68 Works

Data from: Moving in the Anthropocene: global reductions in terrestrial mammalian movements

Marlee A. Tucker, Katrin Böhning-Gaese, William F. Fagan, John M. Fryxell, Bram Van Moorter, Susan C. Alberts, Abdullahi H. Ali, Andrew M. Allen, Nina Attias, Tal Avgar, Hattie Bartlam-Brooks, Buuveibaatar Bayarbaatar, Jerrold L. Belant, Alessandra Bertassoni, Dean Beyer, Laura Bidner, Floris M. Van Beest, Stephen Blake, Niels Blaum, Chloe Bracis, Danielle Brown, P. J. Nico De Bruyn, Francesca Cagnacci, Justin M. Calabrese, Constança Camilo-Alves … & Thomas Mueller
Animal movement is fundamental for ecosystem functioning and species survival, yet the effects of the anthropogenic footprint on animal movements have not been estimated across species. Using a unique GPS-tracking database of 803 individuals across 57 species, we found that movements of mammals in areas with a comparatively high human footprint were on average one-half to one-third the extent of their movements in areas with a low human footprint. We attribute this reduction to behavioral...

Data from: Climate effects on fish body size-trophic position relationship depend on ecosystem type

Danyhelton D.F. Dantas, Adriano Caliman, Rafael D. Guariento, Ronaldo Angelini, Luciana S. Carneiro, Sergio M.Q. Lima, Pablo A. Martinez & José L. Attayde
The energetic demand of consumers increases with body size and temperature. This implies that energetic constraints may limit the trophic position of larger consumers, which is expected to be lower in tropical than in temperate regions to compensate for energy limitation. Using a global dataset of 3,635 marine and freshwater ray-finned fish species, we addressed if and how climate affects the fish body size-trophic position relationship in both freshwater and marine ecosystems, while controlling for...

Nuanced qualitative trait approaches reveal environmental filtering and phylogenetic constraints on lichen communities

Natalia Koch, Daniel Stanton, Sandra Müller, Leandro Duarte, Adriano Spielmann & Robert Lücking
We propose that a qualitative trait approach based on more detailed nuanced traits may reveal previously overlooked patterns, especially when combined with phylogenetic perspectives. By sampling epiphytic lichens and using a functional approach based on nuanced qualitative traits, such as a much greater resolution over photobiont identity, type of cortex and chemical compounds, we evaluated the effects of environmental filtering and phylogenetic constraints on community assembly along natural succession of Atlantic rainforest. We found changes...

Evolutionary history and precipitation seasonality shape niche overlap in Neotropical bat-plant pollination networks

Luisa Fernanda Lievano-Latorre, Isabela Varassin & Thais Zanata
Species interactions are one dimension of the niche, and niche overlap arises when two species share an interaction partner. In pollination systems, environmental and biotic factors impact the niche overlap. Here we explored the effects of climate seasonality, plant and bat richness, morphological traits, and phylogenetic distance in shaping the niche overlap of Neotropical bat-plant pollination networks. For that, we used a dataset of 22 bat-plant pollination networks in the Neotropical region. We measured niche...

Additional file 1 of Feasibility of dried blood spot for hepatitis C diagnosis in vulnerable subjects and people living in remote areas from Brazil

Livia Melo Villar, Marjorie Parra de Lima, Helena Medina Cruz, Vanessa Salete de Paula, Leticia de Paula Scalioni, Geane Lopes Flores, Filipe Anibal Carvalho-Costa, Cynara Carvalho Parente, Maria Rosangela Cunha Duarte Coelho, Ana Cecilia Cavalcanti de Albuquerque, Flavio Augusto Pádua Milagres, Marcelo Santos Cruz, Tarcisio Matos Andrade, Ana Rita Coimbra Motta-Castro, Jurema Corrêa da Mota, Lia Laura Lewis-Ximenez & Francisco Inácio Bastos
Additional file 1. Table S1. Risk behaviors for HCV infection according to each group in the study FIOCRUZ Viral Hepatitis Laboratory, Biological Samples Panel, 2020.

Additional file 2 of Feasibility of dried blood spot for hepatitis C diagnosis in vulnerable subjects and people living in remote areas from Brazil

Livia Melo Villar, Marjorie Parra de Lima, Helena Medina Cruz, Vanessa Salete de Paula, Leticia de Paula Scalioni, Geane Lopes Flores, Filipe Anibal Carvalho-Costa, Cynara Carvalho Parente, Maria Rosangela Cunha Duarte Coelho, Ana Cecilia Cavalcanti de Albuquerque, Flavio Augusto Pádua Milagres, Marcelo Santos Cruz, Tarcisio Matos Andrade, Ana Rita Coimbra Motta-Castro, Jurema Corrêa da Mota, Lia Laura Lewis-Ximenez & Francisco Inácio Bastos
Additional file 2. Table S2. Socio-demographic according to group the indigenous people from Amazon State and individuals from Northeast region. FIOCRUZ Biological Samples Panel, 2020.

