of MS, NMR, and ECD calculation. The in vitro cytotoxic activities of 1 and 2...

A new dihydroflavone and a new polyacetylene glucoside from Bidens parviflora

Fu-Jie Cai, Chuan-Hou Li, Xiao-Hui Sun, Lu Wang, Jin-Li Tian, Wei Zhao, De-Gang Kong, Qing Liu & Hong-Lei Zhou
A new dihydroflavone, 2(S)-isookanin-4′-methoxy-8-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (1), and a new polyacetylene glucoside, (10S)-tridecane-2E-ene-4,6,8-triyne-1-ol-10-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (2), along with seven known compounds (3–9), were isolated from the herb of Bidens parviflora Willd. The structures of all the extracted compounds were elucidated by HR-ESI-MS, 1 D and 2 D NMR spectra, as well as circular dichroism (CD).

Therapeutic effect of a novel curcumin derivative GT863 on a mouse model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis

Hajime Kato, Hiroyasu Sato, Michiaki Okuda, Jun Wu, Shingo Koyama, Yasuhiko Izumi, Tomonori Waku, Mitsuyoshi Iino, Masashi Aoki, Shigeki Arawaka, Yasuyuki Ohta, Kenichi Ishizawa, Kanan Kawasaki, Yasuomi Urano, Tomohiro Miyasaka, Noriko Noguchi, Toshiaki Kume, Akinori Akaike, Hachiro Sugimoto & Takeo Kato
The present study investigated the therapeutic effects of the curcumin derivative 3-[(1E)-2-(1H-indol-6-yl)ethenyl]-5-[(1E)-2-[2-methoxy-4-(2-pyridylmethoxy)phenyl]ethenyl]-1H-pyrazole (GT863) in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The inhibitory effect of GT863 on superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) aggregation was evaluated in cell-free assays. GT863 interfered with the conformational changes of the SOD1 protein and later, oligomeric aggregation. Furthermore, its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and neuroprotective effects were evaluated in cell-free and cultured cell assays. GT863 inhibited H2O2− and glutamate-induced cytotoxicity and activated an antioxidant responsive element...

Pre-flooding soil used in monocropping increased strawberry biomass and altered bacterial community composition

Qingfeng Wang, Changbin Chu, Zheng Zhao, Shuhang Wu & Deping Zhou
SummaryContinuous monocropping degrades soil physicochemical properties, leads to the accumulation of toxic compounds and changes soil microbial community composition. Pre-flooding the soil is a promising strategy to improve its productivity; however, little is known about the underlying mechanisms. Here, strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa) pot experiments were conducted with soil that had been used for continuous monocropping. The treatments were pre-flooding alone, with rice straw added and with rice straw plus a biofertilizer (mainly contained Bacillus...

Pre-flooding soil used in monocropping increased strawberry biomass and altered bacterial community composition

Qingfeng Wang, Changbin Chu, Zheng Zhao, Shuhang Wu & Deping Zhou
SummaryContinuous monocropping degrades soil physicochemical properties, leads to the accumulation of toxic compounds and changes soil microbial community composition. Pre-flooding the soil is a promising strategy to improve its productivity; however, little is known about the underlying mechanisms. Here, strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa) pot experiments were conducted with soil that had been used for continuous monocropping. The treatments were pre-flooding alone, with rice straw added and with rice straw plus a biofertilizer (mainly contained Bacillus...

Gestational hypertensive disease and birthweight discordance in twin pregnancies: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Yuan Wang, Hongying Zeng, Jing Liu & Feng Zhang
The objective of this systematic review was to explore the association between gestational hypertensive disease (GHD) and birthweight discordance in twin pregnancies. PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and Cochrane Library were systematically searched for studies reporting the risk of birthweight discordance in twin pregnancies complicated compared with those not complicated by GHD from establishment until July 2021. Risk of bias was assessed with the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. According to the classification of GHD, sub-group analyses reporting...

Cell membrane-anchored anti-HIV single-chain antibodies and bifunctional inhibitors targeting the gp41 fusion protein: new strategies for HIV gene therapy

Yue Chen, Hongliang Jin, Xiaoran Tang, Li Li, Xiuzhu Geng, Yuanmei Zhu, Huihui Chong & Yuxian He
Emerging studies indicate that infusion of HIV-resistant cells could be an effective strategy to achieve a sterilizing or functional cure. We recently reported that glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored nanobody or a fusion inhibitory peptide can render modified cells resistant to HIV-1 infection. In this study, we comprehensively characterized a panel of newly isolated HIV-1-neutralizing antibodies as GPI-anchored inhibitors. Fusion genes encoding the single-chain variable fragment (scFv) of 3BNC117, N6, PGT126, PGT128, 10E8, or 35O22 were constructed with...

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