63 Works

Differential speciation rates, colonization time, and niche conservatism affect community assembly across adjacent biogeographical regions

Ronildo Benício, Diogo Provete, Mariana Lyra, Jani Heino, Célio Haddad, Denise De C. Rossa-Feres & Fernando Da Silva
Aim: To test the importance of evolutionary and biogeographic processes in shaping the assembly of local frog communities in two adjacent regions (hereafter, coastal and inland regions) with different historical signatures. We asked two main questions: i) why does the coastal region harbor more frog species than the inland region? and ii) how do these processes affect the relationship between the spatial variation of taxonomic, phylogenetic, and functional diversities within and across these regions? Location:...

Tuberculosis in prison inmates in Southern Brazil: investigating the epidemiological and operational indicators

Caroline Busatto, Julia Mespaque, Pauline Schwarzbold, Camilo Darsie de Souza, Carla Adriane Jarczewski, Rodrigo Dalke Meucci, Jason Andrews, Julio Croda, Pedro Eduardo Almeida da Silva, Ivy Bastos Ramis & Lia Gonçalves Possuelo
ABSTRACT Background: Tuberculosis is a worldwide public health problem and is more prevalent in specific populations, such as prisoners. The aim of this study was to analyze the epidemiological and operational indicators of tuberculosis in prisoners in a southern region of Brazil. Methods: This was a descriptive, observational study, utilizing secondary data from the Notifiable Diseases Information System on tuberculosis cases diagnosed in prisoners in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil, from...

Strategic diagnosis of a property specialized in breeding, rearing and finishing beef cattle in the southern region of Piauí

Rosemeire Pereira da Silva, Artur Henrique Sousa Fernandes, Priscila Teixeira de Souza Carneiro, Antonio Leandro Chaves Gurgel & Viviany Lúcia Fernandes dos Santos
ABSTRACT. This study aimed to perform a strategic diagnosis on a property specialized in breeding, rearing and finishing beef cattle in the southern region of Piauí. It was conducted at Agropecuária Alvorada, located in the countryside, municipality of Bom Jesus, PI, Brazil. The farm develops the full cycle of beef cattle production, which is divided into breeding, rearing and finishing. A SWOT analysis (which stands for Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats) was carried out, consisting...

Seasonal fluctuations of Babesia bigemina and Rhipicephalus microplus in Brangus and Nellore cattle reared in the Cerrado biome, Brazil

Kauê Rodriguez Martins, Marcos Valério Garcia, Paulino Bonatte-Junior, Pâmella Oliveira Duarte, Barbara Guimarães Csordas, Leandro de Oliveira Souza Higa, Namor Pinheiro Zimmermann, Jacqueline Cavalcante Barros & Renato Andreotti
Abstract Background The tick Rhipicephalus microplus (Ixodida: Ixodidae, Canestrini, 1888) causes substantial economic and health losses in cattle production and is the main vector of Babesia bigemina (Piroplasmidae: Babesidae, Smith & Kilborne, 1893). Babesia bigemina is responsible for a tick-borne disease known as babesiosis that can cause hemolytic anemia, fever and death. In the study reported here, we investigated the relationship between the number of ticks per animal and the number of B. bigemina cytochrome...

Additional file 1 of Feasibility of dried blood spot for hepatitis C diagnosis in vulnerable subjects and people living in remote areas from Brazil

Livia Melo Villar, Marjorie Parra de Lima, Helena Medina Cruz, Vanessa Salete de Paula, Leticia de Paula Scalioni, Geane Lopes Flores, Filipe Anibal Carvalho-Costa, Cynara Carvalho Parente, Maria Rosangela Cunha Duarte Coelho, Ana Cecilia Cavalcanti de Albuquerque, Flavio Augusto Pádua Milagres, Marcelo Santos Cruz, Tarcisio Matos Andrade, Ana Rita Coimbra Motta-Castro, Jurema Corrêa da Mota, Lia Laura Lewis-Ximenez & Francisco Inácio Bastos
Additional file 1. Table S1. Risk behaviors for HCV infection according to each group in the study FIOCRUZ Viral Hepatitis Laboratory, Biological Samples Panel, 2020.