Global trends in research on the effects of climate change on Aedes aegypti: international collaboration has increased, but some critical countries lag behind

Ana Cláudia Piovezan-Borges, Francisco Valente-Neto, Gustavo Lima Urbieta, Susan G. W. Laurence & Fabio de Oliveira Roque
Abstract Background Mosquito-borne diseases (e.g., transmitted by Aedes aegypti) affect almost 700 million people each year and result in the deaths of more than 1 million people annually. Methods We examined research undertaken during the period 1951–2020 on the effects of temperature and climate change on Ae. aegypti, and also considered research location and between-country collaborations. Results The frequency of publications on the effects of climate change on Ae. aegypti increased over the period examined,...

Strategic diagnosis of a property specialized in breeding, rearing and finishing beef cattle in the southern region of Piauí

Rosemeire Pereira da Silva, Artur Henrique Sousa Fernandes, Priscila Teixeira de Souza Carneiro, Antonio Leandro Chaves Gurgel & Viviany Lúcia Fernandes dos Santos
ABSTRACT. This study aimed to perform a strategic diagnosis on a property specialized in breeding, rearing and finishing beef cattle in the southern region of Piauí. It was conducted at Agropecuária Alvorada, located in the countryside, municipality of Bom Jesus, PI, Brazil. The farm develops the full cycle of beef cattle production, which is divided into breeding, rearing and finishing. A SWOT analysis (which stands for Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats) was carried out, consisting...

Giant Reed (Arundo donax L.) Fiber Extraction and Characterization for Its Use in Polymer Composites

Luis Suárez, Mateusz Barczewski, Paulina Kosmela, María D. Marrero & Zaida Ortega
This work describes an extraction method for giant reed fibers from stems and leaves based on chemical soaking and crushing through a rolling mill. Obtained fibers, together with the shredded plant (stems + leaves), are characterized in terms of chemical composition, thermal stability, morphology, and crystallinity. Mechanical properties of fibers have also been assessed (single fiber tensile tests). The results show that the proposed method allows obtaining fibers with higher cellulose content (near 70%), good...

Additional file 1 of Seasonal fluctuations of Babesia bigemina and Rhipicephalus microplus in Brangus and Nellore cattle reared in the Cerrado biome, Brazil

Kauê Rodriguez Martins, Marcos Valério Garcia, Paulino Bonatte-Junior, Pâmella Oliveira Duarte, Barbara Guimarães Csordas, Leandro de Oliveira Souza Higa, Namor Pinheiro Zimmermann, Jacqueline Cavalcante Barros & Renato Andreotti
Additional file 1: Image S1. Bovine blood smear stained with panoptic method observed through a 100× objective with immersion oil for B. bigemina detection.

Additional file 4 of Seasonal fluctuations of Babesia bigemina and Rhipicephalus microplus in Brangus and Nellore cattle reared in the Cerrado biome, Brazil

Kauê Rodriguez Martins, Marcos Valério Garcia, Paulino Bonatte-Junior, Pâmella Oliveira Duarte, Barbara Guimarães Csordas, Leandro de Oliveira Souza Higa, Namor Pinheiro Zimmermann, Jacqueline Cavalcante Barros & Renato Andreotti
Additional file 4: Figure S2. Current cycle (CT) vs. cBisg double-strand gBlock quantity

Effect of supplementation of ewes in the final third of gestation on the development of their lambs

Nathália Rafaela Fidelis Campos, Gelson dos Santos Difante, Antonio Leandro Chaves Gurgel, Carolina Marques Costa, Denise Baptaglin Montagner, João Virgínio Emerenciano Neto, Luís Carlos Vinhas Ítavo, Camila Celeste Brandão Ferreira Ítavo, Roldão Teixeira de Carvalho Netto, Emmanuel Lievio de Lima Véras & Ana Beatriz Graciano da Costa
ABSTRACT This study examined the effect of different supplementation strategies for ewes in the last third of gestation, kept on a deferred Brachiaria brizantha cv. Marandu pasture, on their performance and the growth curve of their lambs. A total of 54 ewes, of no defined breed, with an average weight of 41.10±3.10 kg, were used in a completely randomized design, divided into three groups (18 ewes per treatment). In total, 61 lambs were born, 28...

Additional file 3 of Congenital anomalies during the 2015–2018 Zika virus epidemic: a population-based cross-sectional study

Fabio Antonio Venancio, Maria Eulina Quilião, Danielli de Almeida Moura, Micael Viana de Azevedo, Sahra de Almeida Metzker, Lisany Krug Mareto, Márcio José de Medeiros, Cláudia Du Bocage Santos-Pinto & Everton Falcão de Oliveira
Additional file 3: Supplementary table 3. Frequencies of maternal, gestational, and birth data according to the ICD-10 categories of congenital anomalies. Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. 2015-2018.