Chitosan combined with technical cashew nut shell liquid improves in vitro ruminal parameters and gas production kinetics

Elis Regina de Queiroz Vieira, Rafael Henrique de Tonissi e Buschinelli de Goes, Tatiana Garcia Diaz, Milene Puntel Osmari, Leonardo de Oliveira Seno, Luís Carlos Vinhas Ítavo, Jefferson Rodrigues Gandra, Douglas Gabriel Anschau, Raquel Tenório de Oliveira, Nayara Gonçalves da Silva & Amanna Gonzaga Jacaúna
ABSTRACT The objective was to evaluate the inclusion of chitosan (CHI) and technical cashew nut shell liquid (CNSLt) as natural feed additives in cattle diets on nutrient digestibility, ruminal fermentation, and in vitro gas production kinetics. We conducted a completely randomized design with 5×4 factorial arrangement, with 20, 35, 50, 65, and 100% Tifton 85 hay and four additives, monensin (200 mg/kg DM), CNSLt (500 mg/kg DM), CHI (500 mg/kg DM), and CNSLt+CHI (500 mg/kg...

Additional file 1 of Congenital anomalies during the 2015–2018 Zika virus epidemic: a population-based cross-sectional study

Fabio Antonio Venancio, Maria Eulina Quilião, Danielli de Almeida Moura, Micael Viana de Azevedo, Sahra de Almeida Metzker, Lisany Krug Mareto, Márcio José de Medeiros, Cláudia Du Bocage Santos-Pinto & Everton Falcão de Oliveira
Additional file 1: Supplementary table 1. Frequencies of the congenital anomalies registered in SINASC according to ICD-10 categories. Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. 2015-2018.

A scoping study of pulmonary paracoccidioidomycosis: severity classification based on radiographic and tomographic evaluation

Sergio Marrone Ribeiro, Thiago Franchi Nunes, Ricardo de Souza Cavalcante, Anamaria Mello Miranda Paniago, Beatriz Aparecida Soares Pereira & Rinaldo Poncio Mendes
Abstract The lungs have great importance in patients with paracoccidioidomycosis since they are the portal of entry for the infecting fungi, the site of quiescent foci, and one of the most frequently affected organs. Although they have been the subject of many studies with different approaches, the severity classification of the pulmonary involvement, using imaging procedures, has not been carried out yet. This study aimed to classify the active and the residual pulmonary damage using...

Ecological and evolutionary drivers of geographic variation in songs of a Neotropical suboscine bird: The Drab-breasted Bamboo Tyrant (Hemitriccus diops, Rhynchocyclidae)

Adriana Carolina Acero-Murcia, Fábio Raposo Do Amaral, Fábio Barros, Tiago Ribeiro, Cristina Miyaki & Marcos Maldonado-Coelho
Understanding the evolutionary and ecological mechanisms that shape the spatial divergence of signals involved in reproductive isolation is a central goal in studies of speciation. For birds with innate songs, such as the suboscine passerine birds, the integration and comparison of both genetic and ecological factors in explaining song variation at the microevolutionary scale is rare. Here we evaluated the evolutionary and ecological processes underlying the variation in the songs of the Atlantic Forest endemic...

Data from: Unwrapping broken tails: Biological and environmental correlates of predation pressure in limbless reptiles

Mario R. Moura, Henrique C. Costa, Arthur D. Abegg, Esmeralda Alaminos, Teddy Angarita-Sierra, Weverton S. Azevedo, Hugo Cabral, Priscila Carvalho, Sonia Cechin, Nathalie Citeli, Ângelo C. M. Dourado, André F. V. Duarte, Frederico G. R. França, Eliza M. X Freire, Paulo C. A. Garcia, Rafael Mol, Ricardo Montero, Antônio Moraes-Da-Silva, Daniel C. Passos, Paulo Passos, Renata Perez, Juan M. Pleguezuelos, Pedro Prado, Ana Lúcia C. Prudente, Raul F. D. Sales … & Jhonny J. M. Guedes
Studying species interactions in nature often requires elaborate logistics and intense fieldwork. The difficulties in such task might hinder our ability to answer questions on how biotic interactions change with the environment. Fortunately, a workaround to this problem lies within scientific collections. For some animals, the inspection of preserved specimens can reveal the scars of past antagonistic encounters, such as predation attempts. A common defensive behaviour that leaves scars on animals is autotomy, the loss...