Chitosan combined with technical cashew nut shell liquid improves in vitro ruminal parameters and gas production kinetics

Elis Regina de Queiroz Vieira, Rafael Henrique de Tonissi e Buschinelli de Goes, Tatiana Garcia Diaz, Milene Puntel Osmari, Leonardo de Oliveira Seno, Luís Carlos Vinhas Ítavo, Jefferson Rodrigues Gandra, Douglas Gabriel Anschau, Raquel Tenório de Oliveira, Nayara Gonçalves da Silva & Amanna Gonzaga Jacaúna
ABSTRACT The objective was to evaluate the inclusion of chitosan (CHI) and technical cashew nut shell liquid (CNSLt) as natural feed additives in cattle diets on nutrient digestibility, ruminal fermentation, and in vitro gas production kinetics. We conducted a completely randomized design with 5×4 factorial arrangement, with 20, 35, 50, 65, and 100% Tifton 85 hay and four additives, monensin (200 mg/kg DM), CNSLt (500 mg/kg DM), CHI (500 mg/kg DM), and CNSLt+CHI (500 mg/kg...

Late peripheral facial paralysis after COVID-19: a rapid systematic review and two case reports

Thalitta Mendes Cavalcante, Vanessa Terezinha Gubert, Carolina de Deus Lima, Larissa Anjos Luciano, Mariana Garcia Croda, James Venturini, Antonio Luiz Dal Bello Gasparoto, Wellyngton Matheus Souza Santiago, Ana Rita Coimbra Motta-Castro, Fernanda Paes Reis, Ana Paula da Costa Marques, Aline Pedroso Lorenz, Wellington Santos Fava, Marina Castilhos Souza Umaki Zardin, Cláudia Elizabeth Volpe Chaves, Gabriel Pereira Braga, Anamaria Mello Miranda Paniago & Sandra Maria do Valle Leone de Oliveira
Abstract Peripheral facial paralysis (PFP) has been shown to be a neurological manifestation of COVID-19. The current study presents two cases of PFP after COVID-19, along with a rapid review of known cases in the literature. Both case reports were conducted following CARE guidelines. We also performed a systematic review of PFP cases temporally related to COVID-19 using PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases on August 30, 2021, using a rapid review methodology. The two...

Reproducibility of double agar gel immunodiffusion test using stored serum and plasma from paracoccidioidomycosis patients

Karina Andressa Tomazini, Beatriz Aparecida Soares Pereira, Tatiane Fernanda Sylvestre, Ricardo de Souza Cavalcante, Lídia Raquel de Carvalho & Rinaldo Poncio Mendes
Abstract Background: Serological evaluation performed by double agar gel immunodiffusion test (DID) is used for diagnosis, evaluation of severity, management of paracoccidioidomycosis patients, and development of new clinical studies. For these reasons, the Botucatu Medical School of UNESP maintains a serum bank at the Experimental Research Unit with patient clinical data. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of the freeze-thaw cycle and different blood matrices on the titration of circulating antibodies. Methods: The study...

Reproducibility of double agar gel immunodiffusion test using stored serum and plasma from paracoccidioidomycosis patients

Karina Andressa Tomazini, Beatriz Aparecida Soares Pereira, Tatiane Fernanda Sylvestre, Ricardo de Souza Cavalcante, Lídia Raquel de Carvalho & Rinaldo Poncio Mendes
Abstract Background: Serological evaluation performed by double agar gel immunodiffusion test (DID) is used for diagnosis, evaluation of severity, management of paracoccidioidomycosis patients, and development of new clinical studies. For these reasons, the Botucatu Medical School of UNESP maintains a serum bank at the Experimental Research Unit with patient clinical data. This study aimed to evaluate the influence of the freeze-thaw cycle and different blood matrices on the titration of circulating antibodies. Methods: The study...

Return of the founder Chikungunya virus to its place of introduction into Brazil is revealed by genomic characterization of exanthematic disease cases

Zuinara Pereira Gusmão Maia, Felicidade Mota Pereira, Rodrigo Fabiano do Carmo Said, Vagner Fonseca, Tiago Gräf, Fernanda de Bruycker Nogueira, Vanessa Brandão Nardy, Joilson Xavier, Maricelia Lima Maia, André L. Abreu, Carlos F. Campelo de Albuquerque, Wanderson Kleber Oliveira, Julio Croda, Ana Maria Bispo de Filippis, Rivaldo Venancio Cunha, Jose Lourenço, Tulio de Oliveira, Nuno Rodrigues Faria, Luiz Carlos Junior Alcantara & Marta Giovanetti
Between June 2017 and August 2018, several municipalities located in Bahia state (Brazil) reported a large increase in the number of patients presenting with febrile illness similar to that of arboviral infections. Using a combination of portable whole genome sequencing, molecular clock and epidemiological analyses, we revealed the return of the CHIKV-ECSA genotype into Bahia. Our results show local persistence of lineages in some municipalities and the re-introduction of new epidemiological strains from different Brazilian...

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  • Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul
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