Data from: Can matrix structure affect animal navigation between fragments? A dispersal experiment using release platforms

Vitor Sanches, Jorge Menezes, Jayme Prevedello, Almeida-Gomes Maurício & Luiz Gustavo Oliveira-Santos
The persistence of species in fragmented landscapes relies on landscape connectivity and individuals’ ability in dispersing among habitat patches. Accordingly, matrix structure can affect the orientation of dispersing individuals across the landscape. In this study, we measured the impact of matrix structure on the dispersal performance of the white-eared opossum (Didelphis albiventris). We released individuals in three types of matrix: bare field, corn crops and soybean crops, with distances of 30, 50 and 100 m...

Additional file 1 of Seasonal fluctuations of Babesia bigemina and Rhipicephalus microplus in Brangus and Nellore cattle reared in the Cerrado biome, Brazil

Kauê Rodriguez Martins, Marcos Valério Garcia, Paulino Bonatte-Junior, Pâmella Oliveira Duarte, Barbara Guimarães Csordas, Leandro de Oliveira Souza Higa, Namor Pinheiro Zimmermann, Jacqueline Cavalcante Barros & Renato Andreotti
Additional file 1: Image S1. Bovine blood smear stained with panoptic method observed through a 100× objective with immersion oil for B. bigemina detection.

Additional file 2 of Feasibility of dried blood spot for hepatitis C diagnosis in vulnerable subjects and people living in remote areas from Brazil

Livia Melo Villar, Marjorie Parra de Lima, Helena Medina Cruz, Vanessa Salete de Paula, Leticia de Paula Scalioni, Geane Lopes Flores, Filipe Anibal Carvalho-Costa, Cynara Carvalho Parente, Maria Rosangela Cunha Duarte Coelho, Ana Cecilia Cavalcanti de Albuquerque, Flavio Augusto Pádua Milagres, Marcelo Santos Cruz, Tarcisio Matos Andrade, Ana Rita Coimbra Motta-Castro, Jurema Corrêa da Mota, Lia Laura Lewis-Ximenez & Francisco Inácio Bastos
Additional file 2. Table S2. Socio-demographic according to group the indigenous people from Amazon State and individuals from Northeast region. FIOCRUZ Biological Samples Panel, 2020.

Additional file 2 of Congenital anomalies during the 2015–2018 Zika virus epidemic: a population-based cross-sectional study

Fabio Antonio Venancio, Maria Eulina Quilião, Danielli de Almeida Moura, Micael Viana de Azevedo, Sahra de Almeida Metzker, Lisany Krug Mareto, Márcio José de Medeiros, Cláudia Du Bocage Santos-Pinto & Everton Falcão de Oliveira
Additional file 2: Supplementary table 2. Frequencies and incidences of congenital anomalies per 10,000 births according to the ICD-10 and the year of occurrence. Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. 2015-2018.

Additional file 1 of Congenital anomalies during the 2015–2018 Zika virus epidemic: a population-based cross-sectional study

Fabio Antonio Venancio, Maria Eulina Quilião, Danielli de Almeida Moura, Micael Viana de Azevedo, Sahra de Almeida Metzker, Lisany Krug Mareto, Márcio José de Medeiros, Cláudia Du Bocage Santos-Pinto & Everton Falcão de Oliveira
Additional file 1: Supplementary table 1. Frequencies of the congenital anomalies registered in SINASC according to ICD-10 categories. Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. 2015-2018.

Additional file 3 of Congenital anomalies during the 2015–2018 Zika virus epidemic: a population-based cross-sectional study

Fabio Antonio Venancio, Maria Eulina Quilião, Danielli de Almeida Moura, Micael Viana de Azevedo, Sahra de Almeida Metzker, Lisany Krug Mareto, Márcio José de Medeiros, Cláudia Du Bocage Santos-Pinto & Everton Falcão de Oliveira
Additional file 3: Supplementary table 3. Frequencies of maternal, gestational, and birth data according to the ICD-10 categories of congenital anomalies. Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. 2015-2018.

Congenital anomalies during the 2015–2018 Zika virus epidemic: a population-based cross-sectional study

Fabio Antonio Venancio, Maria Eulina Quilião, Danielli de Almeida Moura, Micael Viana de Azevedo, Sahra de Almeida Metzker, Lisany Krug Mareto, Márcio José de Medeiros, Cláudia Du Bocage Santos-Pinto & Everton Falcão de Oliveira
Abstract Background Congenital anomalies are associated with several clinical and epidemiological complications. Following the Zika epidemic onset in Latin America, the incidence of congenital anomalies increased in Brazil. This study aimed to determine the frequency of congenital anomalies in one Brazilian state and assess potential factors associated with them. Methods This cross-sectional descriptive study was based on data concerning congenital anomalies recorded in the Brazilian Live-Born Information System during the Zika epidemic in Mato Grosso...

Additional file 1 of Global trends in research on the effects of climate change on Aedes aegypti: international collaboration has increased, but some critical countries lag behind

Ana Cláudia Piovezan-Borges, Francisco Valente-Neto, Gustavo Lima Urbieta, Susan G. W. Laurence & Fabio de Oliveira Roque
Additional file 1: Figure S1. PRISMA flow diagram. SM2. Similar terms merged in bibliometric analysis methods using VOSviewer version 1.6.15.

Data from: Moving in the Anthropocene: global reductions in terrestrial mammalian movements

Marlee A. Tucker, Katrin Böhning-Gaese, William F. Fagan, John M. Fryxell, Bram Van Moorter, Susan C. Alberts, Abdullahi H. Ali, Andrew M. Allen, Nina Attias, Tal Avgar, Hattie Bartlam-Brooks, Buuveibaatar Bayarbaatar, Jerrold L. Belant, Alessandra Bertassoni, Dean Beyer, Laura Bidner, Floris M. Van Beest, Stephen Blake, Niels Blaum, Chloe Bracis, Danielle Brown, P. J. Nico De Bruyn, Francesca Cagnacci, Justin M. Calabrese, Constança Camilo-Alves … & Thomas Mueller
Animal movement is fundamental for ecosystem functioning and species survival, yet the effects of the anthropogenic footprint on animal movements have not been estimated across species. Using a unique GPS-tracking database of 803 individuals across 57 species, we found that movements of mammals in areas with a comparatively high human footprint were on average one-half to one-third the extent of their movements in areas with a low human footprint. We attribute this reduction to behavioral...

Ecological mechanisms explaining interactions within plant-hummingbird networks: morphological matching increases towards lower latitudes

Jesper Sonne, Jeferson Vizentin-Bugoni, Pietro K. Maruyama, Andréa C. Araújo, Edgar Chávez-González, Aline G. Coelho, Peter A. Cotton, Oscar H. Marín-Gómez, Carlos Lara, Liliana R. Lasprilla, Caio G. Machado, Maria A. Maglianesi, Tiago S. Malucelli, Ana M. Martín-González, Genilda M. Oliveira, Paulo E. Oliveira, Raul Ortiz-Pulido, Márcia A. Rocca, Licléia C. Rodrigues, Ivan Sazima, Benno I. Simmons, Boris Tinoco, Isabela G. Varassin, Marcelo F. Vasconcelos, Bob O’Hara … & Bo Dalsgaard
Interactions between species are influenced by different ecological mechanisms, such as morphological matching, phenological overlap, and species abundances. How these mechanisms explain interaction frequencies across environmental gradients remains poorly understood. Consequently, we also know little about the mechanisms that drive the geographical patterns in network structure, such as complementary specialization and modularity. Here, we use data on morphologies, phenologies and abundances to explain interaction frequencies between hummingbirds and plants at a large geographic scale. For...

Allometric escape from acoustic constraints in frog calls is rare

Joao Filipe Tonini, Diogo Provete, Natan Maciel, Alessandro Morais, Sandra Goutte, Felipe Toledo & R. Alexander Pyron
Allometric constraint is a product of natural selection, particularly with respect to body size and traits constrained by physical properties thereof, such as metabolism, longevity, and vocal frequency. Parameters describing allometric relationships are conserved across most lineages, indicating that physical constraints dictate scaling patterns in deep time, despite substantial genetic and ecological divergence among organisms. Acoustic allometry (sound frequency ~ body size) is conserved across frogs, in defiance of massive variation in both body size...

Data from: Climate effects on fish body size-trophic position relationship depend on ecosystem type

Danyhelton D.F. Dantas, Adriano Caliman, Rafael D. Guariento, Ronaldo Angelini, Luciana S. Carneiro, Sergio M.Q. Lima, Pablo A. Martinez & José L. Attayde
The energetic demand of consumers increases with body size and temperature. This implies that energetic constraints may limit the trophic position of larger consumers, which is expected to be lower in tropical than in temperate regions to compensate for energy limitation. Using a global dataset of 3,635 marine and freshwater ray-finned fish species, we addressed if and how climate affects the fish body size-trophic position relationship in both freshwater and marine ecosystems, while controlling for...

Nuanced qualitative trait approaches reveal environmental filtering and phylogenetic constraints on lichen communities

Natalia Koch, Daniel Stanton, Sandra Müller, Leandro Duarte, Adriano Spielmann & Robert Lücking
We propose that a qualitative trait approach based on more detailed nuanced traits may reveal previously overlooked patterns, especially when combined with phylogenetic perspectives. By sampling epiphytic lichens and using a functional approach based on nuanced qualitative traits, such as a much greater resolution over photobiont identity, type of cortex and chemical compounds, we evaluated the effects of environmental filtering and phylogenetic constraints on community assembly along natural succession of Atlantic rainforest. We found changes...

Late peripheral facial paralysis after COVID-19: a rapid systematic review and two case reports

Thalitta Mendes Cavalcante, Vanessa Terezinha Gubert, Carolina de Deus Lima, Larissa Anjos Luciano, Mariana Garcia Croda, James Venturini, Antonio Luiz Dal Bello Gasparoto, Wellyngton Matheus Souza Santiago, Ana Rita Coimbra Motta-Castro, Fernanda Paes Reis, Ana Paula da Costa Marques, Aline Pedroso Lorenz, Wellington Santos Fava, Marina Castilhos Souza Umaki Zardin, Cláudia Elizabeth Volpe Chaves, Gabriel Pereira Braga, Anamaria Mello Miranda Paniago & Sandra Maria do Valle Leone de Oliveira
Abstract Peripheral facial paralysis (PFP) has been shown to be a neurological manifestation of COVID-19. The current study presents two cases of PFP after COVID-19, along with a rapid review of known cases in the literature. Both case reports were conducted following CARE guidelines. We also performed a systematic review of PFP cases temporally related to COVID-19 using PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases on August 30, 2021, using a rapid review methodology. The two...

Global trends in research on the effects of climate change on Aedes aegypti: international collaboration has increased, but some critical countries lag behind

Ana Cláudia Piovezan-Borges, Francisco Valente-Neto, Gustavo Lima Urbieta, Susan G. W. Laurence & Fabio de Oliveira Roque
Abstract Background Mosquito-borne diseases (e.g., transmitted by Aedes aegypti) affect almost 700 million people each year and result in the deaths of more than 1 million people annually. Methods We examined research undertaken during the period 1951–2020 on the effects of temperature and climate change on Ae. aegypti, and also considered research location and between-country collaborations. Results The frequency of publications on the effects of climate change on Ae. aegypti increased over the period examined,...

